Tommaso Russo

Tommaso Russo
University of Rome Tor Vergata | UNIROMA2 · Dipartimento di Biologia

Professor of Ecology

About

95
Publications
25,976
Reads
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1,783
Citations
Introduction
I try to contribute to the achievement of a Sustainable Development through the ecology applied in marine environments + My research lines are dedicated to the study of the human impact on marine ecosystems through fishing and pollution + Over the years, I have focused mainly on overfishing, physical impact on substrates and biocenosis, loss of biodiversity and the drivers that regulate the behavior of fishers + My approaches range from the use of satellite data to DNA, passing through statistic
Additional affiliations
November 2016 - January 2017
University of Rome Tor Vergata
Position
  • Tenure-Track Researcher
July 2009 - present
University of Rome Tor Vergata
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
December 2002 - June 2005
University of Rome Tor Vergata
Field of study
  • Evolutionary Biology and Ecology
November 1995 - March 2001
University of Rome Tor Vergata
Field of study
  • Ecology

Publications

Publications (95)
Article
Full-text available
Although considerable research progress on the effects of anthropogenic disturbance in the deep sea has been made in recent years, our understanding of these impacts at community level remains limited. Here, we studied deep-sea assemblages of Sicily (Mediterranean Sea) subject to different intensities of benthic trawling using environmental DNA (eD...
Article
Full-text available
Disentangling the effects of mixed fisheries and climate change across entire food-webs requires a description of ecosystems using tools that can quantify interactive effects as well as bio-economic aspects. A calibrated dynamic model for the Sicily Channel food web, made up of 72 functional groups and including 13 fleet segments, was developed. A...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of plastic waste in the marine environment has driven the scientific community to make significant efforts to study and mitigate its possible effects. One of the critical aspects is to determine if and how an increase in ingestion events may occur as a result of the accumulation of plastic waste on the seabed. In this study, G. melasto...
Article
Full-text available
The economic performances of four trawling fleets (those of the Sicilian cities of Trapani, Sciacca, Licata and Porto Palo di Capo Passero) operating in the coastal waters along the southern coast of Sicily (geographical Subarea 16), and potentially affected by the establishment of the Fisheries Restricted Areas (FRAs), were analysed. The main econ...
Preprint
The presence of plastic waste in the marine environment has driven the scientific community to make significant efforts to study and mitigate its possible effects. One of the critical aspects is to determine if and how an increase in ingestion events may occur as a result of the accumulation of plastic waste on the seabed. In this study, G. melasto...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an analysis of the effect of SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus pandemic and related restrictive measures on the activity of the Italian fleet of trawlers, which represents one of the most important fisheries in the Mediterranean Sea. We integrated multiple sources of information including: (1) Fleet activity data from Vessel Monitoring Sys...
Article
The global need to monitor the status of marine resources is a priority task in marine management, but most ocean surveys still rely on costly and time-consuming capture-based techniques. Here we test a novel, easy-to use device to collect eDNA on board of bottom trawl fishing vessels, during normal fishing operations, quickly and easily: custom-ma...
Article
Beach litter represents a worldwide problem impacting both terrestrial and aquatic environments. In the present study, we assessed beach litter pollution in a prominent touristic site in Brazil, the Jericoacoara National Park. In particular, we applied a delta-generalized additive modeling (GAM) approach in order to investigate pollution hotspots a...
Article
Full-text available
Bottom trawling in submarine canyons can affect their natural sedimentation rates, but studies addressing this issue are still scarce. In the Gulf of Palermo (SW Mediterranean), bottom trawling occurs on the slope around Oreto, Arenella and Eleuterio canyons. Analyses of excess ²¹⁰Pb concentrations and grain size fractions in sediment cores from th...
Article
Marine litter is an ever-increasing problem that demands immediate reduction plans and mitigation actions that should act synergically to efficiently meet ambitious goals. Since the seafloor has been recognized as the major sink for marine debris, the study of litter accumulation dynamics represent a fundamental tool to evaluate possible removal ac...
Article
Independence of science and best available science are fundamental pillars of the UN-FAO code of conduct for responsible fisheries and are also applied to the European Union (EU) Common Fishery Policy (CFP), with the overarching objective being the sustainable exploitation of the fisheries resources. CFP is developed by DG MARE, the department of t...
Article
Plastic pollution is a global issue posing a threat to marine biota with ecological implications on ecosystem functioning. Micro and nanoplastic impact on phytoplankton autotrophic species (e.g., cell growth inhibition, decrease in chlorophyll a and photosynthetic efficiency and hetero-aggregates formation) have been largely documented. However, th...
Article
The presence of invasive species in the Mediterranean Sea is much higher than in other European seas, and understanding the reasons behind the range expansion of this invasive species is important for minimising any possible impacts to the already highly pressurised Mediterranean marine ecosystem. In this work, a brief description of sightings of t...
Book
Full-text available
Summary: https://marine.copernicus.eu/news/ocean-state-report-5-summary-now-available Full report: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1755876X.2021.1946240
Article
Full-text available
Plastic waste dumped in the marine environment has severe ecological, social and economic impacts. In recent years, a series of scientific studies documented the contamination by macroplastic and its impact on marine organisms through the accidental ingestion of microplastics, which also originate from the degradation of macroplastic. However, the...
Article
Full-text available
The recent establishment of the “landing obligation” under the reformed EU Common Fishery Policy has the twofold objective of reducing the excessive practice of discarding unwanted catch at sea and encouraging more selective and sustainable fisheries. Within this context, the awareness of the spatial distribution of potential unwanted catches is im...
Article
Full-text available
The high incidence of skeletal anomalies in Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) still constitutes a bottleneck constraining its production. There are diverse commercially available products for the enrichment of live preys, but few reports of their influence on skeletogenesis in Senegalese sole. This study evaluated the presence of vertebral anoma...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring marine resource exploitation is a key activity in fisheries science and biodiversity conservation. Since research surveys are time-consuming and costly, fishery-dependent data (i.e. derived directly from fishing vessels) are increasingly credited with a key role in expanding the reach of ocean monitoring. Fishing vessels may be seen as w...
Article
Full-text available
Current fishing practices often do not allow adequate selection of species or sizes of fish, resulting in unwanted catches, subsequently discarded, with the consequent negative effects on both marine communities and fisheries profitability. The cross-analysis of density patches of potential unwanted catches and distribution of fishing effort can su...
Preprint
Full-text available
Monitoring marine resource exploitation is a key activity in fisheries science and biodiversity conservation. Since research surveys are time-consuming and costly, fishery-dependent data (i.e. derived directly from fishing vessels) are increasingly credited with a key role in expanding the reach of ocean monitoring. Fishing vessels may be seen as w...
Article
Phytoplankton species can produce resting stages that persist in the sediment over long periods and accomplish important ecological functions. With the aim of investigating the phytoplankton assemblage structure in relation to environmental drivers and human pressures, we analyzed resting stages of diatoms and dinoflagellates, including harmful alg...
Article
Overfishing or exploitation patterns with high juvenile mortalities often negatively impact demersal fish stocks. Meanwhile, the increased availability and diffusion of georeferenced information is propelling a revolution of marine spatial planning. A spatial‐explicit approach to the management of fishing effort should protect the Essential Fish Ha...
Chapter
Full-text available
The original marine fisheries catch reconstructions for all countries and territories (or islands) surrounding the Mediterranean Sea for the years 1950 to 2010 were here updated for most entities to 2015, 2016 or 2017, then carried forward to 2018 using statistics from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The exception...
Article
Full-text available
Bottom trawling in the deep sea is one of the main drivers of sediment resuspension, eroding the seafloor and altering the content and composition of sedimentary organic matter (OM). The physical and biogeochemical impacts of bottom trawling were studied on the continental slope of the Gulf of Castellammare, Sicily (southwestern Mediterranean), thr...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing use of tracking devices, such as the Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) and the Automatic Identification System (AIS), have allowed, in the last decade, detailed spatial and temporal analyses of fishing footprints and of their effects on environments and resources. Nevertheless, tracking devices usually allow monitoring of the largest le...
Article
Marine litter has significant ecological, social and economic impacts, ultimately raising welfare and conservation concerns. Assessing marine litter hotspots or inferring potential areas of accumulation are challenging topics of marine research. Nevertheless, models able to predict the distribution of marine litter on the seabed are still limited....
Article
Full-text available
In the last decades, the Mediterranean Sea experienced an increasing trend of fish stocks in overfishing status. Therefore, management actions to achieve a more sustainable exploitation of fishery resources are required and compelling. In this study, a spatially explicit multi-species bio-economic modeling approach, namely, SMART, was applied to th...
Article
Full-text available
Bottom trawling in the deep sea is one of the main drivers of sediment resuspension, eroding the deep seafloor and altering the content and composition of sedimentary organic matter (OM). The physical and biogeochemical impacts of bottom trawling on the seafloor were studied in the continental slope of the Gulf of Castellammare, Sicily (Southwester...
Article
Full-text available
The rationale applied for monitoring and managing fisheries is based on the implicit assumption that yield and stocks status is essentially determined by fisheries. Moreover, the fisheries yield is quantified and analyzed in terms of landings with respect to official management area of registration of vessels. In this way, the real area of activity...
Article
Full-text available
Background Fishing activities can influence foraging behaviour of many seabird species worldwide. Seabirds are attracted by fishing vessels which can facilitate access to demersal fish as a novel food resource that otherwise would be unavailable. On the other hand, intense fishing activities cause depletion of fish stocks with a reduction of natura...
Article
Full-text available
Bottom trawlers land around 19 million tons of fish and invertebrates annually, almost one-quarter of wild marine landings. The extent of bottom trawling footprint (seabed area trawled at least once in a specified region and time period) is often contested but poorly described. We quantify footprints using high-resolution satellite vessel monitorin...
Article
A number of restrictions envisaged by Council Regulation 1967/2006 (Mediterranean Regulation, MR) have been introduced to reduce the fishing effort and the catch of juveniles in the Mediterranean Sea. A large proportion of the purse seiners of the Adriatic fleet that target small pelagic species may be using gear that does not comply with regulator...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fishing activities can influence foraging behaviour of many seabird species worldwide. Seabirds are attracted by fishing vessels which can facilitate access to demersal fish as a novel food source otherwise unavailable. However, although it is well known that many seabirds interact with fisheries, the effects of discard availability on seabirds for...
Poster
Bottom trawling is a major driver of sedimentary dynamics in the deep sea, resuspending surface sediments and eroding the seafloor. Although the impacts of trawling on deep-sea sediment properties and the resulting impairment of the ecosystem functioning have been previously documented, its repercussions on the bioavailability of organic matter sti...
Poster
Industrial bottom trawl fishery is among the human activities with most impact on deep-sea ecosystems, due to its widespread geographical distribution and to its strong effects on renewable natural resources. One of the main goals of the EU Euforfleet-2 Project ISLAND (ExplorIng SiciLian CAnyoN Dynamics) was to explore the role of bottom trawling i...
Article
The impacts of fishing activities on ecosystems represent an acknowledged environmental issue, especially considering the increasing demands for the conservation of biodiversity. Submarine canyons are complex environments that can harbor high biodiversity of benthic ecosystems and high biomass of fish species, thus representing preferential fishing...
Article
At present, the assessment and management of Adriatic Sea fishery resources are based on data that do not fully account for the complex spatial patterns arising from fleet behavior and/or species' behavior and biology, mainly because logbooks do not guarantee adequate coverage of the fishing activity exerted by the fleet. For data collection, the A...
Article
Full-text available
Deep-sea coral assemblages are key components of marine ecosystems that generate habitats for fish and invertebrate communities and act as marine biodiversity hot spots. Because of their life history traits, deep-sea corals are highly vulnerable to human impacts such as fishing. They are an indicator of vulnerable marine ecosystems (VMEs), therefor...
Article
Full-text available
The new Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is designed to represent an appropriate response to the uncertainties and challenges facing the fisheries sector. It also adopts a holistic approach to fisheries management, considering all factors driving fishers' behavior, and ultimately, the long-term maintenance of living resources. The most reliable way to...
Article
In the clustering of shapes, which is a longstanding challenge in the framework of geometric morphometrics and shape analysis, is crucial the selection and application of a suitable and appropriate measurement of distance among observations (i.e. individuals). The aim of this study is to model shapes from complex systems using Information Geometry...
Article
Full-text available
Mapping trawling pressure on the benthic habitats is needed as background to support an ecosystem approach to fisheries management. The extent and intensity of bottom trawling on the European continental shelf (0–1000 m) was analysed from logbook statistics and vessel monitoring system data for 2010–2012 at a grid cell resolution of 1 x� 1 min long...
Article
Different tracking devices are currently used to record the activity of fishing vessels in space and time and to analyse the pattern of fishing effort with respect to sea substrates, resources, or socio-economics factors. Among these devices, the Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) and the Automatic Identification System (AIS) represent the most interes...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Commission Decision of 25 February 2016 setting up a Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries, C(2016) 1084, OJ C 74, 26.2.2016, p. 4–10. The Commission may consult the group on any matter relating to marine and fisheries biology, fishing gear technology, fisheries economics, fisheries governance, ecosystem effects of fisheries, a...
Article
Logbook data constitute a key element within the electronic recording and reporting system of the European Fisheries Control Technologies Framework and are used to record, report, process, store and send information about fishing operations, including landings and fishing gear. A relevant application of logbook data is to account for the heterogene...
Article
Incidental catch is the major threat to the survival of loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) in the Mediterranean and the main reason for their decline. More than 100,000 turtles are estimated to be caught annually due to fishing practices; 10-50% die. Bottom trawls are among the fishing gears exerting the worst impact on sea turtle populations, es...
Research
Full-text available
The paper presents some of the main outcomes of a study concerning the application of the Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) to Campania region in Italy.
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents same of the main outcomes of a study concerning the application of the Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) to Campania region in Italy. The study was focused on the analysis of main uses and activities related to fishery such as the definition of thematic maps describing zones in which fishing activities are prohibited or r...
Chapter
Full-text available
Incidental catch is the major threat to the survival of loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) in the Mediterranean. In this basin more than 100,000 turtles are estimated to be caught annually due to fishing practices. The mortality due to fishing capture (10-50% depending on fishing gear) can be considered as the main reason for sea turtle decline i...
Poster
The Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) is a process for the management of the coast using an integrated approach, regarding all aspects of the coastal zone in an attempt to achieve sustainability. The poster presents some of the outcomes of a project on the ICZM approach applied in Campania region - Southern Italy. The actions developed focu...
Article
The Santa Maria di Leuca (SML) cold-water coral (CWC) province is a proposed priority conservation area according to several conservation initiatives in the Mediterranean Sea. Part of it is a Fisheries Restricted Area (FRA). Anthropogenic impacts due to fishing on this FRA were investigated using a towed camera system during 2005. The geographic di...
Article
Fish domestication is an evolutionary process arising in captivity through genetic and developmental mechanisms, producing organisms performing more poorly than wild conspecifics in the natural environment. Culture conditions could be suboptimal for fish at particular life cycle stages, presenting environmental disturbances leading to developmental...
Article
Mid-water pair trawling (PTM) targeting small pelagic resources represents a key fishing activity in the Adriatic Sea. This fishery is experiencing a long period of crisis due to resource depletion and the lack of appropriate market strategies, and vessels spend most of the time searching for fishing schools. The searching strategy largely depends...