Tommaso M. Milani

Tommaso M. Milani
University of Gothenburg | GU · Department of Swedish

PhD

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95
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Publications

Publications (95)
Conference Paper
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Denna artikel behandlar finskans och somaliskans roll i den göteborgska språk- hierarkin. Analysen bygger främst på intervjuer med talare av de två språken, kompletterat med statistik och en fotodokumentation av språkens synlighet i fyra Göteborgsområden. Finskan var länge det största minoritetsspråket i Göteborg, men det har liten synlighet och ha...
Article
Previous studies of translanguaging in educational contexts indicate that translanguaging practices have the potential to generate a decolonial, emancipatory process for language-minoritized students. However, these insights are mainly based on studies of minoritized learners of English as a second language. Drawing on a one-year ethnographic study...
Article
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Civic orientation has become one of the dominant immigrant integration policies in western Europe, with the aim of transmitting knowledge, norms, and values, thereby furthering “integration” into the new country. However, there is a not much research regarding how the educational content is communicated and negotiated in civic orientation courses i...
Article
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Conference Paper
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In this paper we investigate Nya Hovås, a completely new neighbourhood in Gothenburg, where the construction has been accompanied by an extensive and expensive advertising campaign. For this purpose, we draw upon a multi-pronged theoretical framework that brings together Lefebvre’s (1991) notions of conceived, perceived and lived space, with curre...
Article
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This article employs the notions of citizenship as status, habitus and acts as a framework through which to capture how sovereign power, disciplinary power and biopower intersect in the context of Sweden's current management of migration. Through an analysis of policy and media debates, the article first illustrates how citizenship as status and so...
Article
This article concerns knowledge negotiations as an aspect of interactional power in three-way interaction between Arabic-speaking women, Swedish-speaking midwives and interpreters in Swedish antenatal care. The notion of epistemic stance is used to investigate how all three participants negotiate knowledge, and how this affects the ongoing consulta...
Article
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This introductory article lays some theoretical ground that stimulated this special issue: first, the argument that affect is not “in”, or indeed “outside of” the individual or the social, but relates to the circulation of emotion between different sites, objects or bodies; and, second, that how this circulation of emotion works, in and through dis...
Article
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This article was born out of a sense of discomfort with the privilege accorded to movement and mobility in critical scholarship in the social sciences and the humanities, including critical work on the relationship between language, sexuality and space. It is our contention in this article that stasis can be deployed as a radical practice of defian...
Article
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The aim of this article is to analyze the reactions of some mainstream Israeli politicians to a celebrity marriage between Tzahi Halevi, a Jewish Israeli actor, and Lucy Aharish, a Palestinian Israeli TV personality. Drawing upon the notion of stance, we unveil the affective trouble generated by this heterosexual union vis-à-vis the Israeli nationa...
Article
Full text click here https://benjamins.com/catalog/lcs.19014.mil/fulltext/lcs.19014.mil.pdf The focus of this article is on the mundane nastiness of language. Drawing on Arendt’s (1963) banality of evil and Briggs’s (2005) notion of infectious communicability, the article highlights the moral dimensions of political and media discourses that sprea...
Article
The notion of language ideology has become a key concept in critical research about language and society. While it is axiomatic for linguists that “all languages are equal” in terms of their meaning‐making potential and their worth as objects of academic inquiry, a quick look at the “real world” will reveal a very different picture—one in which lin...
Preprint
Full-text available
Denna artikel behandlar finskans och somaliskans roll i den göteborgska språkhierarkin. Finskan var länge det största minoritetsspråket i Göteborg, men det har liten synlighet och hade länge relativt låg status. Somaliskan som är ett nyare minoritetsspråk i Göteborg tycks ha låg social status men präglas av en större medial och visuell synlighet. I...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper we investigate Nya Hovås, a completely new neighbourhood in Gothenburg, where the construction has been accompanied by an extensive and expensive advertising campaign. For this purpose, we draw upon a multi-pronged theoretical framework that brings together Lefebvre's notions of conceived, perceived and lived space, with current socio...
Article
Full-text available
Drawing upon queer theory and Said’s notion of the counterpoint, the article analyses the launch episode of a reality television series produced by the South African NGO loveLife, which focused on a young, self-identified lesbian woman in Soweto. We offer a counter example to discourses of the powerless victimhood of Black, gender and sexually non-...
Article
The threatening young man who speaks Rinkeby Swedish has become a culturally recognizable ‘figure of personhood’ (Agha, 2007) of linguistic and ethnic otherness in Sweden. Drawing upon Billig's theory of humour, we illustrate how this characterological persona is not monolithic; nor does it remain uncontested but is constantly being (re)negotiated...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to offer a theoretical and empirical contribution to current sociolinguistic discussions about "existential threats", and their discursive construction in everyday life. Theoretically, the paper argues for the importance of (re-)purposing some of the ideas of Hannah Arendt, a key political scientist, who, however, has remai...
Article
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This special issue was born out of a conversation initiated at a panel organized by two of us at the ninth biannual meeting of the International Gender and Language Association (IGALA), held at City University of Hong Kong in May 2016. The principal goal of the panel was to stimulate an academic discussion on the role of normativity and antinormati...
Article
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Israel has recently succeeded in presenting itself as an attractive haven for LGBT constituencies. In this article, we investigate how this affective traction operates in practice, along with the ambiguous entanglement of normativity and antinormativity as expressed in the agency of some gay Palestinian Israelis vis-à-vis the Israeli homonationalis...
Article
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In this article we investigate the spatial politics of sexuality in Israel by focusing on two different but related data sets: (1) the official video for Tel Aviv Pride 2013 produced by the Mizrahi Jewish music group Arisa; and (2) a protest against the Occupation of Palestine performed at Tel Aviv Pride in 2017. We analyze these examples with the...
Article
This special issue of Multilingual Margins on the theme of “Space/place matters” has its origin in a doctoral summer school organised in December 2016 by the Department of Linguistics and the Centre for Multilingualism and Diversities Research at the University of the Western Cape as part of a collaboration with the University of Oslo and three oth...
Article
This article engages with the semantic ambiguity of the notion of the ‘margins’,together with its heuristic potential. It begins by discussing how the margins can bestrategically employed as unsettling vantage points through which to re-read existingsociolinguistic research on ‘non-normative’ linguistic practices in Sweden. Moreover,on the basis of...
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South Africa (SA) has been undergoing a process of transformation since the end of White minority rule (apartheid) in 1994. During this period, various employment and lifestyle opportunities have given rise to a growing Black middle class (BMC). Against this backdrop, the article draws upon an intersectional approach to corpus-assisted discourse st...
Chapter
This chapter investigates a potential shift in representational regimes and the consumerist exploitation of the rectum, a male body part often considered taboo. The analysis is based on a set of advertising texts that promote sex toys that are said to improve the health of the male prostate, as well as produce sexual enjoyment. The chapter also see...
Article
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This Themed Section assembles sexuality/queer, geographical and socio-linguistic scholarship to pursue – what we, a collaborating geographer and semiotician, frame as – critical geographical queer semiotics. We regard this as an on-going episteme-techne research frontier at the crossroads of language-focused geographical inquiry (see, e.g., Brown,...
Article
The aim of this article is to unveil how cisnormativity is institutionalised in a Brazilian gender clinic, creating an emotionally charged local regime of doctor/ patient interactions. Our interest is not only in illustrating how the clinic’s institutionalised normatitivies about transbodies are the result of the crystallisation of particular trans...
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In this paper, we examine representations of masculinity in the English-language South African print media. Using both quantitative and qualitative techniques to interrogate a large corpus (18 million words) of English-language newspaper articles on masculinity that appeared in South Africa between 2008 and 2014, we investigate the ways in which di...
Article
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This article frames the Special Issue on ‘Discourse, Gender and Sexuality from the Global South’. It does so by providing an overview of the notion of the South in the social sciences and the humanities. We engage, in particular, with current theoretical discussions around a set of concepts and approaches that have been labelled ‘southern theories’...
Article
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The militarized response to the rhino poaching crisis in southern Africa exposes poachers to "fatal couplings of power and difference" (Gilmore 2002). While the racialized dimensions of this phenomenon are currently the subject of robust debate, this paper focuses on how race, gender, and sexuality are co-constructed in the anti-poaching discourse....
Article
The aim of this paper is to open a discussion about multimodal work in the area of gender, language and discourse, and propose the kinds of multimodal approaches that are most appropriate for this task. Multimodality, we claim, is a rather fragmented and unconsolidated field where many of the tools and concepts applied by different researchers are...
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This article explores the “performativity of the body” (Butler, 2011) using ‘anarchic’ and ‘anti-authoritarian’ protests in Greece as empirical starting points. We analyze the ways in which bodies speak politically by producing spatial turbulence in interaction with other bodies, and the materiality of urban environments. In doing so, we seek to co...
Chapter
This chapter investigates the evolving representation of gay and lesbian identities in four non-fiction books: Male Homosexuality (1992), Defiant Desire (1994), Tommy Boys (2005) and Performing Queer (2005). This study tracks how the representations of gay and lesbian identities change as political and public discourses about homosexual issues prog...
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This special issue on the theme of language, gender and sexuality in South Africa does not emerge in an academic vacuum. It is the continuation of a long-standing academic dialogue which has played out, inter alia, in two issues of the journal Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies dedicated to "gender and language" (de Kadt 2002...
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The aim of this article is to investigate T-shirts as semiotic tools of the politics of visibility, showing which role these sartorial artefacts may play in competing struggles for recognition in which gender and sexuality intersect with other axes of social categorisations. Drawing on a queer multimodal approach, the article offers an analysis of...
Article
The main argument advanced in this article that frames this special issue is that citizenship is not just a highly polysemic word employed by the media and other political institutions; it is also a set of norms and (linguistic) behaviours that individuals are socialised into, as well as a series of practices that social actors perform through an a...
Article
This article explores an incident that took place in the context of Joburg Pride 2012, where the activist group One in Nine Campaign attempted to temporarily stop the Pride parade through means of a die-in protest, resulting in resistance and violence on the part of the Pride participants. The article argues that Pride and the One in Nine protest a...
Article
This article showcases an exploratory study of the website of a Cape Town-based company specialising in arranging same-sex weddings. Informed by queer theory, the article deconstructs the discursive strategies - both linguistic and visual - through which same-sex weddings, and the affects attached to them, are represented on the website. Essentiall...
Article
This article explores how the study of the linguistic landscape (LL), which is to say the texts visible in public space, allows for a rich and complex understanding of place. More specifically, the article studies the Bosman neighbourhood in Pretoria through a geosemiotic lens. Geosemiotics situates signs in the material world, approaching them as...
Chapter
Introduction At first glance, Sweden and South Africa might seem to share very few traits. We could go as far as to suggest that they are opposite poles in a geographical, historical and sociopolitical sense, with Sweden as an ‘old’ democratic welfare state in the very north of the world at one end of the continuum, and South Africa at the other as...
Article
A large body of scholarship across several disciplines has convincingly illustrated how the gender binary – the distinction between males and females as complementary and desirable opposites – is constantly reproduced through everyday, apparently ‘banal’, practices. Such process is not innocuous but is part and parcel of hegemonic ideological forma...
Article
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This article investigates a corpus of herbalist pamphlets – fairly common, everyday texts found in (South) African cities – which promote the services of traditional healers and promise solutions to a plethora of ailments and life problems. The article's multi-pronged approach brings feminist critical discourse analysis (FCDA), corpus linguistics (...
Article
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The main argument of this article is that Linguistic Landscape (LL) scholarship has largely ignored – erased even – gender and sexuality, two important axes of power along which public spaces are structured, understood, negotiated and contested. In order to partly redress this academic oversight, this article investigates a small data set of banal...
Article
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Applied Linguistics Review (ALR) is a peer-reviewed journal that serves as a testing ground for the articulation of original ideas and approaches in the study of real-world issues in which language plays a crucial role, by bringing together critical reflections of current debates and new theoretical and empirical research. The issues dealt with in...
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is to offer an outline of the origins and developments of "queer" as a theoretical construct in the study of the complex intersections between language, gender, and sexuality, focusing in particular on the topic of masculinities. Such a queer approach to masculinities will be illustrated not only through an overview of the e...
Article
This study investigates meetmarket, a South African online community for men who are looking for other men. Utilising a quantitative approach to queer linguistics, the article presents a textual analysis of a large corpus of personal profiles in order to map meetmarket’s ‘libidinal economy’. More specifically, the article seeks to tease out the way...
Article
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This paper investigates the relationships between gender, sexuality and space, understood both in material and discursive terms. To this end, it brings under the spotlight Safe Zones, an anti-homophobia campaign spearheaded in 2011 and 2012 by the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. More specifically, the paper draws upon...
Article
Unlike most existing scholarship, which highlights the highly emotional, nearly irrational component of media debates surrounding the Afrikaans language, this article argues that rationalisation is present in even the most heated language ideological scenarios, taking several conflicting guises that are particular in nature. To this end, the articl...
Chapter
Over the past two decades, the notion of language ideology has gained considerable momentum in different strands of scholarship that aim to unpack how language works in society. Language ideology has its roots in North American linguistic anthropology as a concept within which to explore the “mediating links between social forms and forms of talk”...
Article
Over the last 30 years, linguistic practices of young people in highly dense urban environments in Sweden (also called Rinkeby Swedish) have become something of a Foucauldian conundrum: a phenomenon to be investigated, a problem to be regulated. The present article will explore the dynamic interplay between the ideologies and practices with regard...
Article
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The aim of the present paper is to take a queer approach to language and HIV/AIDS discourse, one which problematizes the notions of sexual identity and group categories, and instead calls for a foregrounding of (sexual) practices and desires. In support of this argument, I will examine two very different examples of patient-doctor interaction. One...
Article
In the Swedish context, the discursive regime about linguistic phenomena is characterized by a 'matrix of intelligibility' (Butler 1999 [1990]) that promotes images of linguistic practices among adolescents in the suburbs not only as deviant and incomprehensible, but also as essentialized traits of ethnic Otherness, social and educational problems...
Article
The focus of this special issue is on the opportunities presented and challenges posed by the thematisation of multilingualism in the media. A number of case studies from a variety of linguistic, media, political, social, economic and educational contexts are presented, with the objective of addressing the challenges and opportunities that arise wh...
Article
This paper takes as a point of departure the website of the “Voices” project, a large media enterprise on languages in the UK conducted by the BBC in 2003–2005. With the help of the notions of language ideology and the analytical tools of multimodal critical discourse analysis, the paper shows how representations of languages on the website are a d...
Article
This paper takes as a point of departure the website of the “Voices” project, a large media enterprise on languages in the UK conducted by the BBC in 2003-2005. With the help of the notions of language ideology and the analytical tools of multimodal critical discourse analysis, the paper shows how representations of languages on the website are a d...
Article
This paper investigates a recent print-mediated discussion about linguistic phenomena that are perceived by many commentators to be ‘deviant’ from ‘standard Swedish.’ The aim of the paper is to illustrate how this language debate is built on two closely entwined discursive processes: a struggle to define the name, meaning, and value of a specific l...
Article
The aim of this article is to analyse a policy document in which the Swedish Liberal Party attempts to substantiate the proposal to introduce a Swedish language test for naturalisation by referring to academic production. Taking this specific text as a case in point, the article draws upon Critical Discourse Analysis and Foucault's notion of govern...
Article
Here we’re all equal! The ideology of equality and the constructionof ‘Otherness’ in media and educational settings. The focus ofthis article lies on the question of how linguistic diversity is talked about and dealt with in contemporary Sweden. More specifically, we examine media utterances which target the linguistic practices of young men who ar...
Article
Since the late 1990s the question of whether to ratify the status of Swedish as the “principal” language of Sweden by means of a language law has been subject to considerable public dispute. Drawing on Blommaert’s concept of a “language ideological debate,” we explore how and why this particular debate seemingly ground to a halt without achieving a...
Article
This article explores a public debate that took place in Sweden in 2002 in relation to the Swedish Liberal Party's proposal to introduce a language test for naturalization. On the basis of textual analysis of relevant policy documents and newspaper articles, it examines the explicit and implicit facets of an ideology of language testing. It is argu...
Article
The present paper aims to investigate an aspect of a recent public debate about bilingual education in Sweden. Focusing on the textual exchanges between some of the academics who intervened in the debate in the columns of one of the leading Swedish dailies, Dagens Nyheter, the paper will draw upon performativity theory to argue that expertise in la...
Article
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This thesis is concerned with three language debates that reached their most crucial peaks in Sweden at the beginning of the twenty-first century: (i) the debate on the promotion of the Swedish language, (ii) the debate on language testing for citizenship, and (iii) the debate on mother tongue instruction. The main scope of the thesis is to take a...
Chapter
Much of the existing body of literature on language planning and national identity in Sweden has underscored the absence of language planning and a sense of a traditional national identity until the mid-1990s (for example, Teleman 2003; Teleman and Westman 1997). This was followed in the late 1990s by the flourishing of a series of debates on the S...
Article
Since the late 1990s the question of whether to ratify the status of Swedish as the "principal" language by means of a language law has been subject to considerable public dispute in Sweden. Drawing on Blommaert's (1999a) concept of a "language ideological debate", we explore how and why this particular debate recently appeared to reach a dead end...

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Projects (3)
Archived project
Archived project
This is a local, critical and collaborative project aiming at a better understanding of the political economic structures that condition academic writing practices. Why are we writing? How is our work shared and valued? The project consists in a series of seminars at the University of Gothenburg that address topics such as academic branding, social media, digitalization, open access, the publishing industry, English as lingua franca, etc.
Project
This project investigates linguistic landscaping in the Swedish city of Gothenburg with a focus on segregation and gentrification. By analyzing the linguistic landscape in four different neighbourhoods, the project aims to clarify how segregation and gentrification processes interact with each other, and how they are (re)produced in the linguistic landscape. The project if funded for 4 years by the Swedish Research Council. More info here: https://www.gu.se/en/research/linguistic-landscapes