Tomasz Jankowski

Tomasz Jankowski
John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin · Institute of Psychology

PhD

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42
Publications
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591
Citations

Publications

Publications (42)
Article
Several studies have shown that eveningness is positively related to both depressive and anxiety symptoms. However, little is known about factors that may play a protective role against the undesirable emotional consequences of evening preference. Thus, in the present study, we explored the moderating effects of dispositional mindfulness on the rel...
Article
The purpose of the studies was to investigate the relationship between adaptive features of self-concept and facets of dispositional mindfulness. We assumed that the strong self-concept is a crucial factor enhancing optimal functioning. Accordingly, we hypothesized that adaptive features of self-concept predict the general factor of dispositional m...
Article
This study aims to verify the hypotheses concerning emotional and cognitive predictors of aesthetic judgments, operationalized by instructions for viewing paintings from different perspectives (emotions and feelings, empathy, the captured moment, important elements, title, and mystery). Two eye movement parameters: fixation duration average and sca...
Article
Objective: The Relational Depth Frequency Scale (RDFS) is a 6-item measure to assess the impact of relational depth experiences on psychotherapeutic outcomes. To date, the RDFS has only been validated in online samples of clinical and non-clinical individuals. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the RDFS in clinical dyads of...
Article
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We present three studies aimed to identify the adaptive properties of self-concept and to develop a brief questionnaire to measure them. In the first study, we identified five basic facets of adaptive self-concept (ASC): clarity, non-ruminative self-awareness, self-distance, openness to self-relevant information, and modifiability of the self-conce...
Article
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In this paper, we examined the dimensionality, reliability, structural validity, and convergent validity of scores on the Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory – Time Attitude Scale (AATI-TA) in a sample of 989 Polish adolescents and young adults. Two studies were conducted. In Study 1, confirmatory factor analyses supported both the original 6-facto...
Article
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Fear of evaluation and a negative view of the self are the core aspects of social anxiety. Self-compassion and self-esteem are two distinct positive attitudes toward the self, which are positively related to each other, well-being and good psychological functioning. It is less clear, however, how they interplay in socially anxious individuals and i...
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Previous studies on the therapists’ burnout have focused on individual and environmental risk factors. This study aimed to analyze whether variables reflecting therapeutic relationship— the therapist experience of relational depth and quality of the therapeutic relationship—can be related to psychotherapist burnout. Four alternative path models wer...
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Introduction Fear of evaluation and a negative view of the self are the key characteristics of social anxiety, which is one the most prevalent anxiety problem. Self-esteem refers to views of oneself, including individual’s personal feelings towards self, whereas self-compassion refers to caring attitude toward oneself. Both constructs are two disti...
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The main aim of this article is to present a descriptive social-cognitive model of the adaptive self-concept (ASC) which integrates knowledge concerning the relationship between two aspects of the self-self-awareness and self-knowledge-and optimal functioning. We propose that adaptive self-awareness is moderately frequent, non-ruminative, focused o...
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For many generations, works of art have been a source for experiencing beauty. They add to the wealth of our culture because they convey universal themes and values. In this study, we treat paintings as a stimulus for personal story-telling. The purpose was to explore the affective quality of personal meanings present in autobiographical narratives...
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The current study aimed to determine relationships between oculomotor behavior and aesthetical evaluation of paintings. We hypothesized that paintings evaluated as beautiful compared to nonbeautiful would be associated with different oculomotor behavior in terms of fixation duration, viewing time, and temporal and spatial distribution of attention....
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The aim of this research was to verify the psychometric properties of scores of the Polish version of the Future Time Perspective Scale (FTPS), developed by Carstensen and Lang (1996). In Study 1, the sample consisted of N = 652 participants aged 18-79 years. We performed confirmatory factor analyses to verify the dimensional structure of future ti...
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Objectives Attention switching is postulated in many theories as a crucial executive function related to mindfulness. However, the existing literature does not provide convincing support for this claim. Based on the attentional control theory, the presented experiment tested the hypothesis that brief mindfulness training improves attention switchin...
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Mother-father incongruence in parental attitudes can cause conflict in the child. This may result in an experience of uncertainty that stimulates a person to engage in internal dialogues (IDs). Thus, we hypothesized that the greater the incongruence between the mother’s and the father’s parental attitudes, as assessed retrospectively by the child,...
Poster
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The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) training on anxiety, depression and perceived stress in socially anxious people. Even though this pilot study was done on a small sample and further research on larger groups are needed, the present results suggest that MBCT is a promising interv...
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mindfulness, recollection, ERP, memory, mind-wandering The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether mindfulness and cognitive intrusions predict recollection. Using electroencephalogram methodology, we investigated 31 participants who performed a recognition task and reported situational mindfulness as well as task-irrelevant (TII) a...
Poster
Full-text available
In the current research we aimed at evaluating how social anxiety interacts with self-compassion and self-esteem. We found a negative correlation between social anxiety, self-compassion and self-esteem and a positive correlation between self-compassion and self-esteem. Self-esteem mediates the effect of self-compassion in social anxiety.
Article
The aim of the presented studies was to investigate the relationships between mindfulness, trait anxiety, attentional control and cognitive failures. In two studies the structural equation modelling and multimodel inference were applied. The results of the first study (N=203) led us to conclude that trait anxiety is a strong predictor of both recep...
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On the basis of McAdams and Pals’ (2006) multilevel framework of personality and Leder and colleagues’ (Leder, Belke, Oeberst, & Augustin, 2004) model of aesthetic appreciation, we hypothesized that aesthetic judgment is predicted by the interaction between painting and selected person’s characteristics (i.e., temperament traits, level of expertise...
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The aim of this article was to analyze the fit of the model of time perspective, measured by the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI; Zimbardo and Boyd, 1999), to data collected in three countries: the United States (N = 283), Poland (N = 510), and Nigeria (N = 357). Confirmatory factor analysis, exploratory structural equation modeling, an e...
Article
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The aim of this study was to search for oculomotor correlates of expertise in visual arts, in particular with regard to paintings. Achieving this goal was possible by gathering data on eye movements of two groups of participants: experts and non-experts in visual arts who viewed and appreciated the aesthetics of paintings. In particular, we were in...
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Positive orientation (PO) is proposed as a common base for hedonistic and eudemonistic senses of happiness. PO involves a tendency to formulate positive judgments concerning the self, one’s personal life, and the future. Previously, PO had been investigated in the context of the hedonistic approach to well-being. In this article, we tested a broade...
Article
Time perspective is usually measured by means of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI; Zimbardo & Boyd, 1999). The original ZTPI contains 56 items; therefore, completing it is quite laborious. The aimof this study is to develop and validate a Polish Short Version of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (PS-ZTPI) in a total sample of 245...
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The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between positive orientation (PO) defined as a basic predisposition to perceive and evaluate positive aspects of life, the future and oneself and the Five-Factor Model of personality (FFM). Hypotheses postulated positive correlations between PO and extraversion, conscientiousness, agr...
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The aim of this study was to measure the potential increase in general self efficacy (GSE) and positive orientation (PO) in the context of a first marathon run. Self-efficacy and positive orientation, defined as a general tendency to evaluate self life and future in a positive way were measured at three time points: At the beginning of preparation,...
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Researchers studying mindfulness point to the need for studies and analyses explaining and specifying the nature of this variable as compared to other similar constructs. The aim of this article is to examine the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and the Carpe Diem time perspective (CD) and their predictive value with reference to euda...
Article
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The aim of the research presented in this article is to investigate the relationship between positive orientation and time perspective as outlined by Zimbardo and Boyd (J Pers Soc Psychol 77:1271–1288, 1999) and extended by an additional form of concentration on the present. The Polish version of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory was used. A...
Poster
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The aim of this poster is to present a social-cognitive model of the Adaptive Core Self (ACS) which integrates knowledge about the relationship between two aspects of the self – self-awareness and self-knowledge – and optimal functioning. Authors propose that adaptive self-awareness is moderately intense, non-ruminative, focused on inner states and...
Article
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Background The relation of positive orientation (a basic predisposition to think positively of oneself, one’s life and one’s future) and personality traits is still disputable. The purpose of the described research was to verify the hypothesis that positive orientation has predictive efficiency beyond the five-factor model. Participants and proce...
Article
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The beliefs that people hold about themselves, their life and future are important and mutually related constituents of psychological functioning and well-being. In this paper, we investigated the relationship between positive orientation and generalized self-efficacy. The sample consisted of 672 participants aged 15-72 years (274 males). The resul...
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Mindfulness, the core teaching of the Buddhist tradition, has been receiving serious attention from the West in recent decades as evidence of the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions for emotional distress have become available. Although traditional Buddhist texts have described the mechanisms of mindfulness and the way to cultivate it in gr...
Chapter
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Samos´wiadomos´cáSamos´wiadomosSamos´wiadomos´cSamos´wiadomos´cá nastrój.-Emocjonalne skutki-skupiania uwagi na sobie 1-Zgodnie z uje ˛ciem poznawczej psychologii osobowos´ciosobowos´ci funkcjonowanie osoby jest pochodna ˛ jej złoz ˙onego systemu przekonan´.przekonan´. Szczególnie waz ˙ne, specjalne miejsce zajmuja ˛ w tym systemie przekonania na w...
Article
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Zjawisko uważności zyskuje coraz większą popularność wśród klinicystów. Jest ona związana z narastającymi dowodami użyteczności i skuteczności metod opartych na uważności, które są stosowane w terapii wielu zaburzeń psychicznych i somatycznych. Ten wzrost zainteresowania i ilości badań klinicznych nie idzie jednak w parze z podobnym rozwojem wiedzy...
Article
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The article aims at elaborating on the problem of imagery character of internal dialogues described by Hermans’ dialogical self theory. The role of visual imagery and propositional judgments in dialogues with the mental replica of another person is discussed with reference to the classic debate concerning the nature of mental imagery. Nowak’s model...

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Projects (2)
Project
The research is based on: a) The Humor Styles (Martin, Puhlik-Doris, Larsen, Gray, Weir, 2003), b) Five Factor Model of Personality (Costa, McCrae, 1985) c) Eudaimonic Well-Being & Hedonic Well-Being (Ryff, 1989; Keyes, 2004) d) Adaptive Self-Concept (Jankowski, Bąk, 2020) The project includes 3 research: 1) Replication and extension the research conducted by Galloway (2010) about relationship between humorism profiles and personality traits. 2) Finding moderators in relationship between humor styles and well-being 3) Study the impact of the activation of humor styles on the process of self-regulation.
Project
To study the impact of a Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) on socially anxious people among the Polish population, compared to a wait list control group.