Tomasz Borowik

Tomasz Borowik
Polish Academy of Sciences | PAN · Mammal Research Institute

PhD

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148
Publications
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Publications

Publications (148)
Article
The European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) is one of the most numerous and widespread ungulate species in Europe, which has complicated the assessment of its genetic diversity on a range-wide scale. In this study, we present the mitochondrial DNA control region (mtDNA CR) genetic diversity and population structure of roe deer in Europe based on th...
Chapter
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This comprehensive species-specific chapter covers all aspects of the mammalian biology, including palaeontology, physiology, genetics, reproduction and development, ecology, habitat, diet, mortality, and behavior. The economic significance and management of mammals and future challenges for research and conservation are addressed as well. The chap...
Article
Full-text available
To provide the most comprehensive picture of species phylogeny and phylogeography of European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), we analyzed mtDNA control region (610 bp) of 1469 samples of roe deer from Central and Eastern Europe and included into the analyses additional 1541 mtDNA sequences from GenBank from other regions of the continent. We detect...
Article
Full-text available
To provide the most comprehensive picture of species phylogeny and phylogeography of European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), we analyzed mtDNA control region (610 bp) of 1469 samples of roe deer from Central and Eastern Europe and included into the analyses additional 1541 mtDNA sequences from GenBank from other regions of the continent. We detect...
Article
The importance of social and spatial structuring of wildlife populations for disease spread, though widely recognized, is still poorly understood in many host-pathogen systems. In particular, system specific kin relationships among hosts can create contact heterogeneities and differential disease transmission rates. Here, we investigate how distanc...
Article
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The fitting of tracking devices to wild animals requires capture and handling which causes stress and can potentially cause injury, behavioural modifications that can affect animal welfare and the output of research. We evaluated post capture and release ranging behaviour responses of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) for five different capture method...
Preprint
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To provide the most comprehensive picture of species phylogeny and phylogeography of European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), we analysed mtDNA control region (610 bp) of 1469 samples of roe deer from Central and Eastern Europe and included into the analyses additional 1541 mtDNA sequences from GenBank from other regions of the continent. We detect...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, grazing by wild and domestic ungulates has become a strategy for conservation management to restore or maintain open landscapes. One of the species playing an increasing role in ecological restoration is the European bison-the largest terrestrial mammal in Europe. We studied the impact of this large herbivore and other ungulates...
Article
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Stable isotope analyses of bone collagen are often used in palaeoecological studies to reveal environmental conditions in the habitats of different herbivore species. However, such studies require valuable reference data, obtained from analyses of modern individuals, in habitats of well-known conditions. In this article, we present the stable carbo...
Article
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The heterogeneity of resource availability shapes animal movements at different spatio-temporal scales. Given that movements at various scales are assumed to be linked, the space use of temperate ungulates within seasonal ranges (winter, summer) should be related to their movement patterns at the annual scale. In this study, we aimed to evaluate th...
Article
Wildlife-vehicle collisions have become an increasing problem in recent decades as they seriously affect both animals and road users, leading to fatalities, substantial economic losses, and high biodiversity costs. We used GPS tracking of 37 moose, traffic volume, weather conditions, and information on moose-vehicle collisions (MVCs) reported on th...
Article
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Background Spirometra erinaceieuropaei is a diphylobothriid tapeworm with a complex life-cycle including definitive, intermediate and paratenic (transport) hosts. Multiple routes of parasite transmission often make it impossible to determine what type of host a specific infected animal is considered to be. Spargana larvae cause sparganosis, a sever...
Article
Stable isotope analyses of bone collagen are increasingly used in ecological studies. They are especially valuable in palaeoecological research due to the time of bone collagen preservation. However, such studies are usually subjected to some limitations, such as small size of the dataset and unknown sex or age of analysed individuals, which could...
Article
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ContextGlobal warming has been exerting an increasing stress on mammal populations occurring at the bioclimatic edges of their ranges. Moose, as heat-sensitive ungulates, are expected to be increasingly susceptible to thermal stress; however, the behavioral responses of animals could mitigate unfavorable weather conditions.Objectives We aimed to ev...
Article
Full-text available
Spatio-temporal variation in resource availability leads to a variety of animal movement strategies. In the case of ungulates, temporally unpredictable landscapes are associated with nomadism, while high predictability in the resource distribution favours migratory or sedentary behaviours depending on the spatial and temporal scale of landscape dyn...
Article
Full-text available
Spatio-temporal variation in resource availability leads to a variety of animal movement strategies. In the case of ungulates, temporally unpredictable landscapes are associated with nomadism, while high predictability in the resource distribution favours migratory or sedentary behaviours depending on the spatial and temporal scale of landscape dyn...
Article
Full-text available
The current global decline of insects will have profound cascading effects as insects serve numerous roles in ecosystems. Effective but simple methods are needed to describe spatial and temporal distribution of flying insects in detail. This applies especially to important but short‐lived phenomena such as insect swarms. We developed, tested and im...
Article
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Many mammal species have been extensively impacted by human interventions in the past. It was especially important for endangered or key species such as European bison Bison bonasus, which has a long history of human interventions and is currently a refugee species confined by anthropogenic activities to suboptimal forest habitats. Using archival i...
Article
In 2007, the current outbreak of African swine fever (ASF), which severely affects wild boar populations and pigs, reached the Caucasus region. Since then, the virus has spread into eastern Europe and some places in central and western Europe (such as Belgium) through wild boar, domestic pigs, and human activities. The virus has raised serious conc...
Article
Full-text available
We analysed a fragment (247 bp) of cytochrome b of mitochondrial DNA sequenced using 353 samples of yellow-necked mice Apodemus flavicollis trapped in seven forests and along three woodlot transects in north-eastern Poland. Our aims were to identify the phylogeographic pattern and mtDNA structure of the population and to evaluate the role of enviro...
Data
Distribution and number of cyt b mtDNA haplotypes detected in samples collected in seven forests and three transects: ROM–Rominta Forest, BOR–Borki, PIS–Pisz, AUG–Augustów, BIAŁ –Białowieża, MIEL–Mielnik, TAK–Augustów-Knyszyn Transect, TKB–Knyszyn-Białowieża, TBM–Białowieża-Mielnik. The numbers of haplogroup of each of the haplotypes are in bracket...
Data
Changes in Φ statistics for K = 2 to 9 subpopulations of yellow–necked mice in north-eastern Poland, on the basis of mtDNA and inferred from SAMOVA. ΦSC−proportion of the variance among local populations within groups. ΦST−proportion of the variance among local populations within the total population. ΦCT−proportion of the total variance explained...
Data
Ecological characteristics of the studied forests and transects and abundance indices of yellow-necked mice. See Table 1 for abbreviations of regions and Fig 2 for their location. Percentage of land use categories based on Corine Landcover 2006 (CLC2006) data in 1-km buffer zone around each trapping site. Mean temperature collected based on four me...
Data
Yellow–necked mouse cyt b mtDNA sequences available at NCBI GenBank used for comparison with material from this study. (DOCX)
Data
The rarefaction curve presenting a dependence of number of detected haplotypes on a number of analysed samples. (PDF)
Data
Number of samples successfully analysed per geographical region (mtDNA). Numbers of identified mtDNA haplotypes that belong to each defined mtDNA haplogroup. (DOCX)
Article
Host abundance and landscape structure often interact to shape spatial patterns of many wildlife diseases. Emergence, spread, and persistence of African swine fever (ASF) among wild boar in eastern Europe has raised questions on the factors underlying ASF dynamics in this novel host-pathogen system. This work identifies drivers of ASF occurrence in...
Article
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At the biogeographic scale, spatial variation in diets may reflect not only the ecological flexibility of carnivore feeding habits, but also evolutionary adaptations of different populations within a species. We described the large-scale pattern in brown bear Ursus arctos predation on ungulates, its selectivity for ungulate species, and its relativ...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of climate on the distribution and present-day genetic structure of the common vole (Microtus arvalis) and the field vole (Microtus agrestis). In this study, we used previously published data on the genetic structure (using microsatellite DNA) of the common and field vole in Central Europe and...
Article
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Large mammals are often a source of conflict, and consequently there has been increasing interest in close encounters with them. Knowledge of wildlife responses to human disturbance is crucial for the management of increasing and expanding populations of large animals. We investigated flight initiation distance (FID) and aggressive responses of the...
Article
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The goal of this study, conducted in seven large woodlands and three areas with small woodlots in northeastern Poland in 2004–2008, was to infer genetic structure in yellow‐necked mouse Apodemus flavicollis population and to evaluate the roles of environmental and population ecology variables in shaping the spatial pattern of genetic variation usin...
Article
Full-text available
The American mink Neovison vison is an invasive carnivore which may significantly affect populations of the water vole Arvicola amphibius. However, its impact on this rodent species depends on the abundance, dispersion and configuration of the habitats suitable for water voles and their accessibility for the mink. Using live-trapping, we studied th...
Article
Full-text available
Protected areas are the foundation of biodiversity conservation. However, due to their limited size, unfavourable shape, and isolation they often rarely provide sufficient protection. This problem particularly concerns large mammals, which play the role of key-species and usually have high spatial demands. Since 2001 the moose has been under a hunt...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated how do environmental and climatic factors, but also management, affect the carbon (δ¹³C) and nitrogen (δ¹⁵N) stable isotope composition in bone collagen of the two largest contemporary herbivores: European bison (Bison bonasus) and moose (Alces alces) across Europe. We also analysed how different scenarios of population recovery- re...
Data
Values of carbon δ13Ccoll and nitrogen δ15N measured in collagen of modern European bison Bison bonasus and moose Alces alces populations, characteristics of environmental conditions (altitude, mean annual precipitation, mean annual temperature) in analysed populations and farmland utilization by bison. Data on presence/absence (1-yes, 0-no) of far...
Article
Full-text available
Roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) has a wide distributional range in Europe and inhabits a broad range of habitats and environmental conditions. Thus, populations of roe deer show substantial variation in demographic parameters. We aimed to determine whether body mass and population density—which influence the reproductive potential of roe deer at a l...
Article
Full-text available
Population dynamics of large herbivores are affected by density dependent and density independent processes. Changing population size causes variation in age- and sex-specific demographic parameters such as reproduction, survival and dispersal. With our study, based on meta-analyses of literature data, we aimed at (1) describing age-specific fertil...
Article
Full-text available
If protected areas are to remain relevant in our dynamic world they must be adapted to changes in species ranges. In the EU one of the most notable such changes is the recent recovery of large carnivores, which are protected by Natura 2000 at the national and population levels. However, the Natura 2000 network was designed prior to their recent rec...
Data
List and details of all SACs in Poland with ≥ 1 km2 of wolf habitat. Sites are sorted by population, and then by the amount of wolf habitat they protect. (DOCX)
Data
Statistical significance of the Mann-Whitney U-tests for the pairwise comparisons of protected habitat area sizes between wolf populations in Poland. (DOCX)
Article
Aim To compare predictions of the habitat suitability model (HSM) for wolves Canis lupus in Poland with actual wolf distribution in western Poland after 15 years of recolonization. Location Western Poland (WPL, ca. 136,000 km2), west of the 18°48′E meridian. Methods Data on wolf occurrence (8,057 records) were gathered in 2001–2016. Wolf presenc...
Article
Full-text available
Wildlife management systems face growing challenges to cope with increasingly complex interactions between wildlife populations, the environment and human activities. In this position statement, we address the most important issues characterising current ungulate conservation and management in Europe. We present some key points arising from ecologi...
Article
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Game species in the cultural landscapes of Europe are exposed to several sources of anthropogenic pressure. Whilst hunting is part of coordinated wildlife management, poaching is difficult to quantify, and hence, relatively little is known about its impact on survival patterns of game species. We estimated survival and cause-specific mortality rate...
Article
According to the Trivers-Willard hypothesis, females of polygynous mammal species can adaptively modify offspring sex ratio, which would provide them evolutionary benefits in terms of a higher number of grand-offspring. In red deer (Cervus elaphus), a species where the reproductive success of males is significantly more variable than that of female...
Article
Full-text available
Temporal and spatial activity of bats is species specific and shaped by many factors such as energy requirements, climate conditions and food distribution. Pregnancy and lactation are the most energy-demanding periods throughout the female life cycle. During these periods, females have to optimize their activity patterns to maximize foraging succes...
Article
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The full course of new parasite introductions in wild animals is difficult to accurately trace. We documented and analysed the invasive blood-sucking nematode Ashworthius sidemi (Trichostrongylidae) introduction and spread in European bison (Bison bonasus) from the initial phase of its progression. In the Polish part of the Białowieża Primeval Fore...
Article
Reproductive performance of mammalian females depends on a broad set of extrinsic and intrinsic factors. One of the most important attributes for a female ungulate is body condition, which depends on food availability. Forage supply, in turn, is dependent on habitat quality, weather conditions, and animal density. The main objectives of our study,...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the pattern of parasite egg shedding by European bison (Bison bonasus) in the Białowieża Primeval Forest. We found several groups of parasite eggs in bison faeces including: Trichostrongylidae, Nematodirus spp., Aonchotheca sp., Trichuris sp., Moniezia spp. Trichostrongylidae eggs were expelled from bison at the highest percentage (...
Data
Figure S1. Neighbour‐joining tree using Nei genetic distance.
Article
Full-text available
Ecological and environmental heterogeneity can produce genetic differentiation in highly mobile species. Accordingly, local adaptation may be expected across comparatively short distances in the presence of marked environmental gradients. Within the European continent, wolves (Canis lupus) exhibit distinct north–south population differentiation. We...
Data
Table S1. Correlation between environmental variables (detailed in Table 1). Table S2. Complete identification for single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci on the Illumina CanineHD BeadChip (170K SNPs) with information from the MAP‐file in PLINK. Table S3. Summary of major functional genes near single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci identifie...
Article
Full-text available
Carniolan honey bees (Apis mellifera carnica) are considered as an indigenous subspecies in Hungary adapted to most of the ecological and climatic conditions in this area. However, during the last decades Hungarian beekeepers have recognized morphological signs of the Italian honey bee (Apis mellifera ligustica). As the natural distribution of the...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated contemporary and historical influences on the pattern of genetic diversity of European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus). The study was conducted in northeastern Poland, a zone where vast areas of primeval forests are conserved and where the European roe deer was never driven to extinction. A total of 319 unique samples collected in th...