Tom Fairchild

Tom Fairchild
Swansea University | SWAN · Department of Biosciences

Doctor of Philosophy

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12
Publications
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84
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Publications

Publications (12)
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity is increasingly understood as an important mediator of human aesthetic appreciation of scenes and landscapes, with implications for cultural services and well‐being. However, the generality of biodiversity effects across affective emotions, scales and habitats remains unclear. Urban coastal intertidal habitats on seawalls and other art...
Article
Full-text available
As storm-driven coastal flooding increases under climate change, wetlands such as saltmarshes are held as a nature-based solution. Yet evidence supporting wetlands’ storm protection role in estuaries - where both waves and upstream surge drive coastal flooding - remains scarce. Here we address this gap using numerical hydrodynamic models within eig...
Preprint
Full-text available
As storm-driven coastal flooding increases under climate change, wetlands such as saltmarshes are held as a nature-based solution. Yet evidence supporting wetlands’ storm protection role in estuaries - where both waves and upstream surge drive coastal flooding - remains scarce. Here we address this gap using numerical hydrodynamic models within eig...
Article
Full-text available
The ability of coastal vegetation to attenuate waves has been well established (Moller et al., 2014). Salt marshes are vegetated coastal wetlands that can act as nature- based coastal defenses. They exhibit a range of plant species, which have been shown to differ in the amount of wave damping they provide (Mullarney & Henderson, 2018). Recent stud...
Article
Full-text available
Saltmarshes are considered as natural coastal defences. However, owing to the large context dependency, there is much discussion over their effectiveness in providing coastal protection and the necessity of additional coastal defence interventions. The macro-tidal Taf Estuary in south-west Wales was chosen as the case study in this paper to investi...
Article
Full-text available
Vegetation can contribute to coastal defence by damping incoming waves. However, prior studies have shown that attenuation varies greatly among plant species. Plant flexibility is a mechanical property that is commonly omitted, but varies considerably between shrubs and grasses on salt marshes. Therefore, we present an experimental study in a labor...
Conference Paper
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Artificial structures tend to support less diverse assemblages than natural hard substrata, but it is as yet unclear how this effect varies with environmental context. Here macroalgal assemblages were compared between artificial and natural substrata in different environmental contexts within the Irish Sea. We find no differences in macroalgal comm...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The use of saltmarshes as an intervention to alleviate the effects of coastal flooding has gained increasing intention due to climate change. A coupled Delft3D FLOW-WAVE model was developed for the macrotidal Taf estuary in South West Wales to assess how three different interventions on saltmarsh management affected coastal flooding. An extreme sto...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Salt marshes are coastal wetlands that can reduce flood risk by their vegetation. The drag that salt marsh plants induces on currents modifies estuary hydrodynamics which affects flood water levels, surge propagation and sediment transport. Four parameterisations to model the drag by vegetation on currents have been proposed in literature: (i) a fi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Salt marshes are vegetated tidal wetlands, which can typically be found at sheltered coastal areas in moderate climate zones. Their potential as natural coastal protection by wave attenuation (Möller et al, 2014), reduction of flood-surge propagation (Stark et al., 2016) and shoreline stabilization (Bouma et al, 2014) has been increasingly recogniz...
Article
Full-text available
Activities involving observation of wild organisms (e.g. wildlife watching, tidepooling) can provide recreational and learning opportunities, with biologically diverse animal assemblages expected to be more stimulating to humans. In turn, more diverse communities may enhance human interest and facilitate provisioning of cultural services. However,...

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