Tom Appleby

Tom Appleby
University of the West of England, Bristol | UWE Bristol · Institute for Sustainability, Health and Environment

Doctor of Philosophy

About

27
Publications
2,363
Reads
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194
Citations
Citations since 2017
2 Research Items
100 Citations
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Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Very large marine protected areas are in danger of becoming 'paper parks'. This paper uses an interdisciplinary team to investigate the use of remote sensing technologies to provide sufficient evidence for effective fisheries management. It uses the intended marine protected area around Ascension Island as a case study. Satellite technology provide...
Article
Full-text available
Property rights are a widely advocated policy tool to encourage stewardship over a range of environmental goods. Despite the extent to which property rights are dependent upon law to work, economists rarely consider that property rights are enmeshed within a complex web of pre-existing national and international legal frameworks—such as human right...
Article
This paper highlights the tension between advocacy for ‘Blue growth’ in maritime policy and efforts to safeguard future economic growth via the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. In 2015, policy-makers withdrew three of four proposed Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs) in the Irish Sea from consideration for designation, due to concerns that they co...
Article
Full-text available
As there is no general right to be defended from flooding, any measures taken to protect communities from flooding would appear to be motivated by political considerations. This article explores the possibilities open to a party seeking to benefit from flood defences on another person’s land. The possibilities include an action in nuisance (which i...
Article
Full-text available
The UK’s fishery is a public asset worth in the region of £1,125 million. The free allocation of quota to commercial businesses on the basis of 2 years’ track record is a similar process to permitting that public asset to be squatted. The complex and badly drafted regulation which underpins this process has permitted a great deal of uncertainty in...
Technical Report
A report produced for Low Impact Fishers of Europe and the Swedish Green Party in response to the Swedish Government's reform of small-scale fishing vessel quota management.
Article
The proclamation of a marine protected area by David Miliband in the Chagos Archipelago in 2010 triggered a complaint of infringement of sovereignty by Mauritius and a human rights claim by dispossessed Chagossians. It also faced criticism by academia and the UK media. In March 2015, a Tribunal of the Permanent Court of Arbitration investigated the...
Article
This review uses a multidisciplinary approach to investigate legal issues concerning the oceans and human health. It firstly seeks to define the boundaries of oceans and human health research. We use three case studies as examples: biomedical research, marine litter and human well-being. Biomedical research raises complex issues relating to coastal...
Article
Ten European fish stocks recognised by the European Union as “outside safe biological limits” are considered in light of widespread reforms to fisheries legislation in 2013, particularly the legal responsibility to exploit these resources sustainably. Given that some of these stocks are – as of 2013 – fished at over 150% the recommended intensity a...
Article
Full-text available
The article outlines one of the earliest applications of the directive to commercial fishing in the UK'S Fal and Helford Special Area of Conservation (SAC), where a national NGO brought pressure to bear on local and national administrators over failure to implement the directive in a European marine site. The UK Habitats Regulations work relatively...
Article
The Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 is now enacted into law. This paper looks at predictions made about new law by one of the authors, Peter Jones, in his paper The Marine Bill: Cornucopia or Pandora's Box [1] and assesses how successful the Act has been in turning aspirations into law. The paper focuses on the following areas: ecosystem protect...
Article
This paper examines the Marine and Coastal Access Bill as it was tabled on 8th December 2008. It explores the failure of the Bill to include marine protection of over 3,000,000km2 of the waters associated with overseas territories and Crown dependencies. It explains the necessity for close liaison with the European Commission and with the devolved...
Article
Full-text available
Recognition over the past century of the benefits provided by land and landscapes has seen a net shift in balance from the private interests of landowners towards broader beneficiaries across society, with post-apartheid constitutional and legislative change in South Africa providing a striking illustration of this transition. Planning and conserva...
Article
Full-text available
Whereas land was formerly regarded as the property of private owners, to be managed for personal gain, there has been a significant transition over the past century in understanding and protecting the broader private and public benefits provided by land and landscapes. It is possible to map these benefits and costs, as well as their many affected b...
Article
There have been broad transitions in recognition and protection of benefits derived by society from land, landscapes and their associated ecosystems, predominantly over the past two centuries and accelerated recently through the paradigm of 'ecosystem services'. Trends throughout the twentieth century in the UK and South Africa, evidenced by progre...
Article
This article explains the science of ecosystem services and uses it as a tool to uncover potential claims for damages to the environment at common law. Ecosystem services analysis has been used successfully in the operation and development of the regulatory regime in South Africa. An ecosystem services analysis recognises and attempts to put a valu...
Article
On 3 April 2008, Defra published a draft marine bill to modernise the regulation of UK waters.1 At 687 pages (with guidance notes), the bill is certainly comprehensive but does it deliver? The sensible place to start this analysis is to look at those activities which cause the greatest threat to the fecundity of the sea and to test what effects the...
Article
Since last year, fisheries management has undergone serious analysis under the lens of the Marine White Paper. A change in the regulatory framework has been proposed, with the expansion of the jurisdictions of Sea Fisheries Committees, marine spatial planning and Marine Conservation Zones. This regulatory approach ignores developments elsewhere. In...
Article
The public right to fish is the legal basis for overfishing. By having very few perceived parameters it establishes the principle that a fisherman can carry out any fishing activity regardless of the long-term health of the stock, unless it is specifically excluded. The public right to fish is based in law upon erroneous reference to the Magna Cart...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
This project brings together the University of the West of England, Monash South Africa and the University of Arizona to investigate issues around water security. Under the cross cutting themes of ‘risks & vulnerabilities’ and ‘innovation & adaptive capacity’ the project as three main work packages: Towards Urban Water Security (UWE, Bristol) Transboundary Water Security (University of Arizona) Improving Water Quality Security (Monash South Africa) The work being undertaken is grounded in real world concerns, with experiences, solutions and best practices that can be transferred and shared for the public good.