Toby Daly-Engel

Toby Daly-Engel
Florida Institute of Technology · Department of Biological Sciences

PhD

About

38
Publications
16,734
Reads
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1,129
Citations
Citations since 2016
23 Research Items
658 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
Introduction
Toby Daly-Engel currently works at the Department of Biological Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology. Toby does research in Marine Biology, Evolutionary Biology, and Molecular Ecology. One of her current projects is 'Evolution of reproductive strategies in elasmobranch fishes".

Publications

Publications (38)
Article
The post-release mortality (PRM) rate of sharks can be an important factor in estimating overall mortality in stock assessments. However, the accuracy of PRM rates is dependent on our ability to evaluate mortality under realistic fishing practices and conditions. In the Southeast U.S. recreational rod-and-reel fishery, we worked directly with recre...
Article
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Understanding dispersal in large marine fauna is necessary for conservation, but movement patterns often vary widely by sex and life stage. In sharks, genetic studies have shown evidence of widespread male-biased dispersal, though tagging and tracking studies on the same populations show both sexes using site fidelity, including philopatry, and mov...
Article
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Scientific professional societies are reviewing diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) practices and policies in response to recent calls for much-needed change. Organizations like scientific professional societies contribute to establishing disciplinary norms, and can influence the diversity of disciplinary workforces in multiple ways through both...
Article
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Dispersal in many organisms is asymmetric by sex, a pattern that is often identified through the use of genetic tools. Sex-biased dispersal (SBD) is thought to derive from the varying fitness needs of females and males, as mediated by local ecology and life history. SBD is frequently reported in elasmobranchs (sharks, rays), long-lived fishes that...
Article
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The mechanisms underlying polyandry and female mate choice in certain taxonomic groups remain widely debated. In elasmobranchs, several species have shown varying rates of polyandry based on genetic studies of multiple paternity (MP). We investigated MP in the finetooth shark, Carcharhinus isodon, in order to directly test the encounter rate hypoth...
Article
We report 24 new records of the Brazilian cownose ray Rhinoptera brasiliensis outside its accepted geographic range. Sequencing of a 442-base pair portion of the mito-chondrial NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 gene for 282 Rhinoptera samples revealed eight records off the east coast of the USA and 16 from the eastern Gulf of Mexico. Both sexes of all l...
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Human activities in coastal areas are accelerating ecosystem changes at an unprecedented pace, resulting in habitat loss, hydrological modifications, and predatory species declines. Understanding how these changes potentially cascade across marine and freshwater ecosystems requires knowing how mobile euryhaline species link these seemingly disparat...
Chapter
Environmental DNA (eDNA) is increasingly being used to document species distributions and habitat use in marine systems, with much of the recent effort focused on leveraging advances in next-generation DNA sequencing to assess and track biodiversity across taxonomic groups. Environmental DNA offers a number of important advantages over traditional...
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Given the conservation status and ecological, cultural, and commercial importance of chondrichthyan fishes, it is valuable to evaluate the extent to which research attention is spread across taxa and geographic locations and to assess the degree to which scientific research is appropriately addressing the challenges they face. Here we review trends...
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Postcopulatory sexual selection, and sperm competition in particular, is a powerful selective force shaping the evolution of sperm morphology. While mounting evidence suggests that postcopulatory sexual selection influences the evolution of sperm morphology among species, recent evidence also suggests that sperm competition influences variation in...
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Female multiple mating provides the opportunity for sexual selection to continue after gamete release, generating strong selection on male reproductive traits. In particular, in species where female multiple mating is common, males are expected to invest more in testicular tissue to afford them a numerical advantage during sperm competition. Howeve...
Preprint
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Genetic structure and congeneric range overlap among sharpnose sharks (Genus 1 Rhizoprionodon) in the northwest Atlantic Ocean 2 Abstract 12 Sharpnose sharks (Genus: Rhizoprionodon) experience extensive fishing pressure 13 throughout their ranges in the Atlantic Ocean, and as such it is important to understand the 14 degree to which intraspecific p...
Article
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White sharks, Carcharodon carcharias, are often described as elusive, with little information available due to the logistical difficulties of studying large marine predators that make long-distance migrations across ocean basins. Increased understanding of aggregation patterns, combined with recent advances in technology have, however, facilitated...
Article
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Dogfish sharks of the genus Squalus are small, deep-water sharks with a slow rate of molecular evolution that has led to their designation as a series of species complexes, with low between-species diversity relative to other taxa. The largest of these complexes is named for the Shortspine spurdog (Squalus mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder), a medium-size...
Article
Sharpnose sharks (genus Rhizoprionodon) experience extensive fishing pressure throughout their ranges in the Atlantic Ocean. As such, it is important to understand the degree to which intraspecific populations interact across a spatial gradient. The Atlantic sharpnose shark (Rhizoprionodon terraenovae) and Caribbean sharpnose shark (Rhizoprionodon...
Article
Sharks of the genus Squalus have slow reproductive rates coupled with low genetic diversity, as is typical of deep-water sharks, making this group slow to rebound from depletion due to overfishing. The number of species within Squalus has been expanding recently due to increased attention on taxonomic revision, and a growing research focus on littl...
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The sixgill sharks of the genus Hexanchus (Hexanchiformes, Hexanchidae) are large, rarely encountered deep-sea sharks, thought to comprise just two species: the bluntnose sixgill Hexanchus griseus (Bonaterre, 1788) and the bigeye sixgill Hexanchus nakamurai (Teng, 1962). Their distribution is putatively worldwide in tropical and temperate waters, b...
Chapter
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Conservation genetics is an applied science that utilizes molecular tools to help solve problems in species conservation and management. It is an interdisciplinary specialty in which scientists apply the study of genetics in conjunction with traditional ecological fieldwork and other techniques to explore molecular variation, population boundaries,...
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Conservation of ecological communities requires deepening our understanding of genetic diversity patterns and drivers at community-wide scales. Here, we use seascape genetic analysis of a diversity metric, allelic richness (AR), for 47 reef species sampled across 13 Hawaiian Islands to empirically demonstrate that large reefs high in coral cover ha...
Article
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The giant water bug (Abedus herberti) is a large flightless insect that is a keystone predator in aridland aquatic habitats. Extended droughts, possibly due to climate change and groundwater pumping, are causing once-perennial aquatic habitats to dry, resulting in serious conservation concern for some populations. A. herberti also exhibits exclusiv...
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Current taxonomy indicates a single global species of the Great Barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda) despite differences in color and behavior between Atlantic and Pacific forms. To investigate these differences and qualify the dispersal characteristics of this unique coastal–pelagic teleost (bony fish), we conducted a global phylogeographic survey of 2...
Article
This review highlights the potential role that post-copulatory sexual selection plays in elasmobranch reproductive systems and the utility of this group to further understanding of evolutionary responses to the post-copulatory processes of sperm competition and cryptic female choice. The growing genetic evidence for female multiple mating (polyandr...
Article
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The scalloped hammerhead shark, Sphyrna lewini, is a large endangered predator with a circumglobal distribution, observed in the open ocean but linked ontogenetically to coastal embayments for parturition and juvenile development. A previous survey of maternal (mtDNA) markers demonstrated strong genetic partitioning overall (global Φ(ST) = 0.749) a...
Article
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About half of the extant shark species occur only in deep waters (defined as.200mdepth), yet few published studies on sharks include these taxa. As fisheries worldwide enter deeper waters, the provision of biological data for these little-known taxa is critical to management and conservation. The shortspine spurdog, Squalus cf. mitsukurii, is an ab...
Article
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Determining the geographic scale at which to apply ecosystem-based management (EBM) has proven to be an obstacle for many marine conservation programs. Generalizations based on geographic proximity, taxonomy, or life history characteristics provide little predictive power in determining overall patterns of connectivity, and therefore offer little i...
Article
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A taxonomie re-evaluation of the status of the North Pacific Squalus suckleyi (Girard, 1854) combining the use of meristie, morphological and molecular data reveal this species to be clearly distinct from the widespread Squalus acanthias (Linneaus, 1758). Differences in the external morphology between S. acanthias and S. suckleyi are subtle and are...
Article
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Proposed benefits of multiple paternity include increased reproductive output, elevated fitness of progeny, and maintenance of population genetic diversity. However, another consideration is whether multiple paternity is simply an unavoidable byproduct of sexual conflict, with males seeking to maximize mating encounters while females seek to minimi...
Article
We isolated 15 microsatellite markers for the scalloped hammerhead shark, Sphyrna lewini. Loci were tested on 80 specimens of S. lewini from four Eastern Pacific samples. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 6 to 31 (mean = 14). Observed and expected levels of heterozygosity per locus ranged from 0.39 to 0.91 (mean = 0.70) and from 0.54 to 0...
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This work examined 64 large, carnivorous reef fish from the coastal waters of Cameroon for toxicity commonly associated with an incidence of ciguatera fish poisoning. The samples were also subjected to m-DNA analyses to confirm their taxonomic identification. The analyses showed that a subgroup of fish locally referred to as groupers are actually i...
Article
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Elasmobranch mating systems have received growing attention in the past few years due to worldwide overexploitation of shark populations. Few studies to date have examined mating systems in sharks because of difficulty in sampling. The sandbar shark (Carcharhinus plumbeus) is heavily harvested around the world and is the dominant species in the mai...
Article
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We tested for presence or absence of multiple paternity in single litters from each of three congeneric shark species in Hawaii: the sandbar shark, Carcharhinus plumbeus, bignose shark, Carcharhinus altimus, and Galapagos shark, Carcharhinus galapagensis. Based on eight polymorphic microsatellite loci, we excluded paternity by a single sire in sand...
Article
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The desire to observe and understand the natural world is strong in young children, but high school students often consider science irrelevant to their daily lives. Therefore, as teachers of older age groups, the authors constantly struggle to engage students in scientific exploration so they can master concepts and appreciate the nature of science...
Article
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Lacto-N-fucopentaose III (LNFPIII) is found in human milk and on the Th2 driving helminth parasite Schistosoma mansoni. This pentasaccharide drives Th2-type responses in vivo and in vitro when conjugated to a carrier. In an attempt to further understand early events in Th1 to Th2 switching, we examined phenotypic and functional changes in peritonea...

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