Tobias Tempel

Tobias Tempel
Pädagogische Hochschule Ludwigsburg

Prof. Dr.

About

47
Publications
5,054
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344
Citations

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00220973.2015.1094649#.Vso1RCm8ky4 We investigated processes underlying performance decrements of highly test-anxious persons. Three experiments contrasted conditions that differed in the degree of activation of concepts related to failure. Participants memorized a list of words either containing words r...
Article
https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1UcVZ2Hx2Xn2R Three experiments examined the impact of matching retrieval modality at retrieval practice and at test on retrieval-induced forgetting. Participants learned sequential finger movements to be performed either with the left or with the right index finger. Subsequently, they selectively practiced half the...
Article
Full text available at: http://rdcu.be/Ipef We examined how the provision of feedback affected two separate effects of retrieval practice: strengthening of practiced information and forgetting of related, unpracticed information. Feedback substantially increased recall of retrieval-practiced items. This unsurprising result shows once again that re...
Article
We investigated how retrieval of a set of newly learned motor sequences influences subsequent learning of another set of motor sequences. In four experiments, retrieval reduced an acceleration of movement execution over subsequent study trials. This relative slowing-down was associated with better recall performance in a final memory test. Explicit...
Article
Beta power increase has been suggested to be an electrophysiological marker of response inhibition during voluntary action stopping. We examined whether beta power increase accompanies inhibition in human motor memory, focusing the phenomenon of retrieval-induced forgetting that has been assumed to be the consequence of inhibition in memory. Wherea...
Article
Full-text available
Information overload resulting from the ever faster growing mass of digital data makes knowledge work more and more complex. Being able to not get distracted and focus on what is currently relevant consumes valuable cognitive resources. Support by intelligent assistance software might alleviate this problem. We report two experiments that addressed...
Preprint
Beta power increase has been suggested to be an electrophysiological marker of response inhibition during voluntary action stopping. We examined whether beta power increase accompanies inhibition in human motor memory, focusing the phenomenon of retrieval-induced forgetting that has been assumed to be the consequence of inhibition in memory. Wherea...
Article
Full-text available
We examined selective directed forgetting in motor memory using a new variant of a three-list approach, to distinguish between accounts of directed forgetting. Participants consecutively studied three lists (L1, L2, and L3) of four sequential four-finger movements each. After studying L2, participants in the forget group were instructed to selectiv...
Article
Full-text available
By saving information on external memory stores, we can offload temporarily irrelevant memories, we believe to be important in the future. The external saving of encoded items enhances subsequent memory performance for new information (Storm and Stone in Psychol Sci 26(2):182–188, 2015). Across three experiments, we replicated and specified this sa...
Article
Full-text available
People regularly outsource parts of their memory onto external memory stores like computers or smartphones. Such cognitive offloading can enhance subsequent memory performance, as referred to the saving‐enhanced memory effect [Storm & Stone, 2015. Saving‐enhanced memory: The benefits of saving on the learning and remembering of new information. Psy...
Article
Full-text available
Journal of Cognition, 4(1), 15 To examine influences of context changes between encoding and retrieval of motor sequences, we varied a number of encoding and retrieval features in a two lists approach. Participants consecutively learned two sets of three-finger movements at two different computer working places, all enacted with fingers of the rig...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive inhibition has been suggested to deteriorate in Alzheimer’s disease. While numerous studies with different experimental paradigms found evidence on impaired inhibition in attention and memory, evidence in favour of intact memory inhibition has been reported with regard to the phenomenon of retrieval-induced forgetting (Moulin et al., 2002...
Article
In an experiment, we examined how grades for an essay written by a student as well as memory for its content are influenced by giving the information about a motor impairment of that student. Participants read an essay, subsequently grading it and answering questions concerning its content. Three conditions were compared. The first group received t...
Article
Der Frage, wie Erinnern das Gedächtnis formt, wurde in der Kognitiven Psychologie in letzter Zeit große Aufmerksamkeit gewidmet. Testungseffekte, die in einer durch Gedächtnisabruf in der Folge verbesserten Zugänglichkeit von Gedächtniseinträgen bestehen, wurden in diesem Zusammenhang insbesondere auch hinsichtlich ihres pädagogischen Potentials di...
Article
Full-text available
http://rdcu.be/5yRj We investigated whether retrieval-based learning can facilitate the acquisition of cognitive skills, focusing on the control-of-variables strategy. This core scientific experimentation skill is regularly taught in science education classes because understanding it is essential for understanding experimental investigations in sc...
Article
In two experiments, we investigated intentional forgetting of problem-solving routines by adapting the list method of directed forgetting. In Experiment 1, participants practiced solving water-jar problems (Luchins, 1942). After working on a first series of problems that all could be solved by the same formula, one group of participants was instruc...
Article
By saving and storing information, we use digital devices as our external memory stores, being able to offload and temporarily forget saved contents. Storm and Stone [2015. Saving-enhanced memory: The benefits of saving on the learning and remembering of new information. Psychological Science, 26(2), 182–188] showed that such memory offloading can...
Article
Inhibition is one of the core concepts in Cognitive Psychology. The idea of inhibitory mechanisms actively weakening representations in the human mind has inspired a great number of studies in various research domains. In contrast, Computer Science only recently has begun to consider concepts such as digital forgetting or suppression of irrelevant...
Article
We investigated retrieval-induced forgetting of motor sequences in samples of Chinese participants. Retrieval-induced forgetting occurs when selective retrieval of a subset of information stored in memory causes forgetting for the non-retrieved rest. This phenomenon critically depends on the organised storage of separate categories of memory repres...
Article
Full-text available
Future work environments will offer technical applications to manage increasing amounts of information for organizations, teams, and individuals. In this context, psychological concepts of intentional forgetting (IF) can be applied to improve the performance of work systems or to extend the cognitive capacities of humans in technical systems. Diffe...
Article
Many workspaces nowadays overload people with information – often with information that is irrelevant to the task at hand. Such information cannot only be distracting but additionally misleading, and can potentially impair the performance in relevant tasks. Here we set out to investigate how higher order cognition is influenced by such irrelevant o...
Article
Trends like digital transformation even intensify the already overwhelming mass of information knowledge workers face in their daily life. To counter this, we have been investigating knowledge work and information management support measures inspired by human forgetting. In this paper, we give an overview of solutions we have found during the last...
Article
The corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a neuropeptide mediating stress responses. CRH exerts effects via the hypothalamus pituitary adrenal axis as well as immediate effects on the sympathetic-adrenal-medullary system. Genetic variants of the CRH promoter were previously found to be associated with altered CRH promoter activity and physiologi...
Chapter
Die Fähigkeit unkonfundierte Experimente planen und durchführen zu können, um valide Schlussfolgerungen aus den Ergebnissen abzuleiten, ist ein zentraler Bestandteil des Experimentierprozesses und damit auch von naturwissenschaftlicher Grundbildung (engl. Scientific Literacy). Beim Planen von Experimenten im naturwissenschaftlichen Unterricht haben...
Article
The impact of retrieval practice on analogical-problem-solving performance was investigated using a complex, educationally relevant task. Participants studied a statistical hypothesis testing scenario and practiced recalling the material or repeatedly studied it. Participants then completed a final test either 5 minutes or 1 week later involving a...
Article
Full-text available
People’s memory for new information can be enhanced by cuing them to forget older information, as is shown in list-method directed forgetting (LMDF). In this task, people are cued to forget a previously studied list of items (list 1) and to learn a new list of items (list 2) instead. Such cuing typically enhances memory for the list 2 items and red...
Article
Full-text available
We aimed to investigate differences in inhibitory control ability between proficient and non-proficient Dai–Han bilinguals. Two experiments used a combined stimulus–stimulus and stimulus–response compatibility paradigm for this purpose. Participants were Dai– Han bilingual primary-school students selected from a Dai-speaking town in Yunnan province...
Article
http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/UtqeYppvYJCmuS9RFgND/full We investigated effects of retrieving body movements from memory on subsequent re-encoding of these movements (i.e., test-potentiated learning). In Experiment 1, participants first learned to perform 12 sequential finger movements as responses to letter stimuli. Eight of these movements t...
Article
Full-text available
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00184/full The typicality effect during categorization describes a phenomenon whereby typical items are more easily judged as members of a category than atypical items. Prior studies of the typicality effect have often used an inclusion task, which asks participants to assess whether an ite...
Article
We investigated the moderation of effects of activated gender stereotypes on the performance of women in tests of different ability domains. The Bem Sex Role Inventory assessed masculinity and femininity. The difference of the masculinity and femininity scores served as a continuous independent variable of gender role orientation. Only participants...
Article
In two experiments, we examined the competition dependence of retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) in motor memory. Participants learned sequential finger movements as responses to letter stimuli. The learning phase comprised two parts. In both parts, half of the motor sequences were to be executed at one of two locations (the left or right side of a...
Article
Two experiments investigated directed forgetting of newly learned motor sequences. Concurrently with the list method of directed forgetting, participants successively learned two lists of motor sequences. Each sequence consisted of four consecutive finger movements. After a short distractor task, a recall test was given. Both experiments compared a...
Article
We investigated the retrieval specificity of retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) of motor sequences. In two experiments, participants learned sequential finger movements, each consisting of the movement of two fingers of either the left or the right hand. In the learning phase, these motor sequences were graphically presented and were to be learned...
Article
Human memory is subject to continuous change. Besides the accumulation of contents as a consequence of encoding new information, the accessing of memory influences later accessibility. The authors investigated how retrieval-related memory-shaping processes affect intentionally acquired complex motion patterns. Dance figures served as the material t...
Article
We investigated the contribution of monitoring processes to the emergence of false memories in children. Two age groups were compared, assuming lower monitoring ability at preschool age compared with older children. We also manipulated whether elementary school pupils responded in the memory test with or without time pressure. Furthermore, the freq...
Article
Working on a task that requires strong self-regulation can deteriorate performance in a subsequent task also involving high self-regulatory demands. Several studies suggest that the consumption of limited self-regulatory resources may account for this effect known as ego depletion. We investigated the influence of expectations about upcoming tasks...
Article
We investigated the combined effects of stereotype threat and trait test anxiety on mathematics test performance. Stereotype threat and test anxiety interacted with each other in affecting performance. Trait test anxiety predicted performance only in a diagnostic condition that prevented stereotype threat by stereotype denial. A state measure of fe...
Article
We investigated the dependence of retrieval-induced forgetting of verbal material from influences of word representations in semantic memory. Participants learned novel words, that is, letter strings that were non-words. These items were grouped into different artificial categories during learning. Subsequently, participants retrieval-practiced sub...
Article
Abstract We investigated the organized storage of motor sequences in memory by assuming that processes related to interference at retrieval are indicative of memory organization. Effects resulting from these processes, thus, would allow inferences on how motor sequences are represented and organized. Participants learned motor sequences that were c...
Article
We examined retrieval-induced forgetting of motor sequences that were categorized by the effectors (left or right hand) involved in their execution. This left–right categorization was independent from input locations or input devices. In addition, the acquired motor sequences were arbitrarily assigned to left and right. Participants learned twelve...
Article
When motor sequences are stored in memory in a categorised manner, selective retrieval of some sequences can induce forgetting of the non-retrieved sequences. We show that such retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) occurs not only in cued recall but also in a test assessing memory indirectly by providing novel test cues without involving recall of ite...
Article
When body movements are stored in memory in an organized manner, linked to a common retrieval cue like the effector with which to execute the movement, interference may arise as soon as one initiates the execution of a specific body movement in the presence of the retrieval cue because related motor programs also are activated. We investigated the...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated influences of item generation and emotional valence on retrieval-induced forgetting. Drawing on postulates of the three-factor theory of generation effects, generation tasks differentially affecting the processing of inter-item relations were applied. Whereas retrieval-induced forgetting of freely generated items was moderated by th...

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Es werden in 8 verschiedenen Projekten... ...Mechanismen des menschlichen Vergessens für einen technischen und organisationalen Kontext nutzbar gemacht. ...existierende Organisationstheorien weiterentwickelt im Hinblick auf die Frage, wie eine Passung zwischen den Prozessen, MitarbeiterInnen, Technologien und Strukturen der Organisation und der Informationsmenge, die intern und extern der Organisation generiert wird, hergestellt werden kann, in dem die Informationssysteme in Organisationen befähigt werden zu vergessen. ...interdisziplinär neue Methoden und Übertragungswege für Organisationen entwickelt, um die Balance zwischen stetig wachsenden Mengen an gespeicherten Informationen und einer Informationsreduktion durch Vergessen zu finden. Beteiligte Forschung: https://www.researchgate.net/project/Intentionales-Vergessen-von-arbeitsteiligen-geschaeftsprozessbezogenen-Aktivitaeten-in-der-Fertigung https://www.researchgate.net/project/AdaptPRO-Adaptive-Process-and-Role-Design-in-Organizations https://www.researchgate.net/project/Cyber-physical-forgetting-in-socio-digital-systems https://www.researchgate.net/project/Intentional-Forgetting-of-Everyday-Work-Behavior https://www.researchgate.net/project/EVOWIPE-Explizites-Vergessen-ontologiebasierten-Wissens-in-der-Produktentwicklung https://www.researchgate.net/project/Intentional-Forgetting-within-Organizations https://www.researchgate.net/project/Getrost-vergessen https://www.researchgate.net/project/Intentional-Forgetting