Tobias Schwinn

Tobias Schwinn
Universität Stuttgart · Institute for Computational Design and Construction

Doctor of Engineering
Researcher and Lecturer in Computational Design and Construction

About

56
Publications
50,521
Reads
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829
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2011 - present
Universität Stuttgart
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
Over the last two decades, the use of agent-based models (ABMs) to model and simulate the dynamics of complex systems has increased significantly among various scientific fields, including architecture. Based on a systematic literature review, this paper presents a classification for agent-based modeling and simulation (ABMS) in architecture based...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the geometric foundations for an agent-based modeling (ABM) approach to modularize concrete building elements for prefabrication via additive formwork. The method presented extends the functionality of existing planning tools for concrete prefabrication to addresses the manufacturing characteristics of additive formwork producti...
Conference Paper
The pursuit for more load‐adapted, individualized, and at the same time precise building geometries is driving innovation in digital fabrication with concrete towards greater formal freedom and higher degrees of prefabrication. This paper reviews the opportunities of using 3D‐Printed formwork in the context of pre‐fabricated concrete construction....
Article
Eine präzise, adaptive und individuelle Fertigung ermöglicht einen hohen Grad an Bauteildifferenzierung, die somit hocheffiziente und lastadaptierte Strukturen für den Betonfertigteilbau zugänglich macht. Während Fortschritte von Fertigungsseite durch zahlreiche Projekte in Forschung und Industrie demonstriert werden, so sind zugehörige Planungswer...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we introduce a novel design to fabrication method called three-dimensional fibre placement in wood (3D-FPW) and demonstrate its applicability for lightweight hybrid timber structures. 3D-FPW allows for the joining and reinforcement through a combination of (1) minimally invasive subtractive CNC milling operations during the prefabrica...
Thesis
Segmented shell design constitutes a novel and promising research area in shell design that has emerged over the last 10 years. The prospect of dividing a continuous shell surface into segments is to resolve some of the constraints of continuous shells that have limited their application in building practice. As part of large-span surface structure...
Chapter
With fibrous joints for lightweight segmented timber shells we introduce novel techniques for three-dimensional placement and curing of CFRP-Tows within prefabricated plywood plates to create differentiated fibrous bending-resistant timber plate joints. Density, orientation, and position of the fibrous joints can be informed by the calculated local...
Chapter
Im Laufe der Evolution haben sich Seeigel an unterschiedlichste Lebensräume im Meer angepasst. Besonders auffällig sind Entwicklungen im Bau ihrer Skelette, die zum Teil sehr spezifisch an die Umweltbedingungen gekoppelt sind. Die Schalen müssen vielen Anforderungen gerecht werden, um z. B. Strömungen, Sturmereignissen und Räuberangriffen zu widers...
Chapter
In the course of evolution, sea urchins have adapted to a wide range of habitats in the ocean. Particularly conspicuous are the developments in the construction of their skeletons, which feature specific adaptations to their ambient environmental conditions. The sea urchin shells thus have developed many different charakteristics in order to withst...
Chapter
In architectural research, pavilions play a special role because, as temporary structures, they present an opportunity to investigate specific issues without having to fulfill all requirements for permanent buildings. The findings resulting from this investigation can then be utilized in the design and implementation of permanent buildings. In this...
Conference Paper
This paper investigates the use of robotics with sensing mechanisms in combination with industrial sewing techniques to explore new strategies for the fabrication of thin wooden shells.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we introduce novel techniques for three-dimensional placement of CFRP-Tows inside prefabricated plywood plates to create fibrous bending resistant timber plate joints. The density, orientation and position of these fibrous joints can be fine-tuned to the calculated local forces in a segmented hybrid timber shell without increasing the...
Article
Full-text available
Concepts of swarm intelligence are becoming increasingly relevant in the field of architectural design. An example is the use of agent-based modeling and simulation methods, which can help manage the complexity of building designs that feature many similar, but geometrically unique elements. Apart from leading to effective solutions and expanding t...
Chapter
Full-text available
Im Laufe der Evolution haben sich Seeigel an unterschiedlichste Lebensräume im Meer angepasst. Besonders auffällig sind Entwicklungen im Bau ihrer Skelette, die zum Teil sehr spezifisch an die Umweltbedingungen gekoppelt sind. Die Schalen müssen vielen Anforderungen gerecht werden, um zum Beispiel Strömungen, Sturmereignissen und Räuberangriffen zu...
Chapter
Full-text available
The HygroSkin project explores a novel mode of climate responsive architecture based on the combination and interrelationships of material-inherent behaviour, computational morphogenesis and robotic manufacturing. The dimensional instability of wood in relation to moisture content is employed to develop a meteorosensitive architectural skin that op...
Conference Paper
Full text available at: http://www.fabricate2017.org/2017/04/08/fabricate-book-free-download/ In the past decade, robotic fabrication in the field of architecture has developed rapidly, opening up new possibilities for architecture and design. New fabrication techniques allow the utilisation of materials like fibre composites in the field of archi...
Chapter
Concrete double-curved shell constructions have been used in architectural design and building constructions since the beginning of the twentieth century. Although monolithic shells show a high stiffness as their geometry transfers loads through membrane forces, they have been mostly replaced by the more cost-efficient lattice systems. As lattice s...
Conference Paper
Unlike any other building material, timber has seen numerous innovations in design, manufacturing, and assembly processes in recent years. Currently available technology not only allows users to freely shape building elements but also to define their micro- or macroscopic material make-up and therefore the material itself. At the same time, timber...
Conference Paper
In recent years, extensive research in the HCI literature has explored interactive techniques for digital fabrication. However, little attention in this body of work has examined how to involve and guide human workers in fabricating larger-scale structures. We propose a novel model of crowdsourced fabrication, in which a large number of workers and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we describe an interdisciplinary project and live-exhibit that investigated whether untrained humans and robots could work together collaboratively towards the common goal of building a large-scale structure composed out of robotically fabricated modules using a filament winding process. We describe the fabrication system and exhibit...
Chapter
Full-text available
Recent developments in the field of segmented timber shells have shown promising structural and constructional characteristics. Advancements in computational design and digital fabrication enable architects and engineers to handle the increased geometric complexity necessary for this new construction type, integrating fabrication constraints and st...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper presents the development of a design framework that aims to reduce the complexity of designing and fabricating free-form inflatables structures, which often results in the generation of very complex geometries. In previous research the form-finding potential of actuated and constrained inflatable membranes has already been investigated ho...
Book
Full-text available
In light of environmental challenges architecture is facing, wood is no longer regarded as outmoded, nostalgic, and rooted in the past, but increasingly recognized as one of the most promising building materials for the future. Recent years have seen unprecedented innovation of new technologies for advancing wood architecture. Advancing Wood Archi...
Chapter
Architecture has a profound impact on the use of resources. For example, in 2014, the building sector alone was responsible for half of Europe's energy and material consumption (COM 2014). Increasing efficiency will involve all steps from material extraction, to manufacturing, assembly, construction, and usage. Especially in the context of a growin...
Chapter
Full-text available
The research presented in this paper pursues the development and construction of a robotically fabricated, lightweight timber plate system through a biologically informed, integrative computational design method. In the first part of the paper, the authors give an overview of their approach starting with the description of the biological role model...
Conference Paper
Als eines der ältesten Baumaterialien der Menschheit ist Holz und dessen Einsatz in der Architektur sowohl gesellschaftlich als auch technisch seit jeher von großer Bedeutung. Während Holz als nachwachsender Rohstoff über viele Jahrhunderte nahezu unverändert blieb, hätte die Einstellung zu einer angemessenen Verarbeitung und Anwendung kaum untersc...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Landesgartenschau Exhibition Hall is an architectural prototype building and a showcase for current developments in computational design and robotic fabrication for lightweight timber construction. Funded by the European Union and the state of Baden‐Württemberg, the building is the first to have its primary structure entirely made of roboticall...
Article
The ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2013-14, presented here by Moritz Doerstelmann, Jan Knippers, Achim Menges, Stefana Parascho, Marshall Prado and Tobias Schwinn of the Institute for Computational Design (ICD) and Institute of Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE) research team at the University of Stuttgart, is based on biological lightwei...
Article
Advances in computation challenge established design approaches in architecture through a much deeper integration of form generation and materialisation. Tobias Schwinn, Research Associate at the Institute for Computational Design (ICD), University of Stuttgart, and Guest-Editor Achim Menges, Director of the ICD, introduce how the potentials and co...
Article
Advanced design, simulation and fabrication technologies facilitate the exploration and transferring of the morphological principles of fibrous systems from biology to technology. The ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2012 pioneered such an approach for architecture. Jan Knippers, Riccardo La Magna, Achim Menges, Steffen Reichert, Tobias Schwinn and Frédé...
Article
Full-text available
Der Forstpavillon ist ein Demonstrator und Technologieträger für neuste Entwicklungen im Holzleichtbau, die durch innovative Methoden der digitalen Planung und Fabrikation ermöglicht werden. Im Rahmen des Verbundforschungsprojekts „Robotik im Holzbau“ wurde das Projekt an der Universität Stuttgart konzipiert und in Kooperation mit der Müllerblauste...
Chapter
The Landesgartenschau Exhibition Hall is a building prototype that demonstrates on-going research into new architectural opportunities for lightweight timber construction. Enabled by integrative computational design and robotic fabrication methods, it is the first segmented timber plate shell to have its primary structure robotically pre-fabricated...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The research described in the paper investigates the potential of behavior-based strategies, such as Agent-Based Modeling (ABM) and behavioral form finding, to facilitate the synthesis of computational design and robotic fabrication with regards to performative lightweight timber plate structures. In the first part, the authors provide an overview...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The research presented in this chapter describes novel strategies towards robotic fabrication of geometrically complex fiber reinforced building elements. The research focuses on ''core-less'' filament winding processes which reduce the need for formwork allowing for the fabrication of individual one off components with differentiated fiber layout....
Chapter
Full-text available
The HygroSkin project explores a novel mode of climate responsive architecture based on the combination and interrelationships of material inherent behaviour, computational morphogenesis and robotic manufacturing. The dimensional instability of wood in relation to moisture content is employed to develop a meteorosensitive architectural skin that op...
Conference Paper
The research presented in this paper pursues the development and construction of a robotically fabricated, lightweight timber plate system through a biologically informed, integrative computational design method. In the first part of the paper, the authors give an overview of their approach starting with the description of the biological role model...
Article
Das Interesse an freien Formen in der Architektur und im Industriedesign nimmt immer stärker zu. Für komplex geformte Strukturen sind faserbasierte Werkstoffe nahezu prädestiniert und bieten gegenüber klassischen Materialien im Bauwesen etliche Vorteile. Dennoch finden diese Materialien nur in seltenen Fällen Einzug in das Bauwesen. Die Abbildung v...
Article
Full-text available
In the current paper the authors present a biomimetic design methodology based on the analysis of the Echinoids (sea urchin and sand dollar) and the transfer of its structural morphology into a built full-scale prototype. In the first part, an efficient wood jointing technique for planar sheets of wood through novel robotically fabricated finger-jo...
Article
Architect Neil Katz first attended Smartgeometry (SG) in 2006 and has participated in and led workshops at many subsequent events including SG 2007 with Tobias Schwinn and SG 2012 with Bess Krietemeyer. Katz brings a highly valuable practice perspective to the workshops, as he has worked at Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) for many years using comp...
Chapter
Loose, designed macro-scale granulates can be used as architectural material systems. Combined with a digitally controlled emitter-head the pouring process can serve as an alternative to known additive manufacturing techniques. The potential of macro-scale granulates lies in their ability to re-configure as well as in being a functionally graded ma...
Conference Paper
The paper presents the current development of an ongoing research project about the integration of robotic fabrication strategies in computational design through morphological and functional principles derived from natural systems. Initially, a developed plate structure material system based on robotically fabricated finger joints is being informed...
Article
Following in the footsteps of more progressive industries, digital fabrication in architecture is on the brink of shifting from task-specific computer numerically controlled (CNC) machines to more generic industrial robots. The change from machine hardware and control software developed to facilitate a specific fabrication process towards more open...
Chapter
Due to their relative affordability and ease of use industrial manipulators aka robots have become increasingly common in the field of architectural experimentation and research. Specifically for timber construction, their higher degrees of kinematic freedom and fabricational flexibility, compared to established and process-specific computer numeri...
Conference Paper
The paper presents research into computational design processes that integrate not only criteria of physical producibility but also characteristics of design intelligence and performance. In the first part, the use of an industrial robot’s design space for developing differentiated finger joint connections for planar sheets of plywood is introduced...
Chapter
Performative Architectural Morphology is a notion derived from the term Functional Morphology in biology and describes the capacity of an architectural material system to adapt morphologically to specific internal constraints and external influences and forces. The paper presents a research project that investigates the possibilities and limitation...

Questions

Questions (2)
Question
"Rechnerischer Abbund" is a term used in timber engineering and fabrication that describes a joinery approach whereby cuts in the timber are calculated using mathematical methods e.g. trigonometry. Image searching for "Rechnerischer Abbund" gives an idea about what is meant by this, however terms like "calculated joinery", or "numerical joinery" don't yield the same results. The closest thing seems to be "Carpentry math" or "Carpenter's trigonometry". Would this be an acceptable translation?
Thank you!
Best,
Tobias
Question
I'm specifically interested in the radius around the building site, within which a given material has to be sourced to be considered regional. In LEED, this radius is 500 miles (800 km) around a building site and materials that are sourced within a 160 km radius are given double credit within the Materials and Resources credit category. Is there a similar consideration within DGNB certification? Thank you!

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Projects

Projects (6)
Archived project
In the present project, the shells of sand dollars, highly adapted sea urchins, will be studied as a biological concept generator. These shells consist of modular polygonal plates linked at the edges by finger-like calcite protrusions and organic fibres. Sand dollars show a high geometric variety with respect to overall shape and plate arrangements. The high load-bearing capacity of the sand dollar skeleton is well adapted to high energy environments. It shows morphological features that are also required from many shells in building construction: a mainly flat curvature, apertures and column-like connections between the upper and the lower half of the shell.
Project
Fibrous joints can form bending resistant connections in lightweight timber structures of complex geometries. Fiber orientations in those connections can be intricately designed, controlled and manufactured within a vast multidimensional solution space as a function of current CNC technology and formability of fibers. This allows the adaptation of joints to stress-concentrations and force-directions using computational design algorithms to negotiate aspects of structure, material efficiency, aesthetics and fabrication; directly linking computational intelligence with materialization processes.