Tobias Dienlin

Tobias Dienlin
University of Vienna | UniWien · Institut für Publizistik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft

Dr.

About

51
Publications
32,292
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,812
Citations
Citations since 2016
40 Research Items
1766 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
Introduction
I'm an Assistant Professor at University of Vienna, Department of Communication. In my research I focus on privacy, well-being, and open science.
Additional affiliations
April 2013 - present
University of Hohenheim
Position
  • Research Associate
April 2012 - March 2013
University of Hamburg
Position
  • Research Associate
April 2012 - March 2013
Hamburg Media School
Position
  • Lecturer
Education
October 2006 - March 2012

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
Does communication on social network sites (SNSs) or instant messengers (IMs) reinforce or displace face-to-face (FtF) communication, and how do the 3 channels affect loneliness and life satisfaction? Using cross-lagged structural equation modeling in a longitudinal and representative sample from Germany, we found that SNS communication increased b...
Article
The privacy calculus established that online self-disclosures are based on a cost-benefit tradeoff. For the context of SNSs, however, the privacy calculus still needs further support as most studies consist of small student samples and analyze self-disclosure only, excluding self-withdrawal (e.g., the deletion of posts), which is essential in SNS c...
Article
Full-text available
The privacy paradox states that online privacy concerns do not sufficiently explain online privacy behaviors on social network sites (SNSs). In this study, it was first asked whether the privacy paradox would still exist when analyzed as in prior research. Second, it was hypothesized that the privacy paradox would disappear when analyzed in a new a...
Chapter
Full-text available
The following article develops a new model of privacy referred to as the Privacy Process Model (PPM). Drawing on extant literature on privacy, the PPM analyses the distinct conditions, mechanisms and regulations of privacy. First, it identifies an objective privacy context, which is subdivided into informational, social, psychological and physical...
Article
Full-text available
Privacy is a hotly debated topic in academia and society. The digitalization of our world has had enormous implications for our privacy. Some researchers and public figures agree that privacy has changed substantially, that we are living in a post-privacy world, and that we need to address privacy differently. Conversely, others maintain that priva...
Preprint
Full-text available
Communication research has recently entered the discussion on open science. Through the lens of Normalization Process Theory, this preregistered qualitative study addresses how open science has been normalized within the field of mass communication. Through 19 semi-structured in-depth interviews with mass communication scholars from across the glob...
Article
Full-text available
Rational models of privacy self-management such as privacy calculus assume that sharing personal information online can be explained by individuals’ perceptions of risks and benefits. Previous research tested this assumption by conducting conventional multivariate procedures, including path analysis or structural equation modeling. However, these a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Privacy is a hotly debated topic in academia and society. The digitalization of our world has had enormous implications for privacy. Many researchers and public figures agree that privacy has changed substantially, that we are living in a post-privacy world, and that we need to address privacy differently. Others maintain that privacy remains a rel...
Article
Full-text available
Binge-watching is a highly relevant new media phenomenon. An increasing number of people watch multiple episodes of their favorite series online, a process often spanning several hours. Granow et al. (2018) showed that binge-watching is accompanied by both positive as well as negative psychological experiences. Because it is one of the most importa...
Article
Full-text available
It is often assumed that traditional forms of media such as books enhance well-being, whereas new media do not. However, we lack evidence for such claims and media research is mainly focused on how much time people spend with a medium, but not whether someone used a medium or not. We explored the effect of media use during one week on well-being at...
Preprint
In times of crisis such as the Corona pandemic citizens need to stay informed about recent events, the latest political decisions, or mandatory protection measures. To this end, many people use various types of media, and increasingly social media. However, because social media are particularly engaging, some find it hard to disconnect and cannot s...
Article
Full-text available
In their meta-analysis on how privacy concerns and perceived privacy risk are related to online disclosure intentionand behavior, Yu et al. (2020) conclude that “the ‘privacy paradox’ phenomenon (...) exists in our research model” (p. 8). In this comment, we contest this conclusion and present evidence and arguments against it. We find five areas o...
Preprint
Full-text available
The replication crisis is real, and awareness of its existence is growing across disciplines. We argue that research in human-computer interaction (HCI), and especially virtual reality (VR), is vulnerable to similar challenges due to many shared methodologies, theories, and incentive structures. For this reason, in this work, we transfer establishe...
Preprint
Binge-watching is a highly relevant new media phenomenon. An increasing number of people watch multiple episodes of their favorite series online, a process often spanning several hours. Granow et al. (2018) showed that binge-watching is accompanied by both positive as well as negative psychological experiences. Because it is one of the most importa...
Article
Full-text available
The privacy paradox states that people’s concerns about online privacy are unrelated to their online sharing of personal information. On the basis of a representative sample of the German population, which includes 1,403 respondents interviewed at three waves separated by 6 months, we investigate the privacy paradox from a longitudinal perspective....
Preprint
It is often assumed that traditional forms of media such as books enhance well-being, whereas digital media do not. However, we lack evidence for such claims and media research is mainly focused on how much time people spend with a medium, but not whether someone used a medium or not. We investigated the effect of media use on well-being, different...
Article
Full-text available
In the last 10 years, many canonical findings in the social sciences appear unreliable. This so-called “replication crisis” has spurred calls for open science practices, which aim to increase the reproducibility, replicability, and generalizability of findings. Communication research is subject to many of the same challenges that have caused low re...
Preprint
Das Privacy Paradox besagt, dass Menschen beim Nutzen von Online-Diensten bereit sind, große Mengen personenbezogener Daten zu teilen – selbst dann, wenn ihnen Privatsphäre wichtig ist und sie um diese besorgt sind. In den zwei einführenden Abschnitten dieses Beitrages lege ich zunächst dar, was Privatheit aus psychologischer Perspektive bedeutet u...
Preprint
In their meta-analysis on how privacy concerns and perceived privacy risks are related to online disclosure intention and behavior, Yu et al. (2020) conclude that “the ‘privacy paradox’ phenomenon [...] exists in our research model” (p. 8). In this comment, we contest this conclusion and present evidence and arguments against it. We find three area...
Preprint
According to the privacy calculus, both privacy concerns and expected gratifications explain self-disclosure online. So far, however, most findings were based on self-reports, and little is known about whether the privacy calculus can be used to explain observations of actual behavior. Likewise, we still know little as to whether the privacy calcul...
Article
Full-text available
This review provides an overview of the literature regarding digital technology use and adolescent well-being. Overall, findings imply that the general effects are on the negative end of the spectrum but very small. Effects differ depending on the type of use: whereas procrastination and passive use are related to more negative effects, social and...
Article
Full-text available
Through communication technology, users find themselves constantly connected to others to such an extent that they routinely develop a mind-set of connectedness. This mind-set has been defined as online vigilance. Although there is a large body of research on media use and well-being, the question of how online vigilance impacts well-being remains...
Preprint
Full-text available
Listening to music can cause experiences of nostalgia and melancholia. Although both concepts are theoretically related, to date they have not been analyzed together. In this study, we identify their theoretical underpinnings and determine how they can be measured empirically. We analyze how listening to music causes nostalgia and melancholia, and...
Article
Full-text available
In the recent decades, privacy scholarship has made significant progress. Most of it was achieved in monodisciplinary works. However, privacy has a deeply interdisciplinary nature. Most importantly, societies as well as individuals experience privacy as being influenced by legal, technical, and social norms and structures. In this article, we hence...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the recent decades, privacy scholarship has made significant progress. Most of it was achieved in monodisciplinary works. However, privacy has a deeply interdisciplinary nature. Most importantly, societies as well as individuals experience privacy as being influenced by legal, technical, and social norms and structures. In this paper, we hence a...
Chapter
Full-text available
Das Privacy Paradox besagt, dass Menschen beim Nutzen von Online-Diensten bereit sind, große Mengen personenbezogener Daten zu teilen – selbst dann, wenn ihnen Privatsphäre wichtig ist und sie um diese besorgt sind. Dies führt an mancher Stelle zu Verwunderung, Bedenken oder gar Zynismus, und es lassen sich verschiedene kritische Fragen stellen. Be...
Article
Full-text available
When deciding what to disclose online, social network site users weigh benefits against risks-for example, expectations of social support versus privacy concerns. Users are also influenced by a social network site's affordances. In this study, we applied the privacy calculus model to investigate whether and how affordances affect self-disclosure. S...
Preprint
Full-text available
Through communication technology, users find themselves constantly connected to others to such an extent that they routinely develop a mindset of connectedness. This mindset has been defined as online vigilance. Although there is a large body of research on media use and well-being, the question of how online vigilance impacts well-being remains un...
Article
When deciding what to disclose online, social network site users weigh benefits against risks—for example, expectations of social support versus privacy concerns. Users are also influenced by a social network site's affordances. In this study, we applied the privacy calculus model to investigate whether and how affordances affect self-disclosure. S...
Preprint
Full-text available
The privacy paradox states that people’s concerns about online privacy are unrelated to their online sharing of personal information. Using a representative sample of the German population, which includes 1403 respondents who were interviewed at three waves separated by 6 months, we investigate the privacy paradox from a longitudinal perspective, d...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we used large-scale representative panel data to disentangle the between-person and within-person relations linking adolescent social media use and well-being. We found that social media use is not, in and of itself, a strong predictor of life satisfaction across the adolescent population. Instead, social media effects are nuanced, s...
Chapter
Die Weitergabe von privaten und personenbezogenen Informationen ist heutzutage ein großer Bestandteil der Online-Kommunikation. Durch die technische, soziale und wirtschaftliche Infrastruktur digitaler Kommunikationsräume entstehen dabei neuartige Herausforderungen für den Schutz der individuellen Privatheit. Neue soziale Dynamiken sowie Datensamml...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study analyzes how personality traits relate to need for privacy. We focus on three dimensions: (a) need for privacy from government surveillance, (b) need for privacy from other individuals, and (c) need for anonymity. Using an online questionnaire with 273 student respondents, several significant relationships were found. For example, result...
Article
Full-text available
The privacy calculus suggests that online self-disclosure is based on a cost-benefit trade-off. However, although companies progressively collect information to offer tailored services, the effect of both personalization and context-dependency on self-disclosure has remained understudied. Building on the privacy calculus, we hypothesized that benef...
Chapter
Die Weitergabe von privaten und personenbezogenen Informationen ist heutzutage ein großer Bestandteil der Online-Kommunikation. Durch die technische, soziale und wirt-schaftliche Infrastruktur digitaler Kommunikationsräume entstehen dabei neuartige Her-ausforderungen für den Schutz der individuellen Privatheit. Neue soziale Dynamiken so-wie Datensa...
Article
Full-text available
Kaum greifbare Privatheitseingriffe sowie ein mangelndes Bewusstsein für daraus entstehende gesellschaftliche Konsequenzen lassen nur wenige Internetnutzerinnen und -nutzer Vorkehrungen zum Schutz ihrer Privatheit treffen oder sich politisch für mehr Datenschutz einsetzen. Vielmehr offenbaren Individuen täglich eine große Menge personenbezogener In...
Thesis
Full-text available
What is the psychology of privacy? How do people perceive privacy? Why do people disclose personal information on the Internet, and what does this reveal about our their personalities? With four studies, this cumulative dissertation discusses potential answers to these questions. Study 1 (“The Privacy Process Model”) proposes a new privacy theory,...
Article
Full-text available
International news articles often compare different countries, favoring one country over another. On the basis of this notion, we hypothesized that when people read international news articles favoring their own country over another, they would afterwards evaluate their country (in-group) better than the other country (out-group) – a tendency refer...
Article
For an effective and responsible communication on social network sites (SNSs) users must decide between withholding and disclosing personal information. For this so-called privacy regulation, users need to have the respective skills—in other words, they need to have online privacy literacy. In this study, we discuss factors that potentially contrib...
Article
Full-text available
Der Schutz der Privatsphäre im Internet ist nicht erst seit der NSA-Affäre ein vieldiskutiertes Thema. Im Kern drehen sich alle Debatten um die Frage der informationellen Selbstbestimmung – also darum, ob Internetnutzer ihre eigenen Daten selbstbestimmt verwenden können und ob sie wissen und auch damit einverstanden sind, was mit ihren Daten geschi...
Article
Full-text available
Der Schutz der Privatsphäre im Internet ist nicht erst seit der NSA-Affäre ein vieldiskutiertes Thema. Im Kern drehen sich alle Debatten um die Frage der informationellen Selbstbestimmung – also darum, ob Internetnutzer ihre eigenen Daten selbstbestimmt verwenden können und ob sie wissen und auch damit einverstanden sind, was mit ihren Daten geschi...
Article
Full-text available
People around the globe now regularly interact with family and friends through social network sites (SNSs). In this article, we investigated the differences between social interactions in online and offline contexts as well as users' satisfaction with the social support received in these contexts. It was hypothesized that SNSs are better set up for...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This research report presents data from a study conducted in Germany based on a 3-year panel design. From October 2009 to April 2012, five waves of data collection were established. N = 327 participants from a convenience sample gave answers to questions regarding media use, privacy behaviors, well-being, social support, authenticity, and specific...
Conference Paper
It was found recently that facial features and their spatial relations are differently vulnerable to inversion (Goffaux and Rossion, 2007). Manipulations of vertical relations are hard to detect when faces are upside down, while just moderate performance deficits are found with inverted faces when they are manipulated in horizontal relations, or th...

Network

Cited By