Tiziano Verri

Tiziano Verri
Università del Salento | Unisalento · Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies (DiSTeBA)

PhD

About

175
Publications
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2,527
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Publications

Publications (175)
Article
Trans-epithelial resistance (TEER) is one of the most widely performed analysis in vitro methods for monitoring barrier tissue development, formation and functional maturation. It is a basic and important tool for the reproduction of an artificial human epithelium. However, in the design and construction of organ on chip devices, the reliable TEER...
Article
Full-text available
Winnie, a mouse carrying a missense mutation in the MUC2 mucin gene, is a valuable model for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with signs and symptoms that have multiple similarities with those observed in patients with ulcerative colitis. MUC2 mucin is present in Winnie, but is not firmly compacted in a tight inner layer. Indeed, these mice develop...
Article
Full-text available
Time spent outdoors and physical activity (PA) promote mental health. To confirm this relationship in the aftermath of COVID-19 lockdowns, we explored individual levels of anxiety, depression, stress and subjective well-being (SWB) in a cohort of academic students and staff members and tested their association with sport practice, PA at leisure tim...
Article
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Alamandine is a peptide of the Renin Angiotensin System (RAS), either generated from Angiotensin A via the Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 2 (ACE2), or directly from Ang-(1–7). In mammals, it elicits cardioprotection via Mas-related G-protein-coupled receptor D (MrgD), and the NOS/NO system. In teleost fish, RAS is known to modulate heart performance...
Article
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The reduced availability of dissolved oxygen is a common stressor in aquatic habitats that affects the ability of the heart to ensure tissue oxygen supply. Among key signalling molecules activated during cardiac hypoxic stress, nitric oxide (NO) has emerged as a central player involved in the related adaptive responses. Here, we outline the role of...
Article
Full-text available
Key points: Two slc15a2-type genes, slc15a2a and slc15a2b coding for PepT2-type peptide transporters were found in the Atlantic salmon. slc15a2a transcripts, widely distributed in the fish tissues, are abundant in brain and gills, while slc15a2b transcripts are mainly expressed in kidney and distal gastrointestinal tract. Amino acids involved in v...
Article
Full-text available
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) implies the chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, combined with systemic vascular manifestations. In IBD, the incidence of cardiovascular disease appears to be related to an increase of oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction. Grape pomace contains high levels of anti-oxidant polyphenols that are...
Preprint
Winnie , a mouse carrying a missense mutation in the MUC2 mucin gene, is a valuable model for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with signs and symptoms that have multiple similarities with those observed in patients with ulcerative colitis. MUC2 mucin is present in Winnie , but is not firmly compacted in a tight inner layer. Indeed, these mice devel...
Preprint
The high-affinity/low-capacity system Slc15a2 (PepT2) is responsible for the reuptake of di/tripeptides from the renal proximal tubule, but it also operates in many other tissues/organs. Information regarding PepT2 in teleost fish is limited and to date functional data are available from the zebrafish ( Danio rerio ) only. Here, we report the ident...
Article
Full-text available
To the SLC6 family belong 20 human transporters that utilize the sodium electrochemical gradient to move biogenic amines, osmolytes, amino acids and related compounds into cells. They are classified into two functional groups, the Neurotransmitter transporters (NTT) and Nutrient amino acid transporters (NAT). Here we summarize how since their first...
Article
Full-text available
Hydroxytyrosol (HT), a peculiar olive and olive oil phenolic antioxidant, plays a significant role in the endothelial and cardiovascular protection associated with olive oil consumption. However, studies examining the effects of HT on the whole-genome expression of endothelial cells, which are prominent targets for vasculo-protective effects of oli...
Article
Nucleos(t)ide analogues (NA) belong to a family of compounds widely used in anticancer/antiviral treatments. They generally exhibit a cell toxicity limited by cellular uptake levels and the resulting nucleos(t)ides metabolism modifications, interfering with the cell machinery for nucleic acids synthesis. We previously synthesized purine nucleos(t)i...
Article
Full-text available
In the frames of a One Health strategy, i.e. a strategy should be able to predict susceptibility to infection in both humans and animals, developing a SARS-CoV-2 mutation tracking system is a goal. We observed that the phylogenetic proximity of vertebrate ACE2 receptors does not affect the binding energy for the viral spike protein. However, all vi...
Article
Full-text available
Although coffee consumption has been historically associated with negative health outcomes, recent evidence suggests a lower risk of metabolic syndrome, obesity and diabetes among regular coffee drinkers. Among the plethora of minor organic compounds assessed as potential mediators of coffee health benefits, trigonelline and its pyrolysis product N...
Article
Full-text available
System b 0,+ absorbs lysine, arginine, ornithine, and cystine, as well as some (large) neutral amino acids in the mammalian kidney and intestine. It is a heteromeric amino acid transporter made of the heavy subunit SLC3A1/rBAT and the light subunit SLC7A9/b 0,+ AT. Mutations in these two genes can cause cystinuria in mammals. To extend information...
Article
Full-text available
The Concise Guide to PHARMACOLOGY 2021/22 is the fifth in this series of biennial publications. The Concise Guide provides concise overviews, mostly in tabular format, of the key properties of nearly 1900 human drug targets with an emphasis on selective pharmacology (where available), plus links to the open access knowledgebase source of drug targe...
Article
The Solute Carrier 15 (SLC15) family of peptide transporters, alias H+-coupled oligopeptide cotransporter family, is a group of membrane transporters known for their key role in the cellular uptake of di- and tripeptides (di/tripeptides). Of its members, SLC15A1 (PEPT1) chiefly mediates intestinal absorption of luminal di/tripeptides from overall d...
Article
Full-text available
In the present work, we investigated the potential of novel semi‐interpenetrating polymer network (semi‐IPN) cryogels, obtained through ultraviolet exposure of aqueous mixtures of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate and type I collagen, as tunable off‐the‐shelf platforms for 3D cancer cell research. We synthesized semi‐IPN cryogels with variable colla...
Article
Full-text available
Fiber photometry is widely used in neuroscience labs for in vivo detection of functional fluorescence from optical indicators of neuronal activity with a simple optical fiber. The fiber is commonly placed next to the region of interest to both excite and collect the fluorescence signal. However, the path of both excitation and fluorescence photons...
Preprint
Fiber photometry is widely used in neuroscience labs for in vivo detection of functional fluorescence from optical indicators of neuronal activity with a simple optical fiber. The fiber is commonly placed next to the region of interest to both excite and collect the fluorescence signal. However, the path of both excitation and fluorescence photons...
Article
Full-text available
Sensing of amino acids in fish brain, especially branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) like leucine, is involved in regulation of feed intake through different mechanisms. However, there is limited information regarding the possible involvement of mechanisms dependent on amino acid carriers of the solute carrier families (SLC) known to be key regulator...
Article
Full-text available
Autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS) is a multisystem hereditary ataxia associated with mutations in SACS, which encodes sacsin, a protein of still only partially understood function. Although mouse models of ARSACS mimic largely the disease progression seen in humans, their use in validation of effective therapies has...
Article
Full-text available
Food intake is a vital process that supplies necessary energy and essential nutrients to the body. Information regarding luminal composition in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) collected through mechanical and nutrient sensing mechanisms are generally conveyed, in both mammals and fish, to the hypothalamic neurocircuits. In this context, ghrelin, t...
Article
Full-text available
In mammals, knockout of LEPR results in a hyperphagic, morbid obese, and diabetic phenotype, which supports that leptin plays an important role in the control of appetite and energy metabolism, and that its receptor, LEPR, mediates these effects. To date, little is known about the role(s) of lepr in teleost physiology. We investigated a zebrafish (...
Article
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Background: Sepsis is a life-threatening dysregulated host response to infection responsible of multiple organs dysfunction (Sepsis-3 International Consensus Definition), during which clinical outcome is a balance between inflammation and immune suppression. Monocytes and lymphocytes may play an important role in immune paralysis, and their impair...
Article
Full-text available
Cationic amino acid transporter 1 (Cat-1 alias Slc7a1) is a Na⁺-independent carrier system involved in transport and absorption of the cationic amino acids lysine, arginine, histidine, and ornithine and has also been shown to be indispensable in a large variety of biological processes. Starting from isolated full-length zebrafish (Danio rerio) cDNA...
Article
Angiotensin II (AngII), the principal effector of the Renin-Angiotensin System, is a pluripotent humoral agent whose biological actions include short-term modulations and long-term adaptations. In fish, short-term cardio-tropic effects of AngII are documented, but information on the role of AngII in long-term cardiac remodelling is not fully unders...
Article
Full-text available
Summary: Current research on nanocomposite materials with tailored physical–chemical properties is increasingly advancing in biomedical applications for bone regeneration. In this study, occurrence of differential responsiveness to dextran-grafted iron oxide (DM) nanoparticles and to their hybrid nano-hydroxyapatite (DM/n-HA) counterpart was invest...
Article
Full-text available
Allograft inflammatory factor-1 (AIF-1) is a calcium-binding scaffold/adaptor protein often associated with inflammatory diseases. Originally cloned from active macrophages in humans and rats, this gene has also been identified in other vertebrates and in several invertebrate species. Among metazoans, AIF-1 protein sequences remain relatively highl...
Article
Full-text available
An immunoencapsulation strategy for pancreatic islets aimed to reduce the risk of rejection in transplanted patients due to the immune response of the host organism is proposed. In this sense, a polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel functionalized with an immunosuppressive antibody (Ab), such as Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 Ig (CTLA4-Ig), would ac...
Article
Full-text available
Marine cyanobacteria are a source of bioactive natural compounds, with a wide range of biotechnological applications. However, information on sponge-associated cyanobacteria are relatively scarce to date. In this paper, we carried out the morphological and molecular characterization of eight cyanobacterial strains, previously isolated from the Medi...
Article
Chitosan (Cs) mats obtained by electrospinning are potentially ideal scaffolds for tissue engineering. This technique allows obtaining nanometric fibrous structures with preferred orientation, which in turn enable cells to align themselves and produce extracellular matrix along desired orientations. In this study, we fabricated aligned Cs electrosp...
Article
Full-text available
Chitosan is a polysaccharide commonly used, together with its derivatives, in the preparation of hydrogel formulations, scaffolds and films for tissue engineering applications. Chitosan can be used as such, but it is commonly stabilized by means of chemical crosslinkers. Genipin is one of the crosslinkers that has been considered that is a crystall...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing access to antihypertensive medications has improved longevity and quality of life in hypertensive patients. Nevertheless, hypertension still remains a major risk factor for stroke and myocardial infarction, suggesting the need to implement management of pre- and hypertensive patients. In addition to antihypertensive medications, life...
Article
In this work, zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos were subjected to different physical stresses, consisting of a static and two low frequency magnetic fields, and two radio frequencies. Specifically, embryos were exposed to static (Bo, 0 Hz), very low frequency (VLF, 0.2 Hz), low frequency (LF, 270 kHz), very high frequency (VHF, 100 MHz) and ultra-hig...
Article
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Following publication of the original article [1], the authors flagged that the ‘Availability of data and materials’ declaration is incomplete.
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A label-free localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR)-based biosensor exploiting gold nanorods (GNRs) is proposed and demonstrated. For this aim, 35 ± 5 nm long and 20 ± 4 thick GNRs spaced by a few nanometers thick polyelectrolyte (PE) from a gold thin film were analyzed and synthesized. The morphology of the GNRs, the plasmon properties of GNRs...
Article
Background Molecular changes associated with the initiation of the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) program involve alterations of large proteome-based networks. The role of protein products mapping to non-coding genomic regions is still unexplored. Objective The goal of this study was the identification of an alternative protein signatu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Peptide transporter 1 (PepT1, alias Slc15a1) mediates the uptake of dietary di/tripeptides in all vertebrates. However, in teleost fish, more than one PepT1-type transporter might function, due to specific whole genome duplication event(s) that occurred during their evolution leading to a more complex paralogue gene repertoire than in...
Article
Full-text available
Sepsis outcome is determined by a balance between inflammation and immune suppression. We aimed to evaluate monocytes polarization and reprogramming during these processes. We analyzed 93 patients with procalcitonin level >0.5 ng/mL (hPCT) and suspected/confirmed sepsis, and 84 controls by analysis of CD14, CD16 and HLA-DR expression on blood monoc...
Article
Peptide Transporter 1 (PepT1) mediates the uptake of dietary di/tripeptides in vertebrates. But, in teleost fish gut more than one PepT1-type transporter might operate, due to teleost-specific whole gen(om)e duplication event(s) occurred during evolution. Here, we describe a novel teleost di/tripeptide transporter, i.e. the Atlantic salmon (Salmo s...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic inflammation of the adipose tissue (AT) is a major contributor to obesity-associated cardiometabolic complications. The olive oil polyphenol hydroxytyrosol (HT) contributes to Mediterranean diet cardiometabolic benefits through mechanisms still partially unknown. We investigated HT (1 and 10 μmol/L) effects on gene expression (mRNA and micr...
Article
The study aimed at investigating the intracellular antioxidant activity of hydroxytyrosol (HT), one of the most potent natural antioxidant phenolic compounds, directly on the colon epithelium, under basal physiological and pro-oxidant conditions. In situ confocal microscopy on rat colon explants loaded with the ROS sensitive fluorescent probe CM-H2...
Article
The Solute Carrier 15 (SLC15) family of peptide transporters, alias H+-coupled oligopeptide cotransporter family, is a group of membrane transporters known for their key role in the cellular uptake of di- and tripeptides (di/tripeptides). Of its members, SLC15A1 (PEPT1) chiefly mediates intestinal absorption of luminal di/tripeptides from overall d...
Conference Paper
We discuss the possibility of implementing a novel bio-sensing platform based on surface plasmon resonances (SPRs) for investigating mechanotransduction and force generation by mechanosensory cells and organs. In particular, we present a study about the generation and analysis of optical resonances caused by gold nanorods (GNRs) adsorbed on films,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In vertebrates, the SLC15A4 gene codes for the peptide/histidine transporter 1 (PHT1) protein, which transport activity of di-/tripeptides and histidine across plasma and subcellular membranes has been generally described [1]. Recently, several studies have pointed out that the human SLC15A4 gene codes for a late endosome/lysosome carrier taking pa...
Article
Full-text available
The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a small vertebrate ideally suited to the modeling of human diseases. Large numbers of genetic alterations have now been modeled and could be used to study organ development by means of a genetic approach. To date, limited attention has been paid to the possible use of the zebrafish toolbox in studying human mitochondr...
Article
The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a small vertebrate ideally suited to the modeling of human diseases. Large numbers of genetic alterations have now been modeled and could be used to study organ development by means of a genetic approach. To date, limited attention has been paid to the possible use of the zebrafish toolbox in studying human mitochondr...
Article
Over the past years, fundamentals of magnetism opened a wide research area of interest, in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The integration of magnetic nanoarchitectures into synthetic/natural scaffold formulations allowed obtaining “on demand” responsive structures able to guide the regeneration process. The aim of this w...
Poster
The zebrafish (Danio rerio) model is increasingly gaining relevance in research issues in vertebrate gastrointestinal (GI) physiology, mainly for the ease with which it is possible to analyze basic functions at the gut level. Also, it is widely used in protocols for testing the fate of drugs, novel pharmacological compounds and/or xenobiotics inter...
Article
Full-text available
Teleost fish are excellent models to study the phylogeny of the slc34 gene family, Slc34-mediated phosphate (Pi) transport and how Slc34 transporters contribute Pi homeostasis. Fish need to accumulate Pi from the diet to sustain growth. Much alike in mammals, intestinal uptake in fish is partly a paracellular and partly a Slc34-mediated transcellul...
Chapter
The small intestine is the central component of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract (gut) where nutrients are absorbed into the body. Its functional structure is mainly based on its extremely extended surface area, further increased by a specific carpet of villi, responsible for the translocation of nutrients from the GI lumen into the bloodstream. Als...
Article
The feasibility to obtain highly porous collagen-based scaffolds (SCs) integrated with uniformly dispersed poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microparticles (MPs) was evaluated. PLGA-MPs were prepared by double emulsion technique and SCs with different amounts of MPs (SC/PLGA-MPs) were produced. Results showed that SC/PLGA-MPs could be successfully...
Article
Full-text available
In the conventional culture systems in vitro, the challenging organoid approach have recently been overcome by the development of microfluidic Organ Chip models of human intestine. The potential future applications of Intestine-on-Chips in disease modelling, drug development and personalized medicine are leading research to identify and investigate...
Data
Extract from the research project: "Analysis of differential responses to inflammatory and physiological stimuli by human-derived intestinal cells (Caco-2) forming monolayer"
Article
Kabuki syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant condition characterized by facial features, various organs malformations, postnatal growth deficiency and intellectual disability. The discovery of frequent germline mutations in the histone methyltransferase KMT2D and the demethylase KDM6A revealed a causative role for histone modifiers in this disease....