Tiziano Agostini

Tiziano Agostini
University of Trieste | UNITS · Department of Life Sciences

Ph.D.

About

164
Publications
24,632
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1,968
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Introduction
The main research lines are: 1) Achromatic color perception; 2) Effects of visual and auditory stimuli in the perception and execution of sports movements; 3) Rhythmic-acustic stimulation and Parkinson disease; 4) Spatial representation in sighted and visually impaired subjects; 5) Representation of quantities and SNARC effect; 6) Sound perception.

Publications

Publications (164)
Article
Full-text available
Background Due to the unfortunate pandemic situation, the phenomena of home advantage and referee bias in sports have recently received a particular research attention, especially in association football. In this regard, several studies were conducted on the last portion of the 2019–20 season: the majority of them suggests a reduction—but not the e...
Article
Full-text available
Recent findings on emotion comparison show a typical pattern of motor reactivity rising from attentional capture. When pairs of emotional faces are presented simultaneously, the most intense emotional face is recognized faster (Emotional Semantic Congruency—ESC effect). Furthermore, a global response speed advantage for emotional pairs with positiv...
Article
The home advantage and the subconscious referee bias regularly occur in professional sports, particularly in association football. The matches played behind closed doors in spring and summer 2020 highlighted that the crowd support is one of the main factors contributing to both phenomena in domestic leagues. The aim of the present study was to inve...
Preprint
Both symbolic (digits) and non-symbolic (dots) numerals are spatially represented, with relatively small numbers being responded faster with a left key press and large numbers being responded faster with a right key press (Spatial-Numerical Association of Response Codes). The idea of a format independent SNARC seems to support the existence of a co...
Article
Previous literature on the spatial-numerical association of response codes (SNARC) effect examined which factors modulate spatial-numerical associations. Recently, the role of order in the SNARC effect has been debated, and further research is necessary to better understand its contribution. The present study investigated how the order elicited by...
Article
Full-text available
In a recent paper by Casasanto and Pitt (2019), the authors addressed a debate regarding the role of order and magnitude in SNARC and SNARC‐like effects. Their position is that all these effects can be explained by order, while magnitude could only account for a subset of evidence. Although we agree that order can probably explain the majority of t...
Article
Full-text available
Previous work on the direct speed–intensity association (SIA) on comparative judgement tasks involved spatially distributed responses over spatially distributed stimuli with high motivational significance like facial expressions of emotions. This raises the possibility that the inferred stimulus-driven regulation of lateralized motor reactivity des...
Article
The Impact of Event Scale–Revised (IES‐R) is a widely used self‐report questionnaire used to assess symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although the IES‐R has been translated and validated in multiple languages, no previous version has employed the Arabic dialect commonly spoken in Syria. The present work aimed to assess the psychomet...
Article
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Reverspectives are paintings created by the English artist Patrick Hughes. They are 3D structures, for example, pyramids or prisms, which elicit an illusory depth perception that corresponds to the reverse of the physical depth layout. Rogers and Gyani state that “the perspective information provided by a simple grid of vertical and horizontal line...
Article
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Recent studies explored the contribution of auditory information in ecological contexts to biological motion perception and its influence on movement execution. This work provides an overview of the most influential scientific contributions in this domain and analyzes the most recent findings, both in sport and motor rehabilitation. Overall, the li...
Article
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The reverse contrast is a perceptual phenomenon in which the effect of the classical simultaneous lightness contrast is reversed. In classic simultaneous lightness contrast configurations, a gray surrounded by black is perceived lighter than an identical gray surrounded by white, but in the reverse contrast configurations, the perceptual outcome is...
Article
Full-text available
Home advantage and referee bias are two well-documented phenomena in professional sports, especially in association football. Among the various factors determining them, the crowd noise is considered as one of the most relevant; yet, the majority of previous studies could not isolate its contribution. The possibility to study the effects of crowd n...
Article
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University students are the most employed category of participants in cognitive research. However, researchers cannot fully control what their participants do the night before the experiments (e.g., consumption of alcohol) and, unless the experiment specifically concerns the effects of alcohol consumption, they often do not ask about it. Despite pr...
Article
Full-text available
Both numerical and non-numerical magnitudes elicit similar Spatial-Numerical Association of Response Codes (SNARC) effects, with small magnitudes associated with left hand responses and large magnitudes associated with right hand responses (Dehaene et al., J Exp Psychol Gen 122(3), 371, 1993). In the present study, we investigated whether the pheno...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the numerous benefits associated with sport practice, many children and adolescents end up quitting it year after year, with a stable dropout rate between 10 and 19 years of age. Among the causes of sport abandonment, the scientific literature highlights the presence of burnout as a fundamental factor. In this regard, the aim of the present...
Article
People usually rely on sight to encode spatial information, becoming aware of other sensory cues when deprived of vision. In the absence of vision, it has been demonstrated that physical movements and spatial descriptions can effectively provide the spatial information that is necessary for the construction of an adequate spatial mental model. Howe...
Article
Full-text available
Executive functions (EFs)’ development is critically affected by childhood adversity exposure. Although recent studies underlined the deleterious effects of early life stresses on working memory (WM) and inhibitory control, they were scarcely investigated in war context especially in relation with learning abilities. In order to fill this gap, we d...
Book
Full-text available
9:20 Introduce e modera Giorgio SCLIP Curatore della collana "SicurezzAccessibile", membro del network nazionale Focal Point Italia per l'Agenzia europea per la sicurezza e la salute sul lavoro Università degli Studi di Trieste La sicurezza sul lavoro dei ricercatori in zone a rischio geopolitico: l'esperienza dell'Università degli Studi di Trieste...
Article
The verbal descriptions of an environment elicit a spatial mental model, in which the linear disposition of the described objects might be related to the properties of the description. In particular the direction from which the environment is encoded might shape the spatial mental model, as a consequence of a cultural bias in reading and writing di...
Article
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Murgia et al. Perceptual Information in Complex Movements AUDITORY INFORMATION IN SPORT, EXERCISE AND REHABILITATION The first contribution of this section is a review by Schaffert et al., describing the mutual influences between complex movement and sound. The authors critically analyze the studies on ecological sounds and movement sonification in...
Article
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The decision-making processes of referees in sports are affected by many factors, including the pressure of spectators. While the home/visitor bias has been previously investigated, the role of crowd noise has been less studied. In the present study, we investigated how the crowd noise (calm vs. pressing) influence the decisions of basketball refer...
Article
A common cognitive process in everyday life consists in the comparative judgements of emotions given a pair of facial expressions and the choice of the most positive/negative among them. Results from three experiments on complete-facial expressions (happy/angry) and mixed-facial expressions (neutral/happy-or-angry) pairs viewed with (Experiment 1 a...
Article
Executive Functions (EFs) development is critically affected by stress and trauma, as well as the socio‐economic context in which children grow up (Welsh, Nix, Blair, Bierman, & Nelson, 2010). Research in this field is surprisingly lacking in relation to war contexts. This study represents a first attempt at addressing this topic by evaluating EFs...
Article
Full-text available
In light of the growing body of research that is revealing the significant role of the auditory domain in sport, the present study aims to investigate the contribution of early auditory and visual information to the prediction of volleyball serves’ length. To this purpose, three within-subjects experiments were run, which differed among them in ter...
Article
Full-text available
Background The use of rhythmic auditory stimulation (RAS) has been proven useful in the management of gait disturbances associated with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Typically, the RAS consists of metronome or music-based sounds (artificial RAS), while ecological footstep sounds (ecological RAS) have never been used for rehabilitation programs.Objectiv...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate how ecological sport sounds (i.e., foot-ball impacts of soccer penalty kicks) affect simple reaction times. Design: Three within-subjects, simple reaction time experiments were carried out; they differed among each other for the manipulations performed on the stimuli. Method: In Experiment...
Article
Previous studies demonstrated that physical movement enhanced spatial updating in described environments. However, those movements were executed only after the encoding of the environment, minimally affecting the development of the spatial representation. Thus, we investigated whether and how participants could benefit from the execution of physica...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate temporal information processing is critically important in many motor activities within disciplines such as dance, music, and sport. However, it is still unclear how temporal information related to biological motion is processed by expert and non-expert performers. It is well-known that the auditory modality dominates the visual modality i...
Article
Objective: It is well-established that early visual information has an important role in human ability to play ball sports, as its correct interpretation promotes accurate predictions concerning the ball motion. Other research highlights that auditory information provides relevant cues in various sport situations. The present study combines these t...
Article
Spatial updating allows people to keep track of the self-to-object relations during movement. Previous studies demonstrated that physical movement enhanced spatial updating in remote environments, but failed to find the same effect in described environments. However, these studies mainly considered rotation as a physical movement, without examining...
Article
We investigated whether angle magnitude, similarly to numerical quantities (i.e., the spatial-numerical association of response codes effect), is associated to the side of response execution. In addition, we investigated whether this association has the properties of a spatially oriented mental line, since angles are taught in a right-to-left progr...
Article
Full-text available
Movement rehabilitation by means of physical therapy represents an essential tool in the management of gait disturbances induced by Parkinson’s disease (PD). In this context, the use of Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation (RAS) has been proven useful in improving several spatio-temporal parameters, but concerning its effect on gait patterns scarce inform...
Article
Pitch height and pitch class are different, but strictly related, percepts of music tones. To investigate the influence of pitch height in a pitch class identification task, we systematically analyzed the errors—in terms of direction and amount—committed by a group of musicians. The aim of our study was to verify the existence of constant errors in...
Article
Contrast and assimilation are two opposite perceptual phenomena deriving from the relationships among perceptual elements in a visual field. In contrast, perceptual differences are enhanced; while, in assimilation, they are decreased. Indeed, if contrast or assimilation occurs depends on various factors. Interestingly, Gestalt scientists explained...
Article
ABSTRACT. Performance errors drive motor learning for many tasks. The authors’ aim was to determine which of two strategies, method of amplification of error (MAE) or direct instruction (DI), would be more beneficial for error correction during a full golfing swing with a driver. Thirty-four golfers were randomly assigned to one of three training c...
Article
Full-text available
Improving motor skills represents one of the major issues in motor control and motor learning literature. The aim of this study was to investigate which of two strategies, method of amplification of error (MAE) or direct instruction (DI), would be more beneficial for error correction of the snatch technique. Thirty well-trained male weightlifters w...
Article
Full-text available
Our purposes were to investigate: (a) differences in mood states between high and low performers at the beginning and end of the Girobio 2012 cycling race, and in respect to both actual and perceived performance; and (b) whether the participants' mood states predicted actual and perceived performance. Profile of Mood States (POMS) of 72 elite cycli...
Article
The spatial-numerical association of response codes (SNARC) effect is considered an evidence of the association between numbers and space, with faster left key-press responses to small numbers and faster right key-press responses to large numbers. We examined whether visually presented note values produce a SNARC-like effect. Differently from numbe...
Article
Previous research has demonstrated that auditory rhythms affect both movement and physiological functions. We hypothesized that the ecological sounds of human breathing can affect breathing more than artificial sounds of breathing, varying in tones for inspiration and expiration. To address this question, we monitored the breath duration of partici...
Article
A growing body of research concerns the influence of auditory stimuli on motor action. The present review recalls the relevance of two theoretical frameworks (referring to the mirror neurons system and the Theory of Event Coding, respectively) for rehabilitation and sport. Then, it describes the laboratory studies showing the effectiveness of acous...
Article
Full-text available
In common practice, sports-perceptual interventions are mainly based on vision. However, research demonstrates that sporting performance can also be improved through the use of sounds, showing the relevance of the auditory channel to convey sports-related information, which can positively affect athletes’ motor outcomes. This review examines the po...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have demonstrated that physical therapy accompanied by Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation (RAS) can improve the motor skills of patients with Parkinson’s disease and, in particular, their gait disturbances. In the present work we describe the neurological bases and perceptual-motor deficits generally associated with Parkinson’s disease,...
Conference Paper
Both numerical and non-numerical magnitudes showed to produce reliable spatial association effects (i.e., the SNARC effect), with small/large magnitudes associated with left/right side responses, respectively. Indeed, Ren, Nicholls, Ma, Chen [1] showed that the physical size of a series of disks with different diameters produces the same spatial re...
Article
Full-text available
It is well known that visible luminance gradients may generate contrast effects. In this work we present a new paradoxical illusion in which the luminance range of gradual transitions has been reduced to make them invisible. By adopting the phenomenological method proposed by Kanizsa, we have found that unnoticeable luminance gradients still genera...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction. Several studies showed that motivation and performance are strongly influenced by the beliefs of self-efficacy. The aim of this research is to investigate the correlations between motivation to sport, prevalent motivational orientation, perceived self-efficacy, and performance in basketball. Method: 60 basketball athletes (41 men and...
Article
Full-text available
We sought to examine whether the relationship between recovery–stress factors and performance would differ at the beginning (Stage 1) and the end (Final Stage) of a multi-stage cycling competition. Sixty-seven cyclists with a mean age of 21.90 years (SD = 1.60) and extensive international experience participated in the study. The cyclists responded...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to detect the perceptual cues related to cardiac activity is an important aspect related to the onset and maintenance of some psychopathological disorders, such as panic disorder. We tested two groups – panic disorder (PD) patients and healthy participants – in order to examine the ability to estimate participants' own heart frequency....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Octave errors are common within musicians, even among absolute pitch possessors. Overall, evidence shows pitch class and octave to be perceived in a different way, even if they are highly connected. We investigated whether pitch class perception, in an absolute pitch identification task, can be influenced by the octave context, examined among two c...
Poster
The modifying effects of rapid auditory stimulation (RAS) on the perception of time have been presented in many studies. As result of RAS, the subjects cannot precisely detect the change of time, measured by reaction times (RT). According to our hypothesis, this change in RT can be the result of the modified internal clock rhythm. The objective of...
Article
Full-text available
The motor system is engaged when we perceive movement in the environment, even when we have no sensorimotor experience of that movement. It has been suggested that this ability relies on internal models that comprise specific exteroceptive representations, such as audition and vision. It has been shown that, for human movements, the quality of perc...
Article
Objective This study aims to test the effectiveness of a perceptual training concerning the anticipatory skills of soccer goalkeepers, by assessing their performances while engaged in predicting the direction of penalty kicks. Design Forty-two skilled goalkeepers were randomly assigned to three training groups: Experimental, placebo, and control....
Article
A SMARC effect (Spatial-Musical Association of Response Codes) has been demonstrated in note height processing, with faster left-hand responses to low pitches and faster right-hand responses to high pitches (Rusconi et al., 2005; Lidji et al., 2007). In the present study we investigated whether this association exists for visually presented note he...
Conference Paper
The existence of an association between number magnitude and the space of response execution was conclusively demonstrated with the SNARC effect (Spatial Numerical Association of Response Codes). It consists in faster left key-press responses to small numbers and faster right key-press responses to large numbers. In the present study we investigate...
Article
Full-text available
Galmonte and Agostini (1998 Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 39(4), S158), Agostini and Galmonte (2002 Psychological Science, 13, 89–93), Bressan (2001 Perception, 30, 1031– 1046), and Gilchrist and Annan (2002 Perception, 31, 141–150) reported three different lightness contrast configurations in which grouping factors make a gray targ...
Book
Il testo si propone di approfondire le tematiche della prevenzione del fenomeno doping offrendo una chiave di lettura originale e proponendo un'alternativa per il miglioramento della prestazione atletica. Tale alternativa, ancora poco conosciuta in Italia, è rappresentata dalla psicologia sperimentale dello sport, disciplina che studia il ruolo dei...
Article
Full-text available
Psychological and physiological markers have been used to maximize competitive sport preparation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of two months of training and competitions on mood states and salivary cortisol diurnal variation in 15 female elite water polo players. The results demonstrated that the β coefficient values of...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, we investigated whether luminance and the side of response execution are associated, showing a SNARC-like effect (faster responses with the left hand for dark stimuli, and vice versa for light stimuli). A total of 30 participants were tested in two experiments. In Experiment 1, the association between space and the luminance o...
Article
Full-text available
The purposes of this study were to (a) determine and compare the magnitude of pre–post recovery and stress scores among highly trained cyclists participating in the ‘‘Girobio’’, and (b) identify stress/recovery balance factors that remained constant from pre- to post-race testing. Sixty-seven cyclists with extensive international experience and rep...