Tissa Wijeratne

Tissa Wijeratne
Western Health | WH · Department of Neurology

MD FRACP FAHA FRSM ( UK) FAAN (USA) FRCP (Edin) FRCP (London)

About

224
Publications
108,422
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38,794
Citations
Citations since 2017
162 Research Items
35002 Citations
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Introduction
Additional affiliations
January 2006 - present
University of Melbourne

Publications

Publications (224)
Article
Background: Intracranial occlusion site, contrast permeability, and clot burden are thrombus characteristics that influence alteplase-associated reperfusion. In this study, we assessed the reperfusion efficacy of tenecteplase and alteplase in subgroups based on these characteristics in a pooled analysis of the EXTEND-IA TNK trial (Tenecteplase Ver...
Article
Full-text available
Background Time to reperfusion is an important predictor of outcome in ischaemic stroke from large vessel occlusion (LVO). For patients requiring endovascular thrombectomy (EVT), the transfer times from peripheral hospitals in metropolitan and regional Victoria, Australia to comprehensive stroke centres (CSCs) have not been studied. Aims To determ...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims: Tenecteplase improves reperfusion compared to alteplase in patients with large vessel occlusions. To determine whether this improvement varies across the spectrum of thrombolytic to reperfusion assessment times, we performed a comparative analysis of tenecteplase and alteplase reperfusion rates. Methods: Patients with large...
Preprint
Background: Migraine is the commonest complex neurological disorder affecting over a billion people worldwide. Neuroinflammation has long been considered to play an important role in the pathophysiology of migraine. The main aim of this single-centre, proof of concept, retrospective study was to determine the possible clinical utility of systemic i...
Article
Full-text available
Video and music as a dissociative attention stimulus during exercise is known to distract from the discomfort of physical exertion and improve exercise adherence; however, the influence of video-based feedback and engagement during pedalling on the performance and motivation of pedalling in stroke patients is poorly understood. The aim of this stud...
Article
Full-text available
Stroke is a major cause of death and disability globally. Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a major driver for poor recovery and poor quality of life with extra burden for the patient and the caregiver. We have previously shown the inflammatory basis of PSD with associated bioenergetic failure, disruption of the blood-brain barrier, cell death, and p...
Article
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Methods: We systematically searched for guideline recommendation on the day-to-day use of peripheral inflammatory markers such as NLR published in the English language between January 1, 2005, and October 2020. Any other evidence of system biology-based approach or recommendation was explored within the selected guidelines for this scoping review....
Article
Background Mobile stroke units (MSUs) equipped with a CT scanner reduce time to thrombolytic treatment and improve patient outcomes. We tested the hypothesis that tenecteplase administered in an MSU would result in superior reperfusion at hospital arrival, when compared with alteplase. Methods The TASTE-A trial is a phase 2, randomised, open-label...
Article
Full-text available
Jefferson Lab’s Cryogenics Department has designed, fabricated, installed, and commissioned a new subatmospheric cold box to replace one of the two existing units within our Central Helium Liquefier (CHL). The replacement cold box, dubbed SC1R, pumps saturated helium vapor at 0.0385 atm from Jefferson Lab’s continuous electron beam accelerator faci...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Mobile stroke units (MSUs) equipped with a CT scanner are increasingly being used to assess and treat stroke patients' prehospital with thrombolysis and transfer them to the most appropriate hospital for ongoing stroke care and thrombectomy when indicated. The effect of MSUs in both reducing the time to reperfusion treatment and impr...
Poster
Arterial dissection is one of the most common causes of stroke occurring in young patients. There is evidence to show that inflammation is central to its pathogenesis as demonstrated by biochemical studies and functional neuroimaging. The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are simple and readily availabl...
Article
Objective: To identify the rates of neurological events following administration of mRNA (Pfizer, Moderna) or adenovirus vector (Janssen) vaccines in the U.S.. Methods: We utilized publicly available data from the U.S. Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) collected between January 1, 2021-June 14, 2021. All free text symptoms that were...
Article
Full-text available
Background: As measurable sensory and motor deficits are key to the diagnosis of stroke, we investigated the value of objective tablet based vision and visuomotor capacity assessment in acute mild-moderate ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. Methods: Sixty AIS patients (65 ± 14 years, 33 males) without pre-existing visual/neurological disorders and...
Article
Background Most headache presentations to emergency departments (ED) have benign causes; however, approximately 10% will have serious pathology. International guidelines recommend that patients describing the onset of headache as ‘thunderclap’ undergo neuroimaging and further investigation. The association of this feature with serious headache caus...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To evaluate the capacity of general practice (GP) electronic medical record (EMR) data to assess risk factor detection, disease diagnostic testing, diagnosis, monitoring and pharmacotherapy for the interrelated chronic vascular diseases—chronic kidney disease (CKD), type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease. Design Cross-sectiona...
Article
Introduction: The efficacy of tenecteplase (TNK) in patients with tandem lesions (TL) in the anterior circulation is unknown. The longer half-life of TNK could potentially lead to increased hemorrhage, especially in patients who require stenting of the extracranial internal carotid artery (eICA) and subsequent antiplatelet therapy. We assessed the...
Article
Background and aim: Migraine headache is commonly diagnosed in emergency departments (ED). There is relatively little real-world information about the epidemiology, investigation, management, adherence to therapeutic guidelines and disposition of patients treated in ED with a final diagnosis of migraine. The primary aim of the current study is to...
Article
Background and Objectives Detailed study of tenecteplase (TNK) in patients greater than 80 years of age is limited. The objective of our study was to assess the safety and efficacy of TNK at 0.25 and 0.40 mg/kg doses in patients greater than 80 years with large vessel occlusion. Methods A pooled analysis of the EXTEND-IA TNK randomized controlled...
Article
Full-text available
In the field of stem cell technologies, exciting advances are taking place leading to translational research to develop cell-based therapies which may replace dopamine releasing neurons lost in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). A major influence on trial design has been the assumption that the use of sham operated comparator groups is require...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has reached over 276 million people globally with 5.3 million deaths as of 22nd December 2021. COVID-19-associated acute and long-term neurological manifestations are well recognized. The exact profile and the timing of neurological events in relation to the onset of infection are worth exploring. The aim of the c...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Acute stroke is a time-critical emergency where diagnosis and acute management are highly dependent upon the accuracy of the patient’s history. We hypothesised that the language barrier is associated with delayed onset time to thrombolysis and poor clinical outcomes. This study aims to evaluate the effect of language barriers on time to...
Article
Full-text available
Background With headache experienced by up to 75% of adults worldwide in the last year, primary headache disorders constitute a major public health problem, yet they remain under-diagnosed and under-treated. Headache prevalence and burden is changing as society evolves, with headache now occurring earlier in life. Contributing factors, mostly assoc...
Article
Full-text available
The Global South nations and their statehoods have presented a driving force of economic and social development through most of the written history of humankind. China and India have been traditionally accounted as the economic powerhouses of the past. In recent decades, we have witnessed reestablishment of the traditional world economic structure...
Article
Objective: To describe the epidemiology of nontraumatic headache in adults presenting to emergency departments (EDs). Background: Headache is a common reason for presentation to EDs. Little is known about the epidemiology, investigation, and treatment of nontraumatic headache in patients attending EDs internationally. Methods: An international...
Preprint
BACKGROUND: Acute stroke is a time-critical emergency where diagnosis and acute management are highly dependent upon accuracy of patient’s history. We hypothesised that language barrier is associated with delayed onset time to thrombolysis and poor clinical outcomes. AIM: To evaluate the effect of language barriers on time to thrombolysis and clini...
Article
Objective: To describe the patterns of opioid use in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with nontraumatic headache by severity and geography. Background: International guidelines recognize opioids are ineffective in treating primary headache disorders. Globally, many countries are experiencing an opioid crisis. The ED can be a...
Article
Background and purpose Intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) remains the only FDA approved pharmacological therapy for acute ischemic stroke (AIS), but this treatment is associated with symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage (SICH). The aim of this study was to derive and validate an accurate measure of SICH risk in ischemic s...
Article
Full-text available
This narrative review provides a summary introduction to the relationship between stroke and physical and cognitive frailty syndromes and the neuro-inflammatory similarities (including inflammaging) between the two. The review argues the potential effects of Post COVID-19 Neurological Syndrome (PCNS, also known as Long COVID) with similar pathophys...
Conference Paper
Objectives Neurological disorders are the leading cause disability in Australia and the world. Combating the perceived difficulty of neurology or ‘neurophobia’ and improving physician education is a key component in addressing this problem. We aim to conduct the first study to identify whether neurophobia exists in medical students and junior docto...
Article
Full-text available
In this narrated review, we draw attention to the use of happiness as a novel outcome measure in clinical research studies regarding patients with stroke. Commonly used outcome measures in clinical trials in stroke rehabilitation include the modified Rankin Score (mRS), Functional Impairment Measures (FIM), Barthel Index and quality of life (QoL)....
Article
Full-text available
Importance Prior trials of dual antiplatelet therapy excluded patients with moderate ischemic stroke. These patients were included in the Acute Stroke or Transient Ischaemic Attack Treated With Ticagrelor and ASA for Prevention of Stroke and Death (THALES) trial, but results have not been reported separately, raising concerns about safety and effic...
Article
Full-text available
The use of video and music as an intrinsic, dissociative attentional stimulus during exercise is thought to distract from the physical discomfort of exercise, and contribute to improved exercise adherence; however, the effects of video-based feedback and engagement during pedaling on exercise performance and motivation are poorly understood. The ai...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Frontiers in Neuroimmunology is dedicated to promoting and improving the basic and translational knowledge of how the human nervous system and immune systems interact and how these interactions lead to disease processes and the progress of and prognostication of these disorders. Neuroimmunology plays a key role in four leading disorders (stroke, mi...
Article
Full-text available
Ischemic Stroke precedes depression. Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a major driver for poor recovery, negative quality of life, poor rehabilitation outcomes and poor functional ability. In this systematic review, we analysed the inflammatory basis of post-stroke depression, which involves bioenergetic failure, deranged iron homeostasis (calcium in...
Article
Full-text available
There is an accumulating volume of research into neurological manifestations of COVID‐19. However, inconsistent study designs, inadequate controls, poorly‐validated tests, and differing settings, interventions, and cultural norms weaken study quality, comparability, and thus the understanding of the spectrum, burden and pathophysiology of these com...
Article
Full-text available
Stroke is one of the leading causes of adult disability and the second leading cause of death worldwide. The immune system actively participates in the pathobiological process of acute ischemic stroke (AIS), during the index event and the repair process. Research on neurovascular inflammation has created a renewed interest in the use of easily avai...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Stroke is a leading cause of disability worldwide and the cardiovascular fitness levels of stroke survivors are diminished to an extent that impairs functioning and activities of daily living performance. While cardiovascular training seems an empirically appropriate intervention, the optimal dosage and intensity of cardiovascular trai...
Article
Full-text available
Migraine is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide and patients with acute migraine frequently present to emergency departments (ED). The current literature suggests that ED treatment of migraine headache varies across institutions. Considering this, we conducted a scoping review to summarize trends in medication prescribing patterns for...
Preprint
Full-text available
Neutrophil counts (innate immunity) and lymphocyte counts (adaptive immunity) are common markers of inflammation in the context of acute stroke, and Neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is likely to be expected to predict the post-stroke outcome. This study aimed to explore the predictive value of NLR to predict the very early mortality during the acu...
Preprint
Background: Neurological disorders are the leading cause disability in Australia and the world. Combating the perceived difficulty of neurology orneurophobia and improving physician education is a key component in addressing this problem. We aim to conduct the first study to identify whether neurophobia exists in medical students and junior doctors...
Preprint
Background: Neurological disorders are the leading cause disability in Australia and the world. Combating the perceived difficulty of neurology or “neurophobia” and improving physician education is a key component in addressing this problem. We aim to conduct the first study to identify whether neurophobia exists in medical students and junior doct...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background and Purpose: Stroke represents one of the most important causes of morbidity (eighty million patients with disabling of ongoing effects of stroke at a given time, globally) and mortality (the second leading cause of death) worldwide. Innovative systems biology-based approach is likely to increase the understanding of the underpinning of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Stroke is one of the leading cause of adult disability and the second leading cause of death worldwide. The immune system actively participates in the pathobiological process of AIS, during the index event and during the repair process despite the limited attention drawn to this aspect in the existing stroke guidelines globally. The similar clinica...
Preprint
Full-text available
Stroke represents one of the most important causes of morbidity ( eighty million patients with disabling of ongoing effects of stroke at a given time, globally) and mortality (the second leading cause of death) worldwide. Innovative systems biology-based approach is likely to increase the understanding of the underpinning of acute stroke promise to...
Preprint
Ischemic Stroke precedes depression . Post Stroke Depression (PSD) is a major driver for poor recovery, negative quality of life, poor rehabilitation outcomes and poor functional ability. This systematic reviews confirmed the post stroke depression as the norm as complex ischemic cascade involve the bioenergetic failure, deranged iron homeostasis (...
Article
Full-text available
Cerebral Venous Thrombosis (CVT) is a, rare form of stroke which is usually associated with acquired and genetic risk factors. The presence of JAK2 or JAK2‐V617F mutation is a novel genetic biomarker increasing which has been shown to increase the risk of arterial and venous thrombosis, especially in patients with myeloproliferative disease. We pre...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Migraine is recognized as a neurological condition that is often associated with comorbid psychiatric symptoms such as anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder and/or panic disorder. Though some studies have demonstrated the link between migraine and anxiety disorders, there are no systematic reviews that have been published in this area t...
Article
Full-text available
Wijeratne and Crewther make the strongest case of undeniable evidence of shared pathobiology of COVID-19 and acute stroke. This paper will enlighten you with the desperate need of systems biology approach towards the brain disorders as a matter of high priority.
Article
Full-text available
PRES) as a Biologically Predictable Neurological Association in Severe COVID-19. First Reported Case From Australia and Review of Internationally Published Cases Tissa Wijeratne1,2,3*, Chanith Wijeratne2,4, Leila Karimi 1,2, Carmela Sales 2 and Sheila Gillard Crewther 1,2 1 School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC...
Preprint
Full-text available
Migraine is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide [1,2]and patients with acute migraine frequently present to emergency departments (ED)[3]. The current literature suggests that ED treatment of migraine headache varies across institutions [4-7]. Considering this, we conducted a scoping review to summarize trends in medication prescribin...
Article
Background and Purpose Severity-based assessment tools may assist in prehospital triage of patients to comprehensive stroke centers (CSCs) for endovascular thrombectomy (EVT), but criticisms regarding diagnostic inaccuracy have not been adequately addressed. This study aimed to quantify the benefits and disadvantages of severity-based triage in a l...
Article
Full-text available
Coronaviruses (CoVs) are enveloped RNA viruses and have been shown to cause mild to severe respiratory infections in humans, with some severe cases inducing neurological manifestations. The lethality and Neurological effects of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV), Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV), and recently the Severe Acu...
Article
Full-text available
Clinical reports of neurological manifestations associated with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), such as acute ischemic stroke (AIS), encephalopathy, seizures, headaches, acute necrotizing encephalitis, cerebral microbleeds, posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome, hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, peripheral neuropathy, cran...
Preprint
https://wfneurology.org/2020-10-13-twijeratne-pcns?fbclid=IwAR0MaAgHbgwtsGP8rjxceARtwdBQMdVpFoqu8s5X_GKTZx_91DxHgJDa0LM
Article
Background Despite intracerebral haemorrhage causing 5% of deaths worldwide, few evidence-based therapeutic strategies other than stroke unit care exist. Tranexamic acid decreases haemorrhage in conditions such as acute trauma and menorrhoea. We aimed to assess whether tranexamic acid reduces intracerebral haemorrhage growth in patients with acute...
Article
Importance Intravenous alteplase reduces disability after ischemic stroke in patients 4.5 to 9 hours after onset and with wake-up onset stroke selected using perfusion imaging mismatch. However, whether the benefit is consistent across the 4.5- to 6-hours, 6- to 9-hours, and wake-up stroke epochs is uncertain. Objective To examine the association...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The aims of the present systematic review were to explore the prevalence of migraine with anxiety exclusively and determine if and why there are likely to be differences across genders. Introduction: Migraine is a very common neurological disorder and cause of productive disability worldwide that is more frequent in women of childbearing...
Article
Full-text available
The death, disability and economic cost of stroke are enormous. Indeed, among the 16 million people worldwide who suffer a stroke' annually, nearly six million die, and another five million are left permanently disabled making prevention of stroke one of the most important priorities in healthcare. Currently carotid artery stenosis (CS) or narrowin...
Article
Full-text available
A case of a 75-year-old man with COVID-19, severe neurological symptoms (acute stroke-like symptoms and signs and full recovery after a prolonged hospital stay), and intracranial hypertension is discussed with an in-depth review of his clinical features, biochemistry, haematology, highlighting the relationship between changes in neutrophil-lymphocy...
Article
Background and Aims. White blood cell (WBC) and neutrophil counts (NC) are common markers of inflammation and neurological stroke damage and could be expected to predict poststroke outcomes. Objective. The aim of this study was to explore the prognostic value of early poststroke WBC and NC to predict cognition, mood, and disability outcomes at 3 an...
Article
Full-text available
Corona virus disease (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus2 (SARS-CoV-2) is recognized as a global pandemic by WHO 2020 with 5,934 936 infections, 367,166 deaths and affecting over 200 countries as of 30th May 2020. Acute Ischemic Stroke (AIS) in brain is also emerging as an important neurovascular/neurological com...