Ting-Fen Tsai

Ting-Fen Tsai
National Yang Ming University | NYMU · Department of Life Sciences / Institute of Genome Sciences

About

106
Publications
10,236
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,490
Citations

Publications

Publications (106)
Article
Full-text available
Background The human CISD2 gene is located within a longevity region mapped on chromosome 4q. In mice, Cisd2 levels decrease during natural aging and genetic studies have shown that a high level of Cisd2 prolongs mouse lifespan and healthspan. Here, we evaluate the feasibility of using a Cisd2 activator as an effective way of delaying aging. Metho...
Article
Liver is a pivotal metabolic organ that is responsible for xenobiotic detoxification, protein synthesis, bile production and energetic balance. Aging of the liver manifests as multiple functional and structural alterations [1]. Cisd2, the second member of the CDGSH iron-sulfur domain-containing protein family in mammals, has been shown to serve as...
Article
Full-text available
An increased risk of cardiovascular events was identified in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). Clopidogrel is one of the most widely used antiplatelet medications. However, there are heterogeneous outcomes when clopidogrel is used to prevent cardiovascular events in PAD patients. Here, we use an artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted me...
Article
Full-text available
The liver plays a pivotal role in mammalian aging. However, the mechanisms underlying liver aging remain unclear. Cisd2 is a pro-longevity gene in mice. Cisd2 mediates lifespan and healthspan via regulation of calcium homeostasis and mitochondrial functioning. Intriguingly, the protein level of Cisd2 is significantly decreased by about 50% in the l...
Article
Full-text available
With an increased life expectancy among humans, aging has recently emerged as a major focus in biomedical research. The lack of in vitro aging models—especially for neurological disorders, where access to human brain tissues is limited—has hampered the progress in studies on human brain aging and various age-associated neurodegenerative diseases at...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Age-related changes affecting the ocular surface cause vision loss in the elderly. Cisd2 deficiency drives premature aging in mice as well as resulting in various ocular surface abnormalities. Here we investigate the role of CISD2 in corneal health and disease. Methods: We studied the molecular mechanism underlying the ocular phenoty...
Article
Full-text available
Aging is the major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, which is the leading cause of mortality worldwide among aging populations. Cisd2 is a prolongevity gene that mediates lifespan in mammals. Previously, our investigations revealed that a persistently high level of Cisd2 expression in mice is able to prevent age-associated cardiac dysfunction...
Article
Full-text available
Assessing dementia conversion in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) remains challenging owing to pathological heterogeneity. While many MCI patients ultimately proceed to Alzheimer’s disease (AD), a subset of patients remain stable for various times. Our aim was to characterize the plasma metabolites of nineteen MCI patients proceeding t...
Article
Full-text available
Heart failure (HF) is a global pandemic public health burden affecting one in five of the general population in their lifetime. For high-risk individuals, early detection and prediction of HF progression reduces hospitalizations, reduces mortality, improves the individual’s quality of life, and reduces associated medical costs. In using an artifici...
Article
Full-text available
Cisd2 (CDGSH iron sulfur domain 2) is a pro-longevity gene that extends the lifespan and health span of mice, ameliorates age-associated structural damage and limits functional decline in multiple tissues. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which plays an important role in age-related liver disorders, is the most common liver disease worldw...
Article
Full-text available
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its more severe form, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), are the most common chronic liver diseases worldwide. However, drugs to treat NAFLD and NASH are an unmet clinical need. This study sought to provide evidence that Cisd2 is a molecular target for the development of treatments targeting NAFLD and...
Article
Full-text available
The ubiquitin–proteasome system (UPS) and autophagy are two major quality control processes whose impairment is linked to a wide variety of diseases. The coordination between UPS and autophagy remains incompletely understood. Here, we show that ubiquitin ligase UBE3C and deubiquitinating enzyme TRABID reciprocally regulate K29/K48-branched ubiquiti...
Article
Full-text available
Genotoxic insult causes nuclear and mitochondrial DNA damages with macroautophagy/autophagy induction. The role of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage in the requirement of autophagy for nuclear DNA (nDNA) stability is unclear. Using site-specific DNA damage approaches, we show that specific nDNA damage alone does not require autophagy for repair unle...
Article
Full-text available
CDGSH Iron Sulfur Domain 2 (CISD2) is the causative gene for the disease Wolfram syndrome 2 (WFS2; MIM 604928), which is an autosomal recessive disorder showing metabolic and neurodegenerative manifestations. CISD2 protein can be localized on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) and mitochondria-associated membrane (MA...
Article
Full-text available
The ageing of human populations has become a problem throughout the world. In this context, increasing the healthy lifespan of individuals has become an important target for medical research and governments. Cardiac disease remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in ageing populations and results in significant increases in healthcare...
Article
Full-text available
Aging is an evolutionally conserved process that limits life activity. Cellular aging is the result of accumulated genetic damage, epigenetic damage and molecular exhaustion, as well as altered inter-cellular communication; these lead to impaired organ function and increased vulnerability to death. Skeletal muscle constitutes ~40% of the human body...
Article
Full-text available
In mammals, microRNAs can be actively secreted from cells to blood. miR‐29b‐3p has been shown to play a pivotal role in muscle atrophy, but its role in intercellular communication is largely unknown. Here, we showed that miR‐29b‐3p was upregulated in normal and premature aging mouse muscle and plasma. miR‐29b‐3p was also upregulated in the blood of...
Article
Full-text available
Background CDGSH iron sulfur domain-containing protein 1 (CISD-1) belongs to the CISD protein family that is evolutionary conserved across different species. In mammals, CISD-1 protein has been implicated in diseases such as cancers and diabetes. As a tractable model organism to study disease-associated proteins, we employed Caenorhabditis elegans...
Article
Full-text available
Mutations in lamin A (LMNA) are responsible for a variety of human dystrophic and metabolic diseases. Here, we created a mouse model in which progerin, the lamin A mutant protein that causes Hutchinson–Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS), can be inducibly overexpressed. Muscle‐specific overexpression of progerin was sufficient to induce muscular dystr...
Article
Full-text available
CDGSH iron‐sulfur domain‐containing protein 2 (Cisd2), a protein that declines in an age‐dependent manner, mediates lifespan in mammals. Cisd2 deficiency causes accelerated aging and shortened lifespan, while persistent expression of Cisd2 promotes longevity in mice. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent form of senile dementia and is with...
Article
Full-text available
CDGSH iron-sulfur domain-containing protein 2 (Cisd2) is pivotal to mitochondrial integrity and intracellular Ca²⁺ homeostasis. In the heart of Cisd2 knockout mice, Cisd2 deficiency causes intercalated disc defects and leads to degeneration of the mitochondria and sarcomeres, thereby impairing its electromechanical functioning. Furthermore, Cisd2 d...
Article
Full-text available
Glycine N-methyltransferase (GNMT) is a tumor suppressor for HCC. It is down-regulated in HCC, but the mechanism is not fully understood. MicroRNA-224 (miR-224) acts as an onco-miR in HCC. This study is the first to investigate miR-224 targeting the coding region of GNMT transcript. The GNMT-MT plasmid containing a miR-224 binding site silent mutat...
Article
Full-text available
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease and is the major risk factor leading to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Cisd2 haploinsufficiency in mice causes NAFLD by disrupting Ca²⁺ homeostasis, indicating that CISD2 is a molecular target for the treatment of NAFLD and the prevention of HCC.
Article
Full-text available
Skeletal muscle has emerged as one of the most important tissues involved in regulating systemic metabolism. The gastrocnemius is a powerful skeletal muscle composed of predominantly glycolytic fast-twitch fibers that are preferentially lost among old age. This decrease in gastrocnemius muscle mass is remarkable during aging; however, the underlyin...
Article
Full-text available
CISD2 is located within the chromosome 4q region frequently deleted in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Mice with Cisd2 heterozygous deficiency develop a phenotype similar to the clinical manifestation of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Cisd2 haploinsufficiency causes a low incidence (20%) of spontan...
Article
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common form of liver cancer and has a poor prognosis and a low survival rate; its incidence is on the rise. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the main causes of HCC. A high prevalence of pre-S deletions of HBV surface antigen, which encompass T-cell and/or B-cell epitopes, is found in HBV carrier...
Conference Paper
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and insulin resistance have attracted great attention of biomedical researchers because of astonishing increase in its prevalence. Decreased capacity of oxidative metabolism and mitochondrial dysfunction caused by aging, gene mutation or gene expression defects are a major contributor to the development of T2D. Recent studies...
Article
Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) shows a higher incidence in men, mainly because of hepatitis B X (HBx)-mediated enhancement of androgen receptor (AR) activity. We aimed to examine this pathway in hepatocarcinogenesis and to identify drug(s) specifically blocking this carcinogenic event in the liver. HBx transgenic mic...
Article
Full-text available
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations are strongly associated with lung adenocarcinoma and favorable response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor. The mutated EGFR proteins (EGFRs) are hyper-phosphorylated and refractory to receptor down-regulation. To address the discrepancy between hyper-phosphorylation and lack of down-regulation...
Article
Metabolic syndrome has closely linked to the development of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). By using the hepatitis B virus (HBV) X (HBx) transgenic mouse model, we studied the dynamic evolution of serum and liver profiles of lipids and global cDNA expression at different stages of HBx tumorigenesis. We observed that the lipid (triglycerides,...
Article
Full-text available
Autophagy and microRNA (miRNA) are important regulators during cancer cell tumorigenesis. Impaired autophagy and high expression of the oncogenic microRNA MIR224 are prevalent in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, the relationship between the 2 phenomena remains elusive. In this study, we are the first to reveal that autophagy selectively reg...
Article
Abstract CISD2, an evolutionarily conserved novel gene, plays a crucial role in lifespan control and human disease. Mutations in human CISD2 cause type 2 Wolfram syndrome, a rare neurodegenerative and metabolic disorder associated with a shortened lifespan. Significantly, the CISD2 gene is located within a region on human chromosome 4q where a gene...
Article
CISD2 is a causative gene associated with Wolfram syndrome (WFS). However, it remains a mystery as to how the loss of CISD2 causes metabolic defects in patients with WFS. Investigation on the role played by Cisd2 in specific cell types may help us to resolve these underlying mechanisms. White adipose tissue (WAT) is central to the maintenance of en...
Article
Full-text available
Unlabelled: In hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), dysregulated expression of microRNA-224 (miR-224) and impaired autophagy have been reported separately. However, the relationship between them has not been explored. In this study we determined that autophagy is down-regulated and inversely correlated with miR-224 expression in hepatitis B virus (HBV)...
Data
Full-text available
CISD2, the causative gene for Wolfram syndrome 2 (WFS2), is a previously uncharacterized novel gene. Significantly, the CISD2 gene is located on human chromosome 4q, where a genetic component for longevity maps. Here we show for the first time that CISD2 is involved in mammalian life-span control. Cisd2 deficiency in mice causes mitochondrial break...
Article
Full-text available
CLEC4F, a member of C-type lectin, was first purified from rat liver extract with high binding affinity to fucose, galactose (Gal), N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc), and un-sialylated glucosphingolipids with GalNAc or Gal terminus. However, the biological functions of CLEC4F have not been elucidated. To address this question, we examined the expressi...
Data
Full-text available
Figure S1, S2, S3, S4, S5 and Table S1. Figure S1 in File S1. Generation of Clec4f knockout mice. (A) Clec4f targeting strategy. Genomic structure of the wild-type and targeted alleles of Clec4f gene was destroyed by inserting the EGFP gene into the exon 4 of Clec4f gene. (B) Southern blot hybridization of genomic DNA from wild-type (+/+), heterozy...
Article
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the major cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The pre-S2 mutant large HBV surface antigen (LHBS) in type II ground glass hepatocytes (GGHs) has been recognized as an emerging viral oncoprotein; it directly interacts with the c-Jun activation domain-binding protein 1 (JAB1) and subsequently causes hy...