Tine Van Damme

Tine Van Damme
KU Leuven | ku leuven · Department of Rehabilitation Sciences

PhD in Medical Sciences

About

72
Publications
49,050
Reads
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707
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2020 - present
KU Leuven
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2016 - September 2020
KU Leuven
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Psychomotor therapy and rehabilitation in mental health in children and adolescents (Master students: Rehabilitation in Mental Health)
July 2016 - September 2020
KU Leuven
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2002 - June 2007
KU Leuven
Field of study
  • Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy (Mental Health Care)

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: This study examined the efficacy of basis body awareness therapy (BBAT) on functional outcomes and quality of life (QoL) in patients with mental health problems and long-lasting conditions including musculoskeletal disorders, chronic and psychosomatic pain, and neurological conditions. Material and methods: Randomized controlled trials...
Article
Full-text available
Although motor problems are highly prevalent in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), they remain underdiagnosed. Questionnaire-based screening for motor problems could optimize current clinical practice. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the developmental coordination disorder questionnaire (DCDQ) to screen for co-...
Article
Interest in the individualized responses to exercise has been growing within mental health care and psychiatry. This meta-analysis examined if true interindividual differences (IIDs) in anxiolytic effects of exercise exist among adults with anxiety- and stress-related disorders. Data were extracted from a previous meta-analysis of randomized contro...
Article
Background: School-based physical activity (PA) programmes such as The Daily Mile (TDM) are widely promoted to address shortfalls in meeting PA recommendations. This study is the first to examine TDM (a daily one mile outdoor run/walk performed at a self-selected pace during school hours) on mental health, self-esteem and self-perceived competence...
Chapter
Bij mensen met een psychiatrische aandoening is van alle leefstijlfactoren beweging veruit het meest onderzocht. Er is de laatste decennia steeds meer bekend geworden over de rol van beweging in het voorkomen en behandelen van psychische klachten en psychiatrische aandoeningen. In dit hoofdstuk gaan we hierop in en geven we een overzicht van het st...
Article
Full-text available
This study explored the association between intelligence and motor skills in children with ASD after controlling for Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and the associations between motor impairment and intellectual disability (ID) in this population. In total, 120 children with ASD (3–16 years; 81.7% boys) completed a standardized...
Article
Our aim was to identify the suitability of three assessment tools (i.e., Flanker test, Updating Word Span, and Color Trails Test) for future inclusion in the classification process of elite Paralympic athletes with intellectual disability and to assess the strength of the relation between Executive function (EF) and intelligence. Cognitive and EF a...
Article
Full-text available
Background Prior evidence points towards lower cardiac vagal modulation in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as compared to control groups. A cross-sectional phase in this study will gather more evidence concerning this topic. A longitudinal phase will explore the efficacy of a biofeedback intervention based on respiratory sinus arrhy...
Article
Objectives Data from high-income countries (HICs) indicate that sedentary behavior is negatively associated with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in young people. We examined associations between leisure-time sedentary behavior (LTSB) and MVPA in adolescents from 47 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Study design Cross-sectiona...
Article
Background: This meta-analysis aims to: (i) describe the pooled prevalence of diabetes in people with intellectual disabilities, (ii) investigate the association with demographic, clinical and treatment-related factors and (iii) compare the prevalence versus age- and gender-matched general population controls. Methods: Pubmed, Embase and CINAHL...
Article
Full-text available
Background The goal of this systematic review was to provide an overview of self-report measures of stress in populations on the autism spectrum. In addition, information regarding psychometric properties was discussed as well. Methods Four databases were systematically searched following the PRISMA guidelines and using strict eligibility criteria...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This systematic review examined correlates of physical activity (PA) at all levels of the socio-ecological model (i.e., intrapersonal, interpersonal, environmental and policy level) in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Materials and methods Major electronic databases were searched from inception until March 23rd...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Prior evidence points towards lower cardiac vagal modulation in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) as compared to control groups. A cross-sectional phase in this study will gather more evidence concerning this topic. A longitudinal phase will explore the efficacy of a biofeedback intervention based on Respiratory Sinus Arrh...
Article
Full-text available
Le monde universitaire s'intéresse de plus en plus à la manière dont des facteurs liés au mode de vie qui ont généralement une incidence sur la santé physique, peuvent également jouer un rôle important dans la santé mentale et le bien-être psycholo-gique. Un certain nombre de directives internationales tenant compte de ces facteurs dans le cadre de...
Article
Full-text available
Er is in toenemende mate academische interesse in hoe levensstijlfactoren die tra-ditioneel gerelateerd worden aan de lichamelijke gezondheid, ook van belang zijn voor de geestelijke gezondheid en het psychologisch welbevinden. De voorbije jaren zijn er internationaal een aantal richtlijnen uitgewerkt die aandacht hebben voor deze levensstijlfactor...
Article
Purpose Understanding enablers of and barriers for physical activity (PA) participation in people with intellectual disability (ID) is an essential first step to develop effective interventions. This systematic review examined correlates of PA across the socio-ecological model (i.e., intra-personal, inter-personal, environmental and policy level) i...
Preprint
Background Prior evidence points towards lower cardiac vagal modulation in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) as compared to control groups. A cross-sectional phase in this study will gather more evidence concerning this topic. A longitudinal phase will explore the efficacy of a biofeedback intervention based on Respiratory Sinus Arrhy...
Preprint
Background To gain more insight into the experience of stress in individuals with ASD, it is important to use appropriate self-report questionnaires. The goal of this systematic review was to provide an overview of these. Method The PRISMA guidelines were followed and four online databases were systematically searched. Results Seven questionnaire...
Article
Objectives: People with alcohol use disorders (AUD) are at a higher risk for physical co-morbidities. Consequently, their daily life functioning needs to be reliably assessed and followed-up. We examined the reliability of the 6-min walk test (6MWT) in a cohort of inpatients with AUD. Secondary aims were to assess minimal detectable changes (MDC95...
Article
We investigated the test-retest reliability of the 2-min walk test (2MWT) and its concurrent validity with the 6-min walk test (6MWT) in Ugandan outpatients with alcohol use disorder (AUD). We also explored practice effects, and assessed the minimal detectable change (MDC) and correlations with the 2MWT. Fifty outpatients [7 women; median age = 32....
Article
Objective. Exercise has established efficacy in people with anxiety and stress-related disorders. Dropouts from randomized controlled trials (RCT's) pose a threat to the validity of the evidence, with dropout rates varying across studies. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the prevalence and predictors of dropout rates among adults with an...
Article
There is increasing interest in the potential efficacy of meditation-based mind-body interventions (MBIs) within mental health care. We conducted a systematic meta-review of the published randomized control trial (RCT) evidence. MEDLINE/PubMed, PsycARTICLES and EMBASE were searched from inception to 06/2020 examining MBIs (mindfulness, qigong, tai...
Article
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore the prevalence of moderate to severe generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) symptoms and its association with physical activity in people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Uganda. Two hundred and ninety-five PLHIV (median [interquartile range] age = 37.0 years [16.0]; 200 women) completed the GAD-7, Physica...
Article
Background: There is a growing recognition of the importance of encouraging people with alcohol use disorders (AUD) to become more active as an achievable strategy to reduce the disability-associated burden. Objective: We investigated whether physical activity and sedentary behaviour in men with AUD contribute to their quality of life (QoL). Me...
Article
Background: High anxiety levels are common in people with intellectual disabilities (ID) and anxiety can affect sport performance, but sport competitive anxiety profiles in athletes with ID are unknown. Methods: A total of 303 athletes; 116 with ID (33% female, M age = 22.64, SD = 3.94), and 187 without ID (54% female, M age = 21.81, SD = 3.23),...
Article
Background: People with intellectual disability have an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases and associated premature mortality. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components are highly predictive of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this meta-analysis was to describe the pooled prevalence of MetS and its components in people with intellect...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Physical inactivity is a key contributor to the global burden of disease and disproportionately impacts the wellbeing of people experiencing mental illness. Increases in physical activity are associated with improvements in symptoms of mental illness and reduction in cardiometabolic risk. Reliable and valid clinical tools that assess p...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Physical inactivity is a key contributor to the global burden of disease and disproportionately impacts the wellbeing of people experiencing mental illness. Increases in physical activity are associated with improvements in symptoms of mental illness and reduction in cardiometabolic risk. Reliable and valid clinical tools that assess ph...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Physical activity (PA) has been introduced in the sixties as standard care in the mental health care systems of The Netherlands and Belgium. AIM: To summarize the recent meta-analytic evidence of PA in the prevention and treatment of depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, bipolar disorders, substance use disorder...
Article
Objectives: A reason for the lack of interest in physical fitness testing in mental healthcare is limited time among existing staff. This cross-sectional study investigated the test-retest reliability of the 2-min walk test (2MWT) and its concurrent validity with the 6-min walk test (6MWT) in Ugandan patients with depression. We also explored prac...
Article
Full-text available
Background Sedentary behavior is a growing public health concern in young adolescents from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, a paucity of multinational studies, particularly in LMICs, have investigated correlates of leisure-time sedentary behavior (LTSB) in young adolescents. In the current study, we assessed socio-demographic, soc...
Article
Background: Sedentary behavior (SB) may be a risk factor for depression in middle- and old age adults. The aim of this study was to examine cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between SB and depression in a large national sample of Irish people aged 50 and older taking into account a wide range of previously identified influential facto...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the test-retest reliability of the 2-minute walk test (2MWT) and the concurrent validity with the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) in outpatients with psychosis. We also explored whether there was a practice effect, determined minimal detectable changes (MDC) and assessed which factors are associated with the 2MWT...
Article
This study explored whether the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) score is associated with the functional exercise capacity among inpatients with alcohol use disorders (AUD). 45 (32 men) inpatients (41.1 ± 13.2 years, range = 18-70 years) performed a 6-minute walk test (6 MWT), a standing broad jump (muscle strength) and were assessed with sev...
Article
Background: People with mental illness are at an increased risk for developing cardio-metabolic disorders. Routine screening following pharmacotherapy is however unacceptably low in sub-Saharan African countries with less than 1% adequately screened. It is unknown whether this is due to a lack of adequate competences. Objectives: The aim of this...
Article
Physical inactivity is a serious public health concern in adolescents from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Despite this, only a few multinational studies has investigated correlates of physical activity (PA) in young adolescents in this part of the world. In this study, we identified physical activity correlates using data from the Global...
Article
Adolescents spend a high proportion of their leisure time in sedentary behavior, which is associated with adverse physical and mental health outcomes. Exploring factors associated with leisure-time sedentary behavior (LTSB) is important for the development of targeted interventions. The aim of this study was to explore associations between cannabis...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Physical inactivity is a key contributor to the global burden of disease and disproportionately impacts the wellbeing of people experiencing mental illness. Increases in physical activity are associated with improvements in symptoms of mental illness and reduction in cardiometabolic risk. Reliable and valid clinical tools that assess ph...
Article
The purpose of this study was to compare the functional exercise capacity of patients with alcohol use disorders (AUD) with an age-, gender-, and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy control group. Thirty patients (22 males, 40.4 ± 10.5 years, illness duration = 9.7 ± 9.3 years) and healthy control subjects (22 males, 40.2 ± 10.7 years) participat...
Article
Full-text available
The current study examined the impact of sedentary behaviour (SB) on quality of life (QoL) in people with psychotic disorders. Thirty-six Ugandan women (mean age = 33.9 ± 8.0 years) and 23 men (37.4 ± 11.8 years) with a DSM 5 diagnosis of psychosis completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life—Brief version and Simple Physical Activity Qu...
Article
Background Loneliness is widespread in adolescents and associated with a myriad of adverse physical and mental health outcomes. Exploring variables associated with loneliness is important for the development of targeted interventions. The aim of the current study was to explore associations between leisure-time sedentary behavior (LTSB) and lonelin...
Article
Background Adolescent suicide is a major global mental health problem. Exploring variables associated with suicide attempts is important for the development of targeted interventions. The aim of the current study was to explore associations between leisure-time sedentary behavior and suicide attempts. Methods Data from the Global School-based Stude...
Article
Objectives: Sleep problems are burdensome in adolescents. Understanding modifiable environmental risk factors is essential. There is evidence that physical activity is protective against sleep problems in adolescents. However, the association between sedentary behavior (SB) and anxiety-induced sleep disturbance has not been investigated. Methods:...
Article
Full-text available
Background Physical inactivity is a key contributor to the global burden of disease and disproportionately impacts the wellbeing of people experiencing mental illness. Increases in physical activity are associated with improvements in symptoms of mental illness and reduction in cardiometabolic risk. Reliable and valid clinical tools that assess phy...
Article
People with alcohol use disorder (AUD) are at an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Physical fitness is a predictor of CVD and premature mortality. Currently, no existing measures of physical fitness used in the general population have been tested for validity and reliability in this vulnerable population. Therefore, we examined the...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Depression is common and burdensome in adolescents. Understanding modifiable environmental risk factors is essential. There is evidence that physical activity is protective of depression. However, the impact of sedentary behavior (SB) on depression is relatively under-researched especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). I...
Article
Low physical fitness and physical inactivity have been recognized as prominent behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and an independent risk factor for all-cause mortality. To date, no studies have ystematically assessed physical fitness and physical activity in patients with alcohol use disorders (AUD) vs. a healthy comparison group....
Article
Aim: The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) is a self-report tool commonly used in mental healthcare settings to assess physical activity. However, its validity has not yet been investigated in first-episode psychosis (FEP). The aim of this study was to examine the concurrent validity of the IPAQ compared with an objective real-l...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: Lack of proficient motor skills predispose for a range of social, emotional, academic and physical problems • Motor impairment is highly prevalent in male adolescents with a DBD (Van Damme et al., 2015) • Relationships between developmental domains are rarely investigated in clinical populations, but are highly relevant (diagnosis and i...
Article
Background A potential approach to suicide prevention that has not been closely examined, but which holds promise in terms of widespread dissemination without major side-effects, is physical activity (PA). This systematic review and meta-analysis set out to: (a) explore associations between PA and suicidal ideation (SI) levels, and (b) investigate...
Article
There is a growing recognition of the importance of encouraging patients with mental health problems to become more active as an efficacious strategy to reduce the disability-associated burden. The aim of the current study was to investigate if there are differences in quality of life (QoL) outcomes between people with mental health problems that d...
Article
Since 1980, the diagnostic criteria of patients with eating disorders (ED) have changed over the years. Are these changes also expressed in the clinical features of the ED patients? A cross‐sectional sample was drawn consisting of 100 consecutive female patients' files diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) and bulimia nervos...
Article
Full-text available
The validity and reliability of the Test of Gross Motor Development-3 (TGMD-3) were measured, taking into consideration the preference for visual learning of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The TGMD-3 was administered to 14 children with ASD (4–10 years) and 21 age-matched typically developing children under two conditions: TGMD-3 tra...
Article
Patients with a psychotic disorder show lower cardiorespiratory fitness and higher mortality rates compared to healthy individuals. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore whether in patients with first-episode psychosis a low cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with decreased physical activity and increased sedentary levels. Twent...
Article
Antipsychotics are used increasingly in adolescents for a range of psychiatric disorders. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether physical activity levels and physical fitness of adolescent inpatients treated with antipsychotic medication, differs from either (i) antipsychotic naïve adolescents with mental health problems and, (ii)...
Article
The aim of this study was to explore motor impairment in male adolescents suffering from psychiatric conditions. Taking into account the heterogeneity of a clinical population, motor profiles of distinctive diagnostic groups were evaluated. Whether or not motor ability discriminates between several diagnostic categories was investigated. The Bruini...
Article
Full-text available
AIM: To summarize research regarding the motor abilities of children and adolescents who suffer from a common psychiatric condition. METHODS: In order to outline the current knowledge regarding the motor abilities of children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Disruptive Behavior D...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The overall goal of the IDEAL 2.0 project is to facilitate equitable and inclusive access to sport and physical activity for people with ID and/or ASD. Building upon the outcomes of the successful IDEAL project finalized in 2020, and considering the COVID-19 situation, a new consortium was built to address the needs and priorities in the field of Inclusive and Equitable sport. IDEAL 2.0 is coordinated by KU Leuven (Belgium), in collaboration with four other research institutions specialized in ID and/or ASD-sport & research, and the global ID/ASD sport organization, Virtus. Together the consortium has a strong network of associated partners that include members of the target population and related support staff (e.g., coaches, parents, National and International Sport-related Organizations).
Project
Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are at greater risk to develop co-occurring medical and psychiatric conditions. Physical activity participation in individuals with ASD is challenged by a variety of barriers, including deficits in motor abilities, intellectual impairment, social difficulties, etc. In order to design appropriate interventions, correlates of physical activity should be determined, using an overall and broad approach. The aims of this project are to explore the correlates of physical activity in adolescents with ASD, taking into account the heterogeneity of the population. Moreover, the validity and reliability of different measures to assess physical fitness and physical activity (Astrand-Rhyming test, Physical Activity Vital Sign) will be examined. Lastly, motivational aspects and participation in physical activities will be explored from the adolescents’ perspective.
Project
Prior research indicates a link between aberrant functioning of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and psychiatricdisorders. The current project aims to explore whether and how aberrant ANS functioning is related to increased social and psychological difficulties in adolescents with ASD (13-18 years) and to evaluate the potential of a biofeedback intervention.