Tina Maschi

Tina Maschi
Fordham University · Graduate School of Social Service

PhD, LCSW, ACSW

About

142
Publications
85,160
Reads
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2,296
Citations
Citations since 2016
38 Research Items
1599 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Introduction
Tina Maschi, PhD, LCSW, ACSW, often referred to as the common person’s philosopher. Dr. Maschi strives to share directly with the academic and public sectors new thought, scientific research, and even creative work that integrate that arts, science, and alternative expressions.   Her research and teaching is recognized for inspiring new ideas and ways of looking at things from diverse perspectives and ongoing dialogue and contemplative actions to cultivate a caring justice way of living.
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - present
Fordham University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2007 - present
Fordham University USA
January 2007 - December 2012
Fordham University

Publications

Publications (142)
Chapter
This chapter explores the role of feminist and empowerment theories in empowering professionals, such as the female-dominated social justice profession of social work and the vulnerable populations and organizational and community environments that they serve, such as older women with serious offence histories in prison. The central guiding concept...
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The year 2020 has created a historical turning point in which we, as a society, have found ourselves in global “lockdown” because of the spread of the coronavirus and its death toll. It behooves us to continue to reflect individually and collectively on its meaning, especially as we also grapple with realizing equality and justice, especially for b...
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CO-CONSTRUCTING COMMUNITY with 2020 Vision of Care and Justice
Chapter
The “aging prisoner” crisis continues to gain international attention. The high human, social, and economic costs of warehousing older adults with complex physical, mental health, social, and spiritual care needs in prison continue to rapidly increase at a disproportionate rate compared to the general prison population. Over the past two decades, t...
Chapter
Official statistics suggest that as many as half of adults aged 50 and older in prison are diagnosed with some type of mental health problem, including serious mental disorders, such as major depression, schizophrenia, and cognitive impairment. The social determinants of mental health, such as lack of access to housing, employment, and mental healt...
Article
The growth of an aging prison population is a major concern in nearly every region of the world as prison administrators face the challenges associated with accommodating inmates for whom most facilities were never designed. The poor health status of older inmates can be attributed to previous lifestyle and socioeconomic factors. The quality of pen...
Article
To fill a current gap in the literature on aging, mental health, and the criminal justice system, a content analysis of international peer-reviewed research studies was conducted. A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify English language research studies published in 2018-19. Forty-four articles were located using keyword search...
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This article carries out a cost benefit analysis of early childhood education for preventing reincarceration. It estimates the external benefits that accrue to society as a whole, in terms of the savings from specific crimes no longer taking place and the criminal justice system not having to be used, as well as the private benefits that are experi...
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Elder abuse is a global systemic problem in which one or more traumatic or stressful life experiences directly affect older adults, their families, and communities. Despite its devastating impact, the understanding of—and response to—elder abuse has rarely been explored through a trauma-informed lens. Despite the prevalence of traumatic and stressf...
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The Council on Social Work Education underscores that social workers should be educated to advance human right, social, economic, and environmental justice. This article asserts that forensic social work is an integrated practice specialization at the intersection of the law or legal system, and historically has done just that. However, there is a...
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There is a dearth of knowledge on the role of cumulative trauma, stress, and minority oppression on recidivism among incarcerated elder population. The current study fills a gap in the literature by exploring the association between race, trauma, offense history, and recidivism among incarcerated elders. This study used a cross-sectional correlatio...
Chapter
This chapter is designed to provide social workers with an introductory overview to correctional health and psychosocial care with a focus on prison healthcare. It provides an introductory overview of the role of health and justice disparities as a mass incarceration driver and an overview of core themes of social work practice in a correctional se...
Article
One of the little known ironies in the field of prison health is the notion that prison may actually have health-stabilizing effects for some groups. This study contributes to this line of inquiry by examining a variety of physical and mental health indicators among an older cohort of prisoners. Furthermore, this study's focus on race addresses a n...
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The purpose of this paper was to analyze the compassionate and geriatric release laws in the USA and the role of advanced age and/or illness. In order to identify existing state and federal laws, a search of the LexisNexis legal database was conducted. Keyword search terms were used: compassionate release, medical parole, geriatric prison release,...
Chapter
This chapter reviews the fifth theme-based strategy of a rights research approach, holistic data analysis, discerning meaning from narrative and numeric data. It describes how the interpretation of quantitative numeric and qualitative data can be used and applied to human rights issues. The use of a common factors rights research qualitative data a...
Chapter
Chapter 2 of “Applying a Human Rights Approach to Social Work Research and Evaluation: A ‘Rights’ Research Manifesto ,” presents the first theme-based strategy of a rights research approach, Understanding and Applying a Human Rights Lens. It reviews: (1) the values and principles of a human right framework (UN 2015), (2) relevant human rights instr...
Article
This two-phase qualitative study explores the experiences of ten formerly incarcerated LGBT elders' experiences prior to, during, and after release from prison. A core theme of self and the social mirror emerged from the data that represented LGBT elders ongoing coming out process of unearthing their 'true selves' despite managing multiple stigmati...
Chapter
This chapter explores LGBT elders with histories of incarceration. Due to the paucity of the literature available on this population, this chapter provides new data from a qualitative study of ten formerly incarcerated LGBT elders’ experiences prior to, during, and after release from prison. Consistent with intersectionality theory, a core theme of...
Chapter
This chapter reviews the third theme-based strategy of a rights research approach is informed decision-making, multiple perspectives , approaches, and methods. It explores differing perspectives, methods, and approaches that influence the internal experience of a social worker’s informed decision-making process. It reviews how deductive and inducti...
Chapter
Chapter 4 examines the fourth theme-based strategy of a rights research approach, social contexts, meaningful participation , and relational communication . It explores how social contexts, participation, and relational communication can be infused throughout the research process regardless of whether quantitative and/or qualitative methods are use...
Chapter
This final chapter of “Applying a Human Rights Approach to Social Work Research and Evaluation: A Rights Research Manifesto ,” explores the sixth theme-based strategy of a rights research approach , thoughtful sharing and action. It highlights some suggested strategies and practices on how social workers can translate rights research and evaluation...
Chapter
This chapter reviews the second theme-based strategy of a rights research approach is “research and evaluation that makes a difference.” It provides a historical overview of how social workers historically have used to research and evaluation strategies to “make a difference.” The advanced generalist pubic health model was presented as an integrate...
Article
This brief introduces a human rights approach to social work research and evaluation, compares it to traditional research approaches, and explains how to apply it in real world social work research. The author draws from a human rights framework that incorporates dignity and respect for all persons, the universality and interrelatedness of rights (...
Article
Visit: http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=browsePA.volumes&jcode=trm
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Although there is a growing body of research on older adults and coping in prison, many inquiries about areas of concern remain unanswered. Specifically, what are the primary traumatic experiences and stressors of the incarceration experience and how do incarcerated older adults, many of whom have served long-term prison sentences, cope with or man...
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This two-phase qualitative study explores key stakeholder perspectives on the historical roles of family and community that shape the current reunification experiences of older adults released from prison. In phase one, 16 service providers from 16 community reentry programs responded to an online survey that included open-ended questions about wha...
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Background: A growing body of evidence suggests that high rates of incarcerated people and high levels of HIV coexist and that people with HIV/AIDS in prisons have histories of cumulative trauma and stress. Almost inevitably, a prison population is an aging population. The purpose of this study was to provide a general method for valuing the benefi...
Article
Aging people in prison and post-prison release pose significant yet surmountable challenges in satisfying age-specific educational, training, employment, financial and civic participation rights. This descriptive study of 677 older prisoners, aged 50+, in a statewide prison system provides a historical analysis of past and current individual and so...
Conference Paper
The aging population in prison is heterogeneous. However, little is known about the number of incarcerated LGBT older adults and their experiences of long term prison sentences and post prison release. Therefore, the objective of this mixed method study was to explore (1) the experiences and service needs of formerly incarcerated LGBT elders and th...
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Feminist and empowerment theories are especially important to the understanding of individual and sociopolitical levels of social work assessment and intervention. Incorporating feminist and empowerment approaches in practice will provide social workers with the knowledge, values and skills most likely to promote human rights and social justice. In...
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Purpose: The growing numbers of terminally ill and dying in prison has high economic and moral costs as global correctional systems and the society at large. However, to date little is known about the extent to which palliative and end-of-life care is infused within global prison health care systems. The purpose of this paper is to fill a gap in t...
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The rapid growth of the incarceration of aging people in prison across the globe is particularly problematic in the United States, which has the largest incarceration rate per capita. This papers examines the aging in prison crisis through the lens of the social determinants of health, well-being, and justice. Case studies and promising practices a...
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Youth with complex problems are frequently served by multiple public systems, including mental health, child welfare, juvenile justice, and education. Effective inter-professional collaboration is necessary to meet the needs of these youth, yet relationships among individual characteristics of service providers and their collaborative activities ha...
Conference Paper
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that there is a high frequency of accumulating individual and structural level trauma, stress, and oppression among criminal justice populations, including older adults in prison. Evidence also suggests that the accumulation of life course experience of trauma, stress, and oppression are positively correlated with decr...
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Full-text available
Purpose: Older adults in prison present a significant health and human rights challenge for the criminal justice system. To date, there is no known study that provides a comprehensive examination or portrait of older persons in prison. The purpose of this paper is to understand individual, family, system, and community vulnerabilities that can com...
Chapter
Full-text available
72. Maschi, T., Leibowitz, G., & Mizus, L. (2014). Restorative Justice. In L. Cousins (Ed.). Encyclopedia for Human Services and Diversity (pp. 1142-1144). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Conference Paper
Background: Research on stress and coping in prison has generally focused on youth and adult populations in prison. However, little is known about the experiences of stress and coping among older adults in prison. The objective of this study was to explore the processes of stress and coping among a sample of older adults in prison. Methods: This...
Conference Paper
Juvenile offenders with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) present a challenge to the criminal justice system due to the nature of the disorder. Several of the characteristics of ASD can be misinterpreted as offending behavior. Studies suggest that more than one third of incarcerated youths are classified under the Individuals with Disabilities Educati...
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Recent evidence suggests that older adults in prison experience a high level of adverse life experiences that can be categorized as trauma, stress, grief and loss. However, there is a dearth of research that examines how older adults' use of physical, cognitive, emotional, social, and spiritual coping resources influence their physical and mental w...
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The movement towards family focused justice emphasizes families, especially parents, as a critical component of juvenile offender rehabilitation, especially probation. However, there is a dearth of research on how probation officers involve the parents of juvenile offenders. This qualitative investigation attempts to fill that gap by exploring prob...
Article
We read with great interest the article by Woods et al.(1) The emphasis on a framework that considers a comprehensive list of factors and strategies necessary for successful community reintegration for formerly incarcerated individuals is critical if we are to lower recidivism rates. We question, however, what the authors suggest are best practices...
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Purpose of Study: A theoretical integration of the life course perspective, cumulative advantage, disadvantage or inequality, and stress processing theories provide an important integrated lens to study the relationship between accumulated interpersonal, social-structural, and historical trauma and stressful experiences on mental well-being mental...
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There has been a recent proliferation in the number of studies that are investigating the phenomenon that has been coined the victim-offender overlap. There has been noticeably less attention toward examining the sexual victimization and sex offending overlap. Acknowledging this gap in the literature, the present study provides an assessment of thi...
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Article
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This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan, sub-licensing, systematic supply, or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the cont...
Article
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This study profiled 2,913 adults aged 50 and older sentenced to a statewide correctional system and their parole eligibility status with implications for community reintegration, resettlement, and recovery needs. The research team developed the Correctional Tracking Data Extraction Tool to gather official data and personal and legal characteristics...
Article
Research consistently shows that incarcerated juveniles and adults experience high levels of prior traumatic experiences and stressful life events. Yet there is a gap in the literature addressing incarcerated older adults’ life-course experiences of traumatic and stressful life events and their initial and current subjective interpretations of thes...
Conference Paper
Purpose: Research shows that youth and adults in the criminal justice system report a high prevalence of traumatic experiences. However, there is a gap in the literature addressing incarcerated older adults’ experiences of trauma, both historically through the course of their lifetime and the current distress related to such experiences. Untreated...
Conference Paper
Background: America’s prison system is rapidly graying, and older adults in prison have serious physical and mental health problems (Maschi et al., 2012). Recent evidence suggests that older adults have a high frequency of traumatic and stressful life events (T-SLE; Maschi et al., 2011).. Additionally, stress process theory (Pearlin, 2005) posits a...
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Limited research covers substance use disorders (SUD) in the older offender (ages 55 years and older). This study (N=334) found limited cognitive coping resources, extensive trauma histories, and limited exposure to SUD/mental health care in-prison for older offenders with SUD in a state prison system.
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Background: The aging prison population in the United States presents a significant public health challenge with high rates of trauma and mental health issues that the correctional system alone is ill-prepared to address. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of age, objective, and subjective measures of trauma and stressful lif...
Article
Full-text available
The aging prisoner crisis continues to gain international attention as the high human, social, and economic costs of warehousing older adults with complex physical, mental health, and social care needs in prison continues to rise. According to the United Nations, older adults and the serious and terminally ill are considered special needs populatio...
Article
Full-text available
This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan, sub-licensing, systematic supply, or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the cont...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the interagency collaboration strategies used by juvenile probation officers in the treatment of delinquent youths. Thirty-one juvenile probation officers were interviewed about the strategies they use with youths who have mental disorders. Transcriptions of these interviews were analyzed with grounded-theory conventions. Intera...
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This study examines how probation officers' (POs) knowledge of juveniles' trauma influences probation practices. The study was conducted with POs who responded to a Web-based survey (n = 308). The POs were directed to randomly select one juvenile from their caseload and to complete the Probation Practices Assessment Survey to assess their knowledge...