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Tina Gunhold-de Oliveira

Tina Gunhold-de Oliveira
Wolf Science Center, Austria

Dr.

About

15
Publications
1,656
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170
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2009 - May 2014
University of Vienna
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (15)
Article
Full-text available
The study of animal personality, defined as consistent inter-individual differences in correlated behavioral traits stable throughout time and/or contexts, has recently become one of the fastest growing areas in animal biology, with study species ranging from insects to non-human primates. The latter have, however, only occasionally been tested wit...
Article
Studies of social learning and tradition formation under field conditions have recently gained momentum, but suffer from the limited control of socio-ecological factors thought to be responsible for transmission patterns. The use of artificial visual stimuli is a potentially powerful tool to overcome some of these problems. Here, in a field experim...
Article
The formation of behavioral traditions has been considered as one of the main building blocks of culture. Numerous studies on social learning in different animal species provide evidence for their capability of successful transmission of information. However, questions concerning the memory and maintenance of this information have received comparab...
Article
Full-text available
Experimental studies on traditions in animals have focused almost entirely on the initial transmission phase in captive populations. We conducted an open diffusion field experiment with 13 groups of wild common marmosets, Callithrix jacchus. Seven groups contained individuals that were already familiar with the task (‘push or pull’ box) and thus se...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Experimental studies on the formation of traditions have so far focused almost entirely on captive populations. We present an open diffusion field experiment conducted with wild common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) in a fragment of Atlantic Forest in Brazil. We confronted 13 family groups (n = 119) with an artificial fruit that led to a reward by...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Originating in human psychology, research on personality has recently broadened its focus on non-human animals. By definition, animal personalities (or behavioural syndromes, tendencies, constructs, temperaments) are groups of correlated behaviours; i.e. a consistent way in which different animals of the same species behave throughout time, context...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Social conformity is a cornerstone of human culture because it accelerates and maintains the spread of behaviour within a group. Few empirical studies have investigated the role of social conformity in the maintenance of traditions despite an increasing body of literature on the formation of behavioural patterns in non-human animals. T...
Data
Photograph of a marmoset performing the push action during a training session (5.57 MB TIF)
Data
Photograph of a marmoset performing the pull action during a training session (5.95 MB TIF)
Data
Training constrained groups: a) pull condition, b) push condition (0.07 MB DOC)
Data
Free condition: participation, first contact and successful manipulation (0.05 MB DOC)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the possible methodological paradigms investigating physical cognition, in particular, the understanding of means-end connections, is the string pulling task. Although there is a plenty of patterned string task studies that has been applied to different species, only a few investigated this type of problem solving in Callitrichids. In our ex...
Conference Paper
The observation of a common behaviour in a group that has arisen independently of genetic or ecological factors has led researchers to speak of traditions. Once a novel behaviour has been adopted by a group member, social learning leads to transmission throughout the group. Social conformity then stabilizes the application of this new behaviour ove...
Article
Full-text available
The herd of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) at Schoenbrunn Zoo, Vienna has been methodically examined for ten years to get new findings of the social structure inside the group and to optimize husbandry conditions. This investigation deals with agonistic interactions among the members, with space distances between the elephants and the behav...

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