Tina Fawcett

Tina Fawcett
University of Oxford | OX · Environmental Change Institute

BSc, MSc, Phd

About

92
Publications
38,647
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,077
Citations
Introduction
My research concerns energy use by households and organisations, and uses a multi-disciplinary approach to understand current patterns of use and to identify opportunities for reducing energy use and carbon emissions.
Additional affiliations
February 2005 - present
University of Oxford
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (92)
Article
Full-text available
Collectively, small and medium‐sized enterprises (SMEs) make a significant contribution to carbon emissions. Transformative changes are needed to achieve Net Zero amongst the SME community, presenting policymakers and practitioners with a complex and largely unresolved set of challenges. In this paper, we investigate the unexploited potential of hu...
Book
Full-text available
This report continues the science-based approach of linking concrete changes in lifestyles to measurable impacts on climate change in order to keep with the 1.5-degree aspirational target of the Paris Agreement on climate change. The 1.5-degree lifestyles approach examines GHG emissions and reduction potentials using consumption-based accounting, w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Energy demand reductions, which come from both measures to improve energy efficiency and changes in the underlying demand for services, have contributed more to carbon emissions reduction than the combined effects of deploying low-carbon generation technology. Yet energy demand appears to receive less policymaking attention than energy supply, even...
Article
Here we discuss how personal carbon allowances (PCAs) could play a role in achieving ambitious climate mitigation targets. We argue that recent advances in AI for sustainable development, together with the need for a low-carbon recovery from the COVID-19 crisis, open a new window of opportunity for PCAs. Furthermore, we present design principles ba...
Article
Full-text available
The Australian policy approach, based on the NABERS energy performance benchmarking scheme for commercial offices, is promoted as a ‘success story’ and is of interest to governments internationally. This paper explores the evidence for the impacts of the Australian approach on energy use and carbon emissions, identifies the key elements of its conc...
Article
Full-text available
Sam Hampton is a researcher at the Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University and freelance sustainability consultant. His research focuses on the governance of the energy transition. He specializes in energy policy evaluation, low carbon innovation, and sustainability for small and medium-sized enterprises. Tina Fawcett is a researcher at t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
BEIS issued a call for evidence on energy related products in the summer; this is the response from CREDS (Centre for Research into Energy Demand Solutions, a consortium of academics from UK universities who work with researchers, businesses & policy makers to support the transition to a low-carbon energy system.) Many of the questions in the call...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines whether current residential retrofit metrics are fit for purpose and if they can help deliver swift and significant cuts in carbon emissions. Information is presented on metrics used for a variety of UK and European Union building and building retrofit standards and evaluation and assessment tools. An analytical approach is deve...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The UK government is investing £102.5m into a programme called 'Prospering from the Energy Revolution' (PFER). PFER includes four energy 'demonstrator' projects, and 10 'design' projects. A consultancy will evaluate the entire PFER programme; a consortium of researchers spanning 22 universities (EnergyRev) and the Energy Revolution Integration Serv...
Article
The 2018 IPCC report states that all sectors of the economy, and actors at all scales from individuals to governments, must take urgent action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are important actors whose use of energy, and potential for energy and carbon savings, are largely overlooked by current efficiency pol...
Article
Full-text available
In 2018, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released its report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C. It called for “rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society” to reduce the risks of increasing climate change. Energy use in buildings is one of the key contributors to greenhouse gas emissions in the UK a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores a radically different way of facilitating energy and environmental initiatives in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). In terms of energy policy, smaller firms in Europe are exempted from most of the major fiscal and regulatory mechanisms that are applied to larger organisations. Policies to reduce energy demand and associ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper explores a radically different way of facilitating energy and environmental initiatives in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). In terms of energy policy, smaller firms in Europe are exempted from most of the major fiscal and regulatory mechanisms that are applied to larger organisations. Policies to reduce energy demand and associ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In 2018, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released its report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C. It called for "rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society" to reduce the risks of increasing climate change. Energy use in buildings is one of the key contributors to greenhouse gas emissions in the UK a...
Conference Paper
Energy use in buildings remains a significant part of overall energy demand. Deep renovation projects, delivered at scale, remain a challenging task to achieve a lower carbon building stock. The complexity of building renovation is related to inherent characteristics of buildings which require distinct project management techniques. While there are...
Conference Paper
Transformation of energy demand is one of three pillars for action identified in the IPCC's 1.5 °C report. To deliver emissions reductions of the scale required, this transformation will need to be radical. While policy approaches of 'energy efficiency first' and 'multiple benefits of energy efficiency' have the potential to increase action and red...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Keywords multiple benefits, organisation behaviour, business strategy, non-energy benefits (NEBs), energy efficiency investments Abstract The multiple benefits of energy efficiency for individual businesses have not received sufficient research attention. For firms, these non-energy benefits may be critically important to their investment decisions...
Conference Paper
Deep renovation of existing buildings is acknowledged both as a national and international priority, and as being very difficult to achieve at sufficient scale and speed. A novel way to understand the complexity of achieving faster and further deep renovation is to look at how it relates to time and timing in the physical, commercial and social sys...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report reviews the legal, management and administrative obstacles in multi-owner buildings in 7 selected Member States and identifies good practices that help overcome identified issues across these Member States. The information is collected through a questionnaire distributed to legal and energy efficiency experts at national level with the...
Article
Full-text available
EU member states have been encouraged to introduce energy efficiency obligation schemes (EEOS) to help meet energy saving objectives. As a result, there are now 15 EU EEOS in existence, compared with just six prior to the introduction of the 2012 Energy Efficiency Directive. At the same time, the long-standing EEOS in Denmark and the UK have faced...
Article
There is increasing interest in the idea that energy efficiency has economic, environmental and social impacts beyond energy and cost saving - a ‘multiple benefits’ perspective. However, present EU-decision making on energy efficiency is based on assessment of a very narrow range of costs and benefits. This paper investigates whether and how advoca...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Energy sufficiency is a new concept for many people, and pictures representing new concepts can often help us develop a better understanding of them. This concept paper developed for eceee (2018) serves as an introduction to energy sufficiency. As part of this project, Sarah Darby & Tina Fawcett at the Environmental Change Institute, University of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Delivering energy demand reduction through energy efficiency is probably the single most important strategy in moving to a lower carbon future. However, the efficacy of energy efficiency measures and policies is often challenged with reference to the ‘rebound effect’, which is variously defined, but whose central claim is that energy efficiency wil...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of this literature review is to bring together the best available evidence to support the contention that a multiple benefits approach can help increase the uptake of energy efficiency investment projects using evidence from a variety of academic disciplines.
Chapter
Full-text available
Improving the energy efficiency of multi-owned properties (MoPs)—commonly known as apartment or condominium buildings—is central to the achievement of European energy targets. However, little work to date has focused on how to facilitate retrofit in this context. Drawing on interdisciplinary Social Sciences and Humanities expertise in academia, pol...
Article
Full-text available
Improving energy efficiency can deliver range of benefits to economy and society. Energy efficiency programmes are often evaluated only on the basis of their energy savings without considering many other socio-economic and environmental intangible benefits. As a result, the full value of energy efficiency improvements in both national and global ec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objectives: This paper examines emerging models that are being adopted by organisations engaged in the low carbon transition, with a particular focus on the role played by social enterprises. It presents a case-based comparison of recent efforts by industry actors in the housing retrofit supply chain to deliver low-energy retrofits (or refurbishmen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Topic: This paper reports on our experiences in running a pilot ESRC Impact Acceleration Account (IAA) project that addresses the issue of ‘sustainable growth’ by engaging SME owners and managers in facilitated workshop discussions on this important, yet highly contested topic. If the UK and other countries are to meet their carbon reduction obliga...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Elizabeth Shove’s recent paper ‘What is wrong with energy efficiency’ (Shove, 2017) set out three key challenges to energy policy researchers (and others) – to take stock, to reflect on the consequences of our work, and ‘to develop strategies and solutions that challenge rather than reproduce increasingly problematic assumptions about present and f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
SMEs (small and medium enterprises) are widely acknowledged as a difficult target for energy policy. This is in part due to their diversity: they operate in every sector, in all property types and vary from one person operations with no business premises, to manufacturers with up to 250 employees. Their energy use is poorly understood: evidence on...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Understanding how and why multiple impacts arguments are used, by whom, and to what effect is an important research topic, and complementary to ongoing quantitative research into impacts. In order to explore this issue, interviews were carried out with nine experts in a range of international, EU and UK trade associations, energy and environmental...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This document provides an integrating overview of INBEE research work which is about, or linked to, frameworks for assessment of multiple benefits. It summarises the key pieces of WP2 research work, which are presented in full in the appendices. Further, it brings together themes and ideas which have emerged across the whole project, related to fra...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This document provides an integrating overview of INBEE research work which is about, or linked to, the general literature on intangible or multiple benefits. It summaries key pieces of WP2 research work, which are presented in full in the appendices. Further, it brings together themes and ideas which have emerged across the whole project. The aim...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
EU Member States have been encouraged to introduce Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes (EEOS) to help meet energy saving objectives. As a result, there are now sixteen EU EEOS in existence or planned, compared with just six prior to the introduction of the 2012 Energy Efficiency Directive. At the same time, the long-standing EEOS in Denmark and UK...
Article
This paper draws on climate justice principles developed in the context of international negotiations between national governments to assess the distribution of carbon reduction roles between different actors involved in residential energy use within the UK. In so doing, it aims to provide a new understanding of equity aspects of current residentia...
Article
Full-text available
The European Union's Energy Efficiency Directive calls for EU Member States to put in place ambitious energy efficiency policies and requires them to establish energy saving targets. One of the most important Articles of the Directive is Article 7, which required Member States to implement Energy Efficiency Obligations and/or alternative policy ins...
Article
Full-text available
Energy efficiency policy is expected to play a key role for meeting the EU’s energy targets (particularly for reduced energy demand and reduced CO2 emissions) using a range of policy instrument combinations. However, most analyses undertaken so far have focused on single policy measures rather than developing a more generic framework for assessing...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Energy Efficiency Directive calls for EU Member States to put in place ambitious energy efficiency policies. One of the most important Articles of the Directive is Article 7 which required Member States to implement Energy Efficiency Obligations and/or alternative policy instruments in order to reach a reduction in final energy use of 1.5% per...
Research
Full-text available
Around 18% of the United Kingdom’s (UK) total greenhouse gas emissions come from non-domestic buildings and a further 22% from industrial processes (usually housed within non-domestic buildings). Therefore, if the UK is to meet its target to reduce emissions by 80% in 2050, significant reductions in non-domestic emissions are needed. This will requ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Some UK households and individuals use vastly more energy than others. Nationally, reducing personal demand for energy is an important part of meeting the commitment to reduce carbon emissions. However, despite occasional attempts to identify and stigmatise particularly ‘excessive’ gadgets or activities, energy policy has not been framed around red...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Electrification is seen as an important global contributor to mitigation of climate change, because low carbon electricity can, in theory, replace current fossil fuel use in buildings and surface transport. Heat pumps are the key technology for delivering electrification of heating. This paper investigates how heat pump adoption in the residential...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) is the main policy instrument at the EU level to reach the 20 % energy saving goal in 2020. Article 7 is a key pillar of the EED, which requires Member States (MS) to introduce energy efficiency obligation schemes (EEOSs). Under the EEOS, energy companies must save an annual 1.5 % of their energy sales with add...
Article
Full-text available
A three-year research project explored the evolving level of “building expertise” for low-carbon housing refurbishment in the UK and France. With a focus on “middle actors” and the evolution of professional practice, this paper reports on “middle-out” responses from the housing retrofit supply chain to top-down policies promoting low-energy retrofi...
Article
Full-text available
Personal carbon trading (PCT) is a radical and innovative mitigation approach for the residential and personal transport sectors. PCT is an umbrella term for various downstream cap-and-trade policies, all of which aim to limit carbon emissions within a society by engag-ing individuals in the process, and could cover more than 40% of national carbon...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Low carbon retrofitting of the existing housing stock is increasingly being recognised as a vital part of national efforts to substantially reduce carbon emissions from all sectors of the economy. However, at present very little low carbon retrofit is undertaken, in either the social or private housing markets, in the UK and France. This paper expl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Electrification is seen as an important global contributor to mitigation of climate change, because low carbon electricity can, in theory, replace current fossil fuel use in buildings and surface transport. Heat pumps are the key technology for delivering electrification of heating. This paper focuses on the role of heat pumps in heating the reside...
Article
Full-text available
In both France and the UK, low-energy renovation of housing is an important part of wider climate change mitigation strategy. Policy directed at householders and building professionals aims to increase the number and ambition of low-energy renovations. However, persistent problems exist for delivering genuine energy reductions at scale, including t...
Article
Full-text available
Low carbon housing retrofit is often understood as a one-off, whole-house activity. However, an alternative model of low carbon retrofit is presented whereby improvements happen step by step over several years. This staged approach is described and contrasted with the one-off approach, and empirical evidence on both models is presented. Three key q...
Article
Full-text available
A small number of ‘Superhome’ owners in the UK have renovated their homes to reduce CO2 emissions by 60% or more. Superhome owner-occupiers, their homes and various aspects of their retrofit are characterized including the timing, planning, motivation, costs and interactions with professionals, and lessons drawn from this specialized group for the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objectives: This paper examines emerging models that are being adopted by organisations engaged in the low carbon transition, with a particular focus on the role played by social enterprises. It presents a case-based comparison of recent efforts by industry actors in the housing retrofit supply chain to deliver low-energy retrofits (or refurbishmen...
Article
Full-text available
Carbon offsetting can be loosely characterized as a mechanism by which an organization or individual contributes to a scheme that is projected either to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere or to deliver carbon dioxide emission reductions on the part of other organizations or individuals. An activity that has been offset therefore purports to...