Timothy Read

Timothy Read
National Distance Education University | UNED

Bachelor of Science (HONS) in Computer Science

About

100
Publications
19,810
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768
Citations

Publications

Publications (100)
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses the application of MOOCs for refugees and migrants in order to help these groups of people develop the language competences and transverse skills which they require to improve their level of social inclusion and possibilities in the labour market, and/or access higher education in the country in which they find themselves or...
Article
Full-text available
An extensive literature exists on how to help students learn languages. The learning process is particularly challenging since it combines different types of knowledge and skills into a dual process of comprehension and production, using both oral and written modalities. Networked technology has led to the emergence of different types of learning t...
Article
Listening comprehension is challenging for students because it is more than just the direct extraction of meaning from sound. The literature reflects the need to develop relevant strategies. Teachers typically try to help students structure their learning into three phases: before (pre-), during, and after (post-) listening, emphasizing different c...
Article
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ECCOE, the European Credit Clearinghouse for Opening up Education, aims to facilitate the endorsement and appropriation of open, online and flexible higher education by increasing trust in technology-enabled credentials among students, higher education institutions (HEIs) and employers. To this end, the project is developing a complete solution in...
Article
Full-text available
In this article a proposal is presented for a theoretical framework that could provide the structure and coherence needed for the development of effective LMOOCs (Language MOOCs) and MALL (Mobile Assisted Language Learning) apps in a systematic way that would facilitate online second language learning. The framework is argued to be appropriate for...
Article
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This article explores inclusive language as a form of verbal communication in an open online language course for refugees and migrants. Firstly, the existing evidence of the benefits of using inclusive language in education is analyzed. Secondly, the specific need to use this type of language in the context of online courses for displaced people is...
Article
The political and social instability in many parts of the world has led to large numbers of refugees forced to find a haven in Europe, and the social and political pressure is felt in these countries, as they see the situation worsening dramatically. In this article, an analysis of the geo-sociological assumptions within the conventional conception...
Article
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This article presents an intelligent system for people with language learning disabilities called MarLuc. MarLuc aims to improve people’s skills in their native language rather than a second language. The system was born as a tiny Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) web-based application targeted to improve pronunciation. Later it became a M...
Article
This paper presents a state-of-the-art research into three areas of TELL (Technologically-Enhanced Language Learning), namely Mobile-Assisted Language Learning (MALL), Language Massive Online Open Courses (LMOOCs), and Social and Open Language Learning (SOLL). In particular, the references from the Web of Science, Scopus and the UNED-Linceo+ meta-s...
Chapter
The promise of autonomous online language learning undertaken in a non-formal educational context as a general solution for all student needs is greatly exaggerated. In this chapter, the authors argue that its adoption and application varies from region to region, culture to culture, and language to language. This is particularly true of the Middle...
Book
Full-text available
Read, T.; Montaner, S. & Sedano, B. (2018) (eds.) Technological Innovation for Specialized Linguistic Domains: Languages for Digital Lives and Cultures. Proceedings of TISLID’18. Mauritius: Éditions universitaires européennes , 435 pp.
Conference Paper
This paper presents some preliminary results of research being undertaken to survey the state-of-the-art of advanced TELL approaches and initiatives, focusing so far on the areas of MALL LMOOC, and Social and Open Language Learning (SOLL). To this end, firstly, some relevant indexed journal and proceedings papers, as well as book chapters, have bee...
Book
Read, T.; Montaner, S. & Sedano, B. (2018) (eds.) Technological Innovation for Specialized Linguistic Domains. Languages for Digital Lives and Cultures. Proceedings of TISLID'18. Mauritius: Éditions Universitaires Europénnes, pp. 435
Book
Full-text available
MOOCs, and open education in general, are providing new learning opportunities for millions of people. Investments in and the uptake of MOOCs are more and more significant worldwide. The 2018 OpenupEd trend report on MOOCs presents the latest innovations and developments in MOOCs from a European perspective.
Book
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This report summarizes the conceptual and methodological approach of the MOONLITE consortium to output 3 as well as the research and practical results and recommendations for Higher Education Institutions (HEIs): Exploiting MOOCs for Access and Progression into Higher Education Institutions and Employment Market of the MOONLITE project. MOOCs are o...
Conference Paper
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This article explores the relevance of forums for Language MOOC (LMOOC) based learning. The role of forums is analysed in the general context of online learning and MOOCs, where forums are often the only tool available for students to obtain help and support from peers and teachers. A case study-based analysis is then presented which provides evide...
Research
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In the present report, the 3rd and 29th universities in the list of the HE institutions by enrollment, according to the Wikipedia, that is ANADOLU University, Turkey, and UNED, Spain, (both of them members of EADTU), introduce some main innovative solutions mediated by technologies, whose aim is to improve student support and the services to large...
Chapter
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This article presents a prototype social Mobile Assisted Language Learning (henceforth, MALL) app based on Kukulska-Hulme’s (2012) conceptual framework. This research allows the exploration of time, place and activity type as key factors in the design of MALL apps, and is the first step toward a systematic analysis of such a framework in this type...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter explores the relationship between mobile language learning and massive open online courses (MOOCs) and suggests how they may be combined. Over the past decade or so, mobile devices have become more powerful and potentially valuable for second language learning. Improvements in network bandwidth for such devices has also opened the door...
Article
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This article focuses on the role that metacognition can effectively play in the development of second language listening comprehension, and specifically, how a mobile app can be specified for this end. A social mobile assisted listening app, ANT (Audio News Trainer), is presented as a prototype for exploring the way in which students can be helped...
Article
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In this article the importance of listening comprehension for language students is discussed and the possible benefits of using a mobile app to motivate its practice and development are considered. The Audio News Trainer (ANT) is presented as an example of this type of app that uses the news domain as the source of audio recordings. Three research...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, experiences from different research groups illustrate the state-of-the-art of Mobile Assisted Language Learning (henceforth, MALL) in formal and non-formal education. These research samples represent recent and on-going progress made in the field of MALL at an international level and offer encouragement for practitioners who are tryi...
Conference Paper
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This article presents a reflection on what is referred to as ‘the human dimension’ of MOOCs for language learning (LMOOCs). To begin with, the defining features, typology and general characterization of these courses are considered. Then, the article focuses on certain intrinsic problems present in LMOOCs, whose nature is more humanistic than techn...
Article
This article reflects on the suitability of MOOCs for second language learning. It is argued that such LMOOCs can potentiate large-scale student interaction to facilitate verbal competence development if the course content is carefully structured to this end, i.e., modular, diversified and scaffolded. Most LMOOCs consist of texts/recordings followe...
Chapter
Open online courses have been around almost as long as the Internet itself, some of which with very large number of students. However, it was not until 2008 that Dave Cormier actually explicitly used the term MOOC for a Massive Open Online Course (Daniel, 2012; Downes, 2012a; Watters, 2012). Downes (2012b) subsequently argued that MOOCs enable larg...
Article
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This article1 presents a reflection about the way in which recent advances in pedagogy and technology could be harnessed to increase the access to Cultural Heritage. This would happen by using it as a resource for mobile learning in seemingly unrelated areas, such as economics, engineering, science and languages. The 'long-tail effect' of such cont...
Chapter
Widespread access to the web is common these days for people; the Web 2.0 is a part of most people's lives and it is used for a variety of functions from searching for information, communicating with family, friends or colleagues, and ever more often learning. The difficulty with such learning, however, is delimiting what resources should actually...
Chapter
In the introduction to this volume, we promised to present a state-of-the-art of technological and methodological innovation in the teaching and processing of specialized linguistic domains. It is our belief that the chapters included in this compilation have not only offered valuable insights into the promised state-of-the-art but also opened a nu...
Article
Much as happened with open software, there has been a global attitude shift in the education community toward the open sharing of educational courses and resources. As the largest public distance education university in Spain, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED) has had a clear commitment to open learning and content since its very...
Conference Paper
The last few decades have seen advances in communication and computer networks and the evolution of programming languages. New e-Learning resource have emerged and enabled the usage of learning methodologies such as blended and distance learning. These "new" e-learning resources are called Open Educational Resource (OERs) and cover a wide range of...
Article
In this article, an innovative framework for use in Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning (henceforth, ICALL) systems (as developed by the ATLAS research group) is presented in terms of the different models that compose it. It is argued that such a general framework allows the design and development of ICALL systems in a technologically,...
Conference Paper
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UNED (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Spain) has been a pioneer in Europe developing more than 20 MOOCs in 2012 with a pedagogical approach based upon the xMOOC model and run in the UNED COMA platform, openmooc. This paper presents a preliminary analysis for applying the OpenupEd quality label for quality assurance to these courses.
Book
Presents the state of the art of technological and methodological innovation in the teaching and processing of languages for specific purposes Theoretical analysis, fundamental research, and case studies on the current and future directions of technology-enhanced applied linguistics A high-ranking group of international researchers presents findi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this short paper, we present some initial work on Mobile Assisted Language Learning (henceforth, MALL) undertaken by the ATLAS research group. ATLAS embraced this multidisciplinary field (that cuts across Mobile Learning and Computer Assisted Language Learning, henceforth, CALL) as a natural step in their quest to find learning formula for prof...
Article
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This article discusses a prototype quality model developed for courses in the first edition of the UNED MOOC initiative (where over 170,000 students undertook 20 MOOCs between October 2012 and May 2013). It is argued that since it is not easy to differentiate between a MOOC and other types of online courses, it is therefore difficult to specify a...
Article
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Este trabajo estudia las interacciones entre compañeros o interacciones peer-to-peer en el primer Curso Online Masivo y Abierto (COMA o MOOC en inglés) de Inglés Profesional realizado para nativos hispanohablantes en paralelo en las plataformas en línea UNED Abierta y Miríada X, con la finalidad de fomentar la instrucción abierta en el ámbito de la...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: This article discusses the theoretical aspects and practical applications of foreign language massive open online courses (henceforth, LMOOCs). Firstly, LMOOCs are presented as a fairly recent didactic modality that has emerged with an enormous potential for rich, flexible, and attractive collaborative learning and social interaction, in...
Article
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This work presents a study of the interactions between course mates, i.e., peer-to-peer interactions, in the first Professional English MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) for Spanish native speakers, which was started in parallel on Open UNED's MOOC platform and also on Miriada X. One of the objectives of this course was to foster open interaction i...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents the research carried out on the analysis of the adaptations that should be included in mobile devices so that they can be applied to ubiquitous language learning. These adaptations have been determined within the SO-CALL-ME project, following the ‘Design For All’ and ‘User-Centered Design’ principles. This work focuses on the us...
Article
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Este artículo intenta hacer una reflexión teórica sobre Java que sea de interés y utilidad para la comunidad informática, y especialmente para los programadores de aplicaciones lingüísticas, ya que, como ocurre con muchas otras tecnologías asociadas con la Web, hay cierta confusión, falta de información y malentendidos sobre este lenguaje de progra...
Article
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Ya en pleno siglo XXI hay cada vez más personas interesadas en el aprendizaje a distancia facilitado por las nuevas tecnologías. Se prevé que un factor fundamental que determinará este proceso en un futuro más o menos próximo será la combinación de la aparición de una Internet más rápida y su acceso a precios muy reducidos (por ejemplo, la transmis...
Conference Paper
Personal Learning Environments (PLEs) have gained importance over recent years thanks to the wide use of the Web 2.0. An interesting functionality is the creation of customized PLEs, to improve the learning process. This work proposes a new paradigm to create customized PLEs by deconstructing a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE).
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Early Computer Assisted Language Learning programs reflected the structural/behavioral view of language. This computer-based language instruction was characterized by the use of software that was prescriptive by nature. As developments in computer hardware and software were made, it appeared that AI might offer a way to give CALL software the abili...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
UNED (Spanish University for Distance Education) is the largest public distance education university in Spain with over 220,000 students, 1600 lecturers and 2000 administrative staff. Actually, the new degrees have been started using the EHEA (European Higher Education Area) directives. So, as it indicates in EHEA specifications, an online course m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
UNED (Spanish University for Distance Education) is the largest public distance education university in Spain with over 220,000 students, 1600 lecturers and 2000 administrative staff. Currently, the EHEA (European Higher Education Area) adapted new degrees have just started, so focusing on personal activities for the evaluation model is very import...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The creation and maintenance of a virtual campus is a task that not only implies the deployment of sophisticated hardware and software but also requires considerable effort in the integration of the main university management systems with the chosen teaching tools present in the campus. Such integration requires the definition of a range of service...
Conference Paper
In this article the generation and exploitation of open educational resources in “virtual attendance” are discussed. Virtual attendance is defined as the combination of synchronous and asynchronous ICT tools used to provide distance education students with the same educational experience that conventional students receive in fact-to-face classes. I...
Article
Online (virtual) courses, consisting of essentially textual materials, discussion forums, limited (auto)evaluation, etc., have represented the state of the art in eLearning for some time. Recent technological innovation in the UNED (the only national public distance university in Spain) has enabled to go beyond the concept of "virtual courses" (imp...
Conference Paper
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In the last years, authoring based on e-learning standards has been consolidated as a core factor of industry and development of interoperable and effective virtual learning environments. However, there is a need for further research on abstraction to provide a more instructional view in the context of authoring tools in a variety of ways, in order...
Conference Paper
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In this paper, the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) adapted technological model is presented, developed in order to provide the e-learning solution for the new grades of the Spanish University for Distance Education (UNED). The transition of UNED's e-learning users to a new platform must focus on user experiences, so WebCT (used in the univers...
Article
Distance second language learning is essentially practical and skill-based requiring personal, social and occupational language-mediated activities with other speakers using the target language. Computer technology has long been used to try to overcome the challenges of distance learning although with limited success. To improve this situation, the...
Article
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La UNED decidió hace 30 años establecer centros de estudios (Centros Asociados) a lo largo de todo el territorio. Para llevar a cabo la acción tutorial en el marco de las nuevas líneas de trabajo marcadas por el proceso de Bolonia, la UNED utiliza la metodología �blended learning�, la cual ofrece una tutoría presencial en los Centros Asociados junt...
Conference Paper
This paper describes the e-learning architecture of the National Spanish Distance Learning University of Spain (UNED). The UNED has more than 200,000 users of e-learning systems (most of them, students) so it needed an enterprise architecture in order to ensure the performance of the virtual campus. The core of virtual campus is aLF (active learnin...
Chapter
This article presents a comparative empirical study of the effectiveness of a traditional face-to-face classroom vs. on-line technology for developing interactive oral English competence. The motivation for this study comes from the Clark – Kozma debate regarding the role and effectiveness of digital media in language learning. This question is upd...
Conference Paper
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Eight years on from the start of the development of the aLF (active learning framework) platform, by the Innova group (in the UNED, Spain), we have approximately 100,000 users grouped in more than 500 virtual learning communities. The development of an integrated space of communities and courses has provided a unified model adapted to the new Europ...
Article
The research presented in this paper shows how lab work can be organized into three phases: prelab, lab, and postlab, all supported by a Web-based experimental portal and a set of tools, some of which are connected to real lab devices. Different online tools and simulators are used in a flexible and configurable way that can be adapted to student c...
Chapter
Abstract: This paper deals with the design of collaborative support for experimental learning, focusing on the articulation of actions in the lab, either real or virtual, and argumentation. Our approach is based upon a distance learning context where we distinguish between three phases: pre-lab, lab and post-lab. We elaborate on the pre-lab phase....
Article
This paper presents an educational chemical laboratory accessible through the Internet. Its aim is providing remote access to a real spectrograph in order students carry out their practicals on distance, without restrictions of space or time, as if they were in the lab. Furthermore, teachers have full control of what students are doing, which is us...
Article
A linguistic, pedagogic and technological framework for an ICALL system called COPPER is presented here, where individual and collaborative learning are combined within a constructivist approach to facilitate second language learning. Based upon the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages, the ability to use language is viewed as one o...
Conference Paper
This article starts from the standard conceptualization of linguistic competence as being composed of four related memories of comparable relevance: reading, listening, writing and speaking. It is argued that there is a considerable imbalance between the application of technology to the former two and the others. A system called COPPER is presented...
Chapter
This paper presents the design of a semantic portal for collaborative learning communities and describes a persistence mechanism that stores objects enriched with a contextual description. The latter enables the knowledge reutilization in many learning activities and scenarios constituting, as such, a collective memory of the community. The current...
Article
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Este artículo hace una presentación general de los principales paradigmas educativos existentes, y en particular del papel que muchos autores asignan a la tecnología en la búsqueda de soluciones a algunas de las limitaciones del aprendizaje en colectivos numerosos. Tras destacarse las ventajas de la tecnología centrada en el aprendiente, se hace un...
Article
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A learning object repository (or LOR) is presented as a mechanism which facilitates the organisation and reuse of collaborative learning scenarios, using metadata and ontologies. The main design concern here is making it easy for authors and learners to work with the LOR while creating or using learning environments. Three views of the repository a...
Conference Paper
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In this paper the underlying knowledge model and architecture of I- PETER (Intelligent Personalised English Tutoring EnviRonment) are pre- sented. This system has been designed for the on-line distance learning of Eng- lish where too many students restrict the teacher's possibilities to provide indi- vidualised guidance. I-PETER is made up of four...
Conference Paper
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In this paper the 'Active Document system', grounded in the Activity Theory, is presented. This system serves both as a representational framework for the description of learning activities and a harne ss for the mechanisms necessary to support the creation and management of the corresponding computer-based scenarios. This system is made up of thre...