Timothy Edward Jones

Timothy Edward Jones
Cardiff University | CU · Department of Ancient History

MPhil; MA; BA; BSc

About

43
Publications
12,249
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1
Citation
Introduction
I am a researcher primarily interested in ancient combat techniques especially as these relate to both physical and social disability. I specialise in interpretations of artistic representations via experimental work. I am associated with Swansea Egypt Centre as both a research assistant and a gallery supervisor. My other research interests include the history and archaeology of the Severn Estuary hinterland, historical metalworking, pottery and paleo-oceanography.

Publications

Publications (43)
Presentation
Full-text available
This work focusses on three things. The first is to compare Usama ibn Munqidh’s Kitab al-I’tibar with later training manuals to model how individuals fought in 12th century Syria. The second is to compare this model with western techniques of the period in order to identify differences between the two. Finally, it tests my hypothesis that artwork s...
Thesis
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This dissertation uses both visual artwork and literature to model how men fought with spear and shield in Early Medieval Britain in order to guide archaeological discussions of wound trauma and funerary weapon assemblages. The work is divided into three parts dealing with different aspects of modelling Early Medieval combat: the Bayeux Tapestry, g...
Presentation
Full-text available
This essay explores how the provisions of La Règle du Temple affected how the Templars fought in Outremer. It highlights where the incorporation of religious norms meant that La Règle had a detrimental effect on military efficiency. In addition, by adopting Bennett’s (1989) methodology and comparing the provisions of La Règle with later techniques,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
boosting rates of disability employment levels in Heritage especially archaeology using existing UK government schemes
Conference Paper
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a brief introduction to how the fechtbuch illustrate both the democratisation of knowledge and the increasing acceptance of cross/multi-cultural knowledge as the Medieval period progresses from the High, to Late to Renaissence.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper I examine the difficulties of taking texts at face value in order to ascribe emotional states to individuals involved in historical events. My particular case study involves the way that scholars have mostly accepted the commander’s ofermod, an Old English word meaning ‘pride, arrogance or overconfidence’ (Mitchell & Robinson, 2001, 3...
Working Paper
Full-text available
Presentation
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This presentation analysed the descriptions of ’siege’ warfare in Homer in order to judge the validity of the oft stated view that there are no sieges in Homer. The paper concludes that by comparison with what are accepted as sieges it is indeed valid to allow the actions of the Trojan War as described by Homer as being part of siege warfare.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper expands on a theme that I investigated as part of my 2015 MPhil thesis by showing how the claims of the see of Llandaff to secular estates varied with time depending on the need to reach accommodation with different groups at different times. The paper concentrates on how the see adjusted its claims to land and privileges in order to bot...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper uses the examples of four royal women, two historical and two legendary, to examine how such women who took on masculine roles were regarded by writers and audiences. It controversially includes Clytemnestra under the title 'warrior' queens, hence the quotes, in order to expand consideration of involvement in violence from the 'Western'...
Presentation
Full-text available
This is a case study of how one Icelandic saga can be used to demonstrate that techniques of asymmetric warfare in medieval Europe were as well known as in other cultures and to show how these could be used by the weaker, in this case physically disabled, to prevail against the stronger under endemic conditions of ’primitive warfare’.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper examines the changing nature of estate tenure in the southern part of the modern County of Monmouthshire between the floruit of Cyfeiliog, a Bishop of Archenfield who was later anachronistically styled Bishop of Llandaff, and the accession of John of Monmouth to the see of Llandaff. This period saw several important changes that affected...
Presentation
Full-text available
this is part of my presentation on Egyptian warfare
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper examines how the Order of St Lazarus could have operated in order to allow Christian knights affected with leprosy to redeem their sins by dying in battle on Crusade. The paper also briefly considers whether or not wider disabling conditions were also incorporated.
Research
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This work analyses a series of 18th century drawings in the light of known combat techniques in order to determine if they are just artistic representations or actually have some validity in modelling aspects of combat.
Thesis
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This work is a revised version of a thesis for the Open University’s MA in Classical Studies presented originally in September 2015. It undertakes a detailed analysis of a small sample of the gladiatorial images published by Oswald (1936-37) and uses them to present a new model of how the Ludus was staged. This is done by comparing the figures sele...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper examined the possibility that the depictions of combat in bthe Walpurgis Codex may have been influenced by Sassanian art via the intermediary of Islamic art that had neeb picked up by the military orders in the Outremer.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper investigated the possibility that the Liber Landavensis had survived the Reformation in part because it was useful to the reformed Church in Wales because it showed that the Welsh Church in pre-Norman times had not followed the Papal line wrt religious dogma.
Conference Paper
This paper examined the correlation between early churches in the LL and the coastline, coming to the conclusion that all the early churches were located above the coastal alluvium thereby suggesting that they all predated the building of sea walls. This means that the Caldicot Levels were probably not defended by preclusive sea defences prior to c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Based on the premise in the Words of Odin used at the start of the title this paper suggested that we cannot reliably describe an individual with deformities as disabled in past societies. The examples used were all drawn from the field of warfare and they demonstrated that cultural factors could and did affect whether a person was considered fit f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper explored the process whereby areas on the periphery of 'states' can often possess environments that make large scale importation of military strength from the heartlands impossible due to the deleterious effects on the health of the soldiery. This constrains the use of local forces and facilitates, indeed mandates, the development of a m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper concluded that the absence of any evidence for destruction within the area normally attributed to the Silures by archaeologist is incompatible with Tacitus's description of a prolonged and bitter counter guerilla campaign. This is even more so when it is noted that several settlements continued in occupation throughout this period which,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper uses comparative artistic representations from western martial arts manuals and experimental work to try to explain why the fencing techniques in MS I-33 are depicted in the way they were.
Conference Paper
This paper presented a basic overview into how the use of the seaways for power projection had remained constant across time since at least the Classical period despite advances in technology
Poster
This paper applied a marine engineering and physial oceanographic modelling approach to understanding the problems of and the subsequent redisign of the world’s only circular hulled battleships.

Questions

Questions (3)

Projects

Projects (7)
Project
To continue working on different aspects of the Book of Llandaff wrt its date, the wider landscape, the evolution of the church in South East Wales and its reception and usage outside ecclesiastical circles.
Archived project
I am currently working on a conference paper detailing how the Order of St Lazarus provided those with leprosy the chance to redeem their sins, in particular those which may have caused the leprosy by dying a Crusader's death.