Timothy Johnson

Timothy Johnson
Johnson Matthey

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21
Publications
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363
Citations

Publications

Publications (21)
Article
Full-text available
The rational design of disordered frameworks is an appealing route to target functional materials. However, intentional realisation of such materials relies on our ability to readily characterise and quantify structural disorder. Here, we use multivariate analysis of pair distribution functions to fingerprint and quantify the disorder within a seri...
Article
Full-text available
The production of MOFs at large scale in a sustainable way is key if these materials are to be exploited for their promised widespread application. Much of the published literature has focused on demonstrations of preparation routes using difficult or expensive methodologies to scale. One such MOF is nano-zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) –...
Preprint
Full-text available
The rational design of disordered frameworks is an appealing route to target functional materials. However, intentional realisation of such materials relies on our ability to readily characterise and quantify structural disorder. Here, we use multivariate analysis of pair distribution functions to fingerprint and quantify the disorder within a seri...
Article
It is human nature to prefer additive problem solving even if removal may be the more efficient solution. This heuristic has wide ranging implications when dealing with science, innovation and complex problem solving. This is compounded when dealing with these issues at an institutional level. Additive solutions to workflows with extra software too...
Article
Full-text available
Polybenzimidazole (PBI) is a promising and suitable membrane polymer for the separation of the H 2 /CO 2 pre-combustion gas mixture due to its high performance in terms of chemical and thermal stability and intrinsic H 2 /CO 2 selectivity. However, there is a lack of long-term separation studies with this polymer, particularly when it is conformed...
Article
Full-text available
Amorphous metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are an emerging class of materials. However, their structural characterisation represents a significant challenge. Fe-BTC, and the commercial equivalent Basolite® F300, are MOFs with incredibly diverse catalytic ability, yet their disordered structures remain poorly understood. Here, we use advanced electro...
Article
Defect engineering is a powerful tool that can be used to tailor the properties of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). Here, we incorporate defects through ball milling to systematically vary the porosity of the giant pore MOF, MIL-100 (Fe). We show that milling leads to the breaking of metal-linker bonds, generating additional coordinatively unsatura...
Article
Herein we report how various metal–organic framework (MOF) reaction mixtures behave at elevated temperature and pressure. Adiabatic calorimetry and high-pressure differential scanning calorimetry experiments were conducted to probe the effect of excessive heating of these reaction mixtures to determine the safe working limits. These data demonstrat...
Article
Disordered metal–organic frameworks are emerging as an attractive class of functional materials, however their applications in gas storage and separation have yet to be fully explored. Here, we investigate gas...
Article
Full-text available
Affordable and readily available microelectronics are becoming prevalent in teaching laboratories however these useful and economic tools are not used widely in either academia or industry. Herein we report how a metal organic framework (MOF) synthetic route can be optimized using an in situ monitoring apparatus designed in-house on open source har...
Article
The effect of different deprotonators as well as washing steps and drying procedure on the synthesis of ZIF-8 from the mother liquor was investigated. The morphology, thermal stability, crystallinity, and surface area of the synthesized MOF were investigated. In addition, life-cycle assessment (LCA) or, in other words, eco-balance, was implemented...
Article
Full-text available
High performance and commercially attractive mixed-matrix membranes were developed for H2/CO2 separation via a scalable hollow fiber spinning process. Thin (~300 nm) and defect-free selective layers were successfully created with a uniform distribution of the nanosized (~60 nm) zeolitic-imidazole framework (ZIF-8) filler within the polymer (polyben...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to produce large scale quantities of MOF materials is essential for the commercialisation of these frameworks to continue. Herein we report how the production of ZIF-94 can be improved from a ∼1 g laboratory preparation to a scalable procedure allowing for large scale production of the desired framework. The synthesis of ZIF-94 was comp...
Article
Full-text available
Multinary lithium oxides with the rock salt structure are of technological importance as cathode materials in rechargeable lithium ion batteries. Current state of the art cathodes such as LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 rely on redox cycling of earth-abundant transition metal cations to provide charge capacity. Recently, the possibility of using the oxide anio...
Article
Full-text available
Percutaneous coronary intervention for the treatment of coronary artery disease is most commonly performed in the UK through the radial artery, as this is safer than the femoral approach. However, despite improvements in technology and techniques, complications can occur. The most common complication, arterial spasm, can cause intense pain and, in...
Article
Membrane separation for gas purification is an energy‐efficient and environment‐friendly technology. However, the development of high performance membranes is still a great challenge. In principle, mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) have the potential to overcome current materials limitations, but in practice there is no straightforward method to match...
Article
In order to gain insight into the influence of metal‐organic framework (MOF) filler and polymer on membrane performance, eight different composites are studied by combining four MOFs and two polymers. MOF materials (NH2‐MIL‐53(Al), MIL‐69(Al), MIL‐96(Al) and ZIF‐94) with various chemical functionalities, topologies, and dimensionalities of porosity...
Article
Full-text available
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) using membranes for the separation of CO2 holds great promise for the reduction of atmospheric CO2 emissions from fuel combustion and industrial processes. Among the different process outlines, post-combustion CO2 capture could be easily implemented in existing power plants. However, for this technology to become vi...
Article
A stable visible-light-driven photocatalyst (λ≥450 nm) for water oxidation is reported. Rhodium substitution into the pyrochlore Y2Ti2O7 is demonstrated by monitoring Vegard′s law evolution of the unit-cell parameters with changing rhodium content, to a maximum content of 3 % dopant. Substitution renders the solid solutions visible-light active. Th...
Article
A stable visible-light-driven photocatalyst (λ≥450 nm) for water oxidation is reported. Rhodium substitution into the pyrochlore Y2Ti2O7 is demonstrated by monitoring Vegard′s law evolution of the unit-cell parameters with changing rhodium content, to a maximum content of 3 % dopant. Substitution renders the solid solutions visible-light active. Th...
Article
A photogalvanic cell that employs 2,4-dichlorophenol as a fuel source, an N-substituted phenothiazine as light harvester, and sacrificial zinc anode is presented, and shown to afford a ca. 4% light-to-electrical power conversion efficiency in violet light.

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