Tim Vantilborgh

Tim Vantilborgh
Vrije Universiteit Brussel | VUB · Experimental and Applied Psychology (EXTO)

Doctor in Psychology

About

67
Publications
36,652
Reads
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1,486
Citations
Citations since 2017
34 Research Items
1246 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Additional affiliations
February 2014 - present
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Teaching research methods I & II. Research on psychological contracts, emotions, trust, volunteering, and dynamic processes.
January 2013 - January 2014
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Working as a post-doctoral researcher in an Interuniversity Attraction Pole ("If not for profit, for what and how?"), focusing on the psychological contract of volunteers in social enterprises.
July 2012 - December 2012
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2004 - June 2007
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Field of study
  • Psychology
September 2002 - June 2004
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (67)
Article
Full-text available
A great deal of empirical research on the consequences of a psychological contract breach (PCB) has overlooked the role of time in understanding individuals’ reactions to a PCB. Moreover, psychological contract research primarily focuses on how employees react to perceptions of a PCB, while questions regarding how the organization’s responsiveness...
Article
Full-text available
University students are at elevated risk for psychological distress, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of this study was to warmly contact our students and investigate the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the subjective wellbeing (SWB) and levels of psychological symptoms (such as depressive and anxious feelings) of u...
Article
Full-text available
Ideological psychological contracts (PC) describe perceived obligations that relate to an organization’s mission, values, and principles, and they relate closely to employees’ self-concept. The ideological currency is prevalent across various professions and organizations. In this study, we argue that employees engage in corrective behavior (i.e.,...
Article
Full-text available
Psychological contract (PC) breach perceptions are formed when employees detect discrepancies between obligated and delivered inducements. PCB stresses and strains employees to varying degrees and has detrimental consequences for employees and the organisation. Employees activate various coping strategies to respond to the stress elicited by PCB, a...
Article
This study examines the dynamic interaction between perceptions of psychological contract breach (PCB), negative emotions, and stress over time. Additionally, we determine if individuals could be differentiated based on coping profiles, and further assessed whether emotional and stress reactions to PCB over time varied as a function of these profil...
Article
Full-text available
Murphy (2021) argues that the field of Industrial-Organizational (I/O) Psychology needs to pay more attention to descriptive statistics (“Table 1”; e.g., M, SD, reliability, correlations) when reporting and interpreting results. We agree that authors need to present a clear and transparent description of their data and that descriptive statistics a...
Preprint
This study examines the dynamic interaction between perceptions of psychological contract breach (PCB), negative emotions, and stress over time. Additionally, we determine if individuals could be differentiated based on coping profiles, and further assessed whether emotional and stress reactions to PCB over time varied as a function of these profil...
Preprint
Volunteer turnover is a key issue for non-profit organizations and various reasons for turnover have been explored in the literature. I introduce a new concept that captures conflict between the volunteering and the family domains in life and test whether it can explain turnover of volunteers. Moreover, I test whether features of volunteers' psycho...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores cultural differences in the sensemaking process of employees following psychological contract evaluations. Data from 20 Belgian and 21 Chinese employees were collected using qualitative methods. An analysis of 94 critical incidents relayed by the employees reveals the attributional, emotional, and behavioral reactions that are t...
Article
The present meta-analysis tests how cost- and people-oriented strategic interventions impact temporal-dynamic changes in unit-level job attitudes within organizations. Analyses are based on 573 effect sizes across 137 longitudinal studies containing unit-level change in job attitudes across three time periods (pre-, during, post-change). Results re...
Article
Full-text available
Background Workplace stress carries considerable costs for the employees’ wellbeing and for the organization’s performance. Recent studies demonstrate that perceptions of psychological contract breach are a source of stress for employees. That is, when employees notice that their employer does not fulfil certain obligations, they will perceive that...
Article
Competence and warmth are two fundamental stereotypical dimensions that frame people's social judgments. Since we currently lack evidence about how the volunteering workforce is socially perceived, this study aims to (a) understand which stereotypes are associated with volunteers, and (b) determine whether these perceptions vary as a result of cont...
Article
Full-text available
This study qualitatively explores differences in psychological contract (PC) content between Belgian and Chinese employees, while attempting to understand these differences from the perspective of cultural values. We build on theory concerning horizontal and vertical individualism/collectivism to interpret differences in PC content. 21 Chinese and...
Article
The psychological contract (PC) is a dynamic process, where employees actively and passively adjust their perceptions of obligated and delivered inducements. In this study, we focus on the temporal changes in employee’s perceptions of obligated and delivered inducements and show that these micro-level dynamics take place at every stage through the...
Article
About competencies and situations: A trait-activation approach to the competency framework for peer review - Volume 13 Issue 1 - Joeri Hofmans, Tim Vantilborgh, Sara De Gieter
Article
Full-text available
This manifesto presents 10 recommendations for a sustainable future for the field of Work and Organizational Psychology. The manifesto is the result of an emerging movement around the Future of WOP (see www. futureofwop.com), which aims to bring together WOP-scholars committed to actively contribute to building a better future for our field. Our re...
Preprint
Full-text available
This chapter introduces the individual Psychological Contract (iPC) network model as an alternative approach to study psychological contracts. This model departs from the basic idea that a psychological contract forms a mental schema containing obligated inducements and contributions, which are exchanged for each other. This mental schema is captur...
Article
Most, if not all, workplace phenomena are dynamic, meaning that they emerge, evolve, and dissolve over time. Yet, the role of time is commonly overlooked in OB literature. This special issue showcases how a temporal process-oriented lens can be used to study dynamics of workplace phenomena. In this editorial, we define the term dynamics, arguing th...
Article
Full-text available
This chapter discusses the role of psychological contracts along the lifespan and careers of workers. It explains the meaning of the psychological contract, and discusses lifespan theories in relation to how psychological contracts may change with age. In particular, there are three ways through which psychological contracts evolve over time. First...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter discusses the role of psychological contracts along the lifespan and careers of workers. It explains the meaning of the psychological contract, and discusses lifespan theories in relation to how psychological contracts may change with age. In particular, there are three ways through which psychological contracts evolve over time. First...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research showed that perceptions of psychological contract (PC) breach have undesirable individual and organizational consequences. Surprisingly, the PC literature has paid little to no attention to the relationship between PC breach perceptions and stress. A better understanding of how PC breach may elicit stress seems crucial, given that...
Article
Full-text available
Although counterproductive work behaviour towards the organization ( CWB ‐O) or supervisors ( CWB ‐S) is commonly treated as a reaction to psychological contract breach ( PCB ), we propose that the PCB ‐ CWB relationship is recursive and that CWB may increase the likelihood to perceive PCB through its effects on self‐esteem and subsequently on orga...
Article
Full-text available
Scholars agree that counterproductive work behavior (CWB) is instigated by psychological contract breach and violation feelings. In this paper, we focus on the mediating role of violation feelings (mixture of negative emotions) in the relationship between psychological contract breach and CWB, and assess whether volunteers and paid employees experi...
Article
The purpose of this study was to investigate the dynamic relationship between psychological contract (PC) breach, violation feelings, and acts of counterproductive work (CWBs) and organizational citizenship (OCBs) behavior, as well as to investigate the reverse relationship from CWB and OCB to PC breach. We tested these direct and reverse relations...
Article
Full-text available
In the present paper, we introduce k-centres functional clustering (k-centres FC), a person-centered method that clusters people with similar patterns of complex, highly nonlinear change over time. We review fundamentals of the methodology and argue how it addresses some of the limitations of the traditional approaches to modeling repeated measures...
Article
The reliability of volunteers is a major concern for many nonprofit organizations. To address this problem in more detail, we develop a theoretical model of volunteer reliability based on psychological contract theory. By taking this perspective as a starting point, we explore how individual volunteer characteristics, organizational factors, and so...
Article
Full-text available
We propose that voluntary work, characterized by social, physical and cognitive activity in later life is associated with fewer cognitive problems and lower dementia rates. We test these assumptions using 3-wave, self-reported, and registry data from the 2010, 2012, and 2014 Swedish National Prescribed Drug Register. We had three groups of seniors...
Article
Full-text available
The work of volunteers is indispensable for the well functioning of healthcare organizations, and for maintaining the quality of care in times of austerity. As feelings of intrinsic motivation stimulate volunteer well-being and their long-term engagement, we study how team inclusion relates to volunteers’ intrinsic motivation during their activitie...
Article
Full-text available
While it has been shown that psychological contract breach leads to detrimental outcomes, relatively little is known about factors leading to perceptions of breach. We examine if job demands and resources predict breach perceptions. We argue that perceiving high demands elicits negative affect, while perceiving high resources stimulates positive af...
Data
Detailed description of analyses. (DOCX)
Data
Cross-validation of measures. (DOCX)
Data
Psychological contract breach item. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
We study the dynamics of need satisfaction and need frustration by examining how need satisfaction and need frustration change over time and how these changes relate to changes in motivation. To investigate this, volunteers were assessed daily during a delineated activity, resulting in a total sample of 77 volunteers and 467 completed daily diaries...
Article
Full-text available
Using a multi-wave, multi-level design, this study unravels the impact of subjective (dis)similarities in teams on team effectiveness. Based on optimal distinctiveness theory and the social inclusion model, we assume combined effects of individual and shared perceptions of supplementary and complementary person–team fit on affective and performance...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the link between membership size and the governance of grassroots associations. The issue of mission preference heterogeneity is highlighted and its effect on membership size is analyzed by developing a model and conducting a numerical simulation. An important finding is that the degree of heterogeneity of mission preferences in...
Article
Full-text available
Entrepreneurial orientation is defined as an organization’s strategy, describing its innovativeness, proactivity, risk taking, autonomy and competitiveness. We argue that this concept can be translated to the individual level as a constellation of five personality traits that characterize entrepreneurs. We examine the usefulness of these five trait...
Article
Full-text available
Several scholars in the field of volunteering emphasized the pivotal role of psychological contract (PC) violation in explaining maladaptive behavioural reactions—such as counterproductive work behaviour (CWB)—of volunteers. Reactions to violation feelings are, however, interrelated and may intensify over time. Extending this dynamic perspective, w...
Article
Full-text available
Several scholars in the field of volunteering emphasized the pivotal role of psychological contract (PC) violation in explaining maladaptive behavioural reactions—such as counterproductive work behaviour (CWB)—of volunteers. Reactions to violation feelings are, however, interrelated and may intensify over time. Extending this dynamic perspective, w...
Article
Full-text available
Directors on boards of nonprofit organizations can have additional director positions in other nonprofit organizations. When several of these interlocking directors exist for a group of nonprofit organizations, a board network is formed. We investigate to what extent similarity between organizations in terms of size, funding structure and operation...
Article
While it has been shown that psychological contract breach leads to detrimental outcomes for paid employees and volunteers, relatively little is known about factors leading to perceptions of breach. We examine if job demands and resources are potential antecedents of breach perceptions. We argue that perceiving high demands elicits negative affect,...
Article
Full-text available
In this literature review, we take advantage of analyzing nonprofit leadership teams rather than its components, such as the board, the executive management or specific committees. Within this perspective, we define the concept of ‘nonprofit leadership alignment’. We combine different bodies of literature which we structure under three headings: (1...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study we contrast materialistic (i.e., income and economic inequality) and psychosocial (i.e., social circumstances) pathway perspectives on whether volunteering while being unemployed mitigates the well-documented negative effects of unemployment on health, health behaviors, and well-being. We test our hypotheses using data from the...
Chapter
Full-text available
Many organizations are currently facing an aging workforce and have therefore called for researchers to examine how older employees can be optimally motivated and retained. To this end, we believe it is essential to understand what older employees expect from their organization. We therefore introduce the psychological contract—describing the mutua...
Article
The psychological contract is a valuable concept when examining the employer-employee relationship as substantial research documented the adverse effects of psychological contract breach and violation on—for example—counterproductive work behavior towards the organization (CWB-O) and colleagues (CWB-I). While CWB is commonly treated as a consequenc...
Chapter
Full-text available
We assess how age relates to the degree of balance in volunteers’ psychological contracts (PCs). Research on PCs treating age as a substantive variable remains scarce in the literature. Nonetheless, this seems important in light of the increasing age-diversity in the voluntary workforce, as several theories suggest that younger and older individual...
Article
Psychological contract fulfillment—an individual’s perception of the degree to which an organization fulfills its promises—is critical to understand how people behave in exchange relationships. I examine if fulfillment explains exit, (aggressive and considerate) voice, loyalty, and neglect behaviors of volunteers. Moreover, I test whether these rel...
Article
Full-text available
Myriad studies have shown that psychological contract breach and fulfillment relate to employees' job satisfaction. However, these studies primarily utilized samples of Western employees, calling into question the cross-cultural generalizability of their findings. This paper attempts to answer this question, by investigating the relationship betwee...
Article
Full-text available
For many nonprofit organizations, it is of the utmost importance to understand why some volunteers donate more time than others. This article ex-amines how the Big Five personality traits relate to the amount of time donated by volunteers and proposes that transactional, relational, and ideological psycho-logical contracts mediate this relationship...
Article
Full-text available
Although today’s nonprofit organizations make a strong appeal to vol- unteers, they often have difficulties with attracting and retaining these free labor forces. In this sense, studying the motivation of volunteers and its effects proves useful. In the present article, we investigate the relationship between volunteers’ motivation and their self-r...
Article
Full-text available
The ideological psychological contract (PC) describes perceived obligations related to an organization’s mission, values, and principles. The lack of research regarding ideological PC breach and fulfilment is surprising, as theory states that this PC type has distinct effects on outcomes. We address this gap in the literature and investigate how id...
Article
Full-text available
There is a growing interest in applying the psychological contract concept to the relationship between volunteers and nonprofit organizations. However, previous studies overlook certain elements of volunteers’ psychological contracts as they build on theory established with reference to paid employees. We argue that the inclusion of a value-based p...
Article
We assess how age relates to the degree of balance in volunteers’ psychological contracts (PCs). Research on PCs treating age as a substantive variable remains scarce in the literature. Nonetheless, this seems important in light of the increasing age-diversity in the voluntary workforce, as several theories suggest that younger and older individual...
Article
Full-text available
A nonprofit “governance quality index” was developed to enable verification and falsification of contemporary theoretical insights on social service organizations. Indicators were generated based on an extensive qualitative exploration. For the quantitative validation, a data setwas composed of 526 respondents from 52 organizations. Five subdimensi...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we test whether reasons to quit volunteering can be structured as the commonly used six functional motives to volunteer of Clary et al. (1998). We conjecture that owing to volunteer involvement in an organization, additional contextual factors influence the choice to stop volunteering for that organization. Based on a literature rev...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – A survey study was conducted in seven best practice organizations in the field of talent management. By cross-checking their existing high potential lists, the authors aimed to examine to which extent assessments of learning agility were able to predict being identified as a high potential or not above and beyond a baseline prediction by...
Article
Full-text available
Two major evolutions have been reported to occur in the nonprofit sector during the past decades. Both the nature of nonprofit organizations (NPOs) and of volunteering style are changing. While this creates challenges for NPO governance and management, little is known about the process or the outcomes of these two developments. We propose a two-dim...
Chapter
Full-text available
We examine a nonprofit organization (npo) with a manager and a motivated volunteer, assume that the manager has private information about the volunteer’s utility function, that the volunteer has no private information on the manager’s utility function, and propose a signaling solution for the volunteer’s effort decision. We focus on the general pro...
Article
Full-text available
Learning agility as metacompetency: Developability and career outcomes Learning agility as metacompetency: Developability and career outcomes N. Dries, T. Vantilborgh, R. Pepermans & L. Venneman, Gedrag & Organisatie, volume 21, November 2008, nr. 4, pp. 365-385 The current study let supervisors rate subordinates in terms of learning agility and fo...
Article
Full-text available
The current study let supervisors rate subordinates in terms of learning agility and focused on two research questions: (1) is learning agility developable; and (2) in what way does learning agility manifest itself in the workplace and in the careers of individuals? As regards the first research question, we found no effect of age and work experien...

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