Tim Allen

Tim Allen
The London School of Economics and Political Science | LSE · Department of International Development

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113
Publications
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Publications

Publications (113)
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The integration of more diverse perspectives into the development of evidence for decision-making has been elusive, despite years of rhetoric to the contrary. This has led to cycles of population-based health interventions which have not delivered the promised results. The WHO most recently set a target for schistosomiasis elimination...
Article
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Present-day people from England and Wales harbour more ancestry derived from Early European Farmers (EEF) than people of the Early Bronze Age¹. To understand this, we generated genome-wide data from 793 individuals, increasing data from the Middle to Late Bronze and Iron Age in Britain by 12-fold, and Western and Central Europe by 3.5-fold. Between...
Article
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This article focuses on young people who returned from the Lord’s Resistance Army in northern Uganda, mostly as children, over ten years ago. They are, by definition, resilient, because they have survived, but there are important variations. For the most part, those who managed to gain status in the LRA, are those most likely to present themselves...
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Background Much has been written about the short-term challenges facing children returning ‘home’ from rebel fighting groups, but little is known about the longer term day to day realities of return. This article presents findings from the first long-term assessment of the social and economic challenges facing an officially registered group of chil...
Article
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Background Evidence-informed decision-making to assist public health practitioners in local-level programme implementation requires adaptive approaches to research, policy and practice. To address these needs there is focus on using participatory methods. Adopting such methods, this research asks: what are the evidence needs of local public health...
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Background The linear theories of change which ground many interventions do not account for the complex processes and systems in which they are implemented. This reductionist approach prioritises statistical methods which do not accommodate the stochastic, non-linear, dynamic interactions between humans and their environment. The inclusion of pract...
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In northern Uganda, more than 50,000 people were recruited by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) between the late 1980s and 2004, mostly by force. Around half of those taken were children (under 18 years old). A large number were never seen by their families again, but more than 20,000 returned through aid-financed reception centres. Endeavours were...
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A well‐known medical journal, The Lancet, recently published an important systematic review and meta‐analysis of mental disorder estimates in conflict settings, advocating for the scaling up of mental health interventions in such contexts. However, there is an assumption that the introduction of such treatments has no significant impact, except fro...
Article
It is unclear how public authorities shaped responses to Ebola in Sierra Leone. Focusing on one village, we analyze what happened when “staff, stuff, space, and systems” were absent. Mutuality between neighbors, linked to secret societies, necessitated collective care for infected loved ones, irrespective of the risks. Practical learning was quick....
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From around 2750 to 2500 BC, Bell Beaker pottery became widespread across western and central Europe, before it disappeared between 2200 and 1800 BC. The forces that propelled its expansion are a matter of long-standing debate, and there is support for both cultural diffusion and migration having a role in this process. Here we present genome-wide...
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Bell Beaker pottery spread across western and central Europe beginning around 2750 BCE before disappearing between 2200-1800 BCE. The mechanism of its expansion is a topic of long-standing debate, with support for both cultural diffusion and human migration. We present new genome-wide ancient DNA data from 170 Neolithic, Copper Age and Bronze Age E...
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Summary The term ‘neglected tropical diseases’ (NTDs) points to the need for a biosocial perspective. Although ‘diseases’ are widely understood as biological phenomena, ‘neglect’ is inherently social. Social priorities, social relations and social behaviour profoundly influence the design, implementation and evaluation of control programmes. Yet, t...
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Summary Recent debates about deworming school-aged children in East Africa have been described as the ‘Worm Wars’. The stakes are high. Deworming has become one of the top priorities in the fight against infectious diseases. Staff at the World Health Organization, the Gates Foundation and the World Bank (among other institutions) have endorsed the...
Article
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BIOSOCIAL APPROACHES TO THE CONTROL OF NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES - Volume 48 Issue S1 - Melissa Parker, Katja Polman, Tim Allen
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Animal welfare is an important area of study for professionals in fields of animal care and use, and many turn to self-learning resources to gain a better understanding of topics in this area. We assessed the state of these self-learning resources by evaluating open access, freely available resources on the internet with respect to their content an...
Article
In this study, we analyze the price and time-on-market effects related to the location of the master bedroom within single-family houses. As the “graying” of the U.S. population continues, it seems reasonable to investigate how those demographic changes might impact residential real estate markets. Toward that goal, we analyze sold property data ob...
Article
Strange murders have occurred in northern Uganda. Blood is said to have been removed from the victims, and there are tales about child sacrifice and terrifying witchcraft. An 'election' was organised to select the culprit, known as 'Mr Red', and vigilante mobs have destroyed his property. This article places these events in context, and shows how u...
Article
This article examines how justice and social order are administered and experienced in poor, politically fragile and conflict-affected environments. Taking notions of legal pluralism and public authority as our starting point, we explore how moral and social worlds are understood in places where 'the law' is not necessarily a discrete institutional...
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Humanitarian agencies in northern Uganda have been prone to cognitive dissonance and impunity. They were drawn into anti-insurgency procedures, and implemented various policy that ignored evidence, usually driven by normative agendas. This article explores reasons why they act in that way..
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Recent responses to people alleged to be 'witches' or 'poisoners' among the Madi of northern Uganda are compared with those of the 1980s. The extreme violence of past incidents is set in the context of contemporary upheavals and, in effect, encouragement from Catholic and governmental attitudes and initiatives. Mob justice has subsequently become l...
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Large amounts of funding are being allocated to the control of neglected tropical diseases. Strategies primarily rely on the mass distribution of drugs to adults and children living in endemic areas. The approach is presented as morally appropriate, technically effective, and context-free. Drawing on research undertaken in East Africa, we discuss w...
Technical Report
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This review draws on primary research in Doncaster and Wirral, interviews with some key organisations in this field, together with a review of evidence drawn from a wide range of other turnarounds following organisational failure in councils, other public services and in private sector situations. We begin by assessing this wider evidence base and...
Article
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Twenty-five years ago it was a common occurrence for anthropological fieldwork to be undertaken without securing ethical clearance, even if it involved collecting blood, urine or stool samples and/or investigating sensitive issues. This rarely happens now. Anthropologists working in the arena of global health, for example, are supposed to secure et...
Article
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Summary This article documents understandings and responses to mass drug administration (MDA) for the treatment and prevention of lymphatic filariasis among adults and children in northern coastal Tanzania from 2004 to 2011. Assessment of village-level distribution registers, combined with self-reported drug uptake surveys of adults, participant ob...
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With more than 70 million views, KONY 2012 has achieved its aim of meeting a mass audience. But the film is a quintessentially American fable printed on an African canvas, one that will turn out to be a brief diversion, just a but of internet chatter.
Article
It is recognized that the control of schistosomisais in Uganda requires a focus on fisherfolk. Large numbers suffer from this water-borne parasitic disease; notably along the shores of lakes Albert and Victoria and along the River Nile. Since 2004, a policy has been adopted of providing drugs, free of charge, to all those at risk. The strategy has...
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This article presents a case of diachronic ethnography. It examines quests for therapy among the Madi people of northern Uganda. It is based on ethnographic fieldwork carried out in and around the small trading centre of Laropi; originally in the late 1980s and again in 2008. By revisiting the same field site at different points in time, and by dra...
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Americans should not have been surprised by Obama's recent announcement that he would send a small number of troops to Uganda. This is only the latest chapter in a feeble, decades-long U.S. attempt to take out Joseph Kony and his militia.
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The sixth MDG aims 'to combat HIV/AIDS, TB, malaria and other diseases'. The residual category of 'other diseases' has become the focus of intense interest, partly because it has provided an opportunity to increase resources for the control of the mostly parasitic 'neglected tropical diseases' (NTDs). Intense lobbying has secured large amounts of f...
Article
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Less is known about mass drug administration [MDA] for neglected tropical diseases [NTDs] than is suggested by those so vigorously promoting expansion of the approach. This paper fills an important gap: it draws upon local level research to examine the roll out of treatment for two NTDs, schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths, in Uganda. Et...
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This research was commissioned by Pact Sudan through the UK Department for International Development (DfID). The objective of the report was to provide evidence to inform key actors in Southern Sudan in consulting Southern Sudan's citizens and in designing, implementing and prioritising policies and activities that support peace and stability....
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The Lord's Resistance Army is Africa's most extraordinarily persistent and notorious 'terrorist' group. Since their rebellion in northern Uganda began in 1987, the group is estimated to have abducted an estimated 30,000 children as well as committing a series of massacres and other horrific human rights abuses against the local population. Led by t...
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A strong case has recently been made by academics and policymakers to develop national programmes for the integrated control of Africa's 'neglected tropical diseases'. Uganda was the first country to develop a programme for the integrated control of two of these diseases: schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminths. This paper discusses social r...
Article
En 2005, la CPI émet ses premiers mandats d’arrêt. Ils visent cinq chefs rebelles de la Lord’s Resistance Army, qui sévit depuis 1986 dans le Nord de l’Ouganda. Une polémique émerge car les mandats sont accusés de bloquer les négociations de paix. Certains voient dans le recours à des formes « traditionnelles » de justice la solution à ce dilemme....
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The Azande of Ezo county, southern Sudan consider HIV/AIDS to be their worst health problem. Although there have been few confirmed cases, there is ongoing migration from neighbouring countries that are thought to have high prevalence. There are also more locally specific reasons for concern. Zande fears about HIV/AIDS relate to understandings of w...
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L'intervention de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) dans le nord de l'Ouganda a suscité l'opposition de partisans de la justice traditionnelle. Il n'y a cependant pas vraiment de consensus quant aux rituels de réconciliation, et les cérémonies de pardon hybrides qui sont organisées avec l'aide internationale et sous les auspices d'un conseil des...
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Uganda is invoked as a metaphor for a host of arguments and insights about HIV/AIDS. However, much of what has been asserted about the country is not based on the available evidence. This paper reviews findings by epidemiologists and anthropologists, and draws on the author's experiences of researching in the country since the early 1980s. It comme...
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This paper begins by identifying and discussing the current prevailing liberal policy towards the media's role in 'peace-making' and 'peace-building'. It then proceeds to assess whether this has been an effective or ineffective approach, and concludes by suggesting ways in which the debate can be reframed or expanded. In brief, it is argued that la...
Book
The Encyclopedia of International Development provides definitions and discussions of the key concepts, controversies and actors associated with international development for a readership of development workers, teachers and students.
Book
The Encyclopedia of International Development provides definitions and discussions of the key concepts, controversies and actors associated with international development for a readership of development workers, teachers and students.
Article
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Article
A comparison of HIV|AIDS policies in Botswana and Uganda is revealing. It helps to highlight the kinds of policies that are necessary to come to terms with the pandemic in Africa, where it is already a public health disaster. It is argued that the promotion of condoms at an early stage proved to be counter-productive in Botswana, whereas the lack o...
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Developmental psychologists have often found it difficult to take cultural factors seriously in their research. This is in part because the holistic notion of culture appeared to have global effects that are difficult to model as variables in research designs, and anthropologists have not been able to agree on a viable unit of culture. This paper p...
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This paper examines French influence on humanitarian intervention, and in particular focuses on the role of Bernard Kouchner and the promotion of international interference within sovereign states. It is argued that the English language literature on humanitarianism has tended to overlook or downplay the importance of Kouchner's activities, which i...
Article
This paper examines the economic analyses and popular rhetoric surrounding the debt relief initiatives of Jubilee 2000 www.jubilee2000uk.org and the World Bank www.worldbank.org . It is pointed out that simplistic calls to 'drop the debt' may be counter-productive. There is no point in just demonizing debt. It has to be asked if debt cancellation i...
Book
Halliday article on Gulf War
Article
It is widely assumed that the spread of civil wars since the late 1980s has been due to ethnic loyalties resurfacing after the cold war. The paper argues that this is a misleading and misinformed point of view. The academic discipline which has been most important in developing the concept of ethnicity is anthropology. Few anthropologists understan...
Article
Selon le Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR), il y avait en 1970 2,5 millions de réfugiés dans le monde. Dix ans plus tard, ils étaient 11 millions. Au début des années 90, ce sont en moyenne quelque 10 000 personnes qui, chaque jour, ont été forcées de fuir au-delà des frontières de leur pays par des guerres civiles toujour...
Article
Según cálculos del ACNUR, en 1970 había 2,5 millones de refugiados en el mundo. En 1980, esta cifra ascendió a 11 millones y, a comienzos del decenio de 1990, la alarmante escalada de guerras civiles obligó a un promedio de 10.000 personas por día a cruzar una frontera internacional. En 1993, el número de refugiados rondaba los 18,2 millones y 24 m...
Article
According to UNHCR figures, in 1970 there were 2.5 million refugees in the world. In 1980, the figure was 11 million. By the early 1990s, the alarming spread of civil wars was prompting an average of 10,000 people a day to flee across an international border. In 1993, the estimated number of refugees had risen to 18.2 million. In addition there wer...

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