Tilman Lenssen-Erz

Tilman Lenssen-Erz
University of Cologne | UOC · Institute of Prehistoric Archaeology, African Archaeology, AAArC African Archaeology Archive Cologne

PhD

About

69
Publications
35,436
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
340
Citations
Citations since 2017
29 Research Items
229 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230204060
20172018201920202021202220230204060
20172018201920202021202220230204060
20172018201920202021202220230204060
Introduction

Publications

Publications (69)
Chapter
Full-text available
The spoor of animals and humans alike contain rich information about an individual and about a momentary activity this individual performed. If the – arguably hard-wired – human ability to read spoor and tracks is sufficiently trained, a footprint allows to glean from it various physical, kinetic, medical, social and psychologic data about an indiv...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Tuc d’Audoubert cave (Ariège, France) offers unique insights into the life of Late Pleistocene hunters-gatherers due to its exceptionally good preservation conditions. This is especially true for the 300 footprints in the upper gallery of the cave. Even for the layperson, some trackways are easily recognized. Short episodes of past life become...
Book
Full-text available
This Open Access book explains that after long periods of prehistoric research in which the importance of the archaeological as well as the natural context of rock art has been constantly underestimated, research has now begun to take this context into focus for documentation, analysis, interpretation and understanding. Human footprints are promine...
Article
During the last decades, ethnographic observations taught hunter-gatherer archaeologists to incorporate social phenomena into their interpretative models of land uses, including rock art. Although ethnographic analogies always allow only a rough approximation to the past, strategies such as the (seasonal) aggregation and dispersion of San groups, a...
Conference Paper
We propose a prototype of a Mobile Augmented Reality (MAR) application, based around the prehistoric rock art within the Brandberg mountain. This prototype experience forms part of the Digital Humanities Project for Namibia that features an augmented experience aimed at promoting digitally archived information on the rock art found within the Mount...
Chapter
Full-text available
The current discussion about recent discoveries of possible Late Glacial or early Holocene rock art in Germany requires a transparent process of evaluation of its authenticity. The opinion of experts is significant, but should not be the only criterion in the evaluation process. In the present paper we propose a protocol for evaluating authenticity...
Article
Full-text available
Archaeology is a costly and object-affine practice requiring sophisticated technical equipment, and therefore is largely initiated and run from industrialised countries. Accordingly, also data and objects are largely lodged in these countries. In rock art, this leads to the paradoxical situation that many motifs and sites with outstanding prehistor...
Article
Full-text available
Today the rock art of southern Africa enjoys worldwide appreciation, which is based on several factors: Certainly the art of various regions on the subcontinent responds to the aesthetic predilection of a wide, mainly western audience; this phenomenon is enhanced by tourists who add some cultural flavour to their travels that usually aim at the nat...
Article
Full-text available
Book
Full-text available
Prehistoric human tracks. International Conference. Community Report. Köln.
Article
Full-text available
Human footprints in the painted cave of Pech-Merle, France, have been investigated by archaeologists since the 1920s with state-of-the-art methods of the given time. Science always provided tool kits to analyse the information about individuals imprinted into the ground. However, the old human method of expert track reading has first been employed...
Article
Full-text available
Bows in hunter-gatherer societies are not mono-functional items. Besides hunting and fighting, they may also have been used for musical purposes. Rock art in southern Africa provides a record of this use, giving way to investigating past music cultures. This paper brings together the published depictions of musical bows from across southern Africa...
Article
Full-text available
Junge sind hier vor ihnen durch den Lehm gestapft. Zwar sind sie meist ein wenig umständlich auf den Fersen gelaufen, aber die Abdrücke sprechen eine klare Sprache. Wenige Male sind die beiden nämlich mit der ganzen Sohle aufgetreten und haben deutliche Fußspu-ren hinterlassen. Das lässt die drei Männer aus dem west-afrikanischen Namibia sicher sei...
Article
Full-text available
Some of the painted caves in southern France preserve human footprints from the Ice Age of 17,000 years ago. Research has so far dealt with them sparsely and through a morphometric approach only. In 2013 three indigenous hunters/trackers from the Kalahari had an opportunity to read several spoor accumulations in four caves on the basis of their ind...
Article
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
Les créations artistiques préhistoriques qui nous sont parvenues (art mobilier, art rupestre) constituent une source d'information inestimable sur les cultures de ces sociétés. L'art rupestre est l'une des constantes des sociétés sans écriture, mais nous sommes incapables d'interpréter ces mes-sages totalement étrangers à notre propre culture (E. P...
Article
Full-text available
Research into the Saharan rock art has from the very first day been linked to the question of how the people of the past managed to live in this environment. It was about the enigma of climatic conditions and cattle herders who obviously once inhabited regions that meanwhile have become uninhabitable desert. The first rock picture discovered by a E...
Article
Full-text available
During the middle and late Holocene, the prehistoric inhabitants of the Sahara articulated their agency under conditions of aridification in part through aesthetic symbolic behaviour that became petrified, as it were, in ubiquitous rock art. Rock art, predominantly depicting domestic animals, continued to be produced throughout the later Holocene,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
L’hypothèse selon laquelle la structure iconographique des arts rupestres diffère profondément, en termes de fréquences des motifs animaliers et de leur distribution dans les sites, en fonction de l’organisation socio-économique et du type de croyances est examinée à l’aide de données africaines, australiennes et européennes issues de sociétés préh...
Article
L’hypothèse selon laquelle la structure iconographique des arts rupestres diffère profondément, en termes de fréquences des motifs animaliers et de leur distribution dans les sites, en fonction de l’organisation socio - économique et du type de croyances est examinée à l’aide de données africaines, australiennes et européennes issues de sociétés pr...
Article
Full-text available
This article develops a novel method for assessing the cultural context of rock art, and applies it to the rock art of the Upper Palaeolithic of France and Spain. The article relies on a generative approach, assuming that artists have the potential to choose which motifs to select from the repertoire or vocabulary of their artistic system, but that...
Article
Full-text available
Landscape archaeology as an analytical concept is not really new. Compilations of publications on this issue list several hundred references. Although they are far from being unanimous in their understanding of landscape archaeology, there is a common theme among almost all approaches, that is, the use of the term “landscape” as an analytical conce...
Chapter
Full-text available
Chapter
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
L'hypothèse émise par R. Layton selon laquelle la structure des arts rupestres diffère profondément, en termes de fréquence des motifs et de leur distribution entre les sites, en fonction de la religion et de l'organisation sociale des groupes humains est réexaminée dans ce travail collectif, à l'aide d'une documentation renouvelée et augmentée pro...
Article
Full-text available
The lack of rock art sites in the eastern and northern parts of Namibia, in places such as Kaokoland, appeared to correspond to an apparent absence of archaeological sites in general. However, recent intensive surveys have changed the picture of site distribution fundamentally. More than 150 archaeological sites have been located since 1995, but su...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last hundred years the Djebel Uweinat was the objective of several expeditions, most of them being driven by the intention to find new rock art sites. These explorers mostly stayed at the base of the mountain where the majority of the currently known rock art sites were found. During their two recent visits, the members of the ACACIA team...
Chapter
Full-text available
Chapter
Full-text available
Chapter
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
L'auteur presente une nouvelle approche des peintures rupestres de la region de Brandberg (Namibie), visant a montrer la possibilite de developper, a partir d'une base empirique, des hypotheses sur la signification de l'art rupestre, en abandonnant la theorie de l'art-pour-l'art, et sans utiliser le support de l'ethnographie

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Using digital records in decoding prehistoric rock art
Project
It is a great pleasure to inform you that now rich data and material on the rock art of the Brandberg is freely available online. It is an achievement of the team of AAArC – the African Archaeology Archive Cologne. In particular we want to direct your attention to these elements: Harald Pager's Hasselblad pictures (some 3000) from eight years in the Brandberg @ https://arachne.dainst.org/project/afrarchcologne/search?q=Pager Harald Pager's field journal of his research in the mountain as a transcript (or search "Pager field diary") @ https://arachne.dainst.org/search?q=Pager%20field%20diary A documentary on Harald Pager's work in the Brandberg ("Leben im Louvre der Natur" filmed in 1984, one year before he died; in German) Viewing @ https://arachne.dainst.org/project/afrarchcologne Downloadable @ http://datenportal.ianus-fdz.de/pages/collectionView.jsp?dipId=1670229#collectionFiles The database on all 39,000+ paintings of the Brandberg rock art that we have published in six volumes (downloadable); all is curated very well (additional information also downloadable) so that re-use of the data is enabled. @ http://datenportal.ianus-fdz.de/pages/collectionView.jsp?dipId=1672239#collectionFiles At the same address there are also downloadable databases on scenes and sites. [If not working well in Mozilla Firefox please try another browser] FOR TRANSLATIONS WE RECOMMEND www.deepl.com The core team and developers of AAArC: Maya von Czerniewicz, Andreea Darida, Johanna Dreier, Eymard Fäder, Simon Hohl, Friederike Jesse, Norman Klahre, Jan Kuper, Tilman Lenssen-Erz, Tim Piccolini, Finn Severin Prox, Joana Wilmeroth With special thanks to Reinhard Förtsch and his team of the iDAI-World, and the team of IANUS.