Tiffany Smythe

Tiffany Smythe
United States Coast Guard Academy · Department of Humanities

Ph.D.

About

29
Publications
7,133
Reads
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538
Citations
Citations since 2016
17 Research Items
440 Citations
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Introduction
Marine policy scholar trained to apply the disciplines of public policy, political science, sociology and anthropology to marine issues. Research focuses on marine governance arrangements/marine spatial planning, ocean use conflicts, ocean energy development, and coastal climate resilience. Research is grounded in theories of governance, networks and public participation and methods including social network analysis, survey research, qualitative data analysis, and geospatial data analysis.

Publications

Publications (29)
Article
As offshore wind energy development gains a foothold, the possibility of conflict between local communities and developers may become increasingly common. Coastal communities within the viewshed or hosting transmission cables may fear several impacts but few benefits. Community benefits, provided through the wind farm developer, may help garner loc...
Article
The expansion of offshore wind farms (OWF) has given rise to increased concerns about potential use conflicts with ocean and coastal users and attempts to mitigate these conflicts through marine spatial planning. Whereas scholars and managers often focus on the impacts of OWF on commercial fishing, members of the public also raise concerns about im...
Article
Despite the growth of offshore wind energy and concerns that projects will harm tourism and recreation, there is a lack of empirical research on the effects of operating wind farms on tourism and recreation. The existing literature tends to treat tourists and recreationists as a monolithic group, focused almost entirely on beachgoers. Further, rese...
Article
Practitioners play a critical yet largely unexamined role in translating collaborative, ecosystem-based management (EBM) for social-ecological systems from theory to practice. We paired mental models and social network analytical methods and applied them to two cases of marine EBM in Rhode Island and New York, focusing on practitioners themselves,...
Article
The Block Island Wind Farm (BIWF) is the first offshore wind farm in the United States. Using gatekeeping theory as a framework, this research analyzes local and regional/national newspaper coverage of the BIWF paying particular attention to the use of sources. The data suggest that the differences between newspaper source usage from 1 January 2008...
Article
Full-text available
This article develops an integration framework to analyse MSP practices across several Baltic Sea Region cases studies as well as cases studies from Australia (Great Barrier Reef) and the US (Rhode Island). While integration has been universally adopted as a policy principle to strive for, there is confusion about what it means, how to do it and wh...
Article
This article develops an integration framework to analyse MSP practices across several Baltic Sea Region cases studies as well as cases studies from Australia (Great Barrier Reef) and the US (Rhode Island). While integration has been universally adopted as a policy principle to strive for, there is confusion about what it means, how to do it and wh...
Article
In the coastal science and management community of practice, the concept of ecosystem services (ES) is an approach to valuation that is growing and developing, through practice, to mean different things to different people. It is for these reasons that The Coastal Society, in partnership with the Coastal Management Journal editorial board, develope...
Article
Marine spatial planning (MSP) is an approach to marine governance and the management of marine space requiring extensive stakeholder participation and interagency and inter-organizational cooperation. While a rich literature and set of practitioner guidance on MSP has developed, few studies include empirical research or identify lessons learned bas...
Article
Understanding the complex dynamics that influence energy transitions requires mixed methods and collaborations among researchers, resource managers, and communities. This essay details how an interdisciplinary team of researchers used a mixed-method approach to study the social dimensions of tourism and recreation as they relate to the first offsho...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report summarises the key findings and conclusions from the Rhode Island case study that is part of the EC-funded Study on international best-practices of cross-border maritime spatial planning. The case study was conducted primarily in Rhode Island (RI), with shorter visits to Massachusetts (MA) and New Hampshire (NH) between 28 September and...
Article
Full-text available
Lagoons are highly productive coastal features that provide a range of natural services that society values. Their setting within the coastal landscape leaves them especially vulnerable to profound physical, ecological, and associated societal disturbance from global climate change. Expected shifts in physical and ecological characteristics range f...
Article
Ecosystem-based management (EBM) is widely touted as the preferred approach to coastal and environmental management, yet there are relatively few examples of this approach in practice. One possible reason is that this approach places extreme mental demands on practitioners. Mental models are individuals’ internal conceptualizations of external prob...
Article
Collaboration across sectors and disciplines is widely identified as essential for the implementation of ecosystem-based management (EBM) in both marine and terrestrial settings. However, relatively little research has examined the inner workings of collaborative marine EBM processes. Social network analysis (SNA) is a suite of methods for systemat...
Article
Anecdotal evidence indicates that commercial and recreational water-dependent uses have been under development pressure in recent years, and in some cases have been converted to other uses. The conversion of water-dependent uses, which range from commercial shipyards to recreational marinas, may have many public costs, including the loss of access...
Article
Full-text available
2008. Coastal lagoons and climate change: ecological and social ramifications in U.S. Atlantic and Gulf coast ecosystems. Ecology and Society 14(1): 8. [online] ABSTRACT. Lagoons are highly productive coastal features that provide a range of natural services that society values. Their setting within the coastal landscape leaves them especially vuln...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Archived project
Project
Ongoing work of the URI Coastal Resources Center/RI Sea Grant