Tibor Toró

Tibor Toró
Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania · Department of International Relations and European Studies

PhD

About

34
Publications
12,499
Reads
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50
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2017 - November 2018
The Romanian Institute For Research On National Minorities
Position
  • thematic expert
Description
  • Working in an EU project on youth migration
September 2015 - present
Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Classes in Political science, Research methodology, Foreign Policy, Public policy and Minority Politics
February 2008 - September 2015
Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Classes in Political science, Research methodology, Foreign Policy, Public policy and Minority Politics
Education
October 2008 - September 2013
Babeş-Bolyai University
Field of study
  • Philosophy
September 2006 - June 2007
Central European University
Field of study
  • Nationalism Studies
October 2005 - July 2006
Babeş-Bolyai University
Field of study
  • Political Science

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Full-text available
Our research analyzes the trends of labor migration and the situation of migrant workers in Romania coming through the entry points of employment agencies and international higher education programs from Moldova. The bursary programme for Romanians living in neighbouring countries is clearly conceived by the Romanian state as a means of encouraging...
Article
Full-text available
The paper focuses on minority language policy implementation in Romania. Although the policy framework of minority language use is considered quite satisfying by many authors, a deeper analysis reveals significant problems in the implementation of these policies. Based on implementation research, the paper reveals the hidden mechanism of language p...
Article
Full-text available
Romániában a magyar diákok túlnyomó többsége magyar nyelven végzi tanulmányait, ugyanakkor jellemzően a szórvány megyékben, a magyar és vegyes családból származó gyerekek egy része román tannyelvű oktatási intézményben tanul. A fakultatív magyar oktatás lehetőséget teremt arra, hogy a román tannyelven tanuló kisebbségi diákok kérésre, valamint ha m...
Chapter
This chapter, analyzes the evolution and spatial distribution of the Hungarian linguistic community, the language proficiency, linguistic attitudes, and patterns of language usage of Hungarians in Romania. Furthermore, it assesses the language rights codified in Romania and their implementation, also providing a brief comparative analysis of Romani...
Chapter
This chapter analyzes the political claim-making of the Transylvanian Hungarian elites after 1989. The first part of the chapter deals with Romania’s minority policy regime and the attitudes of the majority population toward Hungarian ethno-political demands. The second section details the strategies of minority political claim-making, also providi...
Book
This book provides an in-depth multidisciplinary analysis of the major social and political processes affecting Hungarians in Romania after the overthrow of the Communist regime in 1989. The volume highlights the interdependence between the ethno-political strategies of minority elites and Romania's minority policy regime on the one hand, and socia...
Article
Full-text available
Romania submitted its state report to the Framework Convention on the Protection of National Minorities (FCNM) and the European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages (ECRML ) roughly at the same time, however, the evaluation reports of the two bodies took rather different turns. The paper analyzes these two documents comparatively, and contra...
Article
Full-text available
Hungarian Language Teaching Beyond the Borders of the Hungarian Educational System. Facultative Hungarian Language Classes in Romania Although in Romania most Hungarian children study in Hungarian language schools, the state ensures the right for Hungarian ethnic minority children enrolled in Romanian language public schools to also study Hungarian...
Article
The main goal of the paper is to understand how substantive representation of minorities works through ethnic parties and what the relationship between substantive and descriptive representation is in this specific case. Focus on the traditional understanding of substantive representation is common when analyzing the representation of minorities an...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses the integration strategies formulated by the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania and the Hungarian political elite in the post-communist period. It argues that the internal debates of the political community are formulated in a field where other actors (the Hungarian and the Romanian state, political parties, European i...
Chapter
Full-text available
Kötetünk az Iskolák veszélyben program keretében folyó munkából ad rövid válogatást. A program 2012 és 2015 között működött, célja pedig az volt, hogy – a tudományos normák és szabályok betartásával – hidat építsen a szociológiai, statisztikai alapkutatások és a szórványoktatás mindennapos gyakorlati oktatásszervezési problémái közé. Az Iskolák ve...
Article
Full-text available
Review on the following book Bárdi Nándor: Otthon és haza. Tanulmányok a romániai magyar kisebbség történetéről.
Article
Full-text available
The study aims to present the results of a study conducted between May 2014 and January 2015 on the usage of Hungarian language in Transylvania. By comparing the collected data with previous researches, it examines how Hungarian language use in local administration institutions (mayor’s offices, local councils and their subordinate institutions) ch...
Article
Full-text available
Review of the following book: Molnár Gusztáv: Alternatívák könyve III. Összmagyar alternatíva, Pro Philosophia Kiadó, Kolozsvár, 2014, 408. Sajátságos napló – így jellemzi Molnár Gusztáv az Alternatívák könyve sorozat harmadik kötetét. A könyv a szerző 1987 és 1993 közötti írásaiból – esszék, tanulmányok, vitaanyagok, előadás-átiratok, eddig meg ne...
Article
Full-text available
A policy-analysis in Hungarian language appeared in a newspaper on the Petőfi program, a new project of the Hungarian government for Hungarians living in the neighboring countries. (http://erdelyinaplo.ro/aktualis/osszeallitasok/petofi-program-kinek-szol-kit-tamogat)
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on self-organization of the Hungarian minority in Romania and elite recruitment of the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania after the 1989 revolution in Timisoara, a city in the Banat region of Romania. By analyzing events in a single town, it explores how the Hungarian elite was recruited and under which circumstances th...
Article
Full-text available
New directions in the study of political representation Political representation is one of the core topics of political science and political theory. The aim of the paper is to present a new literature of the concept, which is not that known in Romania. This literature strengthens the classic understanding of representation in three ways. First, by...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Chapter analysis the developments of Hungarian political science in Romania in the 2002-2013 period.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper analyses the integration-strategies formulated by the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania and the Hungarian political elite in the post-communist period, by emphasizing its relationship to the Hungarian and Romanian government. It argues that the internal debates of the political community are formulated in a field where other a...
Article
Full-text available
A záróvizsga magyar szempontból. Gyorsjelentés Mint ahogy az már lenni szokott, az érettségi eredmények nyilvánosságra hozatala idén is nagy port kavart, több, az oktatás helyzetét feszegető vélemény, valamint eredményértékelő is született. Jelen tanulmány az érettségi végeredményének adataiból kiindulva próbál a romániai magyar közösség számára pá...
Book
Full-text available
Although during the last twenty years researches regarding youth issues have been made, these do not focus on the Romanian youth sphere. The Transylvanian Youth Report has conceived to fill this obvious gap. Its objectives are to understand how the Transylvanian youth sphere functions and to present its most important problems and demands by focusi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
After the Revolution from 1989 the Hungarian political representation of Romania is formed, allowing the members of the Hungarian elite to build a single public sphere where on one hand the Hungarian community from Romania could have been formed, and on other hand the needs and expectations of this community could have been revealed. Parallel to th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper tries to design a possible analytic framework and research design for these questions, by analyzing the newly forming post-socialist political community and representation of the Hungarians from Romania from the perspective of public sphere theory. The concept of public sphere is used in the sense as Jürgen Habermas understood it in his e...
Article
Full-text available
The European parliamentary Elections of November 25, 2007 opened a new chapter in the Hungarian “domestic politics” from Romania. It was the first ballot in our history after 1989 when there was a serious – and, significantly, successful – challenger to the DAHR’s monopoly of parliamentary representation of Hungarians from Romania, in the person of...
Article
Full-text available
Some would say communism and nationalism are the most infl uential political doctrines and ideologies of the 20th century, changing not only history itself, but the institutional, political, cultural and social framework of the Central and Eastern European states. Many of the scholars, taking in consideration only the early incompatibility of the t...
Article
Full-text available
The study reflects on the paper by Zoltán Bognár printed in this issue. According to the author, Bognár attributes two main characteristics to political analysis: (1) the objectivity and neutrality of the analysis and the analyst, and (2) the credibility of the analyst (including the intentions, knowledge, objectivity and position of the analyst)....
Article
Full-text available
In my paper, I analyze two documents adopted by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) – Resolution 1335(2003) Preferential treatment of national minorities by the kin-state: the case of the Hungarian Law on Hungarians Living in Neighboring Countries (“Magyars”) of 19 June 2001 and Recommendation 1735(2006) the concept of “natio...
Thesis
Full-text available
The topic of the paper is to analyze and understand the discourse that different local academic, cultural and political elites use in order to construct a regional identity in Banat province from Romania, and to reveal the used discursive structures and peculiarities, which appear in this context. The paper can be included in the broader fields of...

Questions

Questions (6)
Question
We have a project on agenda setting and framing in online context, which would need to analyze public posts and comments on Facebook (posts and interaction published on different pages).
According to our IT expert, in order to gather this, you need a Page Public Content Access from Facebook, which is required to request publicly shared posts of Pages that you are not an admin of.
On the developer page of Facebook it says that you can use this feature to "provide aggregated, anonymized public content for competitive analysis and benchmarking" ( https://developers.facebook.com/docs/apps/review/feature/)
Is there anyone who has experience in these issues? Are there any similar research-groups, who got this access?
Thank you in advance
Question
When I import a PDF to NVIVO 12, and then add it to cases (which have some attributes), a number of empty references appear (see attached print screens).
I cannot remove them, and I do not know where they come from.
Can anybody help me to explain why they appear and how can I remove them
Question
We have conducted three representative surveys with the same questioner on high school students from three different cities. The cities have different characteristics from ethnic, economic and other perspectives.
I would like to analyze them together, and to see if the city where they socialize (more exactly some of the characteristics, that they face - ex. ethnic composition, inter-ethnic relations, etc.) influence or not the issues that were asked in the questioner
Question
Hello,
I am looking for literature or research that focuses on how different structural or agency-based factors influence the strengthening of different language hierarchies in school settings.
We conducted some research on Hungarian language teaching for Hungarian minority students in Romanian language schools. The short story is the following. These classes are optional and the curriculum and how they need to be organized are not clear and in this context seemingly the goals formulated by teachers (language revitalization, Hungarian as a basic element of Hungarian identity for students) are not in concordance with the actual language teaching practices and the teachers', schools' and students' attitudes toward the language, and through this teachers unintendedly reify the lack of importance or asymmetry between Romanian and Hungarian languages.
So can you suggest some literature that could help me contextualize or findings?
I am familiar with Shohamy's Hidden language strategies, Tollefson's book on inequalities and some of Ricento's work.
Question
Basically I am looking at articles that examine how language rights (the ones guaranteed by the European Language Charter) are implemented on local level. Most of the articles I found are about laws, but they do not look at implementation. What are the main barriers, how does it look from bellow, from the perspective of local (minority and majority) people, local decision-makers, etc.
Question
How do they explain EU-decisions and EP-reports? Do they try to frame it for their own advantage, etc.?

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
The goal of the project is to understand what are the main factors influencing language policy in Romania. It focuses on formal laws and their implementation, everyday language use and explicit and implicit language ideologies underpinning both of them.
Project
The goal of the project is to understand how language policy works in Romania in different social and political domains. It focuses on policy implementation and explicit and implicit language strategies and ideologies.