Tibor Solymosi

Tibor Solymosi

PhD

About

30
Publications
4,978
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
105
Citations
Introduction
My research is primarily focused on the consequences of the sciences of life and mind on our self-conception as conscious, free, and morally-responsible selves. Currently, I'm working on the intersection of neuroscience and democracy, on the methodology relating scientific data to commonsense, ethics (specifically how our best science undermines the atomism underlying traditional Western ethical theories, and how to move forward), and the science of consciousness.
Additional affiliations
August 2013 - May 2014
Bowie State University
Position
  • Lecturer
January 2012 - May 2012
Allegheny College
Position
  • Instructor
August 2004 - May 2012

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
Full-text available
Over the past three decades, cognitive science has been making a turn towards pragmatism. Here we outline steps towards completing this turn. As a handful of cognitive scientists and philosophers have been arguing more recently, the insights of William James, John Dewey, and George Herbert Mead are not only being re-discovered, they are also provin...
Article
Pragmatism has resurged explicitly in neopragmatism and implicitly in neurophilosophy. Neopragmatists have focused primarily on ideals, like human freedom, but at the expense of science. Neurophilosophers have focused primarily on scientific facts, but with an eye toward dismissing aspects of our self-conception like free will as illusory. In both...
Article
Full-text available
Recent work in neurophilosophy has either made reference to the work of John Dewey or independently developed positions similar to it. I review these developments in order first to show that Dewey was indeed doing neurophilosophy well before the Churchlands and others, thereby preceding many other mid-twentieth century European philosophers’ views...
Article
Full-text available
We address Mark Tschaepe’s response to Tibor Solymosi, in which Tschaepe argues that neuropragmatism needs to be coupled with humility in order to redress “dopamine democracy,” Tschaepe’s term for our contemporary situation of smartphone addiction that undermines democracy. We reject Tschaepe’s distinction between humility and fallibility, arguing...
Chapter
Full-text available
The relationship between pragmatism and Darwinism is complex. On the one hand, pragmatism is the first philosophical tradition to take seriously Darwin’s theory of evolution. On the other hand, how seriously and in what way(s) a pragmatist takes the theory varies significantly. Furthermore, a distinction must be maintained between Darwin’s theory o...
Chapter
Full-text available
The classical pragmatists were the first philosophers to actively engage the modern science of the brain. Peirce was »perhaps the first experimental psychologist in America« (Schulkin 2015, 18–19). James not only studied with German physiologists but was to become the author of the majestic Principles of Psychology. »Dewey knew personally several p...
Article
Full-text available
I discuss Rorty's view of philosophy as cultural politics in order to do cultural politics to challenge Rorty's cultural political rejection of ontology in favor of cultural politics. My primary source for this challenge is Patricia Churchland's neurophilosophy, which is itself in part a product of cultural politics. In drawing on resources in neur...
Article
Full-text available
Central to Dewey's treatment of the nervous system throughout his work is its import for ameliorative action. Dewey's theory of mentation has its origins in his early thought in which he draws on contemporary physics and biology to incorporate the nascent understanding of the nervous system. This interdisciplinary approach continues through his car...
Article
Full-text available
The initial and continual identification of risk groups is an ethical decision at all levels of discourse. Because of the normative aspect of identifying risk groups, especially within the biomedical sciences, we recommend considering reconstruction of the identification of risk groups that acknowledges community as preceding individuality before i...
Chapter
Full-text available
Pragmatism's historical relationship to the sciences (especially those of life and mind) has been neglected, if not undercut in its Rortian revival of the past three and a half decades. This neglect has many roots, from the linguistic turn in professional philosophy to the Kuhnian and postmodern subversion of scientific authority. A thorough exeget...
Chapter
Full-text available
I This volume brings together some pragmatist philosophers vitally interested in neuroscience and the brain sciences generally. Pragmatism is a perennial philosophy precisely because its core views on experience, cognition, learning, knowledge, values, psychological and education development, inter-personal relationships, and social organization en...
Chapter
Full-text available
Neurophilosophical pragmatism, or neuropragmatism, is a scientifically informed treatment of cognition, knowledge, the body-mind relation, agency, socialization, and further issues predicated on sound judgments about these basic matters. Neuropragmatism is capable of grappling with philosophical questions arising at many levels, from synapse to soc...
Chapter
The rise of neuroscience brings hope to many people because its proponents and practitioners promise to resolve — somehow, at some time — many, if not most, of the ailments with which human experience is constantly consumed. From dealing with the horrors of cognitive debilitation to reveling in the wonder of understanding the most complex entity in...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive science and its philosophy have been far too long consumed with representation. This concern is indicative of a creeping Cartesianism that many scientists and philosophers wish to evade. However, their naturalism is often insufficiently evolutionary to fully appreciate the lessons of pragmatism. If cognitive neuroscience and pragmatism ar...
Article
The science of consciousness has much to gain from philosophical pragmatism. However, the state of both the science and philosophy of consciousness is dire. The two main metaphors for thinking about consciousness – John Searle ' s digestion model and Alva Nöe ' s dancing model – continue the creeping Cartesianism that inevitably and irrevocably set...
Chapter
Full-text available
The philosophy of pragmatism has much to offer mind and life scientists in their thinking about the origins and nature of experience. In this chapter, I provide an introduction to neurophilosophical pragmatism by reviewing how classical pragmatists, such as John Dewey, reconceived concepts like experience, mind, and consciousness in light of the ad...
Article
Full-text available
Recent work in psychology by Daniel Kahneman on system 1 and system 2, recent interest in revitalizing representationalism in cognitive science, and recent use of the concept of information in the science of consciousness all suffer from a creeping Cartesianism that blocks the road to inquiry. Neuropragmatism offers a way through this hurdle by emp...
Chapter
Full-text available
Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012 That character of everyday experience which has been most systematically ignored by philosophy is the extent to which it is saturated with the results of social inter-course and communication. Because this factor has been denied, meanings have either been denied all objective validity, or have been treated...
Chapter
There is an underappreciated affinity between the Daniel C. Dennett’s account of the evolution of intelligence and design and the theory of inquiry developed by American pragmatists, such as Charles Sanders Peirce and John Dewey. This pragmatic theory of inquiry has its basis in homeostasis and allostasis. This biological basis serves as a dynamic...
Article
Full-text available
The tension between naturalism and humanism is at its greatest when it comes to ethics and morality. By drawing on the affinity between the evolutionary humanistic philosophies of classical pragmatist John Dewey and contemporary pragmatist Daniel Dennett, I modify Dennett's ethical technology, Moral First Aid, to include a kit as well as Dennett's...
Article
Since the publication of On the Origins of Species by Means of Natural Selection in 1859, the influence of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution has been of significant debate. Among the greatest concerns over Darwinian evolution is its implications on notably human characteristics such as the mind, meaning, free will, morality, and religion. Many h...