Tiago Silva Jesus

Tiago Silva Jesus
Northwestern University | NU · Institute for Public Health and Medicine (IPHAM)

PhD, OT

About

59
Publications
11,790
Reads
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679
Citations
Introduction
Rehabilitation Health-Services Research, and specifically: • Quality Improvement; • Person-Centered Care; • Global Health & Rehabilitation Workforce; • Knowledge Synthesis & Methods Research.

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: This paper aims to analyze the levels and trajectories of physical rehabilitation needs across five resource-poor world regions, against global and key country-specific benchmarks. Materials and Methods: This comparative, secondary cross-region analysis uses data from the Global Burden of Diseases study 2017 [1990–2017], specifically vari...
Article
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People with disabilities may be disproportionally affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. We synthesize the literature on broader health and social impacts on people with disabilities arising from lockdown-related measures. Methods: Scoping review with thematic analysis. Up to mid-September 2020, seven scientific databases and three pre-print servers...
Article
Objective: To develop a cross-professional model framing the concept and practice of Person-Centered Rehabilitation (PCR) in adult populations, based on a scoping review and thematic analysis of the literature. Data sources: Key databases (PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL), snowballing searches, and experts' consultation were the data sources for English-...
Article
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Occupational therapy workforce research can help determine whether occupational therapists exist in sufficient supply, are equitably distributed, and meet competency standards. Advancing the value of occupational therapy workforce research requires an understanding of the limitations and recommendations identified by these investigations. This scop...
Article
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Occupational therapists are needed to meet the health and occupational needs of the global population, but we know little about the type of findings generated by occupational therapy workforce research conducted worldwide. We aim to synthesize these findings and their range of content to inform future investigations. A scoping review with content a...
Article
Aim To analyse the amount of Human Resources for Health (HRH) research publication trends [1990–2019], compared to the broader health policy, systems, and services research (HPSSR). Methods PubMed and its indexation system with Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) are used for this time-trend study. Searches combine MeSH terms for research publications...
Article
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Background: The aim of this research was to synthetise the existing evidence on the impact of epidemic-related lockdown measures on women and children's health in low- and lower-middle-income countries (LLMICs). Methods: A mixed-methods systematic review was conducted of qualitative, quantitative and mixed-methods evidence. Between 1st and 10th...
Article
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Background: Human Resources for Health (HRH) research informs the development of evidence-based, population-centered HRH policies and practices. Occupational therapists are key human resources for meeting the health, rehabilitation, and occupational needs of the population worldwide. Yet, the global status of the occupational therapy workforce res...
Article
Objective(s) To frame the concept and practice of Person-Centered Rehabilitation (PCR) in adult physical rehabilitation, derived from a scoping review and thematic synthesis of the literature. Data Sources English-language empirical or conceptual papers, published from January 2007 to February 2020, were found through searches in databases (PubMed...
Article
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Background People with disabilities (PwD) have been facing multiple health, social, and economic disparities during the COVID-19 pandemic, stemming from structural disparities experienced for long time. This paper aims to present the PREparedness, RESponse and SySTemic transformation (PRE-RE-SyST): a model for a disability-inclusive pandemic respon...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background People with disabilities (PwD) have been facing multiple health, social, and economic disparities during the COVID-19 pandemic, stemming from structural disparities experienced for long time. This paper aims to present the PREparation, RESponse and SySTemic transformation (PRE-RE-SyST): a model for a disability-inclusive pandemic respons...
Article
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Background Rehabilitation can improve function in many people with chronic health conditions. It is important to consider priority conditions requiring rehabilitation, so it can be realistically positioned and costed in national health financing systems like South Africa (SA)‘s proposed National Health Insurance (NHI). This paper describes temporal...
Article
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This study aims to synthesize the literature on any disproportionate health risks or consequences of a COVID-19 infection for people with disabilities. Scoping review with a descriptive thematic analysis was carried out. Up to mid-September 2020, seven scientific databases and three preprint servers were searched to identify empirical or perspectiv...
Article
Background: Psychological morbidity is commonly experienced by people with a spinal cord injury (SCI), but whether it is associated with occupational role transitions in is unknown. Objective: To analyze whether anxiety or depression symptoms are independently associated to increased likelihoods of role transitions in adults with SCI. Methods:...
Article
Economic crises carry a substantial impact on population health and health systems, but little is known on how these transmit to health workers (HWs). Addressing such a gap is timely as HWs are pivotal resources, particularly during pandemics or the ensuing recessions. Drawing from the empirical literature, we aimed to provide a framework for under...
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The authors wish to add the following correction to their paper published in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health [...]
Article
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.
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The August 2020 explosion in Lebanon resulted in casualties, injuries, and a great number of internally displaced persons. The blast occurred during an economically and politically complex time in the country. Given multiple and competing post-explosion reconstruction priorities, in ths editorial we briefly examine the requirements for a build back...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has unleashed a deluge of publications. For this cross-sectional study we compared the amount and reporting characteristics of COVID-19-related academic articles and preprints and the number of ongoing clinical trials and systematic reviews. To do this, we searched the PubMed database of citations and abstracts for published l...
Article
Background: The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) that emerged in late 2019, and later become a global pandemic, has unleashed an almost unprecedented global public health and economic crisis. Objective: In this perspective, we examine the effects of COVID-19 and identify a likely 'new normal' in terms of challenges and opportunities within the field...
Article
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Background: To determine whether population-adjusted rates of physical rehabilitation need (ie, disability-related epidemiological data) are associated with the workforce supply (ie, combined rates of practicing physical therapists (PTs) and occupational therapists (OTs) per 10 000 population) across high-income countries (HICs), adjusted for soci...
Article
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Objective To develop a protocol for a scoping review mapping as well as thematically analysing the literature on the impact of, and responses to, the COVID-19 pandemic, focused on people with disabilities with other layer(s) of individual vulnerability or social disadvantage . Method Scientific databases (Medline/PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Ag...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a mass of academic papers being published in a very brief span of time. Our aim was to compare the amount and reporting characteristics of COVID-19 related peer-reviewed and pre-prints publications. We also investigated the amount of ongoing trials and systematic reviews. Methods and findings A cross...
Article
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Background: This study analyzes the current and evolving physical rehabilitation needs of BRICS nations (Brazil, Russian Federation, India, China, South Africa), a coalition of large emergent economies increasingly important for global health. Methods: Secondary, cross-national analyses of data on Years Lived with Disability (YLDs) were extracted f...
Article
Objective To examine the extent, scope, and methodological quality of rehabilitation scoping reviews. Data sources A comprehensive list of scoping reviews conducted in the broader health field (inception to July 2014), with a further update of that list (up to February 2017) using similar methods, including searching 9 electronic databases. Study...
Article
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In late December 2019, people from a local market in China’s Wuhan Province began to present with symptoms similar to those seen in the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic. The world now knows that Dr. Li Wenliang was likely the first person to report these cases of a novel coronavirus (COVID-19) that had made the leap from anima...
Article
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Background: Health policy, systems and services research (HPSSR) is increasingly needed to enable better access to, and value of, rehabilitation services worldwide. We aim to quantify the growth of Rehabilitation HPSSR publications since 1990, compared to that of overall rehabilitation research and overall HPSSR. Methods: Quantitative, comparati...
Article
Objective: To determine how total physical rehabilitation needs have been distributed per relevant condition groups (musculoskeletal & pain, neurological cardiothoracic, neoplasms, pediatric, and HIV-related), globally and across countries of varying income level. Design: Sub-group, secondary analyses of data from the Global Burden of Disease 20...
Article
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Introduction During economic recessions, health professionals face reduced income and labour opportunities, hard conditions often exacerbated by governments’ policy responses to crises. Growing evidence points to non-negligible effects on national health workforces and health systems—decrease in motivation, burnout, migration—arising from the combi...
Article
Purpose: To describe the amount, range, and key characteristics (e.g., publication years, methods, topics) of the person-centered rehabilitation literature in adults with physical impairments. Method: Following the published scoping review protocol, papers were identified through: three major databases, snowball searches and expert consultation. Tw...
Article
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Purpose: The aim of this study was to comparatively analyze evolving trends in physiotherapy (PT) research publications (excluding case reports and epidemiological and qualitative studies) between 1995 and 2015, inclusively in terms of research design, funding support, age groups, and health conditions. Method: This was an observational study usin...
Article
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Background: To inform global health policies and resources planning, this paper analyzes evolving trends in physical rehabilitation needs, using data on Years Lived with Disability (YLDs) from the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2017. Methods: Secondary analysis of how YLDs from conditions likely benefiting from physical rehabilitation have ev...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: To map the literature pertaining to adult Person-Centered Rehabilitation (PCR).Data Sources: Following our previously published scoping review protocol, data were identified through: three major databases, snowball searches and expert consultation.Study Selection: Two independent reviewers identified English-language papers which address...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: To inform global health policies and resources planning, this paper analyzes evolving trends in physical rehabilitation needs, using data on Years Lived with Disability (YLDs) from the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2017. Methods: Secondary analysis of how YLDs from conditions amenable to physical rehabilitation have evolved from...
Article
The burden of physical impairments and disabilities is growing across high-, middle-, and low-income countries, but populations across the globe continue to lack access to basic physical rehabilitation. Global shortages, uneven distributions, and insufficient skill mix of Human Resources for Health & Rehabilitation (HRH&R) contribute to such inequi...
Article
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Purpose: Disability is a global health and a global development concern. To address both issues, a community-based rehabilitation (CBR) approach is increasingly recommended to meet a spectrum of needs, especially for people with disabilities. It is first necessary to understand the perceptions of local, frontline providers, in order to design effec...
Article
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Background: Mounting evidence suggests that holding multiple concurrent jobs in public and private (dual practice) is common among health workers in low- as well as high-income countries. Nurses are world's largest health professional workforce and a critical resource for achieving Universal Health Coverage. Nonetheless, little is known about nurs...
Article
Background: Growing evidence points for the need to publish study protocols in the health field. Aim: To observe whether the growing interest in publishing study protocols in the broader health field has been translated into increased publications of rehabilitation study protocols. Design: Observational study using publication data and its ind...
Article
Objective: To characterize the peer-reviewed quality improvement (QI) literature in rehabilitation. Data sources: Five electronic databases were searched for English-language articles from 2010 to 2016. Keywords for quality improvement and safety management were searched for in combination with keywords for rehabilitation content and journals. S...
Article
Introduction: Scoping reviews are increasingly popular in rehabilitation. However, significant variability in scoping review conduct and reporting currently exists, limiting potential for the methodology to advance rehabilitation research, practice and policy. Our aim is to conduct a scoping review of rehabilitation scoping reviews in order to exa...
Article
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Background People with disabilities face challenges accessing basic rehabilitation health care. In 2006, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) outlined the global necessity to meet the rehabilitation needs of people with disabilities, but this goal is often challenged by the undersupply and inequitable dist...
Article
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Objective: To analyze publication trends of Clinical Trials (CTs) and Systematic Reviews (SRs) in rehabilitation. Design: PubMed searches were performed with appropriate combinations of Medical Subject Headings. All entries until December 2013, and their yearly distributions since 1981 (when the first rehabilitation SR was identified), were retriev...
Article
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Introduction Person-centredness is a philosophy for organising and delivering healthcare based on patients’ needs, preferences and experiences. Although widely endorsed, the concept suffers from a lack of detail and clarification, in turn accounting for ambiguous implementation and outcomes. While a conceptual framework based on a systematic review...
Article
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Finding the 'right size' physical therapy (PT) workforce is an increasingly important issue, but it has had limited study particularly across nations. This perspective paper provides a comprehensive examination of PT workforce issues across 4 distinct countries (United States, Singapore, Portugal and Bangladesh), deliberately selected to allow cons...
Article
There is a growing interest in linking aspects of patient-provider communication to rehabilitation outcomes. However, the field lacks a conceptual understanding on: (a) 'how' rehabilitation outcomes can be improved by communication; and (b) through 'which' elements in particular. This article elaborates on the conceptual developments toward informi...
Article
There is substantial interest in mechanisms for measuring, reporting and improving the quality of healthcare, including post-acute care (PAC) and rehabilitation. Unfortunately, current activities generally are either too narrow or to poorly specified to reflect PAC rehabilitation quality of care. In part, this is due to lack of a shared conceptual...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Rehabilitation for COVID-19: Needs assessment, Access to care, and Neurocognitive sequelae of COVID-19
Project
https://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph/special_issues/global_rehabilitation_workforce_policy_innovation This Special Issue welcomes empirical, review, and theoretical papers on the development, testing or implementation of innovative rehabilitation studies and solutions within the following broad fields: (1) planning, educating, managing, or regulating the rehabilitation workforce; (2) developing rehabilitation policies, plans and priorities, inclusively across sectors; (3) determining health systems’ capacity to meet rehabilitation needs, access, and coverage requirements; (4) developing rehabilitation infrastructures, governance, and funding schemas, and finally on (5) developing and evaluating service delivery innovations, such as the use of digital technologies, rehabilitation delivered in primary care, or implementing practice guidelines, referral pathways, or quality assurance programs. The examples are merely illustrative, and we welcome other categories that might fit into the context of rehabilitation workforce, policy, and service delivery innovations. Overall, innovations can target one or more key structures, or building blocks, for health systems to provide quality, accessible, affordable, and locally-acceptable rehabilitation services, across the care continuum. Finally, we welcome papers addressing any country, region (e.g., rural areas), as well any political or economic context. Paper on cross-national developments, tools, and partnerships (e.g., international aid, South–South collaborations, reverse innovation) also are welcome, such as any other innovative, disruptive means to positively impact rehabilitation service provision worldwide. Sincerely, Prof. Michel D. Landry Dr. Tiago Silva Jesus Prof. Helen Marie Hoenig Guest Editors