Tiago Miguel Ferreira

Tiago Miguel Ferreira
University of the West of England, Bristol | UWE Bristol · Department of Geography and Environmental Management

PhD
PI of the project "​Multi-risk Interactions Towards Resilient and Sustainable Cities​" (MIT-PT). Accepting PhD students.

About

232
Publications
84,390
Reads
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1,987
Citations
Citations since 2016
167 Research Items
1827 Citations
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Introduction
Tiago Miguel Ferreira's research domains include the evaluation and mitigation of risks in historic centres and the rehabilitation and retrofit of existing structures. He is currently a Lecturer at UWE Bristol and an invited Assistant Professor at the University of Coimbra. He is currently, an Editor-in-Chief of Conservar Património and GeoHazards, and a Section Editor-in-Chief of Fire. Ranked among the top 2% scientists in the world by Elsevier BV and Stanford University in August 2021.
Additional affiliations
January 2018 - present
University of Coimbra
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
October 2016 - March 2020
University of Minho
Position
  • Research Associate
October 2015 - September 2016
University of Aveiro
Position
  • PhD Student
Education
February 2011 - January 2015
University of Aveiro
Field of study
  • Civil Engineering
September 2009 - December 2010
University of Porto
Field of study
  • Rehabilitation of Built Heritage
September 2004 - July 2009
University of Aveiro
Field of study
  • Civil Engineering

Publications

Publications (232)
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the impacts of multi-hazard risk in urban areas is a fundamental step towards the adoption of resilience-enhancement and disaster prevention strategies, underpinning institutional adjustments aimed at improving the capacity of the authorities and stakeholders to manage risk. Within this framework, the work presented in this paper seek...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Reducing the uncertainty about the structural vulnerability of historical constructions comprises the selection of reasonably generalised approaches in a context of a significant typological variability; the difficulty of performing large-scale assessments with reasonable reliability; and the lack of dedicated infrastructures for efficiently storin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper targets the comparison between the current state and seismic vulnerability of the masonry buildings of the old city centre building stock carried out in 2009 and the recent reassessment and data survey, updating the information on the general state of conservation and sequentially the assessment of the seismic vulnerability of the of mas...
Article
Full-text available
Identifying fire risk in urban centres is instrumental for supporting informed decision-making and outlining efficient vulnerability mitigation strategies. Historic centres are particularly complex in this regard due to the high density of combustible materials in these areas, the favourable fire propagation conditions between buildings, and the co...
Poster
Full-text available
Assessing the seismic vulnerability of large sets of buildings is a crucial step toward understanding the vulnerability of those buildings and designing effective vulnerability and risk mitigation strategies. However, the process of calibrating and validating the methodologies to perform such assessments is not easy, mainly because the amount and q...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
It is well known that the retrofitting of existing structures is an increasingly leading branch in the construction sector. It is also widely acknowledged that, because they were constructed in an era in which energy efficiency and seismic resistance requirements were not a critical part of the design, a very significant part of existing building s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Caracterizar la vulnerabilidad de las construcciones históricas en el contexto de acciones sísmicas es una actividad primordial para su salvaguarda. A pesar de las numerosas experiencias para evaluar construcciones históricas, la aplicación de evaluaciones a escala urbana sigue siendo una discusión abierta que involucra la pertinencia de las metodo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The development and progress of rural territories as a vector towards achieving global development and territorial cohesion has been gradually becoming a European and international priority. The severe out-migration and desertification that these territories are experiencing are impacting their remaining population significantly. In that matter, re...
Article
Full-text available
It is a great pleasure to assume the role of Editor-in-Chief for the “Fire Risk Assessment and Safety Management in Buildings and Urban Spaces” Section of Fire (https://www [...]
Article
Full-text available
The interest in assessing seismic risk in earthquake-prone regions in Morocco has been increasing over recent decades, to a large extent due to the substantial amount of damage imposed by recent events and because the population in these regions has grown significantly. In this context, the present study is aimed to contribute to the understanding...
Article
Full-text available
Historic urban centres are, almost by definition, risk-prone areas. The buildings in the historical sites are often highly vulnerable to natural and human-made hazards, not only due to their construction and material characteristics but also because they are usually very degraded due to ineffective maintenance and conservation policies. Moreover, t...
Article
Full-text available
European countries are affected by various levels of seismic hazard, including many areas with medium to high seismicity. Heavy damage over large areas has been observed in past earthquakes in these countries, particularly in masonry buildings located in historical centers, confirming the need for enhancing the current knowledge on the seismic vuln...
Article
The seismic vulnerability assessment of large sets of constructions is meaningful for anticipating post-earthquake scenarios in the context of loss prevention and resilience. These activities must overcome several difficulties related to the size and heterogeneity of the building stock, becoming even more complex when addressed to historical and ve...
Chapter
Facing the immediate response to an earthquake emergency in the Urban Built Environment (UBE) by ensuring an adequate safety level for citizens means solving critical issues in the immediate disaster aftermath, i.e. in the evacuation process. In this phase, people should leave their positions, move in the UBE and gather in assembly areas where to f...
Book
Full-text available
Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Civil Engineering Structures at Multiple Scales: From Single Buildings to Large-Scale Assessment provides an integrated, multiscale platform for fundamental and applied studies on the seismic vulnerability assessment of civil engineering structures, including buildings with different materials and building typolo...
Chapter
The structural and in particular the seismic assessment starts with the knowledge of the buildings under study. The building survey need to be carried out in a short time but need to produce adequate information to allow the most accurate evaluation, reducing the level of uncertainty. This is challenge and the information gathered should be depende...
Chapter
The task of selecting the most appropriate method or technique to assess the seismic vulnerability of large building stocks must be based on a proper balance between the simplicity of the tool to be used and the accuracy of the results, knowing that vulnerability assessment outputs are inevitably affected by uncertainties of multiple origins, inclu...
Chapter
The development of integrated decision-support tools, able to assess multiple hazards at the regional and local scales, is a fundamental step to enhance the preparedness of urban areas to mitigate present and future risks arising from climate change. Understanding multi-hazard risk can help prioritize resilience-increasing actions and disaster prev...
Book
Full-text available
The Heritage Within (HWITHIN) European Research Project aimed to develop an innovative approach to present buildings and archaeological ruins. The project proposed to implement state-of-the-art technologies to produce an innovative visualization of the cultural heritage by showing what is hidden to our naked eye and the unknown, nonvisible features...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
O Quadro de Ação de Hyogo para a Redução do Risco de Desastre 2015-2030, veio salientar a necessidade da adoção de políticas, estratégias e medidas de redução de impactos baseadas no conhecimento integrado dos fatores de risco (UNISDR, 2015; UNDRR, 2019). Muito se tem progredido neste sentido, proporcionando aos decisores e técnicos um melhor conhe...
Article
Full-text available
Historical city centres are critical-built environments prone to earthquake risk because of the features of the complex network of Architectural Heritage, facing Open Spaces (OSs) and the users hosted by them. Structural measures, such as building retrofitting actions, and non-structural measures, like emergency and evacuation planning, could be jo...
Conference Paper
The evaluation of the seismic vulnerability of existing structures for regional risk analysis is characterized by sources of uncertainty due to insufficient data (i.e. epistemic) and sources of variability that cannot be reduced (i.e. aleatory). These sources of uncertainty are particularly important for the evaluation of fragility of masonry struc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Adobe is a common earth-based construction material that is used widely across the world. These buildings are known to exhibit low seismic resistance capacity due to their brittle behaviour, thus making them vulnerable to ground shaking and more prone to structural damage that potentially causes human fatalities. The Portuguese Adobe building stock...
Chapter
No decurso da sua longa e ativa carreira académica, o Professor Luciano Lourenço desenvolveu uma intensa atividade de interação e cooperação com instituições, grupos de investigação, profissionais de diversas áreas de atividade e do conhecimento, em estreita associação à sua atividade científica e docente, mas também consequência do seu caráter bei...
Article
Full-text available
The possibility of characterising an existing building based on a limited set of attributes would permit building a semantical, graphical or even conceptual model that could serve as a reference for analytical purposes. Providing that the intent of the analysis and the evaluation procedures are consistent with each other and coherent with the descr...
Article
The use of reinforced concrete (RC) in retrofitting interventions on existing unreinforced masonry (URM) buildings has been spreading all over the world since the beginning of the twentieth century. However, many of these mixed URM–RC buildings have revealed to be particularly vulnerable to seismic action, and their inherent complex structural beha...
Article
Full-text available
A large volume of work has been carried out in recent years to assess the effects of individual hazards on urban areas. However, due to its complexity, assessing the probable cumulative impacts of multiple hazards has not yet entered the mainstream of research and urban management practice, particularly in the specific case of the Historic Urban Ar...
Article
Full-text available
The Historic Urban Landscape provides a basis to comprehensively study the city, considering the numerous agents and stakeholders involved in the urban phenomenon. However, the characterisation of the city is challenging, due to the numerous ways of reading and using the city. Although several theoretical approaches address the process of documenti...
Article
Full-text available
Adobe construction represents 5.3% of the total Portuguese building stock according to the latest National Housing Census. The distribution of these adobe buildings is scattered across the country, with higher density in the central region and in Algarve in the south, where the seismic hazard is highest. A large proportion of these buildings are st...
Article
According to the latest national housing census, masonry buildings represent more than half of the Portuguese buildings stock and houses over 40% of the population. Due to their low tensile strength, massive weight, and inadequate maintenance, these buildings are prone to damage due to ground shaking. In this study, a charac- terisation of the geom...
Article
Recent natural and anthropic disasters have aroused the interest of the scientific and governmental community in seeking more efficient and effective risk mitigation strategies. Index-based approaches have received particular attention in the field of disaster risk because of their extraordinary capacity to synthesise and spatially contextualise vu...
Conference Paper
The assessment of the seismic performance of historical buildings faces numerous challenges, mostly related to the diversity of the building stock and the uncertainties associated with the characterisation of the structural and construction systems. However, such assessment is essential, not only considering the human and material losses that can s...
Article
Full-text available
2020 was an untypically difficult year. The global COVID-19 pandemic has forced the closure of various sectors of activity, including universities, laboratories and businesses, impelling researchers and technicians to temporarily halt their research or, at their best, to develop it in a limited way. Less recognised but equally significant was the d...
Article
In many regions of the globe, the seismic data associated with higher magnitude seismic events usable in the characterization of the seismic hazard is scarce. Therefore, seismologists have been estimating the magnitude and probable epicentral location of historical earthquakes using the historical records and intensity scales to map the observed da...
Article
Full-text available
Volcanic exposure implies multiple hazards for human settlements. The identification of the potential hazards that volcanic activity can entail is a challenge requiring assessing the specific situations that a determined place would face. Popocatépetl, a volcano in the centre of México, represents a significant hazard source, and it is located with...
Article
Full-text available
Seismic damage assessment is an extraordinary opportunity to evaluate the reliability of vulnerability and risk methodologies applied to historic masonry buildings, giving the possibility of enhancing and optimising mitigation and retrofit strategies. Vulnerability index methodologies are flexible and powerful tools for assessing seismic vulnerabil...
Article
Full-text available
The external envelope walls of a significant percentage of the residential building stock in Southern European countries is commonly constituted by infill masonry walls. However, thousands of square meters of this masonry wall typology presents severe issues of cracking and instability, related to the incorrect and deficient support conditions of t...
Chapter
As it is recognized, the definition of rehabilitation and seismic retrofitting strategies and solutions for traditional buildings with load-bearing masonry walls requires an adequate characterization of their material properties and construction solutions. The lack of knowledge on the behavior of traditional constructions frequently leads to the ad...
Chapter
The use of earth-based materials as a base for architecture is common to several pre-Hispanic cultures across Latin America. This legacy has been improved and adapted during the Spanish Empire age in the Americas, resulting in several techniques that are still in use for new constructions. Furthermore, the existence of a live tradition related to e...
Chapter
Over the last decades, various regions of the globe have been hit by devastating seismic events leading to raise the awareness of the scientific, technical, and political communities to the need of identifying the buildings at risk and implementing effective mitigation strategies. The capacity to accurately assess the seismic vulnerability of these...
Article
In recent decades, seismic vulnerability studies in residential Historic Districts have increasingly resorted to simplified assessment methods, which, very often, are grounded on idealized models obtained from the analysis of the most recurring material and geometrical features in a specific area. This paper aims to discuss the procedure to get res...
Article
Aggregates made of old masonry structures represent a very common structural typology in many cities of the world. The structural units along the aggregates are characterized frequently by structural and geometrical heterogeneities. But urban growth led to the formation of many historic centres with similar structural typologies. The present study...
Article
Full-text available
A year has passed since the new editorial and direction board assumed the direction of the journal [1]. We would like to highlight some changes that have been implemented, particularly those involving the image and management of Conservar Património, remarking that some changes are still under development.
Chapter
Full-text available
Os núcleos urbanos antigos são zonas especialmente vulneráveis a incêndios, seja por conta das características construtivas das edificações que os compõe, ou pelas características do próprio conjunto urbano em que estão inseridos (HIMOTO; TANAKA, 2008). Por outro lado, são áreas de imensurável valor cultural e histórico e que exigem um cuidado espe...
Article
The use of digital representations of physical objects allows to simulate phenomena and predict behaviours. The representativeness of a model is based on the congruency between the code, the survey and the modelling strategies. In terms of physical space, two important approaches are the Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and Building Informati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This presents a BIM-based methodology for the seismic performance assessment of existing mixed URM-RC buildings that consists of four phases: (1) Anamnesis, dedicated to the survey and collection of facts about the existing building, the structure and its environs. It aims at a better understanding of the complexity of different layers, historic ph...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
No processo de reabilitação estrutural de pavimentos de madeira, a entrega das vigas de pavimento na parede de alvenaria é um ponto sensível, suscetível à ação da humidade e consequente apodrecimento. Uma das ações mais comummente adotadas para corrigir esta situação, é a substituição da zona degradada da viga por uma nova de igual secção, com liga...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
O Decreto-Lei n.º 95/2019, de 18 de julho, estabeleceu o regime aplicável à reabilitação de edifícios ou frações autónomas. No domínio da segurança ao incêndio (SI), este diploma veio clarificar as situações em que é possível recorrer à aplicação métodos de verificação de SI alternativos, previstos no Decreto-Lei n.º 220/2008, de 12 de novembro, at...
Book
Full-text available
The adverse effects of flood disasters in urban areas have been increasing in severity and extent over the past years. The amounts of losses resulting from these events are also increasing exponentially, particularly in highly urbanised urban areas, where the effects of intensive land use and climate change are particularly extreme. All this despit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fire damage to the built and urban environment is a constant threat and the cause of a significant number of fatalities and the loss of irreplaceable cultural heritage. In this sense, assessing and mitigating fire risk and vulnerability is of paramount importance, especially in Historical Centres, where the characteristics of the buildings (with in...
Conference Paper
In regions with low-to-moderate seismicity, the return-period of seismic events with large magnitudes is relatively high. Nevertheless, historical seismic events are relevant for the evaluation of seismic hazard in those regions. Thus, seismologists study the records of the effects of historical earthquakes to map the distribution intensity points,...
Article
Full-text available
The use of Building Information Modelling (BIM) has been changing the paradigm in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry. Regarding the assessment of existing buildings, one of the applications of BIM with significant potential concerns the so-called "reverse engineering" (i.e., the reverse process compared with the tradition...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Earthquake resilience in historical centres is significantly affected by interactions between the built environment, defined as the network of building heritage and surrounding open spaces, and hosted population. Building vulnerability, earthquake-induced effects and population’s exposure mainly influence the first emergency phases. In the immediat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Seismic damage assessment is a valuable opportunity to evaluate the accuracy of vulnerability and risk methodologies applied to historic masonry buildings, giving the possibility of enhancing and optimizing mitigation and retrofit strategies. Vulnerability index methodologies are flexible and powerful tools for the seismic assessment at urban scale...
Article
Full-text available
The adverse effects of flood disasters in urban areas have been increasing in severity and extent over the past years. [..]
Article
Full-text available
Historic city centres near watercourses are a specific type of urban area that is particularly vulnerable to flooding. In this study, we present a new methodology of flood risk assessment that crosses hazard and physical vulnerability information. We have selected the Historic City Centre of Guimarães (Portugal), a UNESCO Heritage Site, for develop...
Article
In light of the new legal framework in force in Portugal, which defines the terms for reporting the seismic vulnerability assessment and the need for seismic strengthening of existing buildings, this paper aims at investigating the correlation between two well-known approaches for the seismic risk assessment of stone masonry buildings located withi...
Article
Assessing and mitigating fire risk and vulnerability is of paramount importance, especially in historical centres, where the characteristics of the buildings and these areas themselves significantly contribute to the ignition and propagation of fire. Federal regulations require buildings to follow guidelines aimed at reducing fire risk, which may r...
Article
This paper aims at providing an insightful comparison between three of the most widely used commercially available macroelement models for assessing the global seismic performance of existing masonry structures: the equivalent frame model of 3Muri®, and the two- and three-dimensional discrete macroelements available in 3DMacro®. To this aim, a ston...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the adoption of Artificial Intelligence-based techniques to estimate seismic damage, not with the goal of replacing existing approaches, but as a mean to improve the precision of empirical methods. For such, damage data collected in the aftermath of the 1998 Azores earthquake (Portugal) is used to develop a comparative analysis...