# Tiago CastroUniversity of Trieste | UNITS · Department of Physics

Tiago Castro

PhD

## About

30

Publications

930

Reads

**How we measure 'reads'**

A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more

213

Citations

Citations since 2017

Introduction

My research activity focuses mainly on cosmology. In particular, I am interested in the intersection between theory and observations. My expertise comprises large scale structure, gravitational lensing, data analysis, and numerical cosmology.

Additional affiliations

September 2018 - present

Education

April 2014 - April 2018

## Publications

Publications (30)

The photometric catalogue of galaxy clusters extracted from ESA Euclid data is expected to be very competitive for cosmological studies. Using state-of-the-art hydrodynamical simulations, we present systematic analyses simulating the expected weak lensing profiles from clusters in a variety of dynamic states and at wide range of redshifts. In order...

Context. Weak lensing and clustering statistics beyond two-point functions can capture non-Gaussian information about the matter density field, thereby improving the constraints on cosmological parameters relative to the mainstream methods based on correlation functions and power spectra. Aims. This paper presents a cosmological analysis of the fou...

Aims. We validate a semi-analytical model for the covariance of real-space 2-point correlation function of galaxy clusters. Methods. Using 1000 PINOCCHIO light cones mimicking the expected Euclid sample of galaxy clusters, we calibrate a simple model to accurately describe the clustering covariance. Then, we use such a model to quantify the likelih...

The measurement of the absolute neutrino mass scale from cosmological large-scale clustering data is one of the key science goals of the Euclid mission. Such a measurement relies on precise modelling of the impact of neutrinos on structure formation, which can be studied with $N$-body simulations. Here we present the results from a major code compa...

The next generation of detectors will detect gravitational waves from binary neutron stars at cosmological distances, for which around a thousand electromagnetic follow-ups may be observed per year. So far, most work devoted to the expected cosmological impact of these standard sirens employed them only as distance indicators. Only recently their u...

We demonstrate how to use persistent homology for cosmological parameter inference in a tomographic cosmic shear survey. We obtain the first cosmological parameter constraints from persistent homology by applying our method to the first-year data of the Dark Energy Survey. To obtain these constraints, we analyse the topological structure of the mat...

Euclid's photometric galaxy cluster survey has the potential to be a very competitive cosmological probe. The main cosmological probe with observations of clusters is their number count, within which the halo mass function (HMF) is a key theoretical quantity. We present a new calibration of the analytic HMF, at the level of accuracy and precision r...

Context. Weak lensing and clustering statistics beyond two-point functions can capture non-Gaussian information about the matter density field, thereby improving the constraints on cosmological parameters relative to the mainstream methods based on correlation functions and power spectra. Aims. This paper presents a cosmological analysis of the fou...

Context. Our universe may feature large-scale inhomogeneities and anisotropies that cannot be explained by the standard model of cosmology, that is, the homogeneous and isotropic Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker metric, on which the Λ cold dark matter model is built, may not accurately describe observations. Currently, there is not a satisfactor...

The next generation of detectors will detect gravitational waves from binary neutron stars at cosmological distances, for which around a thousand electromagnetic follow-ups may be observed per year. So far, most work devoted to the expected cosmological impact of these standard sirens employed them only as distance indicators. Only recently their u...

We demonstrate how to use persistent homology for cosmological parameter inference in a tomographic cosmic shear survey. We obtain the first cosmological parameter constraints from persistent homology by applying our method to the first-year data of the Dark Energy Survey. To obtain these constraints, we analyse the topological structure of the mat...

Our Universe may feature large-scale inhomogeneities and anisotropies which cannot be explained by the standard model of cosmology, that is, the homogeneous and isotropic FLRW metric, on which the $\Lambda$CDM model is built, may not describe accurately observations. Currently, there is not a satisfactory understanding of the evolution of the large...

Context: Modelling satellite galaxy abundance $N_s$ in Galaxy Clusters (GCs) is a key element in modelling the Halo Occupation Distribution (HOD), which itself is a powerful tool to connect observational studies with numerical simulations. Aims: To study the impact of cosmological parameters on satellite abundance both in cosmological simulations a...

Aims. We investigate the contribution of shot-noise and sample variance to uncertainties in the cosmological parameter constraints inferred from cluster number counts, in the context of the Euclid survey. Methods. By analysing 1000 Euclid-like light cones, produced with the PINOCCHIO approximate method, we validated the analytical model of Hu & Kra...

We constrain cosmological parameters from a joint cosmic shear analysis of peak-counts and the two-point shear correlation functions, as measured from the Dark Energy Survey (DES-Y1). We find the structure growth parameter $S_8\equiv \sigma _8\sqrt{\Omega _{\rm m}/0.3} = 0.766^{+0.033}_{-0.038}$, which at 4.8% precision, provides one of the tightes...

Aims. We investigate the contribution of shot-noise and sample variance to uncertainties in the cosmological parameter constraints inferred from cluster number counts, in the context of the Euclid survey.
Methods. By analysing 1000 Euclid -like light cones, produced with the PINOCCHIO approximate method, we validated the analytical model of Hu & Kr...

NonGaussian cosmic shear statistics based on weak-lensing aperture mass ( M ap ) maps can outperform the classical shear two-point correlation function ( γ -2PCF) in terms of cosmological constraining power. However, reaching the full potential of these new estimators requires accurate modeling of the physics of baryons as the extra nonGaussian inf...

Aims. We investigate the contribution of shot-noise and sample variance to the uncertainty of cosmological parameter constraints inferred from cluster number counts in the context of the Euclid survey. Methods. By analysing 1000 Euclid-like light-cones, produced with the PINOCCHIO approximate method, we validate the analytical model of Hu & Kravtso...

Non-Gaussian cosmic shear statistics based on weak-lensing aperture mass ($M_{\rm ap}$) maps can outperform the classical shear two-point correlation function ($\gamma$-2PCF) in terms of cosmological constraining power. Reaching the full potential of these new estimators however requires an accurate modeling of the physics of baryons as the extra n...

We constrain cosmological parameters from a joint cosmic shear analysis of peak-counts and the two-point shear correlation function, as measured from the Dark Energy Survey (DES-Y1). We find the structure growth parameter $S_8\equiv \sigma_8\sqrt{\Omega_{\rm m}/0.3} = 0.766^{+0.033}_{-0.038}$, which at 4.8% precision, provides one of the tightest c...

Luminous matter produces very energetic events, such as active galactic nuclei and supernova explosions, that significantly affect the internal regions of galaxy clusters. Although the current uncertainty in the effect of baryonic physics on cluster statistics is subdominant as compared to other systematics, the picture is likely to change soon as...

Luminous matter produces very energetic events, such as active galactic nuclei and supernova explosions, that significantly affect the internal regions of galaxy clusters. Although the current uncertainty in the effect of baryonic physics on cluster statistics is subdominant as compared to other systematics, the picture is likely to change soon as...

The generation of simulated convergence maps is of key importance in fully exploiting weak lensing by large-scale structure (LSS) from which cosmological parameters can be derived. In this paper, we present an extension of the pinocchio code that produces catalogues of dark matter haloes so that it is capable of simulating weak lensing by Modify LS...

The Javalambre-Physics of the Accelerating Universe Astrophysical Survey (J-PAS) will soon start to scan thousands of square degrees of the northern extragalactic sky with a unique set of $56$ optical filters from a dedicated $2.55$m telescope, JST, at the Javalambre Astrophysical Observatory. Before the arrival of the final instrument (a 1.2 Gpixe...

The generation of simulated convergence maps is of key importance in fully exploiting weak lensing by Large Scale Structure (LSS) from which cosmological parameters can be derived. In this paper we present an extension of the PINOCCHIO code which produces catalogues of dark matter haloes so that it is capable of simulating weak lensing by LSS. Like...

Observational cosmology is passing through a unique moment of grandeur with the amount of quality data growing fast. However, in order to better take advantage of this moment, data analysis tools have to keep up pace. Understanding the effect of baryonic matter on the large-scale structure is one of the challenges to be faced in cosmology. In this...

The abundances of matter halos in the universe are described by the so-called halo mass function (HMF). It enters most cosmological analyses and parametrizes how the linear growth of primordial perturbations is connected to these abundances. Interestingly, this connection can be made approximately cosmology independent. This made it possible to map...

The supernova Hubble diagram residual contains valuable information on both
the present matter power spectrum and its growth history. In this paper we show
that this information can be retrieved with precision by combining both
peculiar velocity and weak-lensing analysis on the data. To wit, peculiar
velocity induces correlations on the nearby supe...

A recently proposed technique allows one to constrain both the background and
perturbation cosmological parameters through the distribution function of
supernova Ia apparent magnitudes. Here we extend this technique to alternative
cosmological scenarios, in which the growth of structure does not follow the
$\Lambda$CDM prescription. We apply the me...

A method was recently proposed which allows the conversion of the weak-lensing effects in the Type Ia supernova (SNeIa) Hubble
diagram from noise into signal. Such signal is sensitive to the growth of structure in the universe, and in particular can
be used as a measurement of σ8 independently from more traditional methods such as those based on th...

## Projects

Project (1)