Thorsten Schmitt

Thorsten Schmitt
Paul Scherrer Institut | PSI · Research Department Synchrotron Radiation and Nanotechnology (SYN)

PhD

About

340
Publications
55,752
Reads
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10,232
Citations
Citations since 2016
169 Research Items
7543 Citations
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,2001,400
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,2001,400
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,2001,400
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,2001,400

Publications

Publications (340)
Article
In the last 20 years, the technique of resonant inelastic X‐ray scattering (RIXS) has been progressing at a high pace thanks to the concomitant development of instrumentation, synchrotron technology, and the theoretical description of the related fundamental process. In this article, we describe some recent aspects related to the fast progress of t...
Article
Full-text available
We studied the magnetic excitations in the quasi-one-dimensional (q-1D) ladder subsystem of Sr 14−x Ca x Cu 24 O 41 (SCCO) using Cu L 3-edge resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS). By comparing momentum-resolved RIXS spectra with high (x = 12.2) and without (x = 0) Ca content, we track the evolution of the magnetic excitations from collective t...
Article
Resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) is an evolving tool for investigating the spin dynamics of strongly correlated materials, which complements inelastic neutron scattering. In isotropic spin-12 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic (HAFM) spin chains, both techniques have observed non-spin-conserving (NSC) excitations confined to the two-spinon phas...
Article
Full-text available
Physics of the multiferroic interfaces is currently understood mostly within a phenomenological framework based on screening of the polarization field and depolarizing charges. Additional effects still unexplored are the band dependence of the interfacial charge modulation and the associated changes of the electron-phonon interaction, coupling the...
Article
Full-text available
The superconducting critical temperature Tc of intercalated iron-selenide superconductor (Li,Fe)OHFeSe (FeSe11111) can be increased to 42 from 8 K of bulk FeSe. It shows remarkably similar electronic properties as the high-Tc monolayer FeSe and provides a bulk counterpart to investigate the origin of enhanced superconductivity. Unraveling the natur...
Article
Full-text available
The fluctuating hydrogen bridge bonded network of liquid water at ambient conditions entails a varied ensemble of the underlying constituting H2O molecular moieties. This is mirrored in a manifold of the H2O molecular potentials. Subnatural line width resonant inelastic X-ray scattering allowed us to quantify the manifold of molecular potential ene...
Article
Full-text available
The origin of the electronic nematicity in FeSe is one of the most important unresolved puzzles in the study of iron-based superconductors. In both spin- and orbital-nematic models, the intrinsic magnetic excitations at Q1 = (1, 0) and Q2 = (0, 1) of twin-free FeSe are expected to provide decisive criteria for clarifying this issue. Although a spin...
Preprint
In high-temperature cuprate superconductors, stripe order refers broadly to a coupled spin and charge modulation with a commensuration of eight and four lattice units, respectively. How this stripe order evolves across optimal doping remains a controversial question. Here we present a systematic resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) study of w...
Preprint
Full-text available
Layered transition-metal dichalcogenides are proposed as building blocks for van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures due to their graphene-like two dimensional structure. For this purpose, a magnetic semiconductor could represent an invaluable component for various spintronics and topotronics devices. Here, we combine different local magnetic probe sp...
Preprint
Full-text available
The nature of the spin excitations in superconducting cuprates is a key question toward a unified understanding of the cuprate physics from long-range antiferromagnetism to superconductivity. The intense spin excitations up to the over-doped regime revealed by resonant inelastic X-ray scattering bring new insights as well as problems -- like unders...
Article
Full-text available
Static stripe order is detrimental to superconductivity. Yet, it has been proposed that transverse stripe fluctuations may enhance the inter-stripe Josephson coupling and thus promote superconductivity. Direct experimental studies of stripe dynamics, however, remain difficult. From a strong-coupling perspective, transverse stripe fluctuations are r...
Article
Dimensionality reduction induced metal-insulator transitions in oxide heterostructures are usually coupled with structural and magnetic phase transitions, which complicate the interpretation of the underlying physics. Therefore, achieving isostructural MIT is of great importance for fundamental physics and even more for applications. Here, we repor...
Preprint
Static stripe order is detrimental to superconductivity. Yet, it has been proposed that transverse stripe fluctuations may enhance the inter-stripe Josephson coupling and thus promote superconductivity. Direct experimental studies of stripe dynamics, however, remain difficult. From a strong-coupling perspective, transverse stripe fluctuations are r...
Article
Full-text available
Band bending at semiconductor surfaces and interfaces is the key to applications ranging from classical transistors to topological quantum computing. A semiconductor particularly important for optical as well as microwave devices is GaN. What makes the material useful is not only its large bandgap but also that it can be heavily doped to become met...
Article
Electronic structure of LaAlO 3 /SrTiO 3 (LAO/STO) samples, grown at low oxygen pressure and post-annealed ex situ , was investigated by soft-x-ray ARPES focussing on the Fermi momentum ( k F ) of the mobile electron system (MES). X-ray irradiation of these samples at temperatures below 100 K creates oxygen vacancies (V O s) injecting Ti t 2g -elec...
Article
It has been well established experimentally that the interplay of electronic correlations and spin-orbit interactions in Ir4+ and Ir5+ oxides results in insulating Jeff=1/2 and Jeff=0 ground states, respectively. However, in compounds where the structural dimerization of iridium ions is favorable, the direct Ir d−d hybridization can be significant...
Preprint
Full-text available
We studied the magnetic excitations in the quasi-one-dimensional (q-1D) ladder subsystem of Sr_(14-x) Ca_x Cu_24 O_41(SCCO) using Cu L_3-edge resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS). By comparing momentum-resolved RIXS spectra with (x=12.2) and without (x=0) high Ca content, we track the evolution of the magnetic excitations from collective two-...
Preprint
Full-text available
Physics of the multiferroic interfaces is currently understood mostly within a phenomenological framework including screening of the polarization field and depolarizing charges. Largely unexplored still remains the band dependence of the interfacial charge modulation, as well as the associated changes of the electron-phonon interaction, coupling th...
Article
Full-text available
The electronic structure of heterointerfaces is a pivotal factor for their device functionality. We use soft x-ray angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy to directly measure the momentum-resolved electronic band structures on both sides of the Schottky heterointerface formed by epitaxial films of the superconducting NbN on semiconducting GaN, an...
Article
Full-text available
The interplay of nearly degenerate orders in quantum materials can lead to a myriad of emergent phases. A prominent case is that of the high- T c cuprates for which the relationship between superconductivity and a short-ranged, incommensurate charge density wave in the CuO 2 planes involving the $$d_{x^2 - y^2}$$ d x 2 − y 2 orbitals (Cu-CDW) is a...
Article
Full-text available
Investigations of magnetically ordered phases on the femtosecond timescale have provided significant insights into the influence of charge and lattice degrees of freedom on the magnetic sub-system. However, short-range magnetic correlations occurring in the absence of long-range order, for example in spin-frustrated systems, are inaccessible to man...
Preprint
The superconducting critical temperature $T_{\mathrm{c}}$ of intercalated iron-selenide superconductor (Li,Fe)OHFeSe (FeSe11111) can be increased to 42 K from 8 K of bulk FeSe. It shows remarkably similar electronic properties as the high-$T_{\mathrm{c}}$ monolayer FeSe and provides a bulk counterpart to investigate the origin of enhanced supercond...
Preprint
Full-text available
Resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) is an evolving tool for investigating spin dynamics of strongly correlated materials, which complements inelastic neutron scattering. Both techniques have found that non-spin-conserving (NSC) excitations in quasi-1D isotropic quantum antiferromagnets are confined to the two-spinon phase space. Outside this...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dimensionality reduction induced metal-insulator transitions in oxide heterostructures are usually coupled with structural and magnetic phase transitions, which complicate the interpretation of the underlying physics. Therefore, achieving isostructural MIT is of great importance for fundamental physics and even more for applications. Here, we repor...
Preprint
Full-text available
Explaining the mechanism of superconductivity in the high-$T_c$ cuprates requires an understanding of what causes electrons to form Cooper pairs. Pairing can be mediated by phonons, the screened Coulomb force, spin or charge fluctuations, excitons, or by a combination of these. An excitonic pairing mechanism has been postulated, but experimental ev...
Preprint
Full-text available
The origin of the electronic nematicity in FeSe, which occurs below a tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural transition temperature $T_s$ ~ 90 K, well above the superconducting transition temperature $T_c = 9$ K, is one of the most important unresolved puzzles in the study of iron-based superconductors. In both spin- and orbital-nematic models, the...
Article
Full-text available
To fully capitalize on the potential and versatility of resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS), it is essential to develop the capability to interpret different RIXS contributions through calculations, including the dependence on momentum transfer, from first principles for correlated materials. Toward that objective, we present new methodology...
Article
Full-text available
A theoretical and experimental study of the gas phase and liquid acetic acid based on resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) spectroscopy is presented. We combine and compare different levels of theory for an isolated molecule for a comprehensive analysis, including electronic and vibrational degrees of freedom. The excitation energy scan over...
Preprint
Full-text available
Investigations of magnetically ordered phases on the femtosecond timescale have provided significant insights into the influence of charge and lattice degrees of freedom on the magnetic sub-system. However, short-range magnetic correlations occurring in the absence of long-range order, for example in spin-frustrated systems, are inaccessible to man...
Preprint
Full-text available
Rich functionalities of transition-metal oxides and their interfaces bear an enormous technological potential. Its realization in practical devices requires, however, a significant improvement of yet relatively low electron mobility in oxide materials. Recently, a mobility boost of about two orders of magnitude has been demonstrated at the spinel/p...
Preprint
Full-text available
We report an x-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) study of the local fluctuating magnetic moment ($\mu_{bare}$) in $\mathrm{NaFe_{1-x}Co_{x}As}$ and $\mathrm{NaFe_{1-x}Cu_{x}As}$. In NaFeAs, the reduced height of the As ions induces a local magnetic moment higher than $\mathrm{Ba_2As_2}$, despite lower T$_N$ and ordered magnetic moment. As NaFeAs is d...
Article
We report an x-ray emission spectroscopy study of the local fluctuating magnetic moment (μbare) in NaFe 1 − x Co x As and NaFe 1 − x Cu x As. In NaFeAs, the reduced height of the As ions induces a local magnetic moment higher than BaFe 2 As 2 despite lower TN and ordered magnetic moment. As NaFeAs is doped with Co, μbare is slightly reduced, wherea...
Preprint
Full-text available
The electronic structure of heterointerfaces play a pivotal role in their device functionality. Recently, highly crystalline ultrathin films of superconducting NbN have been integrated by molecular beam epitaxy with the semiconducting GaN. We use soft X-ray angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy to directly measure the momentum-resolved electron...
Article
Fully understanding the properties of n-type ferromagnetic semiconductors (FMSs), complementary to the mainstream p-type ones, is a challenging goal in semiconductor spintronics because ferromagnetism in n-type FMSs is theoretically nontrivial. Soft-x-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (SX-ARPES) is a powerful approach to examine the mec...
Article
Full-text available
The rich functionalities of transition-metal oxides and their interfaces bear an enormous technological potential. Its realization in practical devices requires, however, a significant improvement of yet relatively low electron mobility in oxide materials. Recently, a mobility boost of about 2 orders of magnitude has been demonstrated at the spinel...
Article
Full-text available
Quenching of vibrational excitations in resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) spectra of liquid acetic acid is observed. At the oxygen core resonance associated with localized excitations at the O–H bond, the spectra lack the typical progression of vibrational excitations observed in RIXS spectra of comparable systems. We interpret this phenom...
Article
The dynamics of fragmentation and vibration of molecular systems with a large number of coupled degrees of freedom are key aspects for understanding chemical reactivity and properties. Here we present a resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) study to show how it is possible to break down such a complex multidimensional problem into elementary c...
Article
The parent compounds of iron-based superconductors are magnetically ordered bad metals, with superconductivity appearing near a putative magnetic quantum critical point. The presence of both Hubbard repulsion and Hund's coupling leads to rich physics in these multiorbital systems, and motivated descriptions of magnetism in terms of itinerant electr...
Preprint
Full-text available
It has been well established experimentally that the interplay of electronic correlations and spin-orbit interactions in Ir$^{4+}$ and Ir$^{5+}$ oxides results in insulating J$_{\rm eff}$=1/2 and J$_{\rm eff}$=0 ground states, respectively. However, in compounds where the structural dimerization of iridum ions is favourable, the direct Ir $d$--$d$...
Article
Full-text available
A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41535-021-00323-8
Preprint
The parent compounds of iron-based superconductors are magnetically-ordered bad metals, with superconductivity appearing near a putative magnetic quantum critical point. The presence of both Hubbard repulsion and Hund's coupling leads to rich physics in these multiorbital systems, and motivated descriptions of magnetism in terms of itinerant electr...
Preprint
We report an ultrahigh resolution resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) study of the in-plane bond-stretching phonon mode in stripe-ordered cuprate La$_{1.675}$Eu$_{0.2}$Sr$_{0.125}$CuO$_4$. Phonon softening and lifetime shortening are found around the charge ordering wave vector. In addition to these self-energy effects, the electron-phonon c...
Article
Full-text available
In contrast to perovskites that share only common corners of cation‐occupied octahedra, binary‐oxides in addition share edges and faces increasing the versatility for tuning the properties and functionality of reduced dimensionality systems of strongly correlated oxides. This approach for tuning the electronic structure is based on the ability of X...
Article
Full-text available
The fabrication of binary oxide superlattices is undertaken as a general approach for exploring novel concepts and phenomena in reduced dimensionality systems of strongly correlated oxides. In article number 2004914, Gyula Eres, Milan Radovic, Thorsten Schmitt, and co‐workers achieve a wide range of tunability of the metal insulator transition in V...
Article
Full-text available
Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, visualizing the superconducting gap in k-space, plays a pivotal role in research on cuprates and other high-Tc superconducting materials. However, there has always been an imminent doubt whether this technique truly represents the intrinsic bulk spectral function, whose response can be distorted by energy-...
Article
We present a combined oxygen K-edge x-ray absorption spectroscopy and resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) study of the bilayer ruthenate Ca3Ru2O7. Our RIXS experiments on Ca3Ru2O7 were carried out on the overlapping planar and interplanar oxygen resonances, which are distinguishable from the apical one. Comparison to equivalent oxygen K-edge...
Article
Full-text available
Magnetic Weyl semimetals are a newly discovered class of topological materials that may serve as a platform for exotic phenomena, such as axion insulators or the quantum anomalous Hall effect. Here, we use angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy and ab initio calculations to discover Weyl cones in CoS 2 , a ferromagnet with pyrite structure that...
Preprint
Full-text available
Quenching of vibrational excitations in resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) spectra of liquid acetic acid is observed. At the oxygen core resonance associated with localized excitations at the O-H bond, the spectra lack the typical progressionof vibrational excitations observed in RIXS spectra of comparable systems. We interpret this phenome...
Preprint
To fully capitalize on the potential and versatility of resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS), it is essential to develop the capability to interpret different RIXS contributions through calculations, including the dependence on momentum transfer, from first-principles for correlated materials. Toward that objective, we present new methodology...
Preprint
In the high spin-orbit coupled Sr2IrO4, the high sensitivity of the ground state to the details of the local lattice structure shows a large potential for the manipulation of the functional properties by inducing local lattice distortions. We use epitaxial strain to modify the Ir-O bond geometry in Sr2IrO4 and perform momentum-dependent Resonant In...
Article
Full-text available
Significance Understanding the relationship between entangled degrees of freedom (DOF) is a central problem in correlated materials and the possibility to influence their balance is promising toward realizing novel functionalities. In Sr 2 IrO 4 , the interaction between spin–orbit coupling and electron correlations induces an exotic ground state w...
Preprint
Full-text available
Fully understanding the properties of n-type ferromagnetic semiconductors (FMSs), complementary to the mainstream p-type ones, is a challenging goal in semiconductor spintronics because ferromagnetism in n-type FMSs is theoretically non-trivial. Soft-x-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (SX-ARPES) is a powerful approach to examine the me...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
The transition metal chalcogenide Ta2NiSe5 undergoes a second-order phase transition at Tc=328K involving a small lattice distortion. Below Tc, a band gap at the center of its Brillouin zone increases up to about 0.35 eV. In this work, we study the electronic structure of Ta2NiSe5 in its low-temperature semiconducting phase, using resonant inelasti...
Preprint
The transition metal chalcogenide Ta$_2$NiSe$_5$ undergoes a second-order phase transition at $T_c=328$ K involving a small lattice distortion. Below $T_c$, a band gap at the center of its Brillouin zone increases up to about 0.35 eV. In this work, we study the electronic structure of Ta$_2$NiSe$_5$ in its low-temperature semiconducting phase, usin...
Preprint
Full-text available
The interplay of nearly degenerate orders in quantum materials can lead to a myriad of emergent phases. A prominent case is that of the high-Tc cuprates for which the relationship between superconductivity and a short-ranged, incommensurate charge density wave in the CuO2 planes involving the dx2-y2 orbitals (Cu-CDW) is a subject of great current i...
Article
Full-text available
A very high Chern number Topologically nontrivial electronic structure can often be characterized by the Chern number, the value of which is related to the magnitude of some of the exotic effects predicted to occur in such systems. Many topological phases discovered so far have a Chern number of 1 or 2, but higher values are also theoretically poss...
Preprint
Full-text available
The pyrite compound CoS2 has been intensively studied in the past due to its itinerant ferromagnetism and potential for half-metallicity, which make it a promising material for spintronic applications. However, its electronic structure remains only poorly understood. Here we use complementary bulk- and surface-sensitive angle-resolved photoelectron...