Thomas Zandonai

Thomas Zandonai
Miguel Hernández University of Elche

PhD Translational Biomedicine

About

55
Publications
13,624
Reads
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205
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2019 - present
Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche
Position
  • Collaborator Research
April 2016 - April 2020
University of Granada
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Research studies focused on the possible effects of brain stimulation (e.g. tDCS) and analgesics (e.g. tramadol, paracetamol) on cognitive and exercise performance.
November 2014 - December 2017
University of Trento
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Laboratory in methods of educational and physical sports activities, Specialization course of support teachers to students with disabilities
Education
January 2011 - April 2014
University of Verona
Field of study
  • Smokeless tobacco (snus) effects on cognitive and exercise performance
September 2007 - March 2010
University of Verona
Field of study
  • School of Exercise and Sport Science

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
Full-text available
The use of nicotine administered through smokeless tobacco (snus) has increased among athletes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ergogenic effects of snus on aerobic performance during exercise until exhaustion in athletes after abstinence or satiety nicotine conditions. The study utilised a randomised, controlled, within‐subject de...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives: To investigate the effect of tramadol on performance during a 20-min cycling time-trial (Experiment 1), and to test whether sustained attention would be impaired during cycling after tramadol intake (Experiment 2).Design: randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial.Methods: In Experiment 1, participants completed a cycling time-t...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Among athletes, an increasing use of nicotine via smokeless tobacco has been reported. However, there are currently unanswered questions about whether the use by athletes is due to nicotine’s addictive properties and/or to benefits in physical and cognitive performance (e.g., decision-making). In this original article we reported about...
Article
Smokeless tobacco (Snus) is a substance that contains nicotine, which has been placed on World Anti-Doping Agency's 2014 Monitoring Program. A proliferation of nicotine use in sport has been observed in recent years, but little is known regarding its effects, especially on football players' performance. Therefore, the aim of this study was to asses...
Article
Full-text available
A good therapeutic alliance is relevant for healthcare providers exposed to patients' suffering, especially since patients and physicians may understand the painful experience differently. Our aim was to explore the impact of therapeutic alliance on analgesic outcomes in a real-world interdisciplinary pain unit (PU). A cross-sectional observational...
Article
Full-text available
Benzodiazepines (BZDs) represent one of the most widely used groups of pharmaceuticals, but if used for long periods of time they are associated with dependence and an increased risk of harmful effects. High-dose (HD) BZD dependence is a specific substance use disorder associated with a poor quality of life. It is especially important to pinpoint d...
Article
The use of benzodiazepines among athletes is a new and growing phenomenon according to the recent case reports published. Therefore, there is an urgent need to identify if there is rationale for the use of benzodiazepines and its effects on exercise. This review aims to provide an overview of the effects of benzodiazepine in exercise among healthy...
Article
Full-text available
The outbreak of coronavirus required adjustment regarding the delivery of interventions. Media literacy interventions are necessary to help people acquire relevant skills to navigate the complexities of media communications, and to encourage health-promoting behaviors. The present study aimed to promote a media literacy intervention regarding perfo...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To quantify patients’ pain more objectively is essential to guide an individualized therapy, all the more so in patients under long-term opioid-use. Only a thoughtful and objective understanding of risks and benefits could improve an individualized standard of care. Our aim was to assess metric reliability and validity of an integrated a...
Article
Introduction: Although the effects of proximal smoking cues have been widely studied in smokers, little is known on the features associated with background spatial context effect, that is, "context reactivity." The aim of this study was to investigate context reactivity exhibited by smokers in virtual cue-free domestic scenarios. Methods: Sixty-...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention entitled A-Judo Programme for the reduction in bullying and improvement of prosocial behaviour at school, based on the theory of self-determination (SDT). Physical education teachers (PETs) received 20 h of specific training, implementing the programme thereafter in their classes in...
Article
Exposure to smoking-related stimuli may induce the reconsolidation of smoking-related memories in smokers. Research has proposed that extinction applied after the retrieval of a smoking memory may inhibit reconsolidation and prevent craving. The aim of this study was to test the effect of postretrieval extinction (PRE) on the reconsolidation of smo...
Article
Full-text available
The use of tramadol is a controversial topic in cycling. In order to provide novel evidence on this issue, we tested 29 participants in a pre-loaded cycling time trial (TT; a 20-min TT preceded by 40-min of constant work-rate at 60% of the VO2max) after ingesting 100 mg of tramadol (vs placebo and paracetamol (1.5 g)). Participants performed the Ps...
Article
Background: Exercise dependence is a phenomenon characterized by behavioral, physiological and psychological symptoms similarly to substance use disorders. Although exercise addiction is not classified as a mental health disorder. A descriptive study of exercise dependence in two different countries, Italy and for the first time Japan was performe...
Article
Purpose The use of smokeless tobacco/nicotine products is common among athletes, but clear evidence for their positive or negative effect on sports performance is lacking. Nicotine is a psychoactive substance involved in numerous neuronal processes including cortical excitability. The aim of this study was to evaluate its effect on cortical excita...
Preprint
Full-text available
The use of tramadol is a controversial current topic of debate in cycling, although little is known about its potential ergogenic effect and negative impact on attention compromising rider safety. In order to provide novel evidence on this issue, we tested 29 participants in a pre-loaded time trial (TT; a 20-min TT preceded by 40-min of constant wo...
Article
Full-text available
With respect to both competitive and amateur/fitness sports, media may strongly influence young people's opinions and behaviors concerning the use of PAES (Performance and Appearance Enhancing Substances). The present investigation addressed this topic by focusing on sport sciences students' beliefs concerning the possible role of media related to...
Article
The use of nicotine administered through smokeless tobacco (snus) has increased among athletes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ergogenic effects of snus on aerobic performance during exercise until exhaustion in athletes after abstinence or satiety nicotine conditions. The study utilized a randomized, controlled, within‐subject de...
Article
Full-text available
It is widely recognised that benzodiazepine abuse can potentially induce addiction. Benzodiazepine addiction among athletes is a new and growing phenomenon that we are encountering among our patients. We describe a case of lormetazepam addiction in a female competitive marathon runner. A 30‐year‐old female elite athlete developed lormetazepam addic...
Presentation
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to assess the relationships among athletes’ doping-related media literacy, such as their awareness of media influence and media realism, their perceived capacity to use media correctly and/or to resist to media pressure, and their beliefs (i.e., attitudes, subjective norms) and social-cognitive mechanisms (i.e., self-regula...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The aim of this study was to study and compare attitudes, beliefs and knowledge about doping of footballers, from elite to under-18 categories. Design: The descriptive exploratory design used an instrument combining a validated questionnaire (Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale: PEAS) with qualitative open-ended questions. Method...
Article
Full-text available
Addiction is accompanied by attentional biases (AB), wherein drug-related cues grab attention independently of their perceptual salience. AB have emerged in different flavours depending on the experimental approach, and their clinical relevance is still debated. In chronic smokers we sought evidence for dissociable attention abnormalities that may...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To test the hypothesis that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the left dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) influences performance in a 20-min time-trial self-paced exercise and electroencephalographic (EEG) oscillatory brain activity in a group of trained male cyclists. Design: The study consisted of a pre-registe...
Article
Full-text available
Background Smokeless tobacco is widely used by athletes to enhance performance. Nicotine is a central nervous system stimulant and acts on cardiocirculatory and metabolic systems, involving tissue blood flow and circulatory vasoreactivity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the oral smokeless tobacco (Swedish snus (SS)) on the...
Article
Full-text available
In the last years, literature provided evidence supporting an increase of nicotine - the psychoactive drug present in tobacco - use in sport and administered by smokeless tobacco. Currently the use of nicotine is not prohibited by the World Anti-Doping Agency although it is monitoring patterns of use. This keynote lecture will provide an overview o...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives: To test the hypothesis that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) influences performance in a 20-min time-trial self-paced exercise and electroencephalographic (EEG) oscillatory brain activity in a group of trained male cyclists. Design: The study consisted of a pre-registere...
Poster
Full-text available
In this study we tested the hypothesis that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) influences performance in a 20’ self-paced exercise and electroencephalographic (EEG) oscillatory brain activity in a group of trained male cyclists. A pre-registered (https://osf.io/rf95j/), randomised, sh...
Chapter
KEYPOINTS • la storia del doping, dalle sue origini fino alle recenti forme di contrasto come la creazione dell’Agenzia Mondiale Anti-doping (WADA) e della legge penale italiana in materia (n° 376/2000). • Le sostanze di abuso più comuni che si utilizzano in ambito sportivo attraverso una panoramica degli studi scientifici più importanti mostrandon...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To investigate the effect of tramadol on performance during a 20-min cycling time-trial (Experiment 1), and to test whether sustained attention would be impaired during cycling after tramadol intake (Experiment 2). Design: randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial. Methods: In Experiment 1, participants completed a cycling time...
Poster
Full-text available
Tramadol is an analgesic medication for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that acute oral administration of tramadol improves exercise performance during a 20-min cycling Time-Trial (TT) in a group of cyclists (Experiment 1). Furthermore, given the common side effects reported foll...
Poster
Full-text available
The use of tramadol, an analgesic medication, in professional cycling is generating particular interest and concern. Tramadol might enhance cycling performance at the cost of reducing the ability to stay focused. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that acute oral administration of tramadol improves exercise performance during a...
Article
Full-text available
Diagnosi & Terapia. ISSN: 0393-4233

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Projects

Projects (8)
Project
This research project aims to investigate the drugs abuse (e.g. benzodiazepines), drugs interactions (pharmacokinetics and pharmacogenetics methodology) and possible strategy solutions to manage addiction issue (e.g. exercise).
Project
The research is funded by the Italian Ministry of Health, Call for research, training and information 2017 on drugs, substances and medical practices usable for doping purposes and for health protection in sports activities. The main is to implement and evaluate the effecacy of a Media Literacy intervention on the use of doping substances in Sport Sciences students.