Thomas Sharp

Thomas Sharp
Wildlife SOS · Conservation and Research

MS

About

22
Publications
15,067
Reads
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68
Citations
Education
January 1991 - December 1993
Notheastern Illinois University
Field of study
  • Biology
September 1986 - December 1990
University of Miami
Field of study
  • Biology, Marine Science

Publications

Publications (22)
Article
Full-text available
Sloth bears behave aggressively toward humans when threatened and are among the most dangerous wildlife in India. Safety messaging for those who live in sloth bear country must be accurate to be effective, and messaging may need to be modified to account for regional differences in human-bear relationships. The timing of sloth bear attacks on the D...
Article
Sloth bears (Melursus ursinus) fall victim to anthropogenic hazards, including snares, small crude explosive devices, open wells, and roads, as well as gunshots, barbed wire, and mob attacks. While conducting rescue efforts in the southern state of Karnataka, India, Wildlife SOS collected data on 20 snare incidents, 8 crude explosive device incide...
Article
Full-text available
The relocation of conflict bears has been a tool used widely across the United States and Canada with mixed results. It has also been used in India with Sloth Bears, though without follow-up it remains unknown how successful these relocation efforts have been. We documented the capture and relocation of a conflict female Sloth Bear from a rural are...
Chapter
The media and scientific literature are increasingly reporting an escalation of large carnivore attacks on humans, mainly in the so-called developed countries, such as Europe and North America. Although large carnivore populations have generally increased in developed countries, increased numbers are not solely responsible for the observed rise in...
Article
Full-text available
The sloth bear (Melursus ursinus) is endemic to India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Sri Lanka, and is among the least studied of all bear species. Sloth bears behave aggressively toward humans when they feel threatened and are considered among the most dangerous wild animals in India. Our research objective was to interview those that had close encounters wi...
Article
Full-text available
The distribution of Asiatic black bears (hereafter ABB; Ursus thibetanus), sun bears (Helarctos malayanus) and sloth bears (Melursus ursinus) intersect in northeast (NE) India (Choudhury 2011, 2013). All 3 species were once recorded in Meghalaya, Assam, and Nagaland. Previously, we conducted workshops in these 3 states (Sharp et al. 2017), and dev...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about Sloth bear Melursus ursinus birthing behaviour and denning. The Wildlife SOS Bannerghatta Bear Rescue Centre, India, which houses rescued bears, is visited by wild male Sloth bears during the breeding season (April–July). Two female Sloth bears have been impregnated by these wild males, giving researchers the opportunity to ob...
Article
Full-text available
Research
Full-text available
A global assessment of the sloth bear (Melursus ursinus)
Technical Report
Full-text available
Sloth bears (Melursus ursinus) are known to behave aggressively toward humans, and are believed to be one of the most dangerous wild animals in India. Although several papers have documented sloth bear attacks, no attention has been given on how to behave in sloth bear country to avoid encounters, or how to react to a sloth bear attack to minimize...
Article
Full-text available
Sixty years ago, Kenneth Anderson (1957) published the story " Alam Bux and the Big Black Bear " in his book Man-Eaters and Jungle Killers. The bear at the story's center has become infamous as the Sloth Bear of Mysore, and appears on Internet top 10 lists of the " greatest animal serial killers. " This bear supposedly killed at least 12 people and...
Article
Full-text available
Camera traps are increasingly used to assess the distribution of wildlife, including bears, throughout the Indian subcon-tinent and Southeast Asia. Accordingly, researchers must be able to determine with near certainty the species—and in our case the specific species of bear—that has been photographed. This can be difficult in areas occupied by sym...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Sloth bears (Melursus ursinus) historically occupied most of India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh, as well as a narrow strip of lowlands (Terai) in southern Nepal that stretches through West Bengal into Bhutan. During the 1980s they were lost from a key national park in western Nepal, and in the 1990s were entirely extirpated from Bangladesh. Along the...
Article
Full-text available
Sloth bears actively foraging for dung beetle larva
Article
We sampled the lizard fauna of twenty-two small islets fringing the Pacific island of Guam and used these data to shed light on the processes responsible for present-day diversity. Habitat diversity, measured by islet area and vegetation complexity, was significantly correlated with the number of species found on an islet. However, islet distance a...
Article
Typescript. Thesis (M.S. in Biology)--Northeastern Illinois University, April 1993. Supervised by George Diepstra. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 61-63).

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