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This paper aims to contribute to a better understanding of the legal conditions that ideally should be fulfilled to support the transition towards a circular economy in the European Union. More specifically, the paper examines how the current legal framework can be improved and how coherence within and between the relevant laws can be established i...
The European Union (EU) Regulation on the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) applies to chemical substances on their own, in mixtures or in articles. Manufacturers using either virgin or recycled substances have to comply with these rules, which do not explicitly distinguish between the two sources. This co...
waste-to-energy; EU waste legislation; waste framework directive; energy recovery; circular economy; waste hierarchy;
The European Union is experiencing a transition towards the Sustainable Material Management. Ultimately, radical changes are necessary to break down existing strong path-dependencies and lock-ins. Policy and legislation play important roles in this process, as they can either stimulate or obstruct such developments. A variety of constructive polici...
EU environmental law; landfill directive; waste framework directive; landfill mining; landfilling; waste hierarchy; recovery
In late 2015, the European Commission adopted the Circular Economy Package aimed at promoting the transition to a sustainable, low carbon, resource efficient and competitive economy in the European Union. This contribution examines how the European Commission interprets the Circular Economy concept on the particular topic of Waste-to-Energy (WtE) p...
EU environmental law; circular economy; sustainable material management;