Thomas E Prisinzano

Thomas E Prisinzano
University of Kentucky | UKY · Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences

BS, PhD

About

200
Publications
21,422
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
5,389
Citations
Introduction
Research in the Prisinzano laboratory combines medicinal and natural products chemistry and is directed toward elucidation of the structure and function of neurotransmitter systems in the central nervous system in normal, drug-altered and pathological states and the development of medications for the treatment of drug abuse and pain. One major area of emphasis is directed at better understanding the chemistry and pharmacology associated with Salvia divinorum.
Additional affiliations
May 2019 - present
University of Kentucky
Position
  • Professor
August 2007 - May 2019
University of Kansas
Position
  • Professor (Full)
June 2003 - July 2007
University of Iowa
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (200)
Article
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an increasingly antibiotic-resistant pathogen that causes severe lung infections, burn wound infections, and diabetic foot infections. P. aeruginosa produces the siderophore pyochelin through the use of a non-ribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) biosynthetic pathway. Targeting members of siderophore NRPS proteins is one ave...
Article
Kappa-opioid receptor (KOR) agonists have been studied as potential treatments for pain, pruritus, and substance-use disorders, but prototypical KOR agonists produce side-effects like dysphoria and sedation. Atypical KOR agonists that exhibit G-protein biased signaling at the KOR have been reported to produce therapeutic-like effects with fewer or...
Article
Full-text available
Chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain is a common side effect for cancer patients which has limited effective treatment options. Kappa opioid receptor (KOR) agonists are a promising alternative to currently available opioid drugs due to their low abuse potential. In the current study, we have investigated the effects of Salvinorin A (SalA) analogue...
Article
Full-text available
Multiple sclerosis is a neurodegenerative disease associated with demyelination and neuroinflammation in the central nervous system. There is an urgent need to develop remyelinating therapies to better treat multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating diseases. The kappa opioid receptor (KOR) has been identified as a potential target for the develop...
Article
Full-text available
RationaleTriazole 1.1 is a novel kappa-opioid receptor (KOR) agonist reported to produce antinociception without KOR-typical adverse effects. When combined with the mu-opioid receptor (MOR) agonist, oxycodone, triazole 1.1 blocks oxycodone-induced pruritis without producing sedation-like effects in nonhuman primates. However, it is unknown if triaz...
Article
Full-text available
Background One of the most prominent opioid analgesics in the United States is the high potency agonist fentanyl. It is used in the treatment of acute and chronic pain and as an anesthetic adjuvant. When used inappropriately, however, ingestion of just a few milligrams of fentanyl or other synthetic opioid can cause opioid-induced respiratory depre...
Article
Interest in development of potent, selective inhibitors of the phosphatase from the receptor type protein tyrosine phosphatase PTPRD as antiaddiction agents is supported by human genetics, mouse models and studies of our lead compound PTPRD phosphatase inhibitor, 7-butoxy illudalic acid analog 1 (7-BIA). We now report structure-activity relationshi...
Article
Full-text available
The kappa-opioid receptor (KOR) / dynorphin system is implicated with behavioral and neurobiological effects of stress exposure (including heavy exposure to drugs of abuse) in translational animal models. Thus some KOR-antagonists can decrease the aversive, depressant-like and anxiety-like effects caused by stress exposure. The first generation of...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Synthetic cathinones display overlapping behavioral effects with psychostimulants (e.g., methamphetamine; MA) and/or entactogens (e.g. 3,4-methylenedioxymethaphetamine; MDMA)-presumably reflecting their dopaminergic and/or serotonergic activity. The discriminative stimulus effects of MDMA that are thought to be mediated by such activit...
Chapter
Opioid agonists, exemplified by morphine, have been the most prescribed class of drugs for the management of moderate to severe pain for many years. These drugs have significant liabilities of addiction and constipation over long‐term use and acute overdoses can result in respiratory depression. For over thousands of years, opium and opium‐derived...
Article
Background Novel short-acting κ(kappa)-opioid receptor selective antagonists are translational tools to examine the impact of the κ-receptor/dynorphin system in assays related to central nervous system dysfunction (e.g., substance use disorders, anhedonia and depression). The effects of such compounds have been compared in males and females under v...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterised by inflammation and damage to the myelin sheath, resulting in physical and cognitive disability. There is currently no cure for MS, and finding effective treatments to prevent disease progression has been challenging. Recent evidence suggests that activating kappa opioi...
Article
The abuse of synthetic cathinones (“bath salts”) with psychomotor stimulant and/or entactogenic properties emerged as a public health concern when they were introduced as “legal” alternatives to drugs of abuse such as cocaine or MDMA. In this study, experiments were conducted in nonhuman primates to examine how differences in transporter selectivit...
Article
Full-text available
Salvinorin A (SA) is a κ-opioid receptor agonist and atypical dissociative hallucinogen found in Salvia divinorum. Despite the resurgence of hallucinogen studies, the effects of κ-opioid agonists on human brain function are not well-understood. This placebo-controlled, within-subject study used functional magnetic resonance imaging for the first ti...
Article
There is a significant need to find effective, non-addictive pain medications. Kappa opioid receptor (KOPr) agonists have been studied for decades but have recently received increased attention due to their analgesic effects and lack of abuse potential. However, a range of side- effects have limited the clinical development of these drugs. There ar...
Article
Mu-opioid receptor (MOR) agonists are highly efficacious for the treatment of pain but have significant abuse liability. Recently, we reported that nalfurafine, when combined with oxycodone at a certain ratio, reduced the reinforcing effects of oxycodone in rats while producing additive antinociceptive effects. Questions remain, however, including...
Article
Full-text available
In the search for safer, non-addictive analgesics, kappa opioid receptor (KOPr) agonists are a potential target, as unlike mu-opioid analgesics, they do not have abuse potential. Salvinorin A (SalA) is a potent and selective KOPr agonist, however, clinical utility is limited by the short duration of action and aversive side effects. Biasing KOPr si...
Article
Full-text available
RationaleKappa-opioid receptor (KOR) agonists are antinociceptive but have side effects that limit their therapeutic utility. New KOR agonists have been developed that are fully efficacious at the KOR but may produce fewer or reduced side effects that are typical of KOR agonists.Objectives We determined behavioral profiles for typical and atypical...
Article
A series of compounds have been synthesized with a variety of substituents based on a three-carbon chain at the C9-position of 3-hydroxy-N-phenethyl-5-phenylmorphan (3-(2-phenethyl-2-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-5-yl)phenol). Three of these were found to be μ-opioid receptor agonists in the inhibition of forskalin-induced cAMP accumulation assay and they...
Article
Full-text available
(−)-N-Phenethyl analogs of optically pure N-norhydromorphone were synthesized and pharmacologically evaluated in several in vitro assays (opioid receptor binding, stimulation of [35S]GTPγS binding, forskolin-induced cAMP accumulation assay, and MOR-mediated β-arrestin recruitment assays). “Body” and “tail” interactions with opioid receptors (a subs...
Article
Previous structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies identified the first centrally-acting, non-nitrogenous μ opioid receptor (MOR) agonist, kurkinorin (1), derived from salvinorin A. In an effort to further probe the physiological effects induced upon activation of MORs with this non-morphine scaffold, a variety of analogues were synthesized and...
Article
Full-text available
Rationale Combinations of mu and kappa opioid receptor (KOR) agonists have been proposed as potential analgesic formulations with reduced abuse liability. The current studies extend previous work by investigating the typical KOR agonist, salvinorin A, and the atypical KOR agonist, nalfurafine, as deterrents of oxycodone self-administration using a...
Article
Small molecule agonists of TLR7/8, such as imidazoquinolines, are validated agonists for the treatment of cancer and for use in vaccine adjuvants. Imidazoquinolines have been extensively modified to understand the structure-activity relationship (SAR) at the N1- and C2-positions resulting in the clinical drug imiquimod, resiquimod, and several othe...
Preprint
Small molecule agonists of TLR7/8, such as imidazoquinolines, are validated agonists for the treatment of cancer and for use in vaccine adjuvants. Imidazoquinolines have been extensively modified to understand the structure-activity relationship (SAR) at the N1- and C2-positions resulting in the clinical drug imiquimod, resiquimod, and several othe...
Article
Mu opioid receptor (MOR)-targeting analgesics are efficacious pain treatments, but notorious for their abuse potential. In preclinical animal models, coadministration of traditional kappa opioid receptor (KOR)-targeting agonists with MOR-targeting analgesics can decrease reward and potentiate analgesia. However, traditional KOR-targeting agonists a...
Article
Full-text available
Since acyclovir and its derivatives were launched for herpesviruses control almost four decades ago, the search for novel antivirals has waned. However, as human life expectancy has increased, so has the number of immunocompromised individuals who receive prolonged treatment for HSV recurrences. This has led to an increase in unresponsive patients...
Article
Full-text available
The kappa (κ) opioid receptor/dynorphin system modulates depression-like states and anhedonia, as well adaptations to stress and exposure to drugs of abuse. Several relatively short-acting small molecule κ-receptor antagonists have been synthesized, and their behavioral profile has been examined under some conditions. The hypothesis of this study i...
Article
Nonribosomal peptide synthetases use tailoring domains to incorporate chemical diversity into the final natural product. A structurally unique set of tailoring domains are found to be stuffed within adenylation domains and have only recently begun to be characterized. PchF is the NRPS termination module in pyochelin biosynthesis and includes a stuf...
Article
Full-text available
The acute activation of kappa opioid receptors (KOPr) produces antinociceptive and anti-cocaine effects, however, their side-effects have limited further clinical development. Mesyl Sal B is a potent and selective KOPr analogue of Salvinorin A (Sal A), a psychoactive natural product isolated from the plant Salvia divinorum. We assessed the antinoci...
Article
Alcohol relapse plays a major role in alcohol dependence and is an important focus for the treatment of alcoholism. The alcohol deprivation effect (ADE) is a widely used paradigm in rodents to model the relapse episodes that occur in human alcoholics. Mesyl Salvinorin B (MSB) is a potent and selective kappa opioid receptor (KOP-r) full agonist, wit...
Article
Full-text available
Rationale Kappa-opioid receptor (KOPr) agonists have pre-clinical anti-cocaine and analgesic effects. However, side effects including sedation, dysphoria, aversion, anxiety and depression limit their therapeutic development. The unique structure of salvinorin A has been used to develop longer acting KOPr agonists. Objectives We evaluate two novel C...
Article
Columbin (1) is a furanolactone diterpene isolated from the roots of Jateorhiza and Tinospora species. These species generally grow in Asia and Africa and have been used in folk medicine for their apparent analgesic and antipyretic activities. Columbin (1) is of particular interest due to its structural similarity to the known kappa-opioid receptor...
Conference Paper
Current pain medications are highly addictive. As an alternative, kappa opioid receptor (KOR) agonists have proven analgesic effects without rewarding properties. 16-ethynyl Salvinorin A (Ethynyl SalA) is a potent analogue of Salvinorin A (SalA) and has been shown to attenuate cocaine-prime induced drug seeking behaviour in rats without causing sed...
Article
Previous structure-activity studies on the neoclerodane diterpenoid salvinorin A have demonstrated the importance of the acetoxy functionality on the A-ring in its activity as a kappa opioid receptor agonist. Few studies have focused on understanding the role of conformation in these interactions. Herein we describe the synthesis and evaluation of...
Article
We describe the design, synthesis, and opioid activity of fluoroalkene (Tyr1-ψ[(Z)CF=CH]-Gly2) and trifluoroethylamine (Tyr1-ψ[(S)/(R)-CF3CH−NH]-Gly2) analogs of the endogenous opioid neuropeptide, Leu-enkephalin. The fluoroalkene peptidomimetic exihibited low nanomolar functional activity (5.0 ± 2 nM and 60 ± 15 nM for δ- and μ−opioid receptors, r...
Article
Mesyl Salvinorin B (MSB) is a potent selective kappa opioid receptor (KOP-r) agonist that has potential for development as an anti-psychostimulant agent with fewer side-effects (e.g., sedation, depression and dysphoria) than classic KOP-r agonists. However, no such study has been done on alcohol. We investigated whether MSB alone or in combination...
Article
Background: Drugs activating the mu opioid receptor are routinely used to treat severe acute and chronic pain. Unfortunately, side effects including nausea, constipation, respiratory depression, addiction and tolerance can limit clinical utility. In contrast, kappa opioid receptor (KOPr) agonists, such as Salvinorin A (SalA), have analgesic proper...
Article
Opioids are widely used to treat millions suffering from pain, but their analgesic utility is limited due to associated side effects. Herein we report the development and evaluation of a chemical probe exhibiting analgesia and reduced opioid-induced side effects. This compound, kurkinorin (5), is a potent and selective µ-opioid receptor (MOR) agoni...
Article
Thiazolinyl imine reductases catalyze the NADPH-dependent reduction of a thiazoline to a thiazolidine, a required step in the formation of the siderophores yersiniabactin (Yersinia spp.) and pyochelin (Pseudomonas aeruginosa). These stand-alone nonribosomal peptide tailoring domains are structural homologues of sugar oxidoreductases. Two closed str...
Conference Paper
Pain management is a worldwide problem and is still the most common reason for visiting the doctor, creating a large economic burden. Analgesic drugs activating the mu-opioid receptor are used routinely to treat severe acute and chronic pain, however, side effects include nausea, constipation, respiratory depression, addiction and long-term use lea...
Article
Full-text available
Unlabelled: In many human alcoholics, abstinence is self-imposed because of the negative consequences of excessive alcohol use, and relapse is often triggered by exposure to environmental contexts associated with prior alcohol drinking. We recently developed a rat model of this human condition in which we train alcohol-preferring P rats to self-ad...
Article
Salvinorin A is a kappa opioid agonist and the principal psychoactive constituent of the Salvia divinorum plant, which has been used for hallucinogenic effects. Previous research on salvinorin A pharmacokinetics likely underestimated plasma levels typically resulting from the doses administered due to inefficient vaporization and not collecting sam...
Poster
Classical opioid receptor drugs, like morphine and its derivatives, have been used for centuries to manage chronic pain despite frequent occurrence of adverse effects, including addiction, respiratory depression, vomiting, constipation, and severe sedation. A recent campaign to identify μ-opioid receptor agonists that are effective as analgesics bu...
Article
High throughput screening of large chemical libraries of compounds is a proven way to identify novel chemical entities that target a biological system of interest. This technology is being used by industry and a growing number of academic screening centers for drug discovery campaigns. Unfortunately, many of the components of screening libraries ha...
Article
Full-text available
Activation of kappa opioid receptors (KOR) expressed by peripheral sensory neurons that respond to noxious stimuli (nociceptors) can reduce neurotransmission of pain stimuli from the periphery to the CNS. We have previously shown that the antinociception dose-response curve for peripherally-restricted doses of the KOR agonist, U50488, has an invert...
Article
The kappa opioid receptor (KOR) is involved in mediating pruritus; agonists targeting this receptor have been used to treat chronic intractable itch. Conversely, antagonists induce an inch response at the site of injection. As a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), the KOR has potential for signaling via G proteins and βarrestins, however, it is not...
Article
Differential modulation of kappa opioid receptor (KOR) signaling has been a proposed strategy for developing therapies for drug addiction and depression by either activating or blocking this receptor. Hence, there have been significant efforts to generate ligands with diverse pharmacological properties including partial agonists, antagonists, allos...
Article
The meta,meta-bridged diarylheptanoid myricanol isolated from the stem bark of Myrica cerifera is able to lower the levels of tau protein – a protein involved in the progression of Alzheimer's disease and several other neurodegenerative diseases. This biological activity, however, is highly dependent upon the stereochemistry of the sample. Here we...
Article
Full-text available
In the past decade, novel methods using engineered receptors have enabled researchers to manipulate neuronal activity with increased spatial and temporal specificity. One widely used chemogenetic method in mice and rats is the DREADD (designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs) system in which a mutated muscarinic G-protein coupled...
Article
Kappa opioid receptor (KOR) modulation is a promising target for drug discovery efforts due to KOR involvement in pain, depression, and addiction behaviors. We recently reported a new class of triazole KOR agonists that display significant bias towards G protein signaling over βarrestin2 recruitment; interestingly, these compounds also induce less...
Article
Full-text available
The aggregation of the microtubule-associated protein tau is a seminal event in many neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease. The inhibition or reversal of tau aggregation is therefore a potential therapeutic strategy for these diseases. Fungal natural products have proven to be a rich source of useful compounds having wide variet...
Article
Full-text available
Seizures occur when the excitability of brain circuits is not sufficiently restrained by inhibitory mechanisms. Although modafinil is reported to reduce GABA-activated currents and extracellular GABA levels in the brain, the drug exerts anticonvulsant effects in animal studies. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of modafinil and its...