Thomas Mcshane

Thomas Mcshane
Arizona State University | ASU · Global Institute of Sustainability

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27
Publications
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2,319
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) houses some of the globe's most valuable biodiversity-including charismatic megafauna, a great diversity of birds, endemic plants and ecological processes. But it also remains one of the most economically impoverished regions of the planet, introducing significant social, political, and economic challenges to conserving bio...
Article
Background : While different notions of sustainability and sustainable de- velopment have been adopted in the key policy goals of agencies at multiple gov- ernance levels, initial enchantment with sustainable development as a "win-win" panacea has given way to the emerging notion of "hard choices" and "difficult trade- offs" that entail inter-gener...
Article
Full-text available
Management of social-ecological systems takes place amidst complex governance processes and cross-scale institutional arrangements that are mediated through politics of scale. Each management scenario generates distinct cross-scale trade-offs in the distribution of pluralistic values. This study explores the hypothesis that conservation-oriented ma...
Article
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Win–win solutions that both conserve biodiversity and promote human well-being are difficult to realize. Trade-offs and the hard choices they entail are the norm. Since 2008, the Advancing Conservation in a Social Context (ACSC) research initiative has been investigating the complex trade-offs that exist between human well-being and biodiversity co...
Article
Full-text available
Protected areas are the defined spaces where human societies seek to ensure the persistence of those parts of nature that they value. As such, they have changed through time, evolving and expanding from early origins where local resource users sought to prevent outsider access and use, to imperial hunting reserves and sacred forests where local eli...
Article
Full-text available
journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research and education use, including for instruction at the authors institution and sharing with colleagues. Other uses, including reproduction and distribution, or selling or licensing copies, or posting to personal, institutional or third part...
Article
It has recently been suggested that the distribution of elephant and the impact by elephant on woodland can be manipulated by burning. Six landscape categories have been described for the W. National Park and Tamou Reserve in south-west Niger, each containing a single segment of the catenary sequence. Data on woodland utilization and damage by elep...
Article
Predation on domestic livestock in central Niger, especially by the golden jackal (Canis aureus (L.)), has been identified by herders as a problem second only to small stock disease. A standard questionnaire was used to gather information on herders' losses to predation. To determine food habits of jackals in the region, 143 scat samples were colle...
Chapter
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The Responses assessment report is rooted in the MA conceptual framework, which provides an understanding of the causes and consequences of changes in ecosystems across scales (local, re- gional, and global) and over time (MA 2003; see also Chapter 1 of this volume). Ecosystems, ecosystem services, human well-being, and direct and indirect drivers...
Article
Full-text available
Conservationists recognize that many protected areas have limited future prospects without the cooperation and support of local people, especially in developing countries. Since the 1980s Integrated Conservation and Development Projects (ICDPs) have attempted to reconcile park management with local needs and aspirations, usually with disappointing...
Book
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This book is a collaborative effort among IUCN, WWF, CARE, and the World Bank to assess where we all agree on the key issues around poverty and protected areas. Recognising that most poverty is rural, as are most protected areas, a relationship between these two aspects of land use is an intimate one, though it is often ignored. But given the much...
Book
Parks and reserves are on the front line in the campaign to conserve biodiversity. It is increasingly clear that these protected areas have limited future prospects without the cooperation and support of local people, especially in developing countries. Integrated Conservation and Development Projects (ICDPs) set out to reconcile park management wi...
Chapter
Parks and reserves are on the front line in the campaign to conserve biodiversity on our planet. It is increasingly clear that these protected areas have limited future prospects without the cooperation and support of local people, especially in developing countries. Integrated Conservation and Development Projects (ICDPs) set out to reconcile park...
Book
Conservation has long operated on the comfortable belief that Africa is a paradise to be defended, even against the people who have lived there for thousands of years. The continuing reluctance to accept the link between vigorous indigenous culture and the survival of wildlife has led to conservation programs doomed to eventual failure because they...
Article
The question of how to resolve conflicts between traditional uses of wildland resources by rural populations on the one hand, and interests of conservation on the other, is central to conservation in Africa. Conservation plans implemented in Africa have been largely based on Western values rather than those of the people whose livelihood is most af...
Article
Much of the news we hear regarding the conservation situation in Africa portrays a continent in crisis. Increasing human population, decreasing agricultural production, loss of forest cover and mounting debt all point to a bleak future. Even in countries where conservationists have been most active the black rhino is near extinction and the elephan...
Article
Full-text available
Many large intact forests in the Philippines designated as protected areas coincide with the ancestral claims of indigenous peoples. Central to the issue of conservation, development and fulfilling indigenous peoples' rights is tenurial security. This paper highlights the experience of non-government organizations in collaboration with government a...

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