Thomas McCloughlin

Thomas McCloughlin
Dublin City University | DCU · School of STEM Education, Innovation and Global Studies

HND, BSc (hons), HDipEd (hons), MA(Ed), MTh (Orth. Stud.), PhD
History/Philosophy of Biology, Curating DCU Science Archive & Herbarium, Herbarium & Aquatic Mesocosm studies.

About

134
Publications
40,220
Reads
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146
Citations
Introduction
Research Projects (i) The history of science and biology in particular. The relationship between policy, materiality, and the educator. (ii) The ecology of aquatic organisms in the marine and freshwater domains. (iii) Mesocosms
Additional affiliations
October 2000 - September 2016
St Patricks College Drumcondra
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Teaching science education to undergraduate students Teaching environmental science major specialism to undergraduate students Teaching on taught doctorate in education
October 2000 - December 2005
Dublin City University
Position
  • Part-time lecturer
Description
  • Teaching on the BSc in Science Education
October 2000 - August 2016
St Patricks College Dublin
Position
  • Lecturer
Education
October 2014 - October 2016
The University of Winchester
Field of study
  • Orthodox Studies
April 1997 - December 2008
Trinity College Dublin
Field of study
  • Science cognition and pedagogy
February 1994 - October 1996
The Open University (UK)
Field of study
  • Science Education, Mathematics Education, (Design) Technology Education

Publications

Publications (134)
Article
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Active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) are increasingly being identified as contaminants of emerging concern (CECs). They have potentially detrimental ecological human health impacts but are not currently subject to environmental regulation....
Article
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Bull Island (BI) is a coastal sand spit that formed as an unintended consequence of the construction of two walls, built over 200 years ago in Dublin Port, Ireland to alleviate silting of the shipping route. A large lagoon, on the land side of the island was separated in 1964 by the construction of a causeway to produce two separate lagoons that ar...
Article
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Water scarcity is increasingly a global cause of concern mainly due to widespread changes in climate conditions and increased consumptive water use driven by the exponential increase in population growth. In addition, increased pollution of fresh water sources due to rising production and consumption of pharmaceuticals and organic chemicals will fu...
Book
This book is a contribution to the profession of teaching biology by a variety of people, some of whom were biology teachers themselves at secondary school and/or university; some are students of philosophy or philosophers themselves and some are specifically concerned with the philosophy of biology and even the philosophy of plants. Some of the wr...
Article
John Mervin Nooth, military surgeon, correspondent of Joseph Priestly and Benjamin Franklin, and noted inventor and scientist has been lost and found several times, through his eponymous invention: the Nooth apparatus. A large glass apparatus superficially resembling a Kipp’s gas generator was used originally for carbonating water during the “fizzy...
Conference Paper
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This work concerns the ongoing development of a unit of work for the upper primary school within the framework of Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) which examines the scientific and technological milieu in the Eastern Mediterranean in the Medieval Era. Issues of justice and equality are also explored in examining the use of military techno...
Article
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Gash follows a prescient argument concerning constructivism and mysticism. Mysticism may equate to noetic religious, spiritual, and mystical experiences involving subjectivity and objectivity, and people experience “faith” or belief in the deity, which involves intellection, conceptual discrimination, decision-making and a range of technical, ratio...
Article
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Article
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Galileo did not discover gravity, and neither did Newton, however for a variety of reasons their contributions were formalised as the discoverers of gravity and all that came before naive, archaic or backward. Their stories became the legends which all scholars had to learn, and the precise historical events forgotten and hidden.
Article
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Purpose This paper aims to examine a range of unintended consequences in Irish society both historical and present-day, with a view of presenting the structure of society as a dynamic system with both homeostatic or autopoietic aspects. Design/methodology/approach The approach taken in this work is in the examination of the concept of institutiona...
Article
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There is an urgency to ensuring that primary school teachers on entering service have an adequate level of ocean / marine literacy. There is the age-old dichotomy of the land (lubber) versus the sea and increasingly young people are not only becoming detached from their landward surroundings-characterised as 'nature deficit disorder'-but the marine...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There is an urgency to ensuring that primary school teachers on entering service have an adequate level of ocean / marine literacy. There is the age-old dichotomy of the 'land-lubber' versus the 'sea-dog' and increasingly young people are not only becoming detached from their landward surroundings-characterised as 'nature deficit disorder'-but the...
Book
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The 19th century was an age of invention and reinvention during which the modern industrial age developed. By the end of this era, society was poised to transform into one where the ordinary citizen would have a say in the running of their country and equality of rights and education would be extended to everyone, but not just yet… The devices or i...
Conference Paper
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Exhibition of Byzantine Art by Thomas McCloughlin in Dublin City University
Poster
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A detailed introduction to the background of repertory grid analysis is provided due to the importance for understanding the overall set of studies. Four small-scale studies have been undertaken using the repertory grid technique as a means of investigating the personal constructs of biological concepts held by students of ages 12 to 18 years. Some...
Research Proposal
How William of Ockham's logic, epistemology and scientific thought can be covered in a science education course.
Preprint
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Biography of Lazare Garreau, the famous French botanist.
Research
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Science at primary and secondary education levels lags-or is arrested-behind science per se as a process of teaching or as a research activity at tertiary level. School curricula as they are implemented form a sort of an historic artifact. This paper outlines the thinking behind two possible topics in this domain: first, a survey of second level sc...
Preprint
Full-text available
Monograph on representations of Old Testament Prophets on Byzantine Icons of The Theotokos: hymnography and iconography
Conference Paper
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Oral presentation in the symposium: Cognitive Acceleration: positive gains made in cognition, learning and affect.
Conference Paper
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Research into the CASE methodology with particular respect to its implementation in 3rd / 4th class (11 year olds) in primary school in Ireland among a small cohort of teachers during an intervention. A closed structured reflection strategy was adopted and the teachers completed a written lesson reflection after every lesson. The 18-item questionna...
Conference Paper
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This presentation will emphasise the reflexive instincts of the learner which represents an important aspect of constructivism. Self-learning, especially in the school context needs to be channelised, rather than 'broken'. In this project the priorities of ICT and Biodiversity are emphasised, and the following strategies bedded in constructivism (e...
Conference Paper
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We present data from the initial questionnaire of a EU funded project. An online 42-question questionnaire was developed which probed a convenience sample of teachers for their background, use of apps, usefulness of apps and in which subject in the STEM constellation, apps were used through frequency indicators and perceptions of usefulness indicat...
Preprint
Full-text available
This work provides an update to the Erasmus Plus TEALEAF project The outcomes of a week-long EU-funded / Irish Government-recognized teacher course in July 2016 is described within the context of a qualitative small scale study investigating teachers' progress in the course. The explicit aim of the teacher course was to equip a diverse group of tea...
Article
Full-text available
This work discusses repertory grid analysis as a tool for investigating the structures of students’ representations of biological concepts. Repertory grid analysis provides the researcher with a variety of techniques that are not associated with standard methods of concept mapping for investigating conceptual structures. It can provide valuable ins...
Article
Full-text available
This work provides an update to the Erasmus Plus TEALEAF project. The outcomes of a week-long EU-funded/Irish Government-recognized teacher course in July 2016 is described within the context of a qualitative small-scale study investigating teachers' progress in the course. The explicit aim of the teacher course was to equip a diverse group of teac...
Article
Full-text available
I review the arguments put forward by Borg et al. as to why a teacher cannot be constructivist in their methodologies and ask why they have not considered constructivist methodologies that emphasise negotiation.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present data from the initial questionnaire of a EU funded project. An online 42-question questionnaire was developed which probed a convenience sample of teachers for their background, use of apps, usefulness of apps and in which subject in the STEM constellation, apps were used through frequency indicators and perceptions of usefulness indicat...
Poster
Full-text available
Byzantine Icon
Poster
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Poster paper presented at architecture in Ireland workshop in DCU library, 2015 analysing the similarities of the design of the later art deco church in Dublin with the Hagia Sophia.
Poster
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Byzantine Icon of Arsenios the Great by Thomas McCloughlin (2016) in egg tempera, natural pigments, 23.5 ct gold, rabbit glue, on gessoed beechwood panel
Preprint
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A monograph comprising a chiasmatic study of the Triads in the Divine Names of St. Dionysios (the pseudo-Areopagite) and a link with St. Thomas Aquinas.
Article
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The objectives of this work is to provide the theoretical basis for the analysis of qualitative data such as teachers' responses to reflective questions using quantitative methods such as multidimensional scaling. The starting point is Estes' assumption that classification is basic to all our intellectual activities, and since reflections are artef...
Research
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A bibliography of papers concerning my research on Diplostomum and Tylodelphys. For historic interest as much as current research into their taxonomy. Special interest to Irish researchers.
Conference Paper
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Science education is a critical component of a modern education and economic system. However how it is to be inculcated or instructed to children has always been a matter of debate. The PCK framework has been in existence now for nearly 30 years, but in primary school teacher education, the emphasis lies too heavily on pedagogical knowledge, and th...
Conference Paper
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This work explores the metacognitive development of primary teachers following implementation of cognitive acceleration lessons in science. The teachers completed a written lesson reflection after every lesson. The 18-item questionnaire consisted of open, closed and Likert-like questions that encouraged the teachers to reflect on their implementati...
Article
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Upshot • The aim of this commentary is to examine whether religious belief is a cognitive activity. It is proposed that religious belief can be the result of cognitive processes individually construed and constructed upon layers of prior experience, thus adhering to the fundamental tenets of radical constructivism. However, a distinction should be...
Article
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Open peer commentary on the article “Beyond Technocentrism: Supporting Constructionism in the Classroom” by Karen Brennan. Upshot: Brennan describes strategies designed to help teachers use Scratch in their classrooms, emphasising interfaces between the tool and its users, between users and between hope and happening. Previous work with similar aim...
Article
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Upshot . Brennan describes strategies designed to help teachers use Scratch in their classrooms, emphasising interfaces between the tool and its users, between users and between hope and happening. Previous work with similar aims identified apparently significant cultural approaches to initiating constructionist practice. Questions arise about the...
Article
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This work sets out to indicate whether certain beliefs, be they religious convictions or pseudoscientific beliefs, are related in some way and contribute to poor scientific understanding. Educators were probed for their understanding of natural phenomena in the form of a questionnaire, and correlations were determined between specific questions. Th...
Research Proposal
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Preprint
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A preprint of a paper to be submitted. Topic: Orthodox biblical exegesis: typology/chiasma - Utilising Breck's approach to analyse Exodus 3.1 – 4:17
Article
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In the Irish education system, there is little continuity between the primary and secondary education systems. The transfer between these systems is particularly problematic in the area of science. In order to alleviate some of these problems, as well as to enhance the cognitive development of students, the Cognitive Acceleration through Science Ed...
Article
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Radical constructivism is explicitly discussed in Gash’s target article outlining “stages” or types of constructivism. The stages contextualize radical constructivism in a series of research phases involving a number of domains using a variety of approaches. The target article begs the query: “just how radical are many constructivist approaches in...
Conference Paper
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The Cognitive Acceleration through Science Education, i.e., CASE, or Thinking Science, i.e., TS, programme, developed originally in the mid-1980’s in UK, has been shown to be effective in increasing students cognitive levels in Ireland as well as elsewhere in the anglophone world. Previous studies have focussed on implementation of CASE with partic...
Conference Paper
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This paper takes Estes’ (1996, p. 4) lead when he states that “classification is basic to all our intellectual activities” and “Similarity is at the very heart of a theory of cognition and memory”. These are bold statements especially when taken outside the usual domains where classification and similarity are explicit, namely, biological classific...
Conference Paper
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The role of a datalogging activity as part of the Balanced Environmental Science Education model which was conducted in Greece based on an investigation concerning Lake Pamvotis in Ioannina. The view that the attitude of teachers to environmental education are implicit in curricular objectives is considered a starting point. A pilot study was carri...
Article
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Repertory grid analysis' was used as a way of constructing representations of learners conceptions of living things; and finding a common structure or understanding; this was described in previous work. 'Concept mapping' has been stated as an appropriate assessment procedure in science curricula in a number of countries. Previous relevant published...
Presentation
Full-text available
The Irish hedgerow is very important since it is very often the last vestige, although humanmade, of the woodland that once covered the whole country – thus hedgerows are “reservoirs of biodiversity”. In this poster, photographs of young or emerging plants in Spring (March to April) that have been dried and pressed are presented. I hope they will a...
Article
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Is Teicneolaíochta nó 'a dhearadh agus a dhéanamh' mar chuid thábhachtach de churaclam na bunscoile eolaíochta. Tá sé tábhachtach mar fheithicil chun foghlama san eolaíocht, chomh maith mar bhealach a athneartú eolaíocht fhoghlaim. Mar sin féin, go leor múinteoirí a sheachaint 'a dhearadh agus a dhéanamh' nuair a bhíonn i ndáiríre saineolas beagán...
Article
Full-text available
Science at primary and secondary education levels lags - or is arrested - behind science per se as a process of teaching or as a research activity at tertiary level. School curricula as they are implemented form a sort of an historic artifact. This paper outlines the thinking behind two possible topics in this domain: first, a survey of second leve...
Article
Full-text available
Presentation
Full-text available
The Irish hedgerow is very important since it is very often the last vestige, although humanmade, of the woodland that once covered the whole country – thus hedgerows are “reservoirs of biodiversity”. In this poster, photographs of young or emerging plants in Spring (March to April) that have been dried and pressed are presented. I hope they will a...
Poster
Full-text available
Byzantine Icon of Panagia Pantanassa by Thomas McCloughlin (2012) in egg tempera, natural pigments, 23.5 ct gold, rabbit glue, on gessoed beechwood panel
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many primary teachers state that they lack the scientific content knowledge to teach science well at primary level. This stems from the perceived need to focus on having the 'right' answer rather than developing the thinking skills that are necessary in order to find an acceptable answer when doing science. This may also stem from an implicit epist...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper examines one aspect of a larger project into science reasoning or thinking skills in infants classes in Ireland. The research was a classical quasi-experimental framework assessing the viability of a programme that aimed to improve Piagetian schemata of classification, seriation and causality. All three are innate capabilities, however,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Children have a natural inclination to do science. However, it is important for the teacher to nurture the children in this inclination. Unfortunately, the teacher may feel under pressure to explain everything to the children before doing the associated practical work. In elementary school, the important thing is to experience concretely the sensor...
Conference Paper
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The constructivist paradigm obliges the teacher educator to determine the extent and structure of nascent, emerging prior conceptions before engaging in direct instruction to scaffold assimilated concepts and before attempting accommodation of the globally socially constructed (i.e., those accepted by normative forces) versions of such concepts. Te...
Conference Paper
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When we think of using computers in the classroom (or in a room of computers only), a plethora of uses can be listed – however any one teacher will be limited in the range of applications employed at any one time. Among the listings, the use of games may be placed, and of course, " gaming " is a larger part of a young person's experience of informa...
Conference Paper
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This work examines the application of the repertory grid technique to group analyses of science conceptual frameworks. Repertory grid technique has been applied to the description of an individual's or small group of individuals' conceptual frameworks consistent with its origins in clinical psychology. Previous work examined the use of 'socionets'...
Conference Paper
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Teachers' alternative conceptions impact on their ability to construct new ideas and understanding themselves and make these accessible to young learners and to provide them with quality teaching and learning opportunities and effective learning experiences. Such ideas and understanding influence the planning of activities, the presentation of cont...
Article
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This paper presents one of the ways in which the ideas of active learning, problem solving, using history of science, probing students’ ideas and other approaches can be implemented to bring about meaningful learning. The example is taken from the plant chemistry and is suitable for the lower secondary level. In this paper we wanted to show how, fr...
Presentation
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Notes for presentation to teachers
Article
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Uvod Težnje po posodabljanju pouka naravoslovja, ki naj bi od faktografskega znanja prešel na znanje z razumevanjem, trajajo že vrsto let. Učenje z razu-mevanjem (meaningfull learning) pa v naravoslovju vključuje tako spoznavanje vsebin (deklarativno znanje) kot procesov (procesno znanje) in tudi za-znavanje svojih lastnih miselnih procesov, metako...
Article
Full-text available
Plant growth, development and reproduction are fundamental concepts in biology; yet there is a recorded lack of motivation for young people to grapple with these concepts. Here we present the ‘DigitalSeed’ toy for making investigations around these concepts more accessible to children through hands-on digital interaction. This is part of an on-goin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to gauge the cognitive developmental levels of first year university science students. The sample consisted of 386 third-level students, with an average age of 18.8 years. The sample was comprised of two first year groups of students, from nine undergraduate science courses. The task used to measure the cognitive devel...