Thomas Fovet

Thomas Fovet
Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire de Lille · Division of Psychiatry

MD, PhD

About

164
Publications
109,483
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,054
Citations

Publications

Publications (164)
Article
Full-text available
fMRI-based neurofeedback (fMRI-NF) is a non-invasive technique that allows participants to achieve control of their own brain activity using the real-time feedback of the activity (measured indirectly based on the BOLD signal) of a particular brain region or network. The feasibility of fMRI-NF in healthy subjects has been documented for a variety o...
Article
Full-text available
Background.: The aim of the present study was to estimate prevalence rates of psychiatric and substance use disorders in male and female prisoners on admission to prison in the north of France and compare the frequency of these disorders to the general population. Methods.: This cross-sectional survey on Mental Health in the Prison Population (M...
Article
Full-text available
Background Despite the poor mental health status of people who are incarcerated, few studies have examined the number of psychiatric hospitalisations in this population. Since 2010, France has progressively opened nine full-time inpatient psychiatric wards exclusively for people who are incarcerated, called “specially adapted hospital units” (unité...
Article
Full-text available
Background Criminal responsibility is a key concept in the criminal sanctioning of people diagnosed with mental health disorders who have committed crimes. In France, based on the recommendations of one or more expert psychiatrists, a judge can declare a person not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder (NCRMD) if, at the time of the...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose We sought to measure the prevalence of psychotic symptoms (PSs) and psychotic disorders (PDs) in a sample of men entering jail and to compare these prevalences with those observed in the general population. We also aimed to explore the sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with PSs and PDs. Methods The Mental Health in the Priso...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The rates of alcohol and illegal drug use and the prevalence of alcohol and illegal drug use disorders (AUD and DUD) are high in prison populations, particularly in men entering jail. However, these rates have never been exhaustively assessed and compared to those of the general population in France. Methods We based our research on t...
Conference Paper
Despite the increasing computerization of hospital information systems, segments of patient care are still in paper format. Data extracted automatically from the hospital databases for one specific project are thus supplemented by data collected manually. Data collection tools are usually developed entirely, which requires computer knowledge and is...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The COVID-19 related quarantine had negative psychological effects among University students. Evidence from previous epidemics suggests that negative psychological effects of quarantine measures can last or even worsen after the quarantine lift. The objective of this study was to assess the evolution of students' mental health and to i...
Article
Résumé Contexte Le centre pénitentiaire de Château-Thierry accueille des personnes détenues dont l’intégration dans une détention « classique » est jugée compliquée du fait de troubles du comportement. Cet article présente la première étude visant à décrire le parcours judiciaire et de soins des personnes incarcérées dans cet établissement. Métho...
Article
Résumé La prise en charge des personnes souffrant de troubles psychiatriques et ayant commis une infraction pénale est extrêmement variable dans le monde. Cette problématique complexe vient, en effet, s’inscrire au croisement de la longue histoire du système pénal et du système de soins de chaque pays. Cet article propose une synthèse des liens ent...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) capture aims at detecting auditory-verbal hallucinations (AVHs) from continuously recorded brain activity. Establishing efficient capture methods with low computational cost that easily generalize between patients remains a key objective in precision psychiatry. To address this issue, we devel...
Article
(238 words) Research has consistently shown high levels of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in correctional settings. We aimed to compare the prevalence rates of trauma exposure, subthreshold PTSD, and full PTSD in incarcerated people with those observed in the general population. We used the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview to sc...
Article
En médecine, l'approche standardisée désigne une démarche d'analyse et d'évaluation dans le cadre d'un processus méthodique avec des règles fixées. L'approche médicale standardisée s'attache donc à suivre une procédure rigoureuse et définie qui peut être répétée plusieurs fois à l'identique, si les conditions le permettent. En psychiatrie, les prem...
Article
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic has raised concerns regarding its psychological effect on university students, especially healthcare students. We aimed at assessing the risk of mental health problems according to the type of university studies, by adjusting for potential confounders. Methods We used data from the COSAMe study, a national cross-sec...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The procedure of involuntary psychiatric hospitalization has been recently modified in France. Indeed, since 2011, a liberty and custody judge is appointed for each measure, to guarantee the rights of psychiatric inpatients and to prevent abusive hospitalizations. As a result, if procedural errors are noted, the liberty and custody j...
Article
Background: The risk factors for radicalization and terrorism represent a key research issue. While numerous data on the sociological, political, and criminological profiles of radicalized people and terrorists are available, knowledge about psychiatric disorders among these populations remains scarce and contradictory. Method: We conducted a syst...
Article
Many studies have reported negative outcomes of the COVID-19 pandemic on people's mental health. Notably, high prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms have been described in healthcare workers (26.9% [20.3%-33.,6%]), individuals with COVID-19 (23.8% [16.6%-31.0%]) and in the general population (19.3% [15.3%-23.2%]) (1).
Article
Full-text available
Résumé Introduction Malgré une efficacité démontrée et une bonne tolérance, l’électro-convulsivothérapie (ECT) est sous-utilisée en pratique courante. Les représentations négatives dont souffre ce traitement pourraient expliquer en partie ce constat. L’objectif principal de cette étude était d’évaluer l’impact d’une vidéo pédagogique sur les croya...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic and quarantine measures have sparked debate regarding their traumatic nature. This cross-sectional study reports the prevalence rate of probable post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD) and associated factors among French university students. A total of 22,883 students completed the online questionnaire. The prevalence rate of pr...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) capture aims at detecting auditory-verbal hallucinations (AVHs) from continuously recorded brain activity. Establishing efficient capture methods with low computational cost that easily generalize between patients remains a key objective in precision psychiatry. To address this issue, we devel...
Article
Full-text available
The publication of the 2020 Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists clinical practice guidelines for the management of mood disorders was followed by a series of correspondences discussing the place of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the sequence care for the routine treatment of depression. The controversy...
Article
Full-text available
Background For incarcerated people, the immediate post-release period is characterized by a range of negative outcomes. The appointment scheduling delay for a psychiatric community consultation in this period is unknown. Methods A fictional 24-year-old patient with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder with comorbid cannabis use disorder was created and...
Article
Objective: To assess the prevalence of and risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in patients with COVID-19. Methods: We conducted a cohort study between March and May 2020 at the Lille University Hospital (France), including all patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19. Psychological distress symptoms were measured 3 weeks aft...
Article
Full-text available
These authors contributed equally to this work. All other authors are listed in reverse alphabetical order. Neurofeedback has begun to attract the attention and scrutiny of the scientific and medical mainstream. Here, neurofeedback researchers present a consensus-derived checklist that aims to improve the reporting and experimental design standards...
Article
Résumé Introduction Les personnes présentant des troubles mentaux sont surreprésentées en prison par rapport à la population générale. Dans une étude réalisée en Picardie en 2017, un quart des entrants avaient eu un contact avec un service de psychiatrie avant leur incarcération. En l’absence d’étude de ce type en France, nous avons mené une étude...
Article
Full-text available
Many facilities involved in caring people diagnosed with mental health disorders who committed crime had to adapt to COVID-19 pandemic in France. Particularly, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on incarcerated people was the subject of many concerns. The COVID-19 pandemic also posed major challenges in secure psychiatric hospitals and for psychia...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé Le trouble de stress post-traumatique (TSPT) est l’un des troubles psychiatriques les plus fréquents en milieu pénitentiaire, puisque sa prévalence « vie entière » atteint 17,8 % chez les hommes et 40,1 % chez les femmes en détention. Pourtant, le TSPT reste sous-diagnostiqué et peu étudié dans cette population. Cette revue de la littérature...
Article
Background: In French prisons, psychiatric care for inmates is organized into three levels: ambulatory care within each jail in "unités sanitaires en milieu pénitentiaire" (USMP: sanitary units in correctional settings), day hospitalizations in the 28 services médico-psychologiques régionaux (SMPR, "regional medical-psychological services") and fu...
Article
La surmortalité par suicide en prison est un phénomène qui a été décrit dans de nombreux pays. En France, le taux de suicide en population carcérale est actuellement sept fois supérieur à celui observé en population générale, ce qui fait du suicide l'une des principales préoccupations pour les professionnels soignants exerçant en milieu pénitentiai...
Article
Full-text available
We read with great interest Tilman Steinert’s recent letter to the Editor (1) highlighting the potential language bias in the international scoping review on the use of coercion in psychiatry, previously published by Gooding and colleagues (2). As underlined by Professor Steinert, excluding all papers in languages other than English suggests that t...
Article
Full-text available
The treatment of people diagnosed with mental disorders who committed crimes differ greatly in countries around the world because of the long histories of criminal justice and psychiatry specific to each country. As a result, it is often difficult to grasp the specificities of each system. The main objective of this paper is to provide a narrative...
Article
Background Depersonalization is a complex phenomenological experience initially described as a psychological disturbance of self-awareness. Among the different dimensions underlying depersonalization, emotional numbing appears to be a key symptom but remains a poorly understood phenomenon. Method We conducted a systematic review, following PRISMA...
Method
Full-text available
French version of the The Somatic Symptom Disorder – B Criteria Scale (SSD-12) adapted from the SSD-12 English version (Toussaint et al. 2016).
Article
Full-text available
Résumé Objectif. En France, les mesures de confinement ont été accompagnées de dispositions spécifiques pour les prisons: suspension des activités, parloirs et interventions extérieures. Plus de dix mille personnes détenues ont en outre été libérées pour diminuer le taux d’occupation des établissements et limiter la propagation du virus. L’objectif...
Article
Objectives: No study has assessed utilization of hospital-level mental health care for French prisoners. In particular, the impact of unités hospitalières spécialement aménagées (UHSAs; "specially equipped hospital units"), the full-time inpatient psychiatric wards for inmates created in 2010, remains unknown. The aim of this study was to describe...
Presentation
Full-text available
Ce livret propose un guide pour accompagner les internes au cours de leurs premiers jours de stage de psychiatrie en milieu pénitentiaire.
Article
Full-text available
Neurofeedback has begun to attract the attention and scrutiny of the scientific and medical mainstream. Here, neurofeedback researchers present a consensus-derived checklist that aims to improve the reporting and experimental design standards in the field.
Presentation
Full-text available
Dans ce document, nous reprenons l’ensemble des outils, étapes et ressources de base indispensables à la réalisation d’un premier travail de recherche (dans le cadre de la thèse de médecine ou du mémoire de DES par exemple). Des explications simples et claires et de nombreux liens sont fournis. Ce document est destiné à évoluer et nous serons ravis...
Conference Paper
Retour aux sources pour l’AESP ! Ce symposium propose d’interroger une notion centrale et aux fondements mêmes des missions que s’est donnée l’association : la sémiologie psychiatrique. Dans un premier temps, une réflexion théorique autour de cette discipline sera menée et son intérêt sera discuté à la lumière, notamment, d’une approche historique....
Poster
Full-text available
Contexte La prévalence des troubles psychiatriques est élevée dans les prisons françaises [1], de même que la mortalité par suicide [2]. Pourtant, l’efficience des dispositifs de soins en place (unités sanitaires en milieu pénitentiaire [USMP], services médico-psychologiques régionaux [SMPR] et unités d’hospitalisation spécialement aménagées [UHSA]...
Conference Paper
La science fondamentale correspond à l’ensemble des connaissances rationnelles sur le fonctionnement et l’histoire du monde physique, biologique et humain, indépendamment des considérations pratiques pouvant en résulter. La clinique correspond quant à elle à l’observation des manifestations de la maladie, réalisée directement au lit des malades. À...
Conference Paper
Introduction Les études évaluant l’état de santé des personnes entrant en prison font état d’une prévalence de troubles mentaux beaucoup plus élevée qu’en population générale [1], [2], [3]. Méthode Nous avons recherché dans les bases du RimP la part des 25 029 personnes suivies en psychiatrie dans le département de l’Oise qui étaient ensuite retro...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction La dépression psychotique (DP) est un trouble mental sévère souvent sous-diagnostiqué alors qu’il existe des facteurs de risque, caractéristiques, traitements et prises en charge spécifiques [1], [2], [3], [4]. L’objectif de cette étude est de rechercher des caractéristiques sociodémographiques et cliniques associées aux DP en comparan...
Data
Des mouvements anormaux sont fréquemment objectivés chez les patients en psychiatrie. Dans ce document, nous proposons un algorithme décisionnel rapide pour caractériser précisément ces mouvements afin de les intégrer dans un raisonnement diagnostique rigoureux. Des liens vers des vignettes vidéos tirées, pour la plupart, du site du Collège des Ens...
Article
Full-text available
This article proposes what we call an “EEG-Copeia” for neurofeedback, like the “Pharmacopeia” for psychopharmacology. This paper proposes to define an “EEG-Copeia” as an organized list of scientifically validated EEG markers, characterized by a specific association with an identified cognitive process, that define a psychophysiological unit of anal...
Article
Full-text available
Psychiatric disorders share the same pattern of longitudinal evolution and have courses that tend to be chronic and recurrent. These aspects of chronicity and longitudinal evolution are currently studied under the deficit-oriented neuroprogression framework. Interestingly, considering the plasticity of the brain, it is also necessary to emphasize t...
Article
Full-text available
Objectifs La catatonie correspond à un syndrome fréquent, pouvant menacer le pronostic vital, du fait de ses complications ou en cas de catatonie maligne, mais des traitements efficaces existent (benzodiazépines, électro-convulsivo-thérapie). Ce syndrome est pourtant sous-diagnostiqué et mal connu. Nous nous sommes intéressés à la formation et aux...
Preprint
Full-text available
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common psychiatric disorders. The nature of the relationship between BPD and PTSD remains controversial, but it has been suggested that these disorders should brought closer because of their many similarities. We thus performed a quantitative meta-analysis of restin...
Article
Introduction Les études sur les personnes entrant en prison font état d’une prévalence de troubles mentaux beaucoup plus élevée qu’en population générale. Méthodes Nous avons recherché dans les bases du RimP la part des 25 029 personnes suivies en psychiatrie qui étaient ensuite retrouvées par les Dispositifs de soins psychiatriques en milieu carc...
Article
Full-text available
The clinical efficacy of neurofeedback is still a matter of debate. This paper analyzes the factors that should be taken into account in a transdisciplinary approach to evaluate the use of EEG NFB as a therapeutic tool in psychiatry. Neurofeedback is a neurocognitive therapy based on human–computer interaction that enables subjects to train volunta...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction Les études sur les personnes entrant en prison font état d’une prévalence de troubles mentaux beaucoup plus élevée qu’en population générale. Méthodes Nous avons recherché dans les bases du RimP la part des 25 029 personnes suivies en psychiatrie qui étaient ensuite retrouvées par les Dispositifs de soins psychiatriques en milieu carc...
Preprint
Full-text available
This checklist is intended to encourage robust experimental design and clear reporting for clinical and cognitive-behavioural neurofeedback experiments.
Article
Suicide is one of the most important causes of death in prison around the world. In France, suicide rate for prisoners is 18.5 suicides per 10,000 inmates: seven times more common than in the general population. Among the risk factors identified in the literature, those most strongly associated with suicide in prison are physical isolation in custo...