Thomas Busser

Thomas Busser
Ecole normale supérieure de Lyon | ENS Lyon · Département de Physique

PhD

About

16
Publications
2,780
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154
Citations

Publications

Publications (16)
Article
An experimental study of the hydrodynamics of a gas-liquid co-current flow inside a thin sheet of Open Cell Solid Foam (OCSF) confined in a plate reactor is proposed. Image processing is used to quantify the flow patterns when varying the gas and liquid flow rates and buoyancy (horizontal and vertical upflow). The fraction of joint flow and interfa...
Article
Heat and mass transfers are becoming increasingly important in the field of building physics. They should be considered to predict building performance, especially for a wall containing highly hygroscopic materials. The moisture balance at the room scale is influenced by air leakage and moisture sources, by the vapour transfer within the material a...
Article
The reliability of mathematical models for heat and mass transfer in building porous material is of capital importance. A reliable model permits to carry predictions of the physical phenomenon with sufficient confidence in the results. Among the physical phenomena, the hysteresis effects on moisture sorption and moisture capacity need to be integra...
Thesis
L’objectif général de la thèse est de progresser dans la compréhension du comportement multi-physique des bâtiments en bois et d’améliorer l’évaluation de leur performance énergétique associée au confort hygrothermique. Les professionnels du secteur, ainsi que des études scientifiques, montrent des écarts entre les calculs et les mesures de perform...
Article
Models for the prediction of heat and mass transfers in building porous materials have been developed since the 90’s with simulation programs such as MATCH, UMIDUS, DELPHIN and Wufi. These models are used to analyze the physical phenomena occurring and particularly the impact of moisture on buildings’ energy performance and durability. With this go...
Article
Full-text available
Prediction of moisture transfer within material using a classic diffusive model may lack accuracy, since numerical simulations underestimate the adsorption process when a sample is submitted to variations of moisture level. Model equations are always established with assumptions. Consequently, some phenomena are neglected. This paper therefore inve...
Article
The standard methods to determine the vapour permeability and the moisture sorption curve may lack of accuracy since discrepancies are observed when comparing numerical predictions to experimental data. Moreover, these properties are determined in steady state conditions while the numerical predictions are carried in transient regime. Thus, this pa...
Article
Full-text available
In order to improve understanding of heat and mass transfer, two studies, at material and room scale are carried out. At the material scale, a dynamic experimental method has been developed and applied to a wood fiber previously characterized with classical steady-state methods. Several samples were subjected to successive steps of relative humidit...
Conference Paper
In order to improve understanding of heat and mass transfer, two studies, at material and room scale are carried out. At the material scale, a dynamic experimental method has been developed and applied to a wood fiber previously characterized with classical steady-state methods. Several samples were subjected to successive steps of relative humidit...
Article
This paper aims at estimating the sorption isotherm coefficients of a wood fiber material using experimental data. First, the mathematical model, based on convective transport of moisture, the Optimal Experiment Design (OED) and the experimental set-up are presented. Then, measurements of relative humidity within the material are carried out, after...
Article
This paper presents a practical application of the concept of Optimal Experiment Design (OED) for the determination of properties of porous materials with in-situ measurements and an identification method. First, an experimental set-up was presented and used for the measurement of relative humidity within a wood fibre material submitted to single a...
Article
The present work is the hygric characterization of wood fibre insulation boards, using dynamic measurements of relative humidity and sample weight, analyzed in the frame of Bayesian inference for parameter identification under uncertainty. It is an attempt at identifying detailed profiles of moisture-dependent properties, and thus a relatively high...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Heat and mass transfers are becoming increasingly important in the field of building physics. They should be taken into account to predict building performance, especially for a wall containing highly hygroscopic materials. They are usually characterized using steady-state measurements, while real hygrothermal loads in buildings are always dynamic....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
RESUME. La prise en compte des transferts couplés chaleur-masse devient nécessaire afin de prédire la performance d'un bâtiment, notamment lorsque la paroi contient des matériaux hygroscopiques. La caractérisation des matériaux se fait habituellement avec des mesures en régime permanent ce qui n'est pas en accord avec les charges hydriques d'un bât...

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