Thomas Attin

Thomas Attin
University of Zurich | UZH · Klinik für Präventivzahnmedizin, Parodontologie und Kariologie

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658
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Publications

Publications (658)
Article
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Bulk-fill composites enable timesaving and less technical-sensitive application of restorations. This study investigated and compared the marginal integrity of classical and bulk-fill composite restorations in primary and permanent molars before and after thermo-mechanical loading (TML). Two Class II cavities were prepared in each of 20 primary and...
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Background Diamond particles have recently been used as abrasives in toothpastes, which raises questions about its abrasive behaviour towards enamel. This study was carried out to investigate the abrasive enamel wear caused by three diamond-loaded toothpastes (Candida White Diamond: CWD, Swiss Smile Diamond Glow: SSDG, Emoform F Diamond: EFD) and t...
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This study investigated the potential of adhesive coating for hindering the reactivity of ion-releasing dental restorative materials. Experimental composites were prepared by replacing 10 or 20 wt% of reinforcing fillers with two types of bioactive glass. A glass ionomer, a giomer, and an alkasite were used as representatives of commercial ion-rele...
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The objective was to evaluate new commercially available ion-releasing restorative materials and compare them to established anti-cariogenic materials. Four materials were tested: alkasite Cention (Ivoclar Vivadent) in self-cure or light-cure mode, giomer Beautifil II (Shofu), conventional glass-ionomer Fuji IX (GC), and resin composite Tetric EvoC...
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Purpose: To investigate marginal integrity of restorations applied with preheated and non-preheated composite, flowable composite, sonically activated composite, and a new thermo-viscous bulk-fill composite using near-infrared technology for preheating, in class V cavities of human molars. Materials and methods: Standardized cavities were prepar...
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Abstract: To assess the efficacy of Pro-Argin with respect to the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and cervical dentine hypersensitivity (CDH) in subjects with CDH for 24 weeks compared to a control group. Three study centers (one each in France, Germany, and Switzerland) included 273 subjects for 24 weeks. Patients with CDH involving a...
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Information about the potential oral health effects of vaping from electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) is still sparse and inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to compare the safety and cytotoxicity of e-cig liquid aerosols versus traditional cigarette (t-cig) smoke on human epithelial oral cells. T-cig smoke and e-cig aerosols were generated by...
Article
Self-adhesive composites promise simplified application and reliable adhesion to dental hard tissues without prior conditioning or application of an adhesive system. Their working principle is based on specific functional monomers. Although they may reach acceptable sealing capability in minimally invasive cavities, study results showed significant...
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Antibacterial properties of toothpastes enable chemical plaque control in limited‐access tooth regions that are mechanically not sufficiently reached by toothbrushes. Therefore, this study aimed to compare different microbial methods to assess antimicrobial toothpaste properties and evaluate different toothpastes in terms of their antibacterial eff...
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Hypselodont (ever-growing) teeth of lagomorphs or rodents have higher wear rates (of a magnitude of mm/week), with compensating growth rates, compared to the non-ever-growing teeth of ungulates (with a magnitude of mm/year). Whether this is due to a fundamental difference in enamel hardness has not been investigated so far. We prepared enamel sampl...
Preprint
Antibacterial properties of toothpastes enable chemical plaque control in limited-access tooth regions that are mechanically not sufficiently reached by toothbrushes. Therefore, this study aimed to compare different microbial methods to assess antimicrobial toothpaste properties and evaluate different toothpastes in terms of their antibacterial eff...
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Objective: To investigate the effect of toothbrush bristles end configuration on the abrasive dentine wear at different brushing forces. Material and methods: One hundred and sixty bovine dentine samples were randomized into eight groups (n = 20). Groups (1 to 4) were brushed with tapered-end bristles at 1-, 2-, 3-, and 4-N brushing forces, resp...
Article
Over the last years, bioactive glass particles have been successfully incorporated in dental restorative materials. Remineralizing effects on dental hard tissue and antibacterial properties are promising properties of these customized composites. A few materials doped with bioactive fillers are already available on the dental market. Nevertheless,...
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Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effect of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) and hyaluronic acid (HA) and their synergistic combination on lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced inflammation in human keratinocytes and osteoblasts.Material and methodsCells were challenged with LPS (1 μg/ml) and cultured in the following treatmen...
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The geometrical properties of toothbrushes play a role in developing abrasive tooth wear and non-carious cervical lesions. This study investigated the interplay between the toothbrush tuft arrangement (crossed vs. parallel) and bristle stiffness (soft vs. medium) on the abrasive dentin wear using three slurries with different levels of abrasivity (...
Article
Purpose To evaluate the influence of pretreatments on microtensile bond strength (μTBS) to eroded dentin when using a universal adhesive in self-etch mode. Materials and Methods Forty-eight human molars were randomly assigned to six groups (G1–G6, n = 8) and ground down until dentin exposure. G2–G6 were eroded with citric acid (pH 2.6) for 10 x 2...
Article
Objectives To prepare experimental composites with bioactive glass (BG) and investigate their release of calcium (Ca), phosphate (PO4), and fluoride (F), as well as pH changes and apatite precipitation after immersion. Methods Experimental composites were prepared with 0, 10, or 20 wt% of either BG 45S5 or a customized low-Na F-containing BG. Thre...
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The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the degree of C=C double bond conversion of high-viscosity dimethacrylate- or ormocer-based bulk-fill composites as a function of measurement depth. Four bulk-fill composites (Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill, x-tra fil, SonicFill, and Bulk Ormocer) and the conventional nanohybrid composite Tetric EvoCeram...
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The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate whether different types of experimental and commercial restorative dental materials can protect dentin against acid-induced softening. Experimental composites were prepared with a photocurable mixture of methacrylates and two types of bioactive glass (45S5 and a customized low-Na F-containing fo...
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Periodontitis and dental caries are two major bacterially induced, non-communicable diseases that cause the deterioration of oral health, with implications in patients' general health. Early, precise diagnosis and personalized monitoring are essential for the efficient prevention and management of these diseases. Here, we present a disk-shaped micr...
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This study aimed to investigate polymerization kinetics and curing light transmittance of two series of experimental dental resin composites filled with 0–40 wt% of either 45S5 bioactive glass (BG) or a customized low-Na F-containing BG. Polymerization kinetics in 0.1-mm and 2-mm thick layers were investigated through real-time degree of conversion...
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Purpose: To investigate the effect of energy drinks supplementation with green tea extract on the erosive dentine wear. Materials and methods: Six groups of bovine dentine samples (n = 15) were subjected to four cycles erosive attacks (10 min, 25 °C) and remineralisation (artificial saliva, 60 min, 37°C) using the following formulas: tap water;...
Article
The following article deals with various considerations concerning the frequently observed occurrence of dental erosion in athletes. It summarizes the basics of erosive tooth wear development as well as special etiologic factors for groups of athletes with increased prevalence of dental erosion and concludes with preventive advice. (Originally pub...
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The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of individual instructions and training of dental students on the amount of applied light irradiance before and after training using a patient simulator with integrated visual feedback. Furthermore, the effect on the degree of conversion of composite restorations placed by the dental student...
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Necrotizing gingivitis (NG) is a necrotizing periodontal disease that differs from chronic gingivitis (CG). To date, both the microbiological causes and the involved host cytokine response of NG still remain unclear. Here, we investigated corresponding interdental plaque and serum samples from two groups of Chinese patients with CG (n = 21) or NG (...
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Antimicrobial peptides have been proposed as antibiofilm agents. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of endodontic irrigants combined or not with the antimicrobial peptide nisin against an endodontic biofilm model composed of eleven bacterial species. Biofilms were grown on hydroxyapatite discs for 3, 15 and 21 days and treated with 1.5% sodium hypo...
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Objective To compare gingival phenotype assessment methods based on soft tissue transparency on different backgrounds and assessor experience levels. Methods For this purpose, 24 gingival specimens were retrieved from pig jaws with tissue thicknesses from 0.2 to 1.25 mm. Three methods were assessed: periodontal probe PCP12 (thin/thick), double-end...
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A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-021-03898-5
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Objectives This study aimed to investigate the additional clinical benefit of tricalcium phosphate (TCP) (-containing) biomaterials compared to open flap debridement (OFD) in periodontal infra-bony defects. Data A literature search was conducted in Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane library for entries published up to 14th July 2021. All randomized contr...
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The self-produced matrix of biofilms, consisting of extracellular polymeric substances, plays an important role in biofilm adhesion to surfaces and the structural integrity of biofilms. In dentistry, biofilms cause multiple diseases such as caries, periodontitis, and pulpitis. Disruption of these biofilms adhering to dental hard tissues may pose a...
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Background Pathologically elevated levels of matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) and Lactoferrin in oral fluids have been associated with the presence of gingivitis/periodontitis. This study aimed to assess the origin of MMP-8 and Lactoferrin in periodontitis patients and to identify the degree to which conventional clinical parameters correlate wit...
Article
The wear-debris particles released by shearing forces during dental implant insertion may contribute to inflammatory reactions or osteolysis associated with peri-implantitis by stimulating inflammasome-activation. The study aim was to examine cytotoxic and pro-inflammatory effects of titanium (TiO2) and zirconia (ZrO2) particles in macrophages rega...
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This study investigated the short-and long-term effects of dental adhesives doped with nano-sized bioactive glass 45S5 (BAG) on the resin-dentin interfacial bond strength. Two etch-and-rinse adhesives (Adper Scotchbond MultiPurpose (ASB) and Solobond Plus (SB)) and one self-etch adhesive (Clearfil SE Bond (CF)) were doped with different concentrati...
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Objective To investigate the influence of toothbrush bristle stiffness and applied brushing force on the resulting abrasive dentine wear in vitro. Methods One hundred sixty bovine dentine samples were randomly allocated in eight groups (n = 20). Groups one to four were brushed with a soft-bristle toothbrush with soft bristles applying 1, 2, 3 and...
Article
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Purpose To evaluate the influence of hydrofluoric acid (HF) contamination on the microtensile bond strength (μTBS) during dental repair procedures before and after application of different dentin adhesives (Optibond FL and Optibond XTR). Materials and Methods Thirty-five human molars were ground down into the dentin and were randomly divided into...
Article
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Background This study aims to investigate the influence of different dentin pretreatment procedures on the resulting abrasive dentin wear. Methods Two groups (A, B) of 60 dentin samples each were prepared. Group A was brushed with an abrasive slurry (RDA = 85) and group B with a different abrasive slurry (RDA = 174). Four subgroups in each group (...
Article
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The aim of this study was to investigate whether experimental and commercial dental restorative materials with functional fillers can exert a protective anti-demineralizing effect on enamel that is not immediately adjacent to the restoration. Four experimental resin composites with bioactive glass and three commercial restorative materials were inv...
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Objective This in-vitro study aimed to investigate the effect of a sonic toothbrush on the resulting abrasive dentine wear using toothpastes with different abrasivities compared to the use of a manual toothbrush. Methods Ninety-six bovine dentine samples were divided into six groups and subjected to brushing sequence (sonic: 20 min, 0.9 N, 10 stro...
Article
Objectives To assess the mechanical stability of implants after implantoplasty and thermocyclic loading, the residual thickness of the instrumented areas and neighbouring tooth injury due to implantoplasty. Materials and Methods Using a phantom head simulator and maxillary model implants were subjected to an implantoplasty procedure. Thirty implan...
Article
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The addition of Dual Rinse HEDP, an etidronate powder, to a sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution can create a combined single endodontic irrigant with a soft tissue-dissolving and a decalcifying effect, which can replace traditional alternating irrigation with chemically non-compatible solutions. While the short-term compatibility between NaOCl and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Pathologically elevated levels of MMP-8 and Lactoferrin in oral fluids have been associated with the presence of gingivitis/periodontitis. This study aimed to assess the origin of MMP-8 and Lactoferrin in periodontitis patients and to identify the degree to which conventional clinical parameters correlate with their presence. Methods: A...
Article
Objectives : To investigate the effect of rapid high-intensity light-curing on the marginal integrity of four bulk-fill composites, including two materials specifically designed for high-intensity curing. Methods : Class V cavities were prepared on buccal surfaces of intact human molars with simulated pulpal pressure, filled in a single increment...
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Our aim was to evaluate the clinical performance of direct composite restorations placed in patients with severely worn dentitions at an increased vertical dimension of occlusion, after up to 11 years. One hundred and sixty-four teeth in 13 patients with severely worn dentitions had been reconstructed with either microhybrid (first cohort; n = 59)...
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Background This in-vitro-study aimed to evaluate the potential of different fluoride gels to prevent gastroesophageal reflux induced erosive tooth wear. Methods Surface baseline profiles of a total of 50 bovine enamel specimens [randomly assigned to five groups (G1–5)] were recorded. All specimens were positioned in a custom made artificial oral c...
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Biofilm virulence is mainly based on its bacterial cell surrounding biofilm matrix, which contains a scaffold of exopolysaccharides, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. Targeting these nucleid acids or proteins could enable an efficient biofilm control. Therefore, the study aimed to test the effect of deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) a...
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This study investigates the effect of defined working distances between the tip of a sandblasting device and a resin composite surface on the composite–composite repair bond strength. Resin composite specimens (Ceram.x Spectra ST (HV); Dentsply Sirona, Konstanz, Germany) were aged by thermal cycling (5000 cycles, 5–55 °C) and one week of water stor...
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This study investigated the potential of salivary bacterial and protein markers for evaluating the disease status in healthy individuals or patients with gingivitis or caries. Saliva samples from caries- and gingivitis-free individuals (n = 18), patients with gingivitis (n = 17), or patients with deep caries lesions (n = 38) were collected and anal...
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Periodontitis is a common immune-inflammatory oral disease. Early detection plays an important role in its prevention and progression. Saliva is a reliable medium that mirrors periodontal health and is easily obtainable for identifying periodontal biomarkers in point-of-care diagnostics. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of dia...
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New strategies to eradicate endodontic biofilms are needed. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of high-purity nisin alone and in combination with D-amino acids (D-AAs) or chlorhexidine (CHX) against an “endodontic-like” biofilm model. Biofilms were grown on hydroxyapatite discs for 64 h and treated with nisin, eight D-AAs mixture, nisin + eight D-A...
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We asked whether transient Staphylococcus aureus in the oral environment synergistically interacts with orally associated bacterial species such as Actinomyces oris, Candida albicans, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus mutans, and Veillonella dispar (six-species control biofilm 6S). For this purpose, four modified biofilms...
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Enzymes in toothpastes can support host immune responses, and thus maintain oral health. This study aimed to investigate gingival health and the plaque-reducing effects of enzyme-containing toothpastes. A laboratory study tested the antimicrobial potential of different enzyme-containing toothpaste formulations. Two promising formulations (enzyme-co...
Article
Aim of this study was to get an overview of what dentists estimate to be the reason for failure of adhesive composite restorations and to gain knowledge about potential future foci for targeted further education. Therefore, a survey about the fabrication of composite restorations was conducted in the course of seven dental conferences with the main...
Article
Aim of this study was to get an overview of what dentists estimate to be the reason for failure of adhesive composite restorations and to gain knowledge about potential future foci for targeted further education. Therefore, a survey about the fabrication of composite restorations was conducted in the course of seven dental conferences with the main...
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Background To assess the changes of implant surfaces of different roughness after instrumentation with ultrasonic-driven scaler tips of different materials. Methods Experiments were performed on two moderately rough surfaces (I—Inicell® and II—SLA®), one surface without pre-treatment (III) and one smooth machined surface (IV). Scaler tips made of...
Article
Purpose: To determine the impact of the brushing protocol on dentin wear by comparing continuous to intermittent brushing, with the same total time of brushing. Materials and methods: Dentin specimens (n = 120) were evently distributed into six groups (A-F). The samples were brushed with slurries of different relative dentin abrasivity (RDA): Gr...
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Purpose: To investigate the possibility of reducing the erosive potential of salad dressings by adding yoghurt. Materials and methods: Two hundred enamel samples from bovine teeth were allocated to 20 groups (n = 10). Three modified commercially available balsamic dressings (addition of 10%, 20%, 50% yoghurt or 8.8 mM calcium chloride) and two h...
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Purpose: This in-situ-study investigated if rinsing the oral cavity with a calcium containing solution or a fluoride containing mouthwash immediately before an erosive attack leads to reduced enamel softening. Materials and methods: Bovine enamel samples (n = 240) with measured baseline surface microhardness (KHN) were assigned to five series (S...