Thomas Albright

Thomas Albright
University of Nevada, Reno | UNR · Department of Geography and Program in Ecology, Evolution, & Conservation Biology

PhD

About

42
Publications
27,364
Reads
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1,049
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2010 - July 2016
University of Nevada, Reno
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
August 2007 - July 2010
University of Wisconsin–Madison
Position
  • PostDoc Position
July 2002 - May 2007
SAIC
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (42)
Article
Full-text available
The Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) harbors abundant and diverse plant life owing to its high habitat heterogeneity. However, the distribution pattern of biodiversity hotspots and their conservation status remain unclear. Based on 148,283 high-resolution occurrence coordinates of 13,450 seed plants, we identified hotspots by integrating data from spe...
Article
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Climate change is causing rapid warming and altered precipitation patterns in mountain watersheds, both of which influence the timing of ice breakup in mountain lakes. To enable predictions of ice breakup in the future, we analyzed a dataset of mountain lake ice breakup dates derived from remote sensing and historical downscaled climate data. We ev...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Biological invasion has become one of the most important environmental concerns in many countries, with considerable time, money and effort being spent in the prevention and eradication of invasive species. Since mineral ores tend to harbour seeds from the local plants, our aim was to study the non‐native plants collected in Chinese ports to un...
Article
Extreme high environmental temperatures produce a variety of consequences for wildlife, including mass die-offs. Heat waves are increasing in frequency, intensity, and extent, and are projected to increase further under climate change. However, the spatial and temporal dynamics of die-off risk are poorly understood. Here, we examine the effects of...
Article
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Aim: Lek-mating species, in which males congregate to display and copulate with females, are of long-standing behavioural, economic, and conservation interest. Monitoring programs often target areas in which these species aggregate for mating (lek arenas) because of the often cryptic behaviours of these species when away from lek arenas. Due to sur...
Article
Poa compressa L. is a widespread grass of Europe and Far East. Now it is considered a noxious alien weed in North America. In recent years, it has begun to appear in Western Siberia, raising questions about its potential to continue to invade and become noxious in this region. The aims of our study were to infer areas where P. compressa may occur o...
Article
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In the mid-1980s, the largest epidemic of anthrax of the last 200 years was documented in a little known series of studies by Davies in The Central African Journal of Medicine . This epidemic involved thousands of cattle and 10,738 human cases with 200 fatalities in Rhodesia during the Counterinsurgency. Grossly unusual epidemiological features wer...
Article
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Targeted lek surveys, in which historically active lekking areas are surveyed over multiple years, are commonly used to monitor lek-mating birds. Lek surveys are usually used in habitats and species in which individuals are not easily detected when they are not lekking. Unfortunately, they suffer from a number of shortcomings, most notably the fail...
Article
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Climate conditions, such as temperature or precipitation averaged over several decades strongly affect species distributions, as evidenced by experimental results and a plethora of models demonstrating statistical relations between species occurrences and long-term climate averages. However, long-term averages can conceal climate changes that have...
Article
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Weather and climate affect many ecological processes, making spatially continuous yet fine-resolution weather data desirable for ecological research and predictions. Numerous downscaled weather data sets exist, but little attempt has been made to evaluate them systematically. Here we address this shortcoming by focusing on four major questions: (1)...
Article
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Land surface temperature (LST) is a fundamental physical property relevant to many ecological, hydrological, and atmospheric processes. There is a strong relationship between LST and near surface air temperature ([Formula: see text]), although the two temperatures have different physical meaning and responses to atmospheric conditions. In complex t...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods High temperature extremes have a variety of direct and indirect effects on animals, including large scale die-offs affecting thousands of individuals. As the frequency and severity of high temperature extremes are increasing, it is important to understand where and when die-offs can be expected to occur. Dehydration is...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods As of February 2014, the Lesser Prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus; LPC) was a candidate for federal listing as a Threatened species after decades of oscillating but declining population levels. Interannual variation in LPC populations (often indexed by lek counts) has been most strongly linked to reproductive...
Article
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Characterizing landscapes as gradients may help illuminate animal–habitat relationships that are either 1) masked by or 2) impractical to investigate using a purely patch-based perspective. Among other methods, variogram models may reveal these gradients in the environment by quantifying spatial dependence among point samples, yet few analyses of a...
Article
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Natural scientists have long recognized that regions with similar climate tend to have similar vegetation. Preliminary observations suggest that shrub steppe communities of the western US and western China may be two such regions with similar annual precipitation, temperature, land use, and vegetation. These cold dry shrub steppes have traditionall...
Conference Paper
Background/Question/Methods Contemporary climate (temperature, precipitation etc.) strongly affects species distributions, which is why there are a plethora of modeling exercises that build statistical relations between species occurrences and long-term (e.g., 30- or 50-year) climate means. Yet, while ecologists increasingly recognize the dynamic...
Conference Paper
Studies employing modern (1960-) data on bird reproduction provide compelling evidence of recent biotic responses to climate change and extreme weather. However, longer-term evidence may be found using the 200- to 300-year record contained in museum collections of biological specimens. Among vertebrate specimens, information contained in historic b...
Article
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Changes in land use and land cover have affected and will continue to affect biological diversity worldwide. Yet, understanding the spatially extensive effects of land-cover change has been challenging because data that are consistent over space and time are lacking. We used the U.S. National Land Cover Dataset Land Cover Change Retrofit Product an...
Article
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Shade-tolerant non-native invasive plant species may make deep incursions into natural plant communities, but detecting such species is challenging because occurrences are often sparse. We developed Bayesian models of the distribution of Microstegium vimineum in natural plant communities of the southern Blue Ridge Mountains, USA to address three ob...
Article
Recent events and climate model outputs indicate an increase in the occurrence and magnitude of heat waves and other high temperature events in many locations. Temperatures at the land surface may be much higher than air temperatures making this a particularly relevant consideration for animals that nest, forage, or seek refuge at or near the groun...
Article
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The human dimensions of biotic invasion are generally poorly understood, even among the most familiar invasive species. Kudzu (Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr.) is a prominent invasive plant and an example of quasi-wild species, which has experienced repeated introduction, cultivation, and escape back to the wild. Here, we review a large body of prim...
Article
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Potamogeton crispus L. (curly pondweed) is a cosmopolitan aquatic macrophyte considered invasive in North America and elsewhere. Its range is expanding and, on individual water bodies, its coverage can be dynamic both within and among years. In this study, we evaluate the use of free and low-cost satellite remote sensing data to monitor a problemat...
Article
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Increasing surface temperatures and climatic variability associated with global climate change are expected to produce more frequent and intense heat waves and droughts in many parts of the world. Our goal was to elucidate the fundamental, but poorly understood, effects of these extreme weather events on avian communities across the conterminous Un...
Data
Scientific names of forest bird species and guild classifications by migratory habit and nest location. (0.38 MB DOC)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Quantifying changes in forest bird diversity is an essential task for developing effective conservation actions. When subtle changes in diversity accumulate over time, annual comparisons may offer an incomplete perspective of changes in diversity. In this case, progressive change, the comparison of changes in diversity from a baseline...
Article
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Knowledge of the ecological niches of invasive species in native and introduced ranges can inform management as well as ecological and evolutionary theory. Here, we identified and compared factors associated with the distribution of an invasive tree, Ailanthus altissima, in both its native Chinese and introduced US ranges and predicted potential US...
Article
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Droughts are expected to become more frequent under global climate change. Avifauna depend on precipitation for hydration, cover, and food. While there are indications that avian communities respond negatively to drought, little is known about the response of birds with differing functional and behavioural traits, what time periods and indicators o...
Article
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Global climate models predict increases in the frequency and intensity of extreme climatic events such as hurricanes, which may abruptly alter ecological processes in forests and thus affect avian diversity. Developing appropriate conservation measures necessitates identifying patterns of avifauna response to hurricanes. We sought to answer two que...
Article
1. A variety of abiotic, biotic, human and historic variables related to environmental suitability and propagule pressure determine the distribution of invasive plants in a landscape. Understanding the role of these variables for invasive species is challenging because environmental variables are often correlated, many invaders have broad ecologica...
Article
Biological invasion has been one of the most dramatic ecological even in human history that threatens our economy, public health and ecological integrity. GIS and Remote Sensing technology should be integrated with spatial data mining to recognize the patterns of invasive species over space and time and predict the distribution at the large-scale....
Article
Full-text available
Invasive exotic species pose a growing threat to the economy, public health, and ecological integrity of nations worldwide. Explaining and predicting the spatial distribution of invasive exotic species is of great importance to prevention and early warning efforts. We are investigating the potential distribution of invasive exotic species, the envi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Invasive alien species pose a large and growing threat to the economy, public health, and ecological integrity in China. Ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia.L), native to North America, was first documented in China in 1935. As the primary pathogen of pollinosis, ragweed has become a serious menace to public health of China’s population. Explaining an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The predictive models of the potential distribution of invasive species are important for managing the growing invasive species crises. However, for most species absence data are not available. Presented with the challenge of developing a model based on presence-only information, we developed an improved logistic regression approach using informati...
Article
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Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms) is an invasive aquatic macrophyte associated with major negative economic and ecological impacts to the Lake Victoria region since the plant's establishment in Uganda in the 1980s. Reli-able estimates of water hyacinth distribution and extent are required to gauge the severity of the problem throu...
Article
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Imaging radar is a promising tool for mapping snow and ice cover in alpine regions. It combines a high-resolution, day or night, all-weather imaging capability with sensitivity to hydrologic and climatic snow and ice parameters. We use the spaceborne imaging radar-C/X-band synthetic aperture radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) to map snow and glacial ice on the ru...

Questions

Questions (2)
Question
I'm teaching a class to a group of mostly ecologists on climate change X ecology and I want to cover some data sources they might use. I've found good sources on gridded data, GCMs, RCMs, but not yet a nice resource introducing various networks of weather station data and considerations such as biases, inhomogeneities, etc...  I'm not concerned whether the resource is peer reviewed, book, or web, as long as it is good.  Thanks!
Question
I don't normally use this software but need it for a training with middle school kids today. I did this last year but just can't seem to figure it out today!

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