Thom Baguley

Thom Baguley
Nottingham Trent University | NTU · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

111
Publications
666,312
Reads
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4,467
Citations
Citations since 2016
54 Research Items
3804 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
Introduction
My main research interests are models of human memory (e.g., episodic processing models, mixed population models), and spatial cognition. I'm also in interested in psychological statistics (e.g., power, effect size and best practice in use of statistics).
Additional affiliations
September 2004 - March 2020
Nottingham Trent University
Position
  • Professor
January 1997 - September 2004
Loughborough University
Position
  • Lecturer in Psychology
March 1995 - January 1997
Cardiff University
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (111)
Article
Full-text available
Research findings on inter-relationships between subtypes of Problematic Internet Use with wellbeing, loneliness and Fear of Missing Out are inconsistent. The present study used psychometric assessments on the subtypes, general problematic internet use, problematic smartphone use, problematic social media use, problematic gaming, and problematic po...
Article
Full-text available
Dual harm behaviour has recently gained scholarly attention. Dual harm centres on a subset of people who display violent and self-harming behaviour. This study re-examines the differential profile characteristics identified in Europe for those who dual harm, using international data featuring a population study of a state prison system in the south...
Poster
Full-text available
We recruited 150 cisgender heterosexual white men from the UK online using Prolific (50 participants per condition). Participants were randomly allocated into one of three conditions: In a prior, study we created and validated 25 stimuli in Daz3D varying across 5 WHR (0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1.0) and 5 BMI (emaciated, underweight, average, overweight,...
Article
Concept creep explains how established social concepts expand to incorporate new phenomena, with such expansions fundamentally changing conceptual definitions and contributing to a loss of a shared social understanding. However, the existing work has focused on concept creep within a small number of categories that are typically more salient for th...
Article
Vignette methods are widely used in psychology and the social sciences to obtain responses to multi-dimensional scenarios or situations. Where quantitative data are collected this presents challenges to the selection of an appropriate statistical model. This depends on subtle details of the design and allocation of vignettes to participants. A key...
Article
Despite suggestions that work performance varies with age, the empirical evidence is inconclusive and contradictory. Possible reasons for this are the lack of differentiation between different types of performance and a naïve assumption of a negative linear relationship between age and task performance across the working lifespan. With this study w...
Article
Disclosing experiences of cybervictimization is an important first step in many anti-bullying interventions. Gender, age, cybervictimization experiences, cyberbullying behaviors, and time spent online were examined as factors that describe: (a) disclosing cybervictimization and (b) perceptions of helpfulness following disclosure. The sample compris...
Article
Full-text available
United Kingdom Police custody is one of the most challenging of work environments, liable to excessive demands and reduced well-being. Being difficult to access, it is also a much-neglected area of research that has focused on one or two roles, rather than the full range available, and on individual-level research, rather than a more comprehensive...
Preprint
Vignette methods are widely used in psychology and the social sciences to obtain responses to multi-dimensional scenarios or situations. Where quantitative data are collected this presents challenges to the selection of an appropriate statistical model. This depends on subtle details of the design and allocation of vignettes to participants. A key...
Presentation
Full-text available
Vignettes are multi-dimensional stimuli consisting of “a short, carefully constructed description of a person, object, or situation, representing a systematic combination of characteristic” (Atzmüller & Steiner, 2010). Vignette methods are widely used in psychology and across the social sciences. Originally a blend of experimental and survey method...
Preprint
Full-text available
In a target article in 2017, social psychologist Nick Haslam proposed that concept creep explains how established social concepts expand to incorporate new phenomena, with such expansions fundamentally changing conceptual definitions and contributing to a loss of a shared social understanding. However, Haslam’s piece (along with several commentarie...
Article
Full-text available
Unfamiliar simultaneous face matching is error prone. Reducing incorrect identification decisions will positively benefit forensic and security contexts. The absence of viewindependent information in static images likely contributes to the difficulty of unfamiliar face matching. We tested whether a novel interactive viewing procedure that provides...
Article
Full-text available
Temporal aspects of child and adolescent time allocation in diverse cultural settings have been difficult to model using conventional statistical techniques. A new statistical approach, Egocentric Relational Event Modelling (EREM), allows for the simultaneous modelling of activity frequency, duration, and sequencing. Here, EREM is applied to a foca...
Article
A new hazard test was created using high-fidelity computer animation containing ten hazards. Sixty learner drivers and sixty experienced drivers sat either a hazard-perception version of this test (requiring timed responses to materialized hazards) or a hazard-prediction variant of the test (where the screen is occluded as the hazard begins to appe...
Article
Full-text available
Psychosocial hazards in mental healthcare contribute to the development of compassion fatigue in mental health professionals. Compassion fatigue has a negative impact on the mental health and wellbeing of professionals that can impair the quality of services provided to clients. The majority of research on compassion fatigue has focused on individu...
Preprint
Unfamiliar simultaneous face matching is error prone. Reducing incorrect identification decisions will positively benefit forensic and security contexts. The absence of view-independent information in static images likely contributes to the difficulty of unfamiliar face matching. We tested whether a novel interactive viewing procedure that provides...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background: Service centres for homeless adults are potential settings for implementation of reintegration interventions. This study aimed to evaluate 1) the acceptability of a group-based programme among individuals from the broad population of homeless people, and 2) if a future study of its feasibility and acceptability for re-housed h...
Preprint
When producing a noun phrase whether or not pre-planning extends beyond theinitial noun varies with the phrase’s syntactic structure. However it is not clear on whatbasis – conceptual or syntactic – the production system determines that pre-planning isnecessary. In two experiments (Ns= 32, 64) participants produced noun phrases inresponse to pictur...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This study examined the characteristics of men in prison who have a history of both self‐harm and violence (known as dual harm) and the extent to which demographic and criminogenic factors, in‐prison incidents, and self‐harm method could differentiate men who dual harm. Methods Official prison sample data were examined for the period April...
Article
Full-text available
Literature has acknowledged the alliance between face-to-face bullying behaviours and humour. However, comparably, little is known regarding humour and cyberbullying. Humour may be a motivating factor and, as such, explain why some individuals engage in cyberbullying. This study aimed to gain insight into adolescents' views and perceptions of how h...
Article
Recently, there has been an increase in the adoption of competency‐based approaches (CBA) in higher education and, for some practitioners, this involves modifying existing provision. This case study describes the development, delivery, and evaluation of a transnational training program that was developed for Chinese university tutors who planned to...
Article
Response onset latencies for sentences that start with a conjoined noun phrase are typically longer than for sentences starting with a simple noun phrase. This suggests that advance planning has phrasal scope, which may or may not be lexically driven. All previous studies have involved spoken production, leaving open the possibility that effects ar...
Preprint
The concept of ‘fake news’ has exploded into the public’s consciousness since the election of Donald Trump to the US presidency in late 2016. Since then, this phrase has witnessed a more than 350% increase in its popular usage, and was named Collins Dictionary’s word of the year for 2017. However, the concept of fake news has received surprisingly...
Article
Full-text available
Adults’ participant roles in cyberbullying remain unclear. Two hundred and sixty-four (163 female and 87 male) 18- to 74-year-olds from 31 countries completed measures to assess their experiences of, and engagement in, 5 cyberbullying types for up to 9 media. Cluster analysis identified two distinct groups: rarely victim and bully (85%) and frequen...
Article
Full-text available
In forensic settings, lay (non‐expert) listeners may be required to compare voice samples for identity. In two experiments we investigated the effect of background noise and variations in speaking style on performance. In each trial, participants heard two recordings, responded whether the voices belonged to the same person, and provided a confiden...
Article
Purpose Although visible leader support is an essential ingredient for successful organizational health interventions, knowledge on how leaders at different hierarchical levels engage with interventions is underdeveloped. The purpose of this paper is to explore leader engagement by drawing from the experiences of the intervention team. Design/meth...
Poster
Full-text available
Numerous theories attempt to explain the relation between visual mental imagery and visual perception with current research indicating similarities and differences between these phenomena. However, limited research has investigated the capacity limits of imagery in terms of the number of objects that can be simultaneously imagined. This study aimed...
Article
Numerous theories attempt to explain the relation between visual mental imagery and visual perception with current research indicating similarities and differences between these phenomena. However, limited research has investigated the capacity limits of imagery in terms of the number of objects that can be simultaneously imagined. This study aimed...
Preprint
Full-text available
Response onset latencies for spoken sentences that start with a conjoined noun phrase are typically longer than for sentences starting with a simple noun phrase. This is consistent with advance retrieval of syntactic frames independently of lexical retrieval. Alternatively, planning may be lexically driven and planning beyond the initial noun is me...
Conference Paper
Unfamiliar face matching is error-prone. An accurate decision involves correctly assigning between-person variability to different identities and within-person variability to the same identity. To support image-based comparisons we have developed a novel interactive procedure, which involves rotating a facial image to different orientations. We inv...
Article
Full-text available
In response to recommendations to redefine statistical significance to P ≤ 0.005, we propose that researchers should transparently report and justify all choices they make when designing a study, including the alpha level.
Article
Full-text available
In response to recommendations to redefine statistical significance to P ≤ 0.005, we propose that researchers should transparently report and justify all choices they make when designing a study, including the alpha level.
Article
Full-text available
Research on location memory suggests that integration of separate sources of information does not occur when recalling the position of a common target object. In a relatively simple task, previous research shows no observable benefit from holding two spatial memories compared to one. It has been suggested that exclusively utilizing only one of two...
Preprint
Full-text available
In response to recommendations to redefine statistical significance to p ≤ .005, we propose that researchers should transparently report and justify all choices they make when designing a study, including the alpha level.
Conference Paper
In a forensic setting, it is often necessary to verify people’s identity from their voice. For example, police officers or jury members may have to judge whether two phone recordings feature the same person. Although within- and between-person variability is likely to make this task difficult, very little research has addressed unfamiliar voice mat...
Article
Full-text available
The accentuation effect demonstrates how memory often reflects category typical representations rather than the specific features of learned items. The present study investigated the impact of manipulating fundamental frequency (F0) and speech rate (syllables per second) on immediate target matching performance (selecting a voice from a pair to mat...
Article
Full-text available
The accentuation effect demonstrates how memory often reflects category typical representations rather than the specific features of learned items. The present study investigated the impact of manipulating fundamental frequency (F0) and speech rate (syllables per second) on immediate target matching performance (selecting a voice from a pair to mat...
Article
Full-text available
The research explores a new model of staff well-being across UK police custodial services (public and private). These services are unique for the fact that police sergeant custody officers are supported by detention officers who can be publicly or privately contracted, with the latter providing a heterogeneous mix never previously researched. The m...
Poster
Full-text available
The Stroop test is a measure of inhibition. An extension of parental investment theory propose that women should outperform men, due to females employing a more choosy (inhibiting) mating strategy compared to males. Despite over 80 years of Stroop research, a thorough systematic analysis of gender effects has never been conducted. Using the meta-an...
Article
Research on optimal outbreeding describes the greater reproductive success experienced on average by couples who are neither too closely related, nor too genetically dissimilar. How is optimal outbreeding achieved? Faces that subtly resemble family members could present useful cues to a potential reproductive partner with an optimal level of geneti...
Presentation
Full-text available
After a long period of controversy, the use of Bayesian data analysis (BDA) in psychology has reached a tipping point. Psychology - as with many other sciences - is beginning to accept that Bayesian methods offer an important and useful set of tools for answering certain questions and dealing with complex, messy real-world data. One implication is...
Article
Voices and static faces can be matched for identity above chance level. No previous face-voice matching experiments have included an inter-stimulus interval (ISI) exceeding 1 second. We tested whether accurate identity decisions rely on high-quality perceptual representations temporarily stored in sensory memory, and therefore whether the ability t...
Article
Full-text available
The roles that young people fulfill in face-to-face bullying have been well documented and there is some evidence that young people take on similar roles in cyber bullying. A person-centered analytical approach was adopted to identify the roles that young people fulfill across five different types of cyber bullying assessed for up to nine media. Fo...
Conference Paper
Faces and voices are often used to verify people's identity in forensic and security settings. Previous research has highlighted that unfamiliar face matching is error-prone, but very few studies have investigated voice matching accuracy. We tested whether the face matching findings generalise to voices. The participants completed face matching tri...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
When performing statistical analyses it is often only necessary to take individual differences into account at the participant level. However, when people act as both participants and stimuli, there are two sources of individual difference variation. Both must be dealt with appropriately in order to maximize generalizability and reduce the likeliho...
Chapter
This chapter provides an overview of the topic of missing data. We introduce the main types of missing data that can occur in practice and discuss the practical consequences of each of these types for general data analysis. We then describe general and practical solutions to the problem of missing data, discussing common but flawed approaches as we...
Article
Full-text available
Information from faces and voices combines to provide multimodal signals about a person. Faces and voices may offer redundant, overlapping (backup signals), or complementary information (multiple messages). This article reports two experiments which investigated the extent to which faces and voices deliver concordant information about dimensions of...
Article
Full-text available
Research investigating whether faces and voices share common source identity information has offered contradictory results. Accurate face-voice matching is consistently above chance when the facial stimuli are dynamic, but not when the facial stimuli are static. We tested whether procedural differences might help to account for the previous inconsi...
Conference Paper
Research suggests that faces and voices share common source-identity information. Previous studies, which include a maximum 1-second interstimulus interval, show that people can match novel voices to both static and dynamic and faces with above-chance accuracy. We tested face-voice matching using an interstimulus interval of 5 seconds (Experiment 1...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We explored the effects of fundamental frequency (F0 in Hz) and speech rate (syllables per second) change on speaker recognition accuracy for synthesised voices, using a 2AFC voice recognition task (N=60; 18-30 years). In each trial, the participants listened to six different target voices (three male and three female) and were asked to identify th...
Conference Paper
Research investigating whether faces and voices share common source-identity information offers contradictory results. In a set of three experiments, we tested whether inconsistencies between previous studies might be attributable to procedural differences. In Experiment 1, participants completed a two-alternative-forced-choice (2AFC) matching task...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract There is growing literature exploring the possibility of parallel retrieval of location memories, although this literature focuses primarily on the speed of retrieval with little attention to the accuracy of location memory recall. Baguley et al. (2006) found that when a person has two or more memories for an object’s location, their recal...
Article
Full-text available
While student benefits from internship experience have been frequently documented in research, the emphasis has been on internship effects on employment and career indicators. This work is concerned with effects on academic outcomes and focuses on the robustness of such effects across academic disciplines as well as for different achievement levels...
Article
Research into problematic video gaming has increased greatly over the last decade and many screening instruments have been developed to identify such behaviour. This study re-examined the Problematic Videogame Playing [PVP] Scale. The objectives of the study were to (i) examine its psychometric properties in two European countries, (ii) estimate th...
Conference Paper
A series of studies investigated whether people can match novel faces and voices of the same age (20-30) and sex at a level significantly above chance. The studies also tested whether accuracy is affected by facial stimuli type: static or moving, and the order of stimuli presentation: face first or voice first. In Experiment 1 participants saw a fa...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: This article systematically reviews studies of prevalence of childhood experience of physical and sexual abuse in adult people who are homeless in Western countries. Methods: Medline, PsychInfo, and the Cochrane Library were searched using the keywords: homeless*, child* abuse, child* trauma, and child* adversity and the bibliographies...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We aimed to explore the effect of change in frequency (F0 in Hz) and speech rate (syllables per second - SPS) on voice recognition accuracy. In part one of our experiment, participants (M= 36; F=36; aged 18-30 years) were given a 2AFC voice matching task which involved hearing (binaural headphone presentation) synthesised (using NaturalReader 12) v...
Article
Full-text available
This study addressed the effect of misleading post-event information (PEI) on voice ratings, identification accuracy, and confidence, as well as the link between verbal recall and accuracy. Participants listened to a dialogue between male and female targets, then read misleading information about voice pitch. Participants engaged in verbal recall,...