Thijs van Laarhoven

Thijs van Laarhoven
Tilburg University | UVT · Department of Cognitive Neuropsychology

Assistant Professor

About

7
Publications
1,257
Reads
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63
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2019 - present
Tilburg University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2015 - September 2019
Tilburg University
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Subject: Neural Mechanisms of Predictive Coding in Multisensory Integration and Autism Spectrum Disorder
September 2014 - August 2015
Tilburg University
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Subject: Audiovisual speech perception in Developmental Dyslexia
Education
September 2013 - September 2015
Tilburg University
Field of study
  • Medical Psychology

Publications

Publications (7)
Article
Full-text available
Individuals with developmental dyslexia (DD) may experience, besides reading problems, other speech-related processing deficits. Here, we examined the influence of visual articulatory information (lip-read speech) at various levels of background noise on auditory word recognition in children and adults with DD. We found that children with a documen...
Article
A rare omission of a sound that is predictable by anticipatory visual information induces an early negative omission response (oN1) in the EEG during the period of silence where the sound was expected. It was previously suggested that the oN1 was primarily driven by the identity of the anticipated sound. Here, we examined the role of temporal predi...
Article
Full-text available
The amplitude of the auditory N1 component of the event‐related potential (ERP) is typically attenuated for self‐initiated sounds, compared to sounds with identical acoustic and temporal features that are triggered externally. This effect has been ascribed to internal forward models predicting the sensory consequences of one's own motor actions. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies suggest that sub-clinical levels of autistic symptoms may be related to reduced processing of artificial audiovisual stimuli. It is unclear whether these findings extent to more natural stimuli such as audiovisual speech. The current study examined the relationship between autistic traits measured by the Autism spectrum Quotient and...
Article
Full-text available
Lay abstract: Many autistic individuals experience difficulties in processing sensory information (e.g. increased sensitivity to sound). Here we show that these difficulties may be related to an inability to process unexpected sensory stimulation. In this study, 29 older adolescents and young adults with autism and 29 age-matched individuals with...
Article
Full-text available
The amplitude of the auditory N1 component of the event‐related potential (ERP) is typically suppressed when a sound is accompanied by visual anticipatory information that reliably predicts the timing and identity of the sound. While this visually induced suppression of the auditory N1 is considered an early electrophysiological marker of fulfilled...
Article
Full-text available
Humans quickly adapt to variations in the speech signal. Adaptation may surface as recalibration, a learning effect driven by error-minimisation between a visual face and an ambiguous auditory speech signal, or as selective adaptation, a contrastive aftereffect driven by the acoustic clarity of the sound. Here, we examined whether these aftereffect...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
This project has three primary aims: (1) to examine the impact of stimulus predictability (e.g. timing, identity) on electrophysiological markers of predictive coding in multisensory integration in individuals with typical development, (2) to examine the extent to which subclinical levels of autistic symptoms in the general population are related to alterations in multisensory integration, and (3) to examine whether the neural correlates of predictive coding in multisensory integration are altered in autism spectrum disorder