Thierry Baccino

Thierry Baccino
Université de Vincennes - Paris 8 | UP8 · Department of Psychology

PhD, Habilitation

About

162
Publications
53,264
Reads
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2,765
Citations
Introduction
Thierry Baccino is Emeritus Professor of Cognitive Psychology of Digital Technologies at the University of Paris VIII. His main research focuses on the reading process, which he studies using different methods: eye-tracking, EEG (EFRP), physiological indicators (RED, ECG, etc.) and Mocap. This reading research is conducted through both experimental protocols and ergonomic studies.
Additional affiliations
April 2014 - June 2014
University of Toulouse
Position
  • Researcher
April 2011 - June 2011
University of Valencia
Position
  • Professor
September 2010 - present
Université de Vincennes - Paris 8
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (162)
Article
Full-text available
Pupillometry is used to indicate the relative extent of processing demands within or between tasks; however, this analysis is complicated by the fact that the pupil also responds to low-level aspects of visual input. First, we attempted to identify "principal" components that contribute to the pupil response by computing a principal component analy...
Article
Full-text available
It is often said that experienced musicians are capable of hearing what they read (and vice versa). This suggests that they are able to process and to integrate multimodal information. The present study investigates this issue with an eye-tracking technique. Two groups of musicians chosen on the basis of their level of expertise (experts, non-exper...
Article
Full-text available
The mass digitization of books is changing the way information is created, disseminated and displayed. Electronic book readers (e-readers) generally refer to two main display technologies: the electronic ink (E-ink) and the liquid crystal display (LCD). Both technologies have advantages and disadvantages, but the question whether one or the othe...
Article
The present study utilized a novel methodological combination of eye tracking and postural movement recordings to study task-induced changes in cognitive engagement during expository text reading. Thirty-three participants read an expository text with a specific task in mind while their eye and postural movements were concurrently recorded, and aft...
Article
Full-text available
The present study utilized a novel combination of eye movement and motion capture recordings to examine cognitive engagement during reading on a hand-held tablet computer. Participants read a multiple-page text with a specific task in mind and after reading recalled the main contents of text from memory. The results showed that head distance from s...
Presentation
Full-text available
Expert memory theories assume that over the course of practicing a discipline, knowledge structures are built up in long-term memory (Ericsson & Kintsch, 1995) allowing experts to process domain-specific information in a rapid and structural way (i.e., chunks, templates; Chase & Simon, 1973; Gobet & Simon, 1996). In this study, pianists from five c...
Article
Full-text available
The current meta-analysis was conducted on 12 studies comparing the eye movements of expert versus non-expert musicians and attempted to determine which eye movement measures are expertise dependent during music reading. The total dataset of 61 comparisons was divided into four subsets, each concerning one eye-movement variable (i.e., fixation dura...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides new research perspectives in the field of multimodal comprehension (auditory crossing visual information) by using immersion and incorporating eye tracking in a virtual reality environment. The objective is to investigate the influence of a change in narrative perspective (point of view) during the activation of a mental model u...
Article
In this study, we compared the effects of two media (Interactive Whiteboards and Paper) on both expository and narrative texts reading comprehension among 5th grade children of primary school. Two texts were constructed, according to the same controlled hierarchical structure. Comprehension was assessed by a multiple-choice questionnaire including...
Article
This article presents a set of data from cognitive psychology studies on reading behavior induced by the presentation of texts on digital screens. Reading on a screen disrupts visual perception as well as attention, memory and ultimately understanding of digital texts. Taking these cognitive limits into account is therefore necessary in the develop...
Article
Full-text available
In a sight-reading task, the position of the eyes on the score is generally further ahead than the note being produced by the instrument. This anticipation allows musicians to identify the upcoming notes and possible difficulties and to plan their gestures accordingly. The eye-hand span (EHS) corresponds to this offset between the eye and the hand...
Article
Nosso estudo, fruto de uma parceria internacional, buscou aferir a importância dada por 23 leitores ao nome do veículo de publicação de quatro diferentes textos sobre temas de saúde, utilizando uma metodologia inovadora no campo de estudo acadêmico da divulgação científica – um rastreador ocular. Com ele, é possível mapear a cada instante o olhar d...
Article
The growing use of digital devices brings about interruptions during reading. The aim of the present study is to observe the consequences of an interruption on reading behavior and text comprehension when the information that is evaluated is the information that is being read at the time the interruption occurs. Eye movements (mean number of fixati...
Article
Purpose:The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of explanatory texts characteristics on comprehension performances in children from 2nd to 9th grade. Method: Several metrics have been applied to 40 explanatory texts, accounting for length, complexity and age accuracy. Children were asked to read an age-appropriate text, and answer questi...
Article
Full-text available
A democratização e o fácil acesso a informação trazem um desafio: o aumento do número e da velocidade da circulação de notícias falsas. Neste artigo, estudamos a recepção de notícias de saúde e a importância dada ao nome do veículo de publicação pelos leitores, bem como motivações para o compartilhamento de tais notícias. Realizamos um estudo explo...
Article
Crossing a road intersection, a driver must collect visual information from various locations. The allocation of visual attention, which allows this collection, mainly relies on top-down processes. This study focuses on three top-down factors which influence the collection of visual information: the value of visual information for the ongoing task,...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, we independently manipulated valence (positive, negative, or neutral) and emotional intensity (low, medium, or high), asking what impact they have on text comprehension (via surface, paraphrase, and inference questions) and memorization (via Remember/Know test) in adults. Results show that emotional contents, including valence...
Article
Full-text available
The present study examined the effects of emotions on eye movements, head motion, and iPad motion during reading. Thirty-one participants read neutral, emotionally negative texts and emotionally positive texts on a digital tablet and both participants’ eye movements and body movements were recorded using respectively eye-tracking glasses and a moti...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, we independently manipulated valence (positive, negative or neutral) and emotional intensity (low, medium or high), asking what impact they have on text comprehension (via surface, paraphrase and inference questions) and memorization (via Remember/Know test) in adults. Results show that emotional contents, including valence an...
Article
Full-text available
The study investigated the cross-modal integration hypothesis for expert musicians using eye tracking. Twenty randomized excerpts of classical music were presented in two modes (auditory and visual), at the same time (simultaneously) or successively (sequentially). Musicians (N = 53, 26 experts and 27 non-experts) were asked to detect a note modifi...
Article
Full-text available
The present study utilized a new experimental set-up synchronizing eye movements and head motion for investigating referential change occurring in a reading task. We examined the effects of a change in narrative perspective during reading on eye movements and head motion. Forty-four participants read texts on a digital tablet, and both participants...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
L’étude de la cognition humaine et plus généralement celle des sciences cognitives se partage depuis la seconde partie du XXème siècle entre plusieurs approches, l’une que nous pouvons qualifier de « computo-représentationnelle » ou « cognitiviste» (Jerry Fodor, Noam Chomsky etc.), dans laquelle la pensée serait une manipulation de symboles désinca...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Les contenus émotionnels sont omniprésents, à la télévision, dans les médias sociaux, sur Internet, dans les journaux et les livres. Les émotions sont utilisées pour attirer l'attention sur le contenu ou pour améliorer notre expérience utilisateur. Bien que les recherches actuelles aient montré que les émotions les émotions font partie intégrante d...
Chapter
Full-text available
Emotions guide our actions and have a profound influence on how we approach, experience and later remember information. This chapter provides an overview of the role of emotions in reading and describes how emotional processes differ across digital and print texts. After introducing what emotions are and how they can be measured, we discuss the inf...
Article
Full-text available
Online word-of-mouth has spread on almost every e-commerce website. While most of them use a global rating allowing consumers to judge any product, some introduced a multi criteria rating system on product features and linked services. Many researches in the field of multi criteria decision making has been focused on software and mathematical model...
Poster
Full-text available
This work is addressed to present an effort of understanding how eye movements are made while processing a text with referential change and our ultimate goal is to model this behavior. In this paper, we are proposing a very simple 4-parameter model which is based on model presented in [1]. Once our model is presented, we followed a strategy based o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we present an off-the-shelf UX evaluation tool which contextualizes users’ physiological and behavioral signals while interacting with a system. The proposed tool triangulates users’ gaze data with inferred users’ cognitive and emotional states to produce user experience (UX) heatmaps, which show where users were looking when they ex...
Article
Full-text available
Attention is drawn to emotionally salient stimuli. The present study investigates processing of emotionally salient regions during free viewing of emotional scenes that were categorized according to the two-dimensional model comprising of valence (unpleasant, pleasant) and arousal (high, low). Recent studies have reported interactions between these...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The effects of design and aesthetics on interface usability has become an im-portant research topic in recent years. In this paper, we propose a new method of interface visual complexity evaluation based on the users’ neurophysiological signals. In order to be truly insightful, a visual representation of such signals will be mapped onto the interfa...
Book
Full-text available
La lecture numérique n’est pas équivalente à la lecture sur papier. Depuis plus d’une vingtaine d’années, les données montrent un déficit général de la perception et de la compréhension, lié à l’emploi des supports électroniques. Ce problème est plus que jamais d’actualité avec le développement croissant des réseaux informatiques, des bibliothèques...
Article
Full-text available
In the era of small screens, traditional reading (i.e. left-to-right, top-to-bottom) is called into question and rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) represents one of the main alternatives. RSVP consists of displaying in sequential order one or more words at a time, thus minimizing saccades and eye blinks. Recently, a RSVP application has recei...
Article
Full-text available
The usability of interactive whiteboards versus computers was evaluated on three dimensions (visibility, legibility and comprehension) in the secondary-school pupils. The visibility assessment consisted in detecting a visual stimulus varying in luminance using a staircase procedure, legibility was assessed with a target-search task, and we administ...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé Cette étude compare la lecture de textes effectuée par des musiciens ou des non-musiciens dans un environnement musical ou en silence. Trente textes expositifs étaient présentés avec ou sans mise en forme matérielle suivi chacun de deux questions à choix multiple. Les textes étaient lus en silence, ou bien en écoutant simultanément une chans...
Article
Full-text available
We compared the effects of two media (paper vs. computer) on reading comprehension and memorization among students in their third or fourth year of secondary school. To assess comprehension, we constructed and validated a text with a carefully controlled hierarchical structure, accompanied by a questionnaire containing three types of questions (sur...
Chapter
Full-text available
The development of eye-tracking-based methods to describe a person’s indecisiveness is not commonly explored, even though research has shown that indecisiveness is involved in many unwanted cognitive states, such as a reduction in self-confidence during the decision-making process, doubts about past decisions, reconsidering, trepidation, distractib...
Article
Full-text available
A new method is proposed to generate text material for assessing maximum reading speed of adult readers. The described procedure allows one to generate a vast number of equivalent short sentences. These sentences can be displayed for different durations in order to determine the reader's maximum speed using a psychophysical threshold algorithm. Eac...
Data
This article proposes a method based on wavelet transform and neural networks for relating pupillary behavior to psychological stress. The proposed method was tested by recording pupil diameter and electrodermal activity during a simulated driving task. Self-report measures were also collected. Participants performed a baseline run with the driving...
Data
Full-text available
It is often said that experienced musicians are capable of hearing what they read (and vice versa). This suggests that they are able to process and to integrate multimodal information. The present study investigates this issue with an eye-tracking technique. Two groups of musicians chosen on the basis of their level of expertise (experts, non-exper...
Data
Full-text available
We investigated the conjoint effect of screen luminance and ambient illuminance on visual fatigue and arousal during prolonged digital reading (one hour) by means of a multidimensional approach based on eye, performance and subjective measures. Two levels of screen luminance (low, high) and two levels of ambient illuminance (low, high) were tested...
Conference Paper
Eye-tracking-based methods are generating a growing interest in marketing research. Nevertheless, most of the studies are focusing on intention, emotion or the evaluation of the products by the customer. The work that is presented here investigates two of the main purchasing scenarios: the routine purchasing act and the impulse purchasing act. The...
Article
Full-text available
The food sensory science community has recently shown an increasing interest towards the measurement of emotions induced by product consumption. In this paper, we propose a standard method to objectively and quantitatively explore emotions in tasting situations through measurement and analysis of pupil diameter. Pupillometry is a well-known meth...
Article
Full-text available
An experiment was conducted in a driving simulator to test how eye-movement patterns evolve over time according to the decision-making processes involved in a driving task. Participants had to drive up to a crossroads and decide to stop or not. The decision-making task was considered as the succession of two phases associated with cognitive process...
Conference Paper
Pupils reflect the activity of the autonomic nervous system, dilating following mental effort exertion and various sources of psychological stress. These dilations are in the order of tenths of mm and one major concern in applied research is disentangling these cognitive/emotional effects from larger-scale variations due to illumination changes. Wi...
Poster
Full-text available
La nature du lien entre le mouvement des yeux et la tâche est un problème ouvert (Yarbus, 1967). Les méthodes statistiques de classification sont utilisées depuis plus de vingt ans dans de nombreux domaines, mais elles n’ont été introduites pour l’analyse des mouvements oculaires par Greene et al. qu’en 2012. Lors d’une expérience, ils proposaient...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the links between attention, hand movements and eye movements when performed in different spatial areas. Participants performed a visual search task on a computer screen while preparing to press two keyboard keys sequentially with their index. Results showed that the planning of the manual sequence influenced the latency of the...
Article
Full-text available
Most of studies about online advertisements have indicated that they have a negative impact on users' cognitive processes, especially when they include colorful or animated banners and when they are close to the text to be read. In the present study we assessed the effects of two advertisements features-distance from the text and the animation-on v...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract We propose a method based on wavelet transform and neural networks for relating pupillary behavior to psychological stress. We tested the proposed method by recording pupil diameter and electrodermal activity during a simulated driving task. Self-report measures were also collected. Participants performed a baseline run with the driving ta...
Article
Full-text available
We hypothesize that the fundamental difference between expert and learner musicians is the capacity to efficiently integrate cross-modal information. This capacity might be an index of an expert memory using both auditory and visual cues built during many years of learning and extensive practice. Investigating this issue through an eye-tracking exp...