Thiago S. Torres

Thiago S. Torres
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz | FIOCRUZ · National Institute of Infectology (IPEC)

PhD

About

82
Publications
7,698
Reads
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5,930
Citations
Citations since 2016
66 Research Items
3919 Citations
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Introduction
LGBTQIA+ health and behavior; HIV prevention and treatment; PrEP; Quality of life among people living with HIV; Aging with HIV; Adherence.
Education
March 2008 - November 2012
Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Field of study
  • Clinical research
September 2003 - September 2005
Universidade Federal Fluminense
Field of study
  • Organic Chemistry
September 1999 - July 2003
Universidade Federal Fluminense
Field of study
  • Pharmacy

Publications

Publications (82)
Article
Full-text available
We conducted a web-based survey to understand the impact of social distancing measures on Brazilian MSM and transgender/non-binary lives. A total of 3486 respondents were included in this analysis and the great majority were cismen (98%). The median age was 32 years (IQR: 27–40), 44% non-white, 36% low schooling and 38% low income. Most of particip...
Article
Full-text available
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) under 25 years old are among the few populations with increasing numbers of new HIV infections in parts of the world where HIV incidence is declining overall. In this systematic review, we synthesize the literature on HIV prevalence among MSM in Latin America and the Caribbean focusing on YMSM. Results were st...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use in Brazil remains low despite free national access. We explored associations of HIV knowledge and internalized homonegativity with PrEP use among PrEP-eligible men who have sex with men (MSM). Methods: Brazilian Hornet users completed an online, cross-sectional survey in February-March 2020. We inc...
Article
Full-text available
Different strategies have been used to reach men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) for HIV prevention services. We described the characteristics of MSM and TGW attending a large HIV prevention service in Brazil according to different recruitment strategies or referrals. A total of 2713 individuals (2246[82.8%] MSM and 467[17.2...
Article
Full-text available
Background COVID-19 serosurveys allow for the monitoring of the level of SARS-CoV-2 transmission and support data-driven decisions. We estimated the seroprevalence of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in a large favela complex in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Methods A population-based panel study was conducted in Complexo de Manguinhos (16 favelas) with a pro...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The HIV epidemic continues to disproportionately impact Latin-American transgender women (TGW). We assessed factors associated with long-term pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) engagement and adherence among TGW enrolled in the Implementation of PrEP (ImPrEP) study, the largest PrEP demonstration study in Latin America. Methods: HIV-n...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge about HIV transmission and prevention is a necessary step for adopting preventive behaviors. We assessed HIV knowledge and its correlation with the perceived accuracy of the “Undetectable = Untransmittable” (U=U) slogan in an online sample with 401 adult Brazilians. Overall, 28% of participants showed high HIV knowledge level. The perceiv...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to identify factors associated with HIV risk perception among Mexican transgender women (TGW). This cross-sectional survey was conducted online and at a public HIV clinic in Mexico City. Participants were ≥ 18 years old, self-identified as TGW, and reported not living with HIV. They answered questions on sexual behavior, HIV risk p...
Article
Full-text available
Background Internet and mobile phones, widely available in Brazil, could be used to disseminate information about HIV prevention and to recruit gay, bisexual, and other cisgender men who have sex with men (MSM) to HIV prevention services. Data evaluating the characteristics of MSM recruited through different web-based strategies and estimating thei...
Article
The development of new drugs depends on several scientific steps, which culminate in clinical trials. The clinical trials pharmacy (CTP) is the place for receiving, preparing, storing and dispensing the investigational product or study drug. Therefore, it must have infrastructure and procedures that guarantee participant safety and quality of resea...
Article
Full-text available
The development of new drugs depends on several scientific steps, which culminate in clinical trials. The clinical trials pharmacy (CTP) is the place for receiving, preparing, storing and dispensing the investigational product or study drug. Therefore, it must have infrastructure and procedures that guarantee participant safety and quality of resea...
Article
Full-text available
HIV self-testing (HIVST) is an essential tool within the combined HIV prevention package and has been available in Latin America since 2015. However, HIVST use among key populations remains low. This study describes awareness, willingness, and barriers to HIVST among MSM in Brazil, Mexico, and Peru. A cross-sectional web-based survey was advertised...
Article
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Objectives Potential interactions between feminizing hormone therapy (FHT) and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) may be a barrier to PrEP use among transgender women (TGW). We aimed to assess the impact of FHT on PrEP plasma pharmacokinetics (PK) among TGW. Methods This was a PK substudy of the effects of FHT on tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtrici...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Black and Hispanic/Latinx cisgender men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender women, transgender men, and gender nonbinary (TGNB) individuals have been historically underrepresented in HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) clinical trials. There is an urgent need for ongoing engagement with communities that have been the most impacted...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In order to end the HIV epidemic by 2030, combination HIV prevention including pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) should be widely available, especially for the most vulnerable populations. In Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), only 14 out of 46 countries have access to PrEP. In Brazil and Mexico, PrEP has been provided at no cost thr...
Article
Full-text available
Background In theoretical models of health behavior, knowledge about disease transmission and self-protective behaviors are conceptualized as important drivers of behavior change. Several studies conducted in Brazil point to an unfortunate convergence of sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations with low levels of HIV knowledge and younger age,...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: We aimed to evaluate daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) uptake, retention, and adherence and predictors of study non-attendance and low PrEP adherence in a Brazilian trans-specific 48-week study (PrEParadas). Methods: We enrolled transgender women (TGW) engaging in high-risk sexual behaviours between August 2017 and Decembe...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: (1) Background: We aimed to estimate sexualized drug use (SDU) prevalence and its predictors among sexual and gender minorities. (2) Methods: We used an online and on-site survey to enroll sexual/gender minorities people between October–December/2020, and multivariate logistic regression to obtain SDU correlates. (3) Results: We enrolled...
Article
Full-text available
Background In many parts of the world, including Brazil, uptake for biomedical interventions has been insufficient to reverse the HIV epidemic among key populations at high risk for HIV, including men who have sex with men. Young MSM (YMSM), particularly Black YMSM, have high HIV incidence, low viral suppression, and low preexposure prophylaxis (Pr...
Article
Full-text available
Resumo: A profilaxia pré-exposição ao HIV (PrEP) tem sido considerada uma estratégia fundamental para o controle da epidemia de HIV/aids, e desde 2018 tem sido objeto de estudo de implementação (Estudo ImPrEP Stakeholders), realizado no Brasil, no México e no Peru. Um componente qualitativo desse estudo foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de identifica...
Article
Full-text available
Internalized homonegativity results from the acceptance of negative attitudes about one’s same-sex orientation, which has negative consequences for the health of gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBM). We translated the 7-item Reactions to Homosexuality Scale (RHS) to Brazilian Portuguese and assessed its factor structure, validity...
Preprint
BACKGROUND In many parts of the world, including Brazil, uptake for biomedical interventions has been insufficient to reverse the HIV epidemic among key populations at high risk for HIV, including men who have sex with men. Young MSM (YMSM), particularly Black YMSM, have high HIV incidence, low viral suppression, and low preexposure prophylaxis (Pr...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an important and well-established prevention strategy for sexual acquisition of HIV. In Brazil, transgender women (TGW) and men who have sex with men (MSM) bear the largest burden among key populations. Little is known about preferences for PrEP characteristics in these vulnerable populations in Latin...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction PrEP awareness in Latin America has been poorly characterized, with studies in Brazil, Mexico, and Peru highlighting awareness of 65% among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM). We assessed the association between higher risk of HIV infection, indicative of PrEP eligibility, and PrEP awareness among MSM from these co...
Article
Full-text available
After more than a year since the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) disease 2019 or COVID-19 has reached the status of a global pandemic, the number of COVID-19 cases continues to rise in Brazil. As no effective treatment been approved yet, only mass vaccination can stop the spread of SARS-CoV-2 and end the COVID-19 pandemic. Multiple COVID-19 vaccine...
Article
Full-text available
Background Despite efforts to stop HIV epidemic in Latin America, new HIV cases continue to increase in the region especially among young MSM (YMSM). This study aims to assess if sociodemographic characteristics are associated with self-reported HIV positive status among YMSM from three Latin American countries. Methods Cross-sectional web-based s...
Article
Understanding the factors associated with pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) adherence may help in the development of strategies to support, motivate and sustain PrEP use. This study estimated self-reported adherence, described perceived barriers and facilitators and investigated factors associated with adherence to daily oral PrEP among men who have...
Poster
Full-text available
Over 58 million people worldwide are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), but 79% of them remain undiagnosed 1. To reach global HCV elimination goals, improving access to HCV testing is necessary to increase populations' knowledge of their HCV status and improve linkage to treatment. HCV self-testing (HCVST) is an innovative approach that may ena...
Preprint
BACKGROUND In theoretical models of health behavior, knowledge about disease transmission and self-protective behaviors are conceptualized as important drivers of behavior change. Several studies conducted in Brazil point to an unfortunate convergence of sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations with low levels of HIV knowledge and younger age,...
Article
Full-text available
Background Valid and reliable instruments are needed to measure the multiple dimensions of perceived risk. The Perceived Risk of HIV Scale is an 8-item measure that assesses how people think and feel about their risk of infection. We set out to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the scale to Brazilian Portuguese among key populations (gay, bise...
Article
Full-text available
In Brazil, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is currently available for gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men. As PrEP use depends on an individual's perceived risk, we explored pathways by which potentially modifiable behaviors lead to high perceived HIV risk. Using online surveys (N = 16,667), we conducted a path analysis on the basis...
Article
Background In patients co-infected with HIV and tuberculosis, antiretroviral therapy options are limited due to drug—drug interactions with rifampicin. A previous phase 2 trial indicated that raltegravir 400 mg twice a day or efavirenz 600 mg once a day might have similar virological efficacy in patients given rifampicin. In this phase 3 trial, we...
Article
We evaluated health-related quality of life (QoL) and self-reported incomplete adherence as predictors of early second-line antiretroviral (ART) virological failure (VF). ACTG A5273 study participants completed the ACTG SF-21 measure which has 8 QoL domains. We used exact logistic regression to assess the association of QoL at baseline and week 4 w...
Article
Full-text available
In March 2020, telemedicine and HIV self-testing were adopted by Brazilian Public Health services to minimize disruptions in pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) access and delivery during the COVID-19 pandemic. To understand the acceptability of PrEP teleconsultation and HIV self-testing, we conducted a web-based study during social distancing period (...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Study A5274 was an open-label trial of people with HIV (PLHIV) with CD4 cell count ,50 cells/lL who were randomized to empirical TB treatment vs. isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) in addition to antiretroviral therapy (ART). We evaluated health-related quality of life (HRQoL) by study arm, changes over time, and association with socio-...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Currently, the slogan "Undetectable = Untransmittable" (U = U), launched to disseminate scientific evidence on how people living with HIV (PLHIV) on antiretroviral treatment with suppressed viral load cannot transmit HIV to their sexual partners, is still challenged by individuals with differential acceptance across populations. In t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: HIV-related stigma, or the degree to which people living with HIV endorse negative stereotypes associated with HIV, is associated with poor continuum of care outcomes. We translated the 12-item Short HIV Stigma scale and evaluated its psychometric properties in a Brazilian context with regard to construct validity and reliability. Met...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 public health responses such as social distancing and community containment measures protocols are critical to preventing and containing the spread of coronavirus. Brazil accounts for almost half of Latin American HIV cases and Rio de Janeiro is the city with the second largest number of AIDS. Clinical appointments and pharmacy antiretrovi...
Article
Background: We evaluated the prevalence of sexualized drug use (Chemsex) and its association with moderate/high risk for substance use disorders and HIV sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM). Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional web-based survey among MSM from Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). The Alcohol, Smoking and Substance In...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction PrEP awareness in Latin America has been poorly characterized, with studies in Brazil, Mexico, and Peru highlighting low awareness. We assessed the association between higher risk of HIV infection, indicative of PrEP eligibility, and PrEP awareness among men who have sex with men (MSM) from these countries. Methods MSM were recruited t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Brazil has the largest population of individuals living with HIV/AIDS in Latin America, with a disproportional prevalence of infection among gays, bisexuals and other men who have sex with men (MSM). Of relevance to prevention and treatment efforts, Brazilian MSM from different regions may differ in behaviors and risk perception relate...
Preprint
Background: Brazil has the largest population of individuals living with HIV/AIDS in Latin America, with a disproportional prevalence of infection among gays, bisexuals and other men who have sex with men (MSM). Of relevance to prevention and treatment efforts, Brazilian MSM from different regions may differ in behaviors and risk perception related...
Article
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine was adopted by WHO as a strategy to reduce HIV incidence. Although shown to be highly effective in reducing HIV acquisition, the protective efficacy of oral tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine relies on optimal adherence, which poses a challenge for a k...
Preprint
Background Brazil has the largest population of individuals living with HIV/AIDS in Latin America, with a disproportional prevalence of infection among gays, bisexuals and other men who have sex with men (MSM). Of relevance to prevention and treatment efforts, Brazilian MSM from different regions may differ in behaviors and risk perception related...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Efficacy of daily emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (FTC/TDF) for PrEP is strongly dependent on the adherence. We examined the concordance between indirect adherence measures and protective drug levels among participants retained through 48 weeks in the PrEP Brasil Study. Methods: PrEP Brasil was a prospective, multicente...
Article
In “Factors Associated With Willingness to Use Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis in Brazil, Mexico, and Peru: Web-Based Survey Among Men Who Have Sex With Men” (JMIR Public Health Surveill 2019;5(2):e13771), the metadata information for author Cristina Pimenta (listed in 8th position) was accidentally overwritten by a duplicate of author Marcos Benedetti (l...
Article
Brazil has the largest population of individuals living with HIV/AIDS in Latin America with a disproportional prevalence of infection among men who have sex with men (MSM). This study evaluated PrEP awareness by age (18–24, 25–35, ≥36 years), its associated factors and the willingness to use HIV prevention technologies among MSM using a GSN app in...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with daily oral emtricitabine/tenofovir is being implemented in the context of combined HIV prevention in different settings. Reports on PrEP awareness, willingness to use, and acceptability among MSM have started to emerge over the last few years. Previously reported factors associated with willingness in...
Article
Background: HIV disproportionally affects key populations including men who have sex with men (MSM). HIV prevalence among MSM varies from 17% in Brazil and Mexico to 13% in Peru, whereas it is below 0.5% for the general population in each country. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with emtricitabine/tenofovir is being implemented in the context of c...
Poster
Full-text available
Our results suggest that the use of GNS apps seems to have spread across younger and less educated MSM in 2017, which may explain the lower PrEP awareness in this year. As this population stratum is at highest risk of HIV acquisition in Brazil, mobile health tools are a promising means to reach these individuals in order to increase awareness and d...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Hepatotoxicity associated with isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) and antiretroviral therapy (ART) has not been well studied in severely immunosuppressed people with HIV. Our objective was to determine risk factors for hepatotoxicity in severely immunosuppressed individuals taking IPT and ART. Setting: Multi-center study in resource...
Article
Background: PrEP Brasil was a demonstration study to assess feasibility of daily oral tenofovir diphosphate disoproxil fumarate plus emtricitabine provided at no cost to men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women at high risk for HIV within the Brazilian public health system. We report week 48 pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) retention,...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Optimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy is closely related with suppression of the HIV viral load in plasma, slowing disease progression and decreasing HIV transmission rates. Despite its importance, the estimated proportion of people living with HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean with optimal adherence has not yet been repor...