Theun Pieter van Tienoven

Theun Pieter van Tienoven
Vrije Universiteit Brussel | VUB · Department of Sociology (SOCI)

Doctor of Sociology
Postdoctoral Research Fellow and part-time Guest Professor at Vrije Universiteit Brussel

About

72
Publications
20,497
Reads
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562
Citations
Citations since 2016
27 Research Items
474 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
Introduction
I am a post-doctoral research fellow at the Research Group TOR of the Sociology Department of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel and I am affiliated with the University of New South Wales in Sydney Australia as a visiting fellow to follow-up on-going research activities. My main research involves cross-national comparisons of time-use surveys on topics like gender division of labour, gender equality, childcare, leisure, informal care, life balance, time pressure, well-being, and the family.
Additional affiliations
August 2017 - present
UNSW Sydney
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • The main research focus is the examination of social and economic participation of young adults and older people across countries with differing policy frameworks, economic conditions, and demographic patterns through time-use surveys.
January 2017 - June 2017
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Position
  • Senior Researcher
August 2013 - present
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Position
  • Guest lecturer
Description
  • Course: Sociologie van de tijd en de tijdsordening Hours: 2 hours lecturing Title lecture: Happy Returns! Time, daily routines, and the temporal structures of daily life.
Education
August 2001 - January 2006
Tilburg University
Field of study
  • Leisure Studies
August 2000 - August 2001
Tilburg University
Field of study
  • Organisational Studies
August 1999 - August 2001
Tilburg University
Field of study
  • International Business

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
Full-text available
Everyday life is neither the result of mundane, common-sense, habitual human behaviour as theorized by the agency-centred approach of methodological individualism nor the sheer result of the conformation to temporal norms of the structural approach of social holism. In fact, everyday life is marked by a rhythmic, temporal structure that is brought...
Article
Full-text available
Elias’ essay on time is often interpreted both as a critique on the juxtaposition of natural time and social time as well as a plea for a triadic conception of time in which natural time and social time both provide the ‘materials’ for individual choices of time. Such an interpretation implies that there exists a multitude of natural, social and in...
Article
Research from recent years reports that physical inactivity is a major risk factor for global mortality. Several societal trends in the last decades are likely to have contributed to the increasing prevalence of sedentary lifestyles. Physical activity throughout the day has become much less self-evident and much more a matter of personal effort. It...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Regular physical activity decreases the risk for numerous non-communicable diseases. The World Health Organization has suggested physical activity (PA) guidelines that, based on previous research, would provide health benefits to those who comply. The first guideline for health benefits suggests 150 min of moderate PA or equivalent per...
Article
Daily mobility varies by gender and is likely related to contextual factors including the gender division of employment and family work, options for modes of transport, and support for work-family reconciliation. This paper compares travel time patterns of men and women using nationally representative time-diary data from Australia, the UK, Spain a...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has shown that a prolonged recall period is associated with lower data quality in time-diary research. In these studies, the recall period is roughly estimated on the basis of the period between the assigned diary day and the agreed collection day. Because this is so rudimentary, little is known about the duration of the mean reca...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the diversification and fragmentation of working time arrangements, the organisation of working weeks now differ substantially from each other. To account for week-to-week variability in working time estimates in time diary research, it is important that respondents keep their time diaries on designated registration days. At the same time, t...
Article
Full-text available
ct Background Supervisor support is crucial for the successful and timely completion of the PhD and the largest contributor to PhD students’ overall job satisfaction. The COVID-19 pandemic affected PhD students’ life substantially through delayed experiments, missed timelines, running out of funding, change to online team- and supervisor meetings...
Article
Full-text available
Active participation of the elderly is a recognized response to address the societal and individual challenges of rising life expectancy such as releasing the pressure of age-related public spending, reducing social isolation and improving well-being. How much time older people devote to active participation and whether their time allocation is ass...
Article
How teachers spend their working time is crucial for the quality of teaching and teachers' well-being. For this reason, teacher surveys generally measure the number of hours worked. By comparing estimates from survey questions and time-diaries, we argue that commonly used survey methods are prone to bias. We use results of a unique, large-scale stu...
Article
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the division of household labour could continue to lock down or start to break gender roles. Using time-use data of n = 473 individuals collected during the lockdown restrictions in Belgium from March to May 2020, we analyse the gendered division of routine and non-routine household labour in absolute time use...
Article
Full-text available
There are recognised cross-national differences in the average amount and gender division of paid work and unpaid domestic work and care, but country differences between men and women in the timing and intensity of this daily workload remain under-investigated. Using couple-level time-use data from Australia, the UK, Finland, Korea and Spain (n = 1...
Chapter
Motherhood brings significant change in the way women spend and experience their time. Having children is an intensely personal experience. Yet, much of the practical impact upon mothers’ time is shaped by the social organisation of work and care, which means the daily demands of parenting and child-raising vary over time and place. This chapter us...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Globally, the International Classification of Activities for Time-Use Statistics (ICATUS) is one of the most widely used time-use classifications to identify time spent in various activities. Comprehensive 24-h activities that can be extracted from ICATUS provide possible implications for the use of time-use data in relation to activit...
Article
Full-text available
How much do young people’s daily activities differ according to where they live? As a global generation, young people are disproportionally subject to the risks and insecurity of globalization. However, countries differ in their support for young people’s inclusion through economic and social participation. Using time use surveys from Australia, It...
Article
Full-text available
Conclusion: The effect of a change in strategy to achieve full enteral feeding at an earlier stage in ELBW neonates was assessed. Early enteral feeding strategies do not necessarily improve growth during the first two years of life. What is Known: • Feeding strategies during neonatal stay may affect growth in the first years of life. • Strategies...
Data
Differences in characteristics of recruited/not recruited of the initial cohort of Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW) survivors. (DOCX)
Article
Background: Retinal microvessels can be visualized non-invasively and mirror the status of the cerebral microvasculature. Aims: To investigate whether in young children born prematurely or at term cognitive performance is related to retinal microvascular traits. Study design, subjects: In 93 prematurely born infants (birth weight < 1000 g) and...
Article
Full-text available
Aim To investigate growth patterns and anthropometrics in former extremely low birth weight (ELBW, <1000 g) children and link these outcomes to neurocognition and body composition in childhood. Methods ELBW children were examined at birth (n = 140), at 9 and 24 months (n?96) and at approximately 11 years within the framework of the PREMATCH (PREMA...
Data
Differences in characteristics of recruited/not recruited of the initial cohort of Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW) survivors. (DOCX)
Article
Low birth weight and prematurity are risk factors for hypertension in adulthood. Few studies in preterm or full-term born children reported on plasma renin activity (PRA). We tested the hypothesis that renin might modulate the incidence of hypertension associated with prematurity. We enrolled 93 prematurely born children with birth weight <1000 g a...
Thesis
Full-text available
Daily routine: a paradox A traumatic event might turn someone’s life up side down. Their sleep rhythm gets disturbed and meal occasions are skipped. The signifying rhythm of paid work disappears due to (temporal) disablement. The more unstable and unpredictable daily life gets, the greater the chance to find oneself in social isolation. Given these...
Article
Contemporary fatherhood comprises active parenting: emotional involvement and more time spent on parenting activities. The latter is often explained by fathers’ response to a higher demand for childcare as the result of mothers’ employment schedules. Whereas time-use surveys are widely used to analyze fathers’ parenting time, only a few studies ful...
Research
Full-text available
In deze nota belichten we sociologisch interessante verschillen in sportparticipatie. We gaan dieper in op verschillen naar geslacht, leeftijd, gezinssituatie, opleidingsniveau, armoederisico en arbeidspositie. Voor de beroepsactieve bevolking bekijken we of we verschillen in sportparticipatie zien naargelang de uurrooster waarin men werkt. We make...
Article
Full-text available
Deze tekst geeft een globale beschrijving van de tijdsbesteding van de Belgen, anno 2013. Het tijdsbestedingsonderzoek 2013 (TBO’13) werd uitgevoerd door de Algemene Directie Statistiek – Statistics Belgium (AD Statistiek) van de FOD Economie. Gelijkaardig tijdsbestedingsonderzoek werd uitgevoerd in 1999 (TBO’99) en in 2005 (TBO’05). AD Statistiek...
Article
Full-text available
Het is een veel gehoord dagelijks tijdsprobleem: we hebben het druk en enkel een flexibele omgang met de tijd maakt dat we ons hoofd boven water kunnen houden. De 24 uurs economie doet ons werken op niet-standaard werktijden, er is minder tijd voor collectieve maaltijden en de nacht wordt gekoloniseerd door werk of uitgesteld kijken naar de TV. Met...
Article
Full-text available
On entend souvent parler du problème de temps au quotidien : nous menons un rythme de vie effréné et seule une gestion plus flexible du temps nous permet de garder la tête hors de l'eau. Notre économie tournant 24 heures sur 24 nous contraint à travailler selon des horaires non conventionnels et à consacrer moins de temps aux repas collectifs, tand...
Technical Report
In 1999 and 2004 the Research Group TOR performed a time-use study. These studies were, for the first time in the history of Flemish time-use research, a chance to study changes in time-use of people living in Flanders. The Research Group TOR decided to repeat this study every five year. To maintain that goal, funding for time-use research was need...
Article
Full-text available
Research on the combination of work and family life and how this differs for men an women has been subject to three important developments over the last decade: (1) demographic trends including the increase in ‘new’ forms of cohabiting and evolutions in women’s labour market participation, (2) methodological innovations in measuring time-use and ti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Time-use research often requires great effort of the participants and is more expensive than conventional data collection techniques. These two factors inhibit the adoption of this specific form of research. To resolve these issues, the Research Group TOR is in the process of translating the classic pen-and-paper research to an online registration...
Article
Full-text available
The question when people work is almost always reduced to the question how much people work on (non-)standard working hours. In this contribution, we applied optimal matching techniques using Belgian data from a weekly work grid (n 1⁄4 6330) to identify individuals’ work timing patterns, offering a richer analyt- ical approach than most previous st...
Chapter
Onderzoek naar de verdeling van arbeids- en gezinstaken tussen mannen en vrouwen is de afgelopen 10 jaar onderhevig geweest aan drie belangrijke ont- wikkelingen. Naast demografische trends waaronder toenemende ‘nieuwe’ vor- men van samenleven en evoluties in de arbeidsmarktdeelname van vrouwen, zijn er methodologische vernieuwingen die het meten v...
Article
Full-text available
Het concept vrijetijd bevat een sociologisch relevante nuance die zich in de Germaanse talen, met uitzondering van het Engels, niet meteen toont. Het verschil tussen Vrije tijd en vrijetijd of Freie Zeit en Freizeit benadrukt het onderscheid tussen het tijdselement en het vrijheidselement van de vrije tijd in veel mindere mate dan het verschil tuss...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the last 15 years an increasing number of studies argued that the disutility that we usually attach to travel can be reduced by attributing useful or enjoyable activities to journeys. Multitasking while travelling may fundamentally change the way travel time is valued in the assessment of transport projects and policies. While conventional trave...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Disruptions in public transport may have a significant impact on the travel behaviour of passengers especially for those who have no access to other modes of transport. In this paper, we investigate the impact of a one-day preannounced national general strike in Belgium on the travel behaviour of residents of the Flanders region. Our aim was to det...
Article
Serum creatinine is traditionally used as a marker of renal function in neonates and relates to gestational age and disease severity in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Creatinine is commonly used as a biomarker for early morbidity, but we aim to compare postnatal creatinemia trends as a biomarker for subsequent cognitive outcome. We hypo...
Article
The interdisciplinary Time Use Observatory workshops learned that transportation research and social sciences strive for the same multi-day time-diary data in order to make interferences about human habitual (travel) behavior. It also is learned that when it comes to the mathematics and analytics involved both disciplines are miles apart, though bo...
Article
Full-text available
Congenital anomalies of kidneys and urinary tract (CAKUT) are the most predominant developmental disorders comprising ∼20-30% of all anomalies identified in the prenatal period. Mutations in hepatocyte nuclear factor 1-beta (HNF-1β) involved in the development of kidneys, liver, pancreas and urogenital tract are currently the most frequent monogene...
Article
Full-text available
Time-use surveys are internationally highly valued methods for capturing daily behaviour. Their combination of questionnaires and paper-and-pencil time-diaries (among others in Europe) or telephone interview yesterday- method (in USA) through which respondents (re)construct their daily activities (i.e. what and when) together with contextual inform...
Article
One of the most fundamental, but also controversial, food trends of the past years is convenience food. This article investigates the underexplored relationship between the heterogeneity in (convenience) food consumption (a feature of a food culture's cuisine) and meal patterns (characteristics of a food culture's structure). This study hopes to il...
Article
Full-text available
In psychiatry, the social zeitgeber theory argues that social life provides important social cues that entrain circadian rhythms. Disturbance of these social cues might lead do dis-entrainment of circadian rhythms and evoke somatic symptoms that increase the risk of mood disorders. In preventing and treating patients with bipolar disorders, the Int...
Article
Full-text available
Paid work is assumed to have a latent function of creating regular activity. This contribution investigates whether this regularity creating mechanism of paid work passes over to other activities as well. We introduce an indicator of daily routine that allows us to express what percentage of time spent on different activities is done so every day a...
Article
Cet article étudie les emplois du temps respectifs des femmes et des hommes en Belgique, et pose la question de leur convergence. L'accent est mis sur la répartition de la charge de travail, à savoir le travail rémunéré, le travail ménager et les soins et l'éducation des enfants. Nous avons constaté une tendance vers une répartition de plus en plus...
Article
Full-text available
During the French Revolution and inspired by the Enlightenment, an attempt was made to replace the Gregorian calendar (which was based on ‘irrational’ overlapping cycles linked to religious celebrations) by the Republican calendar (which was based on ‘rational’ clearly nested cycles in accordance with the metric system). Although the starting point...
Article
Full-text available
Healthy sleep habits include sufficient sleep, regular bedtimes and established sleep routines. The responsibilities of paid and unpaid work that arise during the daytime are assumed to haunt us at night as well, eventually affecting these sleep habits. A long-term comparison of sleep duration from 1966 and 1999 time-diary data shows that sleep dur...
Article
Full-text available
De tijd die partners binnen een gezin samen doorbrengen is van belang voor de kwaliteit van het samenleven. Een systematische review van de literatuur toont dat deze tijd gedefinieerd is als de tijd die partners aan dezelfde activiteit besteden, ‘samen doen’, terwijl het evengoed kan zijn dat partners verschillende activiteiten doen en toch hun tij...
Chapter
Iedereen is meer dan ooit voorspelbaar. Onze samenleving is geëvolueerd van een samenleving met weinig keuzes, naar een samenleving waarin we niet meer weten wat te kiezen. Is dit de uiteindelijke bevrijding van het individu? Nee! Iedereen is voorspelbaar. Niet omdat we geloven, gehoorzamen of tradities volgen, maar omdat het ons wordt aangepraat....
Article
Cooking is one of the basic activities in our lives. However, people frequently feel they fall short of time to cook when facing problems with the temporal organization of daily life. How people think about home cooking is considered to be important for the time they spend on preparing meals. It is assumed that the meaning of cooking differs for di...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this contribution we introduce and apply optimal matching as a relatively new method to search for patterns in time-use data. The advantage of this method is that it takes into account the social structure of time by analyzing duration, sequence and timing at once. We will illustrate its usefulness by distinguishing time-use patterns based on te...
Book
Het publiek in culturele instellingen vormt geen representatieve afbeelding van de bevolking. De achtergrond van de bezoekers van culturele evenementen verschilt vaak sterk van diegenen die we daar zelden of nooit aantreffen. Cultuurcentra stellen vast dat ze vaak volle zalen trekken, maar telkens met hetzelfde publiek. Dat is een belangrijke, maar...