# Theresa TrummlerUniversität der Bundeswehr München

Theresa Trummler

Phd

## About

29

Publications

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326

Citations

## Publications

Publications (29)

Emulsions are suspensions of immiscible liquids, in which the dispersed liquid is present in the carrier liquid in the form of poly-disperse droplets. In order to obtain and maintain an emulsion, a constant energy input in the form of kinetic energy is required to deform and break up droplets. Both processes increase the total droplet surface area,...

Using direct numerical simulation (DNS) in combination with the volume of fluid method (VoF), we investigate the influence of the density ratio between the carrier and dispersed phase on emulsions, where the baseline simulation approximately corresponds to the ratio of water-in-gasoline emulsions. For this purpose, homogeneous isotropic turbulence...

Mixing under high pressure conditions plays a central role in several engineering applications, such as direct-injection engines and liquid rocket engines. Numerical flow simulations have become a complementary tool to study the mixing process under these conditions but require complex thermodynamic modeling as well as validation with accurate expe...

We study the segregation of emulsions in decaying turbulence using direct numerical simulations in combination with the volume of fluid method. To this end, we generate emulsions in forced homogeneous isotropic turbulence and then turn the forcing off and activate the gravitational acceleration. This allows us to study the segregation process in de...

We further elaborate on the generalized formulation for cubic equation of state proposed by Cismondi and Mollerup [Fluid Phase Equilib. 232, 74–89 (2005)]. With this formulation, all well-known cubic equations of state can be described with a certain pair of values, which allow for a generic implementation of different equations of state. Based on...

We study the segregation of emulsions in decaying turbulence using direct numerical simulations (DNS) in combination with the volume of fluid method (VOF). To this end, we generate emulsions in forced homogeneous isotropic turbulence and then turn the forcing off and activate gravitational acceleration. This allows us to study the segregation proce...

We further elaborate on the generalized formulation for cubic equation of state proposed by Cismondi and Mollerup [Fluid Phase Equilib. 232 (2005)]. With this formulation all well-known cubic equations of state can be described with a certain pair of values, which allows for a generic implementation of different equations of state. Based on this ge...

A Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) database of bubbly channel flows at friction Reynolds number and with three different global void fractions has been used to perform a multiscale analysis of the anisotropy of the Reynolds stress tensor, the dissipation tensor and the subgrid-scale (SGS) tensor in order to characterise the turbulence for a wide r...

We study turbulent emulsions and the emulsification process in homogeneous isotropic turbulence (HIT) using direct numerical simulations (DNS) in combination with the volume of fluid method (VOF). For generating a turbulent flow field, we employ a linear forcing approach augmented by a proportional‐integral‐derivative (PID) controller, which ensure...

We numerically investigate the erosion potential of a cavitating liquid jet by means of high-resolution finite volume simulations. As thermodynamic model, we employ a barotropic equilibrium cavitation approach, embedded into a homogeneous mixture model. To resolve the effects of collapsing vapor structures and to estimate the erosion potential, ful...

We numerically investigate the erosion potential of a cavitating liquid jet by means of high-resolution finite volume simulations. As thermodynamic model, we employ a barotropic equilibrium cavitation approach, embedded into a homogeneous mixture model. To resolve the effects of collapsing vapor structures and to estimate the erosion potential, ful...

The characterisation of small-scale turbulence has been an active area of research for decades and this includes, particularly, the analysis of small-scale isotropy, as postulated by Kolmogorov. In particular, the question if the dissipation tensor is isotropic or not, and how it is related to the anisotropy of the Reynolds stresses is of particula...

We numerically investigate the effect of non-condensable gas inside a vapor bubble on bubble dynamics, collapse pressure, and pressure impact of spherical and aspherical bubble collapses. Free gas inside a vapor bubble has a damping effect that can weaken the pressure wave and enhance the bubble rebound. To estimate this effect numerically, we deri...

We numerically investigate the effect of non-condensable gas inside a vapor bubble on bubble dynamics, collapse pressure and pressure impact of spherical and aspherical bubble collapses. Free gas inside a vapor bubble has a damping effect that can weaken the pressure wave and enhance the bubble rebound. To estimate this effect numerically, we deriv...

We consider the collapse behavior of cavitation bubbles near walls under high ambient pressure conditions. Generic configurations with different stand-off distances are investigated by numerical simulation using a fully compressible two-phase flow solver including phase change. The results show that the stand-off distance has significant effects on...

We consider the collapse behavior of cavitation bubbles near walls under high ambient pressure conditions. Generic configurations with different stand-off distances are investigated by numerical simulation using a fully compressible two-phase flow solver including phase change. The results show that the stand-off distance has significant effects on...

We present results of large eddy simulations of a cavitating nozzle flow and injection into gas, investigating the interactions of cavitation in the nozzle, primary jet breakup, mass-flow rates, and gas entrainment. During strong cavitation, detached vapor structures can reach the nozzle outlet, leading to partial entrainment of gas from the outflo...

The impact of a collapsing gas bubble above rigid, notched walls is considered. Such surface crevices and imperfections often function as bubble nucleation sites, and thus have a direct relation to cavitation-induced erosion and damage structures. A generic configuration is investigated numerically using a second-order accurate compressible multi-c...

Cloud cavitation is related to an intrinsic instability where clouds are shed periodically. The shedding process is initiated either by the motion of a liquid re-entrant jet or a condensation shock. Cloud cavitation in nozzles interacts with the flow field in the nozzle, the mass flow and the spray break-up, and causes erosion damage. For nozzle ge...

Cloud cavitation is related to an intrinsic instability where clouds are shed periodically. The shedding process is initiated either by the motion of a liquid re-entrant jet or a condensation shock. Cloud cavitation in nozzles interacts with the flow field in the nozzle, the mass flow and the spray break-up, and causes erosion damage. For nozzle ge...

The impact of a collapsing gas bubble above rigid, notched walls is considered. Such surface crevices and imperfections often function as bubble nucleation sites, and thus have a direct relation to cavitation-induced erosion and damage structures. A generic configuration is investigated numerically using a second-order-accurate compressible multi-c...

We investigate numerically the effect of non-condensable gas inside a vapor bubble on the bubble dynamics and the collapse pressure. Free gas in the vapor bubble has a cushioning effect that can weaken the pressure wave and enhance the bubble rebound. In order to access this effect numerically, simulations of collapsing vapor bubbles containing non...

We present results of a Large Eddy simulation of a cavitating nozzle flow and its injection into gas. The focus of the investigation is set on gas-entrainment into the nozzle, which occurs when vapor reaches the nozzle outlet and gas enters the nozzle from the outflow region driven by the pressure gradient. The numerical setup is based on a referen...

We present an Eulerian three-component two-phase model for the large-eddy simulation (LES) of the cavitating flow within liquid-fuel injectors and the primary atomization of injected fuel jets. The model is applied to a generic nozzle and jet flow at different cavitation numbers and Reynolds numbers. We find that the LES correctly reproduce experim...

We present results of large eddy simulations of a cavitating nozzle flow and injection into gas, investigating the interactions of cavitation in the nozzle, primary jet breakup, mass-flow rates, and gas entrainment. During strong cavitation, detached vapor structures can reach the nozzle outlet, leading to partial entrainment of gas from the outflo...

We present implicit large-eddy simulations (LES) to study the primary breakup of cavitating liquid jets. The considered configuration, which consists of a rectangular nozzle geometry, adopts the setup of a reference experiment for validation. The setup is a generic reproduction of a scaled-up automotive fuel injector. Modelling of all components (i...

We employ a barotropic two-phase/two-fluid model to study the primary break-up of cavitating liquid jets emanating from a rectangular nozzle, which resembles a high aspect-ratio slot flow. All components (i.e., gas, liquid, and vapor) are represented by a homogeneous mixture approach. The cavitating fluid model is based on a thermodynamic-equilibri...