Theresa Lant

Theresa Lant
Pace University · Department of Management and Management Science

Ph.D. Stanford University

About

34
Publications
16,532
Reads
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5,349
Citations
Citations since 2016
5 Research Items
2323 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300
20162017201820192020202120220100200300

Publications

Publications (34)
Chapter
This chapter adds to a growing body of literature that seeks to understand the role of leaders in disciplinary diverse teams, and extends research that documents the importance of leaders for enhancing team effectiveness. We propose that leaders with integrative capabilities will have greater success in helping disciplinary diverse teams overcome t...
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We embrace a cultural perspective on entrepreneurship to examine the performative relationship between entrepreneurial narratives and the field discourse that unfolded during the emergence of the ‘new media’ field in New York city that came to be known as ‘Silicon Alley’. During growth, the accumulation of projective entrepreneurial narratives gene...
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Aim/Purpose: The complexity of scientific problems has spurred the development of transdisciplinary science, in which experts are brought together to collaborate across disciplinary and practice boundaries. These knowledge diverse teams can produce novel solutions, but they often fail to achieve their potential. Background: Leaders have a crucial r...
Chapter
The application of cognitive concepts to theories of organization traces its roots to an open system, information‐processing view of the firm. The major questions addressed by this view include how an organization obtains information about its environment and its prior experience, and how it uses this information to make decisions and take action.
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Prior research highlights storytelling as a means for entrepreneurs to establish venture legitimacy and gain stakeholder support. We extend this line of research by examining the role that projective stories play in setting expectations and the dynamics that ensue. Such attention highlights a paradox-the very expectations that are set through proje...
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This research examines the role of agency and choice in how individuals use social networks. Prior research has addressed how individual characteristics such as status and the ability to accurately perceive network ties influence individuals' social choices in a given situation. In contrast, we examine how individuals' interpretation of the issues...
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The dilemmas experienced by managers in cultural industries are also to be found in a growing number of other industries where knowledge and creativity are key to sustaining competitive advantage. Firms that compete in cultural industries must deal with a combination of ambiguity and dynamism, both of which are intrinsic to goods that serve an aest...
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Knowledge integration in diverse teams depends on their integrative capacity— the social and cognitive processes, along with emergent states, that shape a team's ability to combine diverse knowledge. We argue that integrative capacity represents the potential that a team has to overcome various com-positional, team, and contextual barriers to gener...
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Interdisciplinary research (IDR) teams are an important mechanism for facilitating medical breakthroughs. This study investigates the role of individual-level predictors of the choice to join a new IDR team at a major medical institution. We collected survey data from a sample of 233 faculty members who were given the opportunity to participate in...
Article
Despite the importance of the processes by which legitimacy barriers to the emergence of new industries are overcome, direct study of them has been largely absent from the literature. We develop and test a model of how capacities for social action are created and deployed to overcome cultural barriers to new industries. Specifically, we argue that...
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We both arrived at Stanford in September 1982 to begin the Ph.D. program at the Graduate School of Business (GSB). The beginning was not auspicious; it rained heavily during orientation, an unusual event in itself, but a fitting precursor to one of the worst El Niňo's on record. By February of our first winter in California, there was one period in...
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In this paper we outline five polarities that are shaping organizational practices in cultural industries. First, managers must reconcile expression of artistic values with the economics of mass entertainment. Second, they must seek novelty that differentiates their products without making them fundamentally different in nature from others in the s...
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Managerial reasoning about performance targets and subsequent actions can be influenced by whether they focus their attention on expectations of future events or internal efforts to meet organizational goals. This study explores how managers think about expectations and aspirations by examining the semantic similarities and differences between thes...
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The alphabetical ordering of authorship reflects the collaborative nature of this work and equal contribution from all authors. We thank Joel Gehman, Juha-Antti Lamberg, Michael Regnier, Maritza Salazar, three anonymous reviewers, and the AMR editors of the special issue, Daved Barry in particular, for their valuable comments.
Article
Through mapping both distinctive and inclusive elements within the domain of entrepreneurial cognition research, we accomplish our task in this introductory article to Volume 2 of the Special Issue on Information Processing and Entrepreneurial Cognition: to provide a fitting backdrop that will enhance the articles you will find within. We develop a...
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Organizations create their environments by constructing interpretations and then acting on them as if they were true. This study examines the cognitive spatial boundaries that managers of Manhattan hotels impose on their competitive environment. We derive and estimate a model that specifies how the attributes of managers’ own hotels and potential r...
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The failure of past “entrepreneurial personality”—based research to clearly distinguish the unique contributions to the entrepreneurial process of entrepreneurs as people, has created a vacuum within the entrepreneurship literature that has been waiting to be filled. Recently, the application of ideas and concepts from cognitive science has gained...
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The question of how managers make decisions, such as formulating competitive strategies, continues to be a major theme in management literature. Cognitive models of organizational decision making have benefited from research on individual-level information processing. This study explores the applicability of individual-level models of information p...
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This study examines patterns of strategic resource allocation decisions and performance feed-back over time for evidence of both incremental adaptation and escalation of commitment. The investment decisions of 20 teams participating in the management simulation MARKSTRAT are examined. The participants were managers enrolled in an executive educatio...
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Medical technology organisations are faced with greater performance pressure in the new managed healthcare environment. In particular, pharmaceutical research and development (R&D) organisations are expected to create new and useful therapeutic treatments with greater resource constraints than ever previously experienced. We explore how pharmaceuti...
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Some companies compete in a comprehensive and multifaceted way, paying close attention to costs, quality, marketing, expansion, and innovation. Others embrace much simpler competitive strategies and concentrate on just one or two of these elements. This paper examines the causes and consequences of such strategic simplicity in two very different en...
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This study uses a managerial learning framework to build and test a model of the decisionmaking process that drives decisions to strategically reorient an organization. The model examines the effects of past performance, managerial interpretations, and top management team characteristics on the likelihood of strategic reorientation in two distinct...
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Organizations have been modeled as goal directed systems which use simple decision rules to adapt behavior in response to performance feedback. This paper examines the formation of organizational goals, or aspiration levels, over time in groups of individuals representing top management teams of simulated organizations. The analysis compares the em...
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A critical challenge facing organizations is the dilemma of maintaining the capabilities of both efficiency and flexibility. Recent evolutionary perspectives have suggested that patterns of organizational stability and change can be characterized as punctuated equilibria (Tushman and Romanelli 1985). This paper argues that a learning model of organ...
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Individual aspiration level adaptation is examined in a strategic decision making experiment. Results support a model of incremental adjustment and responsiveness to performance feedback; learning and ambiguity interacted to affect the pattern of incremental adjustment. Longer experience under high ambiguity decreases effects of previous aspiration...
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Organizations facing complex, ambiguous, and dynamic environments find adaptive learning a key to survival and success. This study proposes three models of organization response in such environments: 1) A model of how aspiration levels or goals adapt over time, 2) a model of the riskiness of strategic choices made, and 3) a model of the innovativen...
Article
Organizational slack is a variable frequently used in organization studies to predict such organizational processes as search behavior. innovation, goal conflict, political behavior, and risk taking. However, it has remained a fairly ambiguous construct, both theoretically and operationally. This paper addresses the need for a more precise theoreti...

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Projects (2)
Project
Publish a paper researching the difference in impact between Functional Diversity and Demographic Diversity