Theodor Ignat

Theodor Ignat
Muzeul Municipiului Bucuresti, Romania · Archaeology

PhD

About

44
Publications
18,069
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97
Citations
Citations since 2016
24 Research Items
57 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022024681012
2016201720182019202020212022024681012
2016201720182019202020212022024681012
2016201720182019202020212022024681012
Additional affiliations
September 2008 - April 2016
Muzeul Municipiului Bucuresti
Position
  • Archaeologist

Publications

Publications (44)
Article
Full-text available
Over time archaeologists interested in pottery combustion structures mainly focused on analysing the ability of particular kilns to meet certain pyrotechnological criteria. Thus, their research was based on testing multiple firing techniques for achieving different combustion atmoshperes, recording and examining thermal data (maximum temperatures/h...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial data play a crucial role in archaeological research, and orthophotos, digital elevation models, and 3D models are frequently used for the mapping, documentation, and monitoring of archaeological sites. Thanks to the availability of compact and low-cost uncrewed airborne vehicles, the use of UAV-based photogrammetry matured in this field ove...
Article
Full-text available
Through time, both natural and cultural heritage have unfortunately been under threat due to multiple environmental and human-induced factors, which are likely to trigger various hazards such as soil erosion, landslides, or land collapse. The analysis of old cartographic material, aerial imagery, and satellite imagery has been used in multiple stud...
Article
Full-text available
The current paper aims to reveal the potential of combining multiple approaches (techno-functional analysis, experimental archaeology, and X-ray Computed Tomography) when it comes to studying unique earthenware artefacts, such as the prehistoric human-shaped pot discovered within the tell settlement from Sultana-Malu Rosu (Romania), that belongs to...
Article
Full-text available
Rezumat: Cercetarea arheologică preventivă de la Marmorosch Blank din 2019-2020 a pus în evidență o parte din fundațiile fostului Han Serafim, dar și a unor clădiri anterioare, datate în perioada secolelor XVII-XVIII. Au fost determinate cel puțin două etape de funcționare ale hanului și un sistem de drenaj conectat la una dintre încăperi. La est d...
Article
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Rezumat: Descoperirea unor ziduri în partea de sud-vest a curții bisericii Domnița Bălașa în timpul săpăturilor preventive din 2020 ne-au determinat să continuăm cercetările și să aflăm mai multe date despre clădirea nou dezvelită. Astfel că, în urma studierii planurilor din sec. XIX am aflat că în jurul bisericii apare o clădire edificată de Domni...
Article
Full-text available
The tell settlement from “Măgura Gumelnița” is the eponymous site of the Eneolithic civilization with the same name. It is probably the most significant tell settlement north of the Danube, and it belonged to the Kodjadermen ‐ Gumelnița ‐ Karanovo VI cultural complex that occupied the Balkan area in the second half of 5th millennium BC. During 2018...
Article
Local production or import? This question always raises vivid debates among the archaeologists when they analyse pots and ceramic fragments regardless of the studied period. In the case of pottery from the Eneolithic tell settlement of Sultana-Malu Roşu from South-East Romania, we tried to address this issue through a series of physico-chemical inv...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we analyzed a batch of 64 clay weights from three archaeological sites located in Romania (Gumelniţa, Măgura-Jilava, and Sultana) that belong to Kodjadermen-Gumelniţa-Karanovo VI cultural complex (4600-3900 cal. BC). Our approach includes an interdisciplinary investigation based on technological analysis, experimental archaeology , an...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports the use of experimental archaeology and imaging methods—X-ray computed tomography (CT) and radiography—that were employed to decipher the manufacturing techniques of Eneolithic clay artefacts. This study was triggered by the archaeological research conducted in some tell settlements in Southeastern Romania that belong to the Kodj...
Article
Full-text available
The site at Sultana is located on the high terrace of the Mostiștea Lake, Southern Romania, and it belongs to the Eneolithic period (ca. 5000‐3900 cal. BC). The site consists of an Early Eneolithic flat settlement (Boian‐Vidra), a Middle Eneolithic tell settlement (Gumelnița), and a common cemetery used by both communities. The aim of this paper is...
Article
Full-text available
The tell settlement from “Măgura Gumelnița” is the eponymous site of the Eneolithic civilization with the same name. It is probably the biggest tell settlement North of the Danube, and it belonged to the Kodjadermen ‐ Gumelnița ‐ Karanovo VI civilization that occupied in the Balkan area in the second half of 5th millennium BC. In 2017, a complex in...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is about the use of X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) employed to investigate the manufacturing techniques of Eneolithic clay artefacts and pottery. This study was triggered by the archaeological research conducted at some tell settlements in Southeastern Romania that belong to the Kodjadermen – Gumelniţa - Karanovo VI culture (c. 4500-3800...
Chapter
Full-text available
he issue of prehistoric anthropomorphic pottery currently represents a challenge for archaeological research from different points of view (e.g. typology, technology, aestheticy, art, function, meaning and symbolism). The burned clay pot associated with the general human shape or only with some anthropomorphic features epresents a special category...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of our paper is to resume the discussion on Precucuteni “imports” from the Boian-Gumelnița settlements with a case-study about the anthropomorphic clay figurines from the site at Chitila-Fermă. The main subjects were the anthropomorphic clay figurines with attributes specific to the Precucuteni tradition and, as comparative materials, Boian...
Presentation
Full-text available
In this paper, we will present some observation made on a batch of 267 vessels from the tell settlement of Sultana-Malu Roşu that belong to Kodjadermen-Gumelnita-Karonovo VI cultural complex (ca. 4500-3900 cal.BC) from Balkans. The vessels in question come from more or less complete assemblages of pots from dwelling type features, attributed to two...
Book
Full-text available
Muzeul Municipiului Bucureşti supune atenţiei un nou proiect editorial, Revista de Cercetări Arheologice şi Numismatice, având menirea de a valorifica prin publicare, cercetarea în domeniul arheologiei şi numismaticii cu precădere, dar şi a cercetărilor inter şi pluridisciplinare care şi-au făcut un loc din ce în ce mai important, în cadrul studiil...
Article
Full-text available
Archaeological research at Dămăroaia in 2013 revealed two rectangular shaped dwellings from the VI-VIIth centuries A.D. The location of ovens in the northeast corner of the houses is typical for this period. The filling in ovens consists of potsherds and a large amount of clay-baked rolls. The context of these finds indicates a continuous use of cl...
Article
Full-text available
This article provides new data to that already published concerning the fragmentary ceramic assemblage from dwelling no. 5 at Sultana ‘Malu Roşu’. This study will focus on determining pottery functionality based on interpretation of volumetric data, and morphological (shape) and technological characteristics (surface treatment and paste composition...
Book
Full-text available
The study of funerary rites and rituals used by different prehistoric communities is one of the most difficult issues of the scientific research, because of the complexity of the phenomenon itself and the so-called "opacity" of the archaeological discovery. Given these conditions, the subject needs careful attention, both from the perspective of th...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explains and applies a statistical analysis approach for the study of a representative pottery group. Pottery from dwelling no. 5 at Sultana ‘Malu Roşu’ is used as a case study. The results show a number of specific features for the examined complex and by using the same methodological criteria comparisons with other similar (dwellings)...
Article
Full-text available
The experimental archaeology project presented here aimed at the reconstruction of a dwelling, at the 1:1 scale, belonging to the Kodjadermen-Gumelnitsa-Karanovo VI culture (5th millennium BC), based on archaeological data accumulated from research carried out mainly at the site of Sultana-Malu Roşu (South-East Romania). This reconstruction was fol...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
SSultana-Malu Roşu tell settlement stands out as one of the richest and most spectacular settlement belonging to the Kodžadermen–Gumelniţa–Karanovo VI cultural complex. The tell settlement is placed on the right bank of Iezerul Mostiştei Lake, about 15 km N from the Danube. The initial research was carried out in 1923, followed by rescue excavation...
Article
Full-text available
The Eneolithic cemetery is located near the Sultana-Malu Roşu Eneolithic tell, ca. 400 m northeast of the Sultana village, commune of Mânăstirea, in Călăraşi county, southeast Romania. This is a settlement from the second half of the fifth millennium BC (Kodjadermen-Gumelniţa-Karanovo VI complex). Between 2008-2009 we found 17 inhumations graves. T...
Article
Full-text available
The Sultana-Malu Roşu Eneolithic tell is located 400 m North-East of Sultana village, commune of Mânăstirea, in the Călăraşi county, South-East Romania. This is a settlement from the second half of the fifth millennium (Kodjadermen-Gumelniţa-Karanovo VI complex). Sultana-Malu Roşu was the first Gumelniţa site to be submitted to scientific research,...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
The current project represents an original inter-, pluri-, multi-, and transdisciplinary approach of the Domain 6 problematics – Cultural identity and heritage. Through its structure and management, the goals put forth by the component projects, its synergies and complementarities, the project has, undoubtedly, a high degree of accomplishment, being a complex, integrative and exhaustive approach for Romania. Its results will have a great deal of impact within both national and international scientific communities and the general audience, contributing through the anticipated activities to strengthening, developing and perfecting the CDI system in our country, as well as, to the professional formation of the future Romanian researchers. Projects final goal is to provide a complex multidisciplinary inter-institutional platform for integrative and systematic research of the identities and tangible and non-tangible cultural heritage in Romania. The Consortium that will implement this complex project is coordinated by the University of Bucharest (CO-UB), in joint partnership with the Institute of Archaeology “Vasile Pîrvan” of the Romanian Academy (P1-IAB), National Research-Development Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering” Horai Hulubei” (P2-IFIN-HH), University” Al. I. Cuza” Iași (P3-UAIC), West University Timișoara (P4-UVT), National Institute of Materials Physics (P5-INCDFM), National Institute for Research and Development in Informatics – ICI Bucrești (P6-ICI), University ”Ovidius” Constanța (P7-UOC) and University of Oradea (P8-UO). The geographical distribution Romanian wise ensures, without a doubt, a good regional representation of the juridical entities extant in the consortium. This partnership between 5 universities and 3 national research institutes signifies an ideal combination for the sustainability and the implementation of such a complex project.
Archived project
Personal adornments are an inexhaustible source of reflection because by means of these objects, we can identify the symbolic behavior of the prehistoric groups, but they can reflect and some socio-economic aspects of these communities or they may become the markers of borders and the network trades in Prehistory. This project aims to analyse the prehistoric personal ornaments from the Northern Danube territory, following several aspects: 1. characterisation of prehistoric societies, in particular their social organisation, exchange systems and cultural units, through the study of personal ornaments found in necropolis and settlements; 2. creation of experimental reference collections for the study of prehistoric personal ornaments; 3. taphonomic and technological analyses, microscopy, SEM+EDS analysis, FTIR and RAMAN spectroscopy etc. Chronologically, the project will focus on the Neolithic and Eneolithic from the Northern Danube territory (ca. 6300-3500 cal. BC.), however, our studies will extend beyond this period. The purpose of this project is to explore and identify the transformations in the picture of the adornments for understanding the factors which determined the use of some raw materials and technique as opposed to other possible variants. We will also try to identify, where possible, the moment they appeared and were abandoned in the target region, all this in order to determine the cultural and temporal limits of certain types of ornaments, place of origin, exchanges and circulation routes, etc. Following this path, we would like to answer the question: can the adornments be used as indicators of particular cultural phenomena in the prehistory of the Northen Danubian territory?