Teun A. van Dijk

Teun A. van Dijk
University Pompeu Fabra | UPF · Department of Translation and Language Sciences

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246
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (246)
Chapter
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Since the 1960s the multidisciplinary study of discourse has become increasingly popular in the humanities, as well as the cognitive, social and political sciences. This new cross-discipline offers many sophisticated quantitative and especially qualitative methods for the explicit and systematic analysis of text and talk, including the analysis of...
Chapter
Racist text and talk, on the one hand, is obviously an expression of the ethnic prejudices of the author, to be described in terms of the socially shared social cognitive representations of dominant groups, and the individual prejudiced mental models of their members about concrete “ethnic events.” On the other hand, these racist discourses—as well...
Article
El autor presta especial atención a las ideologías racistas, estudia la función social y los mecanísmos de reproducción de las ideologías, así como las dimensiones discursivas, cognitivas y sociales de las relaciones entre ideología y discurso.
Article
This text is a Brazilian Portuguese version of the chapter from the book “Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis”. The author outlines a Critical Discourse Analysis framework while presents a synthesis of its thinking about the some possible relations between Discourse and Society. The author’s theorical horizon embraces features since the structur...
Chapter
In this chapter, I provide a theoretical analysis of the role of the press in the reproduction of racism. Many empirical studies in many countries have shown that the media play an important role in expressing and spreading ethnic prejudice. And it is generally assumed that prejudice is one of the conditions of racist practices that define racism a...
Chapter
Within the framework of an interdisciplinary project on discourse and knowledge, this paper explores the more critical, sociopolitical aspects of the relationship between these two fundamental notions in the humanities and social sciences, relating them with another fundamental notion, namely that of power. More specifically, I focus on power abuse...
Article
Against the background of an academic development starting in literary studies, also involving ‘encounters’ with hermeneutics, this article argues that the contemporary cross-discipline of Discourse Studies, and hence Critical Discourse Studies, have gone beyond the impressionistic or erudite ‘interpretation’ of (literary) texts, as traditionally p...
Article
Full-text available
Neste artigo, investigamos algumas das relações entre discurso especializado e conhecimento, por meio do estudo discursivo de um livro-texto de genética. Depois da crítica a abordagens convencionais em epistemologia e psicologia em relação ao conhecimento, argumentamos que em primeiro lugar precisamos de uma tipologia detalhada de vários tipos de c...
Article
Discursive Psychology has the great merit of having introduced discourse analysis (DA) to social psychology and to have contributed to DA itself by its study of the expression of 'psychological' notions in text and talk. Within this perspective, this paper presents some elements of a proposal to study the expression of knowledge in discourse. Begin...
Article
Within the framework of an interdisciplinary project on epistemic strategies in text and talk, this article examines such strategies in a (Spanish) secondary school textbook on social science. After a summary of current insights into the theory of knowledge in philosophy, psychology and linguistics, it is shown how discourse presupposes and express...
Article
Discourse Studies is the largest, most complete, most diverse and only multidisciplinary introduction to the field. Now combined into a single volume, this essential handbook: Is fully updated from start to finish to cover contemporary debates and research literature; covers everything from grammar, narrative, argumentation, cognition and pragmatic...
Article
Full-text available
This critical multidisciplinary study examines social identities as represented in contemporary social science textbooks in Spain. Detailed discourse analysis of fragments of social science textbooks used in the second and third year of ESO (compulsory secondary education) in Madrid and Catalonia in 2008-2009 shows a systematic ideological bias in...
Article
Este estudio multidisciplinario crítico examina las identidades sociales según lo representado en libros de texto de Ciencias Sociales en España. Un análisis detallado del discurso de fragmentos de libros de texto de Ciencias Sociales usados en 2º y 3º de ESO (Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria) en Madrid y Cataluña en 2008-09 demuestran un prejuicio...
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Full-text available
This article reports an investigation into the cognitive and linguistic mechanisms involved in knowledge management during discourse production of persons with AD. Two discourse variables were examined, incomplete propositions and repeated propositions. Differences between controls and participants with AD were found concerning the presence of inco...
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Full-text available
This article reports an investigation on the cognitive and linguistic mechanisms involved in knowledge management during discourse production of individuals with Alzheimer disease (AD). Two discourse variables were examined, incomplete propositions and repeated propositions. Differences between controls and participants with AD were found concernin...
Article
Terrninology and definítions 62 The discourse-cognition-society triangle 64 The example: the defense of capitalism 67 Topics: semantic macrostructures 68 Local meanings 69 The relevance of subtle 'formal' structures 72 Relating text and context: context models 74 Discourse semantics: event models 75 Social cognition 78 Social situations 79 Societal...
Article
This reply to Billig's article emphasizes that, as for all discourse, one should not only analyse texts, but also their contexts. The issue is not the primary use or abuse of nominalization or any other feature of discourse in CDA, but the study of the systematic abuse of discursive power by hiding the negative role of elite actors and the conseque...
Article
Louis de Saussure & Peter Schulz (eds.), Manipulation and ideologies in the twentieth century. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 2005. Pp. xvi, 312. Hb €115.00/$US 138.00 One of the interesting developments in discourse analysis is its increasing interest in the explicit description and account of politically relevant text and talk and their relationships to v...
Article
En este artículo se presenta una introducción, desde la perspectiva del análisis crítico del discurso, de una nueva teoría sobre ideología multidisciplinar y sus relaciones con el discurso. Las ideologías se definen como sistemas básicos de cognición social, como elementos organizadores de actitudes y de otros tipos de representaciones sociales com...
Article
Contrary to most traditional approaches, ideologies are defined here within a multidisciplinary framework that combines a social, cognitive and discursive component. As ‘systems of ideas’, ideologies are sociocognitively defined as shared representations of social groups, and more specifically as the ‘axiomatic’ principles of such representations....
Article
‘Manipulation’ is one of the crucial notions of Critical Discourse Analysis that require further theoretical analysis. This article offers a triangulated approach to manipulation as a form of social power abuse, cognitive mind control and discursive interaction. Socially, manipulation is defined as illegitimate domination confirming social inequali...
Article
In this article the relevance of a sociocognitive approach to discourse is shown by presenting a new theory of context, defined as subjective participants’ constructs of communicative situations, and made explicit in terms of mental models - context models - in Episodic Memory. Through a ‘contextual analysis’ of a fragment of one of the ‘Iraq’ spee...
Article
Full-text available
Manipulation is a notion often used, but seldom made explicit. Because manipulation is usually discursive, and involves power abuse, it should be studied by Critical Discourse Studies. In this multidisciplinary paper, a multidisciplinary, "triangular" approach examines the social, cognitive and discursive aspects of manipulation. The social dimensi...
Article
In this paper we examine some of the properties of the speeches by former Prime Minister José María Aznar held in Spanish parliament in 2003 legitimating his support of the USA and the threatening war against Iraq. The theoretical framework for the analysis is a multidisciplinary CDA approach relating discursive, cognitive and sociopolitical aspect...
Article
European elites are racist, and have been racist for a long time. Their racism is not limited to « words » and « ideas », but constitutes an pervasive and influent social practice which generates, towards the minorities, concrete forms of ethnic inequality and subordination in everyday life.
Article
Full-text available
El articulo analiza las relaciones entre las cogniciones y modos de conocimiento necesarios para la vida social, los discursos informativos y la ideologia. Muestra la estrecha dependencia entre los tres campos, y estudia en un ejemplo de analisis practico como muchos de los elementos necesarios presupuestos en la escritura y comprensión de un artic...
Article
El artículo analiza las relaciones entre las cogniciones y modos de conocimiento necesarios para la vida social, los discursos informativos y la ideología. Muestra la estrecha dependencia entre los tres campos, y estudia en un ejemplo de análisis práctico cómo muchos de los elementos necesarios presupuestos en la escritura y comprensión de un artíc...
Article
In this article, we examine some properties of the interface between meaning and knowledge in popularization discourse in the Spanish press aboutthe sequencing of the human genome. After a multidisciplinary account of popularization in terms of text, context and knowledge, we analyze some semantic aspects of 42 texts in El País, focusing especially...
Article
Parliamentary debates, like all discourse, presuppose vase amounts of knowledge of their participants. MPs need to know about parliamentary procedures, about parties and other MPs, the political system, current social events, and of course the details of ongoing business and the current context of parliamentary interaction, among many other types o...
Chapter
One of the major challenges of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) is to make explicit the relations between discourse and knowledge. Both discourse and knowledge are very complex phenomena studied in virtually all disciplines of the humanities and social sciences. Thus, we may expect that also a theory of their relationships has philosophical, lingu...
Chapter
One of the major challenges of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) is to make explicit the relations between discourse and knowledge. Both discourse and knowledge are very complex phenomena studied in virtually all disciplines of the humanities and social sciences. Thus, we may expect that also a theory of their relationships has philosophical, lingu...
Article
Presentado a manera de conversación, en este artículo se parte de la idea de que el discurso tiene un papel fundamental en la constitución de las relaciones sociales y en la expresión y reproducción de las cogniciones sociales. El Análisis Crítico del Discurso (ACD) se interesa por la reproducción de la dominación social a través del discurso, faci...
Article
Full-text available
Original en su forma, el texto que se presenta a continuación es una co-elaboración escrita, de tipo conversacional, creada y revisada con Teun van Dijk. Se discuten inquietudes relativas a sus planteamientos y el espacio que ocupa su visión del análisis crítico del discurso (ACD) en las ciencias sociales actualmente.
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses the influence of ideologies on political discourse, in terms not only of con- tent but also of form and interaction, defining ideology in the broadest sense of basic beliefs shared by members of a group and understanding political discourse to be a class of genres defined by a social domain, namely that of politics. The ways in...
Article
Aims This paper studies some of the ideological properties of political discourse on immigration and minorities in contemporary Europe. It combines results of my current work on the theory of ideology (Van Dijk, 1998a) with those of an earlier large project on the discursive reproduction of racism (Van Dijk, 1984, 1987, 1991, 1993a). More specifica...
Article
Full-text available
ideologi merupakan sistem kepercayaan, keyakinan dasar; menyangkut gagasan-gagasan, dan representasi sosial tentang sejumlah hal yang dijadikan acuan bersama dalam kelompok. Ia akan terekspresikan dalam struktur wacana dan mengontrol pengetahuan yang dimiliki dan, terdistribusi dalam kelompok. Pemahaman biasa tentang ideologi adalah dengan mengkaji...
Chapter
With this paper I want to celebrate the work of Siegfried J. Schmidt. When I just typed his name, I made a significant typo: I wrote SiegFRIEND… It was with him that I shared the beginning of text grammar, text theory and discourse studies, and who was the scholar who invited me for my first ever scholarly conference, in 1969s in Mannheim (Schmidt...
Book
Full-text available
¿Qué es análisis del discurso político? / Teun A. van Dijk -- Del análisis del contenido al análisis del discurso / Iván F. Rodrigo Mendizábal.
Article
L'A. se propose de definir ce que l'on entend par discours politique et montre comment il peut etre etudie d'une maniere critique. Selon lui, une telle analyse ne doit pas simplement etre une contribution aux etudes discursives, mais aussi aux sciences politiques et aux sciences sociales en general. Ainsi, le discours politique est essentiellement...
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Van Der Valk Ineke, Van Dijk Teun A., Barats-Malbrel Christine, Hirsh Hillary. Racismes et discours publics aux Pays-Bas. In: Quaderni, n°36, Automne 1998. L'immigration en debat (France/Europe) pp. 145-163.
Article
Full-text available
In this article we examine some discursive aspects of political legitimation by analyzing the speech of the Spanish Secretary of the Interior, Mayor Oreja; on the occasion of a military-style expulsion of a group of African `illegal' migrants from Melilla—the Spanish enclave in Morocco—in the summer of 1996. After a theoretical analysis of legitima...
Article
Let me begin by emphasising that I am pleased with Mick Billig's constructive critique of my paper, and his kind remarks about my work. It is my pleasure to state from the outset how much I have always admired his work, and how much I have learned from it, from his early work on fascism to his later work on nationalism. This is social psychology at...

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